April 12 – April 19 1858

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April 58

Mo 12         I sowd about 2 a cres of
wheat in the garden. John Har
rowd it in Mack laid off the
potaote ground. & I planted 8 roes
I & Duesler paid a debt to Jas
Viers of 696$ debt interest & cost
my part being 201$.

Tu 13          John & Truit to halling plank
on badge hill. I & Mack plan
ting blue potatoes not 1/2 done

W 14            I & John laid off the ground
again, or run another furrow
in same place of the rest of
ground that was not planted
in potatoes. Mack cutting
p.m. Jack helpd us we got
done John went to mill af
ter a load lumber & Truit

Th 15          John & Truit took another
load lumber to Badger
hill. I & Mack finishd the
patings & did some other things

Apr 58

after dark we had a meeting
in court house to pass res
olutions to sustain Duglass
in his course against the
Lecompton Kasas swindle1
but it was no go. I pd the
express 3 1/4$ for services & 2 1/4
$ to bass & houk on settlement

Fr 16            the day is warm & pleasant
some clowdy nothing doing
coffin got 500tts cabbages
p.m. John & Mack is loding
on hay for G. Apple

Sat 17         it has been several days since
I wrote down any transactions
But I was around town as usual

Su 18          May God help us we are in a bad
fix & see no way to get out of itt
we are to be as poor as the pooredt
dons from all quarters & nothing
to pay with but the ranch

Mo 19         I was helping Maston to fix

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  1. Drafted at Lecompton, Kansas in 1857, the Lecompton Constitution was one of four proposed constitutions for the state of Kansas. It would have made Kansas a slave state. The proposal was called into question for several reasons.
    First, the delegates who drafted the document represented only a small portion of the population of the Kansas territory, and the selection of delegates was heavily biased in favor of proponents of slavery. Secondly, residents of Kansas territory were not given an opportunity to vote for or against the constitution as whole. Instead, a referendum was held in which voters were given a choice between two alternative solutions to the slavery question: one was unabashedly pro-slavery, the other, misleadingly labeled as “no slavery,” restricted the import of new slaves but protected existing slaveholders in the state. In either case, slavery would exist in Kansas; it was merely a question of the extent. As a result, many Free-Soil antislavery voters boycotted the polls, and the slavery version was approved.
    Lecompton was strongly supported by the Democrat President Buchanan and the main party. A contingency of Northern Democrats lead by Stephen Douglas broke with the party to oppose it on the grounds that the drafting and voting process was fraudulent, and in opposition to popular sovereignty. The controversy was as this time popularly known as the ‘Lecompton Swindle.’
    In 1858 an election was held in which, not merely the slavery clauses, but the whole Lecompton Constitution was submitted to popular vote and decisively overturned. Kansas joined the union as a free state in 1861.