James Haun Diary, April 1856

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Tuesday 1 – Still cloudy. Bill is hauling rails. I continued up all day. Late in the P.M. it rained and snowed considerable after dark.

Wednesday 2 – Cleared off. I am still getting better; I went up to town today. Bill hauling rails and hauled one load of sluice boxes for Dickinson and company to Niger Ravine.

Thursday 3 – Still clear. Bill went up to Illinois Ranch and got Frank Goble to come and help us to plow. Bill hauled rails the rest of the day.

Friday 4 – Cloudy this morning and rained some. Bill and Frank was plowing all day. I am still improving. John came over this morning and returned this afternoon to the diggins. I have not done well this week.

Saturday 5 – Foggy this morning. Bill and Frank broke the handle of the plow. It was mended by noon, and they were plowing again in the P.M. I was raking the trash off the ground for a garden and burning it.
Dave came over this afternoon. I got him to set a log heap afire. Rains set fire to the dead grass where we want to plow and the fence caught fire and burned up some of the rails about dark.

Sunday 6 – Cloudy and rained some today. John came over today and brought $500 he borrowed of John Ritchy at 3 per cent per month. $61.25 was taken out of the diggins last week. I had to drive out a lot of stock and put up the fence.

Monday 7 – John and Dave prepared early to go over to the diggins. Dave gave me $28 of the money taken out of the diggins the week before last. Bill got 619 pounds wheat of Judkins & Co. and 228 pounds screening at 5 cents per pound.
Lem Compton came up to to work for me, I was about town all day and did no work.

Tuesday 8 – Bill and Frank were plowing, harrowing and putting up fence. I and Len put up a fence in part around the garden. The sheriff has served a garnish on me for all I owed to I. and F. Jennings. Jennings made me a deed early the same morning. I had it put to record.

Wednesday 9 – I paid Linton $24 last month for four days work by him and one yoke of oxen, and I gave Rains $5 on Monday last. Also $2 to Crop for fixing Elliot’s wagon.
We finished sewing wheat and barley over all the ground that is plowed by noon. Lem split stakes. Bill and Frank continued plowing. I raked in the garden.
In the afternoon I received a letter from  John H. Haun dated February 28th 18561 and one from H.P. Haun from the first April 18562 – all well.

Thursday 10 – Rained a little today. Lem split stakes till noon. Bill and Frank were ploughing, and Lem hauled two loads of stakes. I was in town all day. I paid Hosselcuth $75 for a cook stove and gave H.I. Bradley $40 for his chickens on the American Ranch. A ball was given tonight by Ward Price; $4 a ticket, with dancing in the courthouse.

Friday 11 – Breakfast over, I gave directions about what was to be done on the Ranch. I gave Isaac Jennings up his mortgage and paid the county clerk $.50 to write the satisfaction of the same. I paid Cross $4 for blacksmithing, then I and Kayler started on foot for the diggins, my old home. We arrived at noon. After dinner we went out to the diggins, the upper as well as the lower. We walked around till night. It rain all day, and not much gold was got.

Saturday 12 – I and Kyler slept together in my old bunk. After breakfast I took down the cook stove and packed up its furniture to send over to the American Ranch, but no mules came. Bray was up to see me and we talked of our lawsuit and went back home after dinner.
I and Kyler was all evening looking out a locality for a ditch to carry water from Rocky Bar across the middle fork of the Feather River, rather a difficult job. John and Shults got gold this week out of the upper diggins $124. Dave and Joe got gold out of lower diggins $16 all week—no good.
Mostly clear weather today.

Sunday 13 – Kyler stopped at the Point last night. I slept in my old bunk and was up before day. I mended my pants and read the 14th and 15th chapters of Matthew, then called up the boys. I had to fix up my fire place this morning.
I and Shults went to the Point where we met Kline with two pack mules to carry the cook stove over to the ranch at a cost of $10 paid to Thompson. Shults is going down to Rocky Bar. I paid Frank Fox $50 borrowed last fall; paid I.C. Lewis $48 for potatoes; paid A. Moorehead $10.25 for a store bill; and collected $44.75 of I.S. Root as security for Lloyd.
I, John, Dave and Kyler bought Dutch Charlie’s claims on Rocky Bar for $2,500 payable in six months with 3 percent interest per month, with I.W. Thompson as security. We then went to my cabin.

Monday 14 – I went down to the Point. John and Joe at work at the upper diggins and Dave at the lower. I waited for Kyler to come up from the Rocky Bar claims after taking possession. We and Duesler then started for the valley. I and Kyler went by the cabins, got my gun and some other notions, and set out. It rained on us all the way. I borrowed a crosscut saw from Terwilliger.

Tuesday 15 – I paid James Conat $500 that was due on the ranch last evening took Hagans rent as agent for Mrs. Jennings.
Early this morning I, Baloo and Duesler went up to Massack diggins to see about the ditch, and tools and provisions. It was late when we got back. I rode Firman’s mule.
I then walked up to Betsy Town and borrowed $300 of Dr. Cate at three per cent per month and bought a check of Buckholder in favor of H.P. Haun for $282.50 payable in Marysville. I then got some garden seeds at the cost of $7.50, and went home.

Wednesday 16 – We did but little today. We finished plowing for grain and are not able to plow the garden with the plows we have, as they have been broke and will break again.
I paid Judkins $75 for seed wheat and so forth. I was cleaning up the trash, with Lem to help me to saw off logs. Frank is harrowing. Stinson put on one coat of plastering. Bill did not get a plow.
I wrote a letter to H.P. and sent him the check for $282.50.

Thursday 17 – I bought 415 pounds of potatoes of I. Conant at 7 cents per pound. I sent Bill to Alford’s for a load of fencing planks and posts. I finished sewing grain. I sent Bill to Judkins’ after 240 pounds more of wheat. Some harrowing to do yet.
Dave came over. I paid a digger $3 for trimming six pine trees. I got $2 of Dave.

Friday 18 – I bought 50 pounds nails for $6 and got Tod to help me make a plank fence. The boys were piling up logs to burn. We finished harrowing in grain.

Saturday 19 – I finished fencing up the garden. The rest were sawing and putting up log heaps. O’Neal sent me a keg of nails and 100 pounds of flour.

Sunday 20 – We all mended up the log heaps. John and Joe came over yesterday evening.
I paid Allford $10; Frank Goble $25; Cross $1.50; and Elliott $2. I collected $3 from Dickinson and got $3 from John.
After dinner I, John, Joe, and Kyler started for my old cabins. We arrived before sunset. My wife gave me $12 and I gave her $5—I think it was on Friday.

Monday 21 – I slept in my old bunk with John. Breakfast over I, Dave, and Kyler went down to Rocky Bar and took dinner with the Sterlings.

P.M. Sherwin came down and proposed to extend his flume if the miners on the bar would agree to pay him $1,200 when the water was ready for mining, and he would pay two per cent per month until we got in water, and then we were to pledge ourselves to take $1,300 worth of water and lumber to secure him from loss. We went up to Fox’s, supped, and stayed all night.

Tuesday 22 – We breakfasted and went down to the bar again. We talked with the miners and all concluded to accept Sherwin’s proposition. Dined at Fox’s.

P.M. Closed the bargain. Paid my bill $2.50 to Fox and started for home. Stopped a while at the diggins with John and got home at sunset. All’s well, or nearly so.

Wednesday 23 – Set a log heap on fire in the barn lot and raked up a lot of trash and burned it. I and Frank was building a plank fence in front of the barn. Rains hauled one load of fencing planks and posts, then hauled rails for a partition fence in the front pasture. I sent Lem over to Rocky Bar to fill my place and gave him $10, partial pay for work done on the Ranch.

Thursday 24 – We was building fence. The nights are very cold. Bill is hauling rails.
I paid the butcher George $12 on account for beef. I collected $.50 from Ray for ranching a mule one night, and $1.50 for ranching three pack mules.

Friday 25 – Last night was very cold. I and Frank put up all the plank we had. Rains went up to the Illinois Ranch and got a plow. He came by the mill but got no plank. We put on strips and capped the fence we had put up. Later I and Duesler went down the valley to Chapman’s to see his cows, but did not buy. We was late getting home, took supper.

Saturday 26 – Cold last night again. Rains and Frank were plowing the garden in the A.M. I was attending to getting Kelly’s evidence and paid O’Neal $28.50 for nails and flour.

P.M. I laid a fence across the pasture to divide it.

Sunday 27 – Cloudy this morning and somewhat windy raining about noon. I paid Kelly $3 fee as witness yesterday $1 for Rhubarb seed, two packs. I paid Judkins $50 more for seed wheat that I’ve sown. I gave my wife $.50.

P.M. I and Kyler started for the Rocky Bar diggins. We stopped at the old Haun diggins. John gave me $113.50 in the gold dust. We arrived after dark at the bar.

Monday 28 – Cold last night and today. I and Lem went up to help Sherwin on his flume, but it rained very hard in the morning, causing us to stop a while.

P.M. We were at it again until night. Kyler and Dave were at work on the house. I gave Frank Goble $10 yesterday.

Tuesday 29 – Cold and snowed last night. We were at work all day on Sherwin’s flume, but unpleasantly cold all day. Kyler and Dave are at work on the house.

Wednesday 30 – Snowed last night and rained all day. We did no work on the flume. Later in the afternoon John and Joe came down to the Rocky Bar. Stayed all night. Still raining.

James Haun Diary, May 1854

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Monday 1 – Beautiful day, warm and sunshiny with a pleasant breeze a-stirring. We was at our work as usual ground sluicing. Our partner came up in the afternoon to see after his claim and said he wished to have a divide but I would not agree to it, so he said he would sell out. I agreed to give him $500 for his entire interest in everything here, $200 down, and the $300 in thirty days.

Tuesday 2 – The weather is very good. After getting up a little late John  and I went out to work. We fixed for wash ing and got $11 gold by noon. We did not clean over 1 1/2 feet square of the bedrock. After dinner we was ground sluicing and wet feet all evening.

Wednesday 3 – The weather is good. We were fixing the boxes and mending them in the forenoon and the after we were washing gold and got $19.

Thursday 4 – We was washing for gold and got $11. We quit sometime before night and took our picks down to the Point to have them steeled at both Points. It only cost $4 for the two picks. No mail for me.
I received a tin box of fresh butter that H.P. sent up. Box and all weighed 16 pounds. We tried some of it for supper we found it to be very good. O, yes. O, yes. O, yes. While at the Point I saw a petticoat across the creek, the first one since I don’t recollect. Yes, December last.

Friday 5 – Rather cool last night and a cool breeze a-stirring today. We were a-ground sluicing and cutting some small timber and brush all day.

Saturday 6 – Cool last night, with ice on the roots where we are at work. A-snowing all the forenoon but it did not lay. Continued in the afternoon with intervals of sunshine. At bedtime the ground was white with snow. We were cutting down top dirt and ground sluicing.

Sunday 7 – The ground is white with snow but soon melted off. Snowed more or less all day. Dobson came up. I paid him $200 and my note for $300 more in thirty days. I got from him a bill of sale of all his right and title. John and I got some wood, planted three short rows of potatoes, and then finished a letter to H.P. and one to Dave. I shall read Chapter 5 of Romans and then turn in.

Monday 8 – Cold last night with some snow and a heavy frost this morning–but a beautiful sunny day. John went to ground sluicing and I down to the Point to mail a letter to H.P. and one to Dave. I received a letter from H.P. speaking of his bad health all winter and of Dave’s singular departure. H.P. says he had got him a situation in the office of two of the best Lawyers in Marysville. All satisfactory to Dave. So one night in January last, he leaves a note in the office, a  freak of nature, and farewell to all whom it may concern, and is not heard of since. I did not know till this morning that he was gone.1
H.P. asked me in his letter if I knew where he was, so I answered his letter and mailed it. I then bought two claims for $35 in our ditch making 5 in all out of 8. I gave 50 cents for gum arabic2 and 25 cents for the letter to H.P., and then came home to dinner and ground sluiced in the evening.

Tuesday 9 – Cold last night with heavy frost. We set up our boxes and pitched out a number of rocks in the forenoon, and in the evening we washed the sluice dirt that stopped us from sluicing. We got gold $5. It rained a little this evening.

Wednesday 10 – Cloudy more or less all day. We was hindered most of the day by miners coming to our diggins. We got gold $12.50, though we did not work half the day.

Thursday 11 – Cool and cloudy last night and rained most of the day. We got gold $7.50.

Friday 12 – Cloudy this morning but very pleasant day with all. Two miners came to our cabin before we ate breakfast and stayed till after dinner. We then went out and got gold $17.

Saturday 13 – Rained last night and was at this morning, but cleared off by 10 AM, and was a pleasant day. We had two miners to see us. They bought two interests in the water out of eight. They seem to be good miners and steady men. They are well pleased with the appearance of things. We got gold today $16.50.

Sunday 14 – Snowing considerable this morning but towards noon it held up, though it was cloudy and cool all day. I and John went down to the Point. We took two picks had then sharpened, cost $2.75. I paid Roots $5 and Fox or Kline $20 for their claims, one of those I bought last Monday. We saw our new partners. They are to be up in the morning.

Monday 15 – Pleasant morning. Our new partners Hawkins and Shaw came up this morning. We started Hawkins to Marysville for provisions and tools, clothing, and pipe and hose, and our trunks and fiddle. We three went to work after dinner. I was sick with a chill, had a severe back ache all evening and rested bad all night. We got gold $9.

Tuesday 16 – A beautiful morning. The birds are singing their best notes and I am setting in the cabin, sick not able to work and have not eaten a bite since noon yesterday. I ate some toast and drank cup tea at noon, and went out to work in the evening. The four of us got gold $15.

Wednesday 17 – Sunny and pleasant. John and two other men–Shaw, a partner, and Hopkins, a cousin to Hawkins–were ground sluicing in another ravine, the one the old company was at work in when they broke up. I went out in the evening to see them but couldn’t work.

Thursday 18 – Sunny and pleasant. John and the other two are ground sluicing. I was out in  the fore and after noon but scarcely able to walk. I’ve had a chill every day. Tonight I had some water warmed. I drank 1/2 gallon and put my finger down my throat and vomited. I then took two calomel3 pills and laid down, but in the night had to get up to vomit. I threw up some bile and rested very bad all night, in fact I suffered very much.

Friday 19 – Sunny and pleasant. I’m no better. I took four pills to  work off the calomel. It being slow I went on the other cabin and got a dose of oil and took that in the evening but the chill came on and I suffered a great deal till Saturday morning. John and the two others got gold today $6.50—

Saturday 20 – Sunny and pleasant. I had a bilious discharge this morning. Also, I sent Shaw after Dr. Vaughn. He came early and fixed quinine and Dover’s Powder4 pills. I am to take one every hour in the day and at bedtime take 60 grams calomel, some Dover’s Powder mixes, and some opium. In case it is inclined to run off in watery discharges tomorrow, I am to take oil in the morning, and take one quinine pill every 3 hours till they are all gone, save the nights.
It is now 20 minutes of 3 PM. We just had a little shower of rain and four different thunders. I dreamed my wife was with me last night, but I don’t know in my dream where we met. I got a pair shears yesterday and cut my mustache off close and cropped my whiskers. Got gold $9.

Sunday 21 – F.P.D. And here I am, dosing myself with caster oil and spruce tea. Just able to get up when down. All alone. John and the two young men have gone up the ditch to see if they could get me a squirrel or something to make soup. Did not get anything. The young men went down to the Point to get me some fresh beef to make soup, but got none. They brought me two letters, one from my wife of date March 24 18545 giving an account of Dave’s arrival in Georgetown, Kentucky &c &c &c and one from W.G. Haun of date March 26 18546 giving an explanation of some charges I had against him. John stayed with me and did some washing for me. I had very light chill in the P.M. At bedtime I took a warm bath and went to bed.

Monday 22 – Rested pretty well last night. A lovely morning. John went down to the Point to get tools and nails, and got me some beef to make soup, but I fear I will have to take some more strong medicine before I get clear of the chills.
The boys were making new riffles to catch gold. Our partner Hawkins got back from Marysville this afternoon brought me a letter from H.P. He wrote that he had heard that Dave had got back  to Kentucky through W.G.

Tuesday 23 – A pleasant morning. All at work but me. I’m still improving fast. I was busy all day doing little jobs about the cabin.
After dinner it clouded up, thundered considerable, hailed quite heavy and rained. No work done by the company this evening.

Wednesday 24 – A pleasant morning. Four of us at work washing for gold, but did not clean up. Clouded up, thundered and rained and hailed this evening. I did not feel so well.

Thursday 25 – Sunny and pleasant. I am improving some. I went out to the diggins in the afternoon. The boys washed up the riffles got gold $13.75.

Friday 26 – Sunny and pleasant. I feel somewhat better. We got gold $18. I did not work. The sun was partially in eclipse.

Saturday 27 – Sunny and pleasant. I went out to work. About 10 A.M. our goods and trunks and fiddle was brought to our cabin. I made hast to open my trunk. The first thing I looked for was my wife’s daguerreotype. I kept it and showed it to my partners. We got gold $49.50. A tree fell last night and broke one of our boxes.

Sunday 28 – Not so warm today. After breakfast Hawkins, Shaw, Hopkins and John went to see some  diggins together with the water, tools, cabin, and provisions, but they did not get to see them. They went down to the Point and John brought me two letters, one from my wife of date April 10 18547 giving an account of old brother Smith getting a letter from his daughter Emma, and one from D. H. Smith of date April 5 18548 giving an account of his travels in the great West. I closed my 11th letter to my wife and John took it down to the Point and mailed it. My lesson is Paul’s Letter to the Philippians.

Monday 29 – Cold last night, frost in many places in the mountains. A pleasant sunny day. John and two others were washing for gold, got $52.50. Hawkins and I were out a-prospecting to buy another water ditch, but did not see the men. After dinner we were sharpening tools at the Point to fix up our hose and pipe. I took a  warm bath and went to bed.

Tuesday 30 – Cool last night. A pleasant sunny day. John and the two men were washing for gold, got $53. Hawkins and I were fixing our pipes and hose. I made two leading troughs and a hopper to fasten the hose to. Sunday last I had my cloths hung out to air. What folly to have brought out here such clothes.

Wednesday 31 – Cool last night and not warm today. John and the two men got gold $36. They mashed a box with a tree. Hawkins and I are fixing our pipe and hose. We have two new plates and cups and saucers. John plays the fiddle for me and it is a heap of company.

James Haun Diary, April 1854

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Saturday 1 – Pleasant morning. I put the wet towel to my throat last night again. It is somewhat better. We fixed for washing, or rather, prospecting. We got gold $6.50. We quit early and fixed for ground sluicing. Again after supper I commenced a letter to my wife.

Sunday 2 – Raining mostly all day. I finished my 10th letter to my wife after dinner and John and I went down to the Point and maid it, paid 25 cents postage to Marysville.

Monday 3 – Fine day. We three and old Goodshall went down to Rich Bar diggins of Feather River to buy a claim.

Tuesday 4 – Stayed all night at Shasta on the opposite side of the River. Our bills each for lodging and fare and liquor, $.50. A fine warm day. We crossed the river four times and paid 75 cents each. We four bought E. K. Parish’s claims and water privilege at $400, tools and cabin and provisions all included.
I dreamed last night that I was in Georgetown and that I got up to see my wife. I thought it was about Pratt’s Tavern. I asked Bet where her mistress was. She told me that she had gone upstairs. It was a place I could not go, though Bet was building a fire to get breakfast.
I, John and Parish came to my cabin this evening. Dobson and Goodshall stayed at the Point all night.

Wednesday 5 – Dobson came up soon this morning and we weigh out Parish the $400. He left for Rich Bar. Young Goodshall and his father takes an interest in those diggings. They came up to my cabin and two other friends. We all took dinner. Then six of us shouldered our packs for Rich Bar, a tramp of 4 miles, leaving John behind to take care of our house and diggings. My pack was 23 pounds bacon and a sack of salt. We soon got down. I bought his bed, four pair blankets, straw bed and sack bottom all for 1/2 oz gold and slept in it with old Goodshell alongside of me. I would have preferred my wife.

Thursday 6 – All six went to work, three to work in the diggins and two to move in a larger shanty and I to do the pottering about. We got gold today $92.

Friday 7 – I spread my bed down on the floor, and Dobson is to sleep with me.
It was quite cool last night. It is like sleeping in a sawmill, for there is one alongside and the water roaring underneath the house.
Four hands washing for gold got $62. I spread my bed again on the floor but I cant stand the hard boards.

Saturday 8 – The weather is pleasant enough. Four hands to washing for gold and got $61, and I to making some sluice boxes and new patient riffles.
Our election came off today for a new set of country officers and a new county taken from Butte and called Plumas1. I voted in the afternoon and went work.

Sunday 9 – Rained in the night last night, and snowing this morning. We had hired a young man in the place of John; we paid him $12 for 3 days work. I, John and Dobson each get $71. We are to be paid back again before the old man and his son gets their share. Dobson and two others went up to the Point on the South side of the river and I went to my cabin on the North side. Don’t tell me that Slate Mountain is easy got up from the river.
Snowing and then sunshine and now raining in the middle of the afternoon. My lesson is Saint Luke, Chapter 11. I sent John down to the Point and him Dobson and the other two young men have just come to my cabin. John has brought two letters, one from Liz dated February 5 18542 giving an account of Jim Robinson’s shooting Hines, and an explanation of that debt that is coming to Clint West from H.P. The other written by A. Duvall and your sister.3 Liz is joining Presbyterian Church.
You ought to have seen me setting to night and mending two hickory4 and two flannel shirts and darning a pairs socks, besides nailing soles on my boots, before I went to bed.

Monday 10 – Cool last night. Rainy and cool today. After John and I breakfasted I started for Rich Bar diggings 4 miles down the Feather River and 21 hundred yards down Slate Mountain to follow the path. I stopped it as well as I could. The flume that brought the water in had fell down and we fixed our sluice boxes. It was middle of afternoon before we got all     right for washing again. Three of us got gold $7.50.

Tuesday 11 – Rained last night, and raining and snowing all the fore-part and cleared off in the after-part of the day. Work a little in the P. M. and got gold $4. I made a new riffle box and riffles.

Wednesday 12 – Fine day. We got gold $18. Fat pork, bread and bad coffee to eat all this week at Rich Bar diggins.

Thursday 13 – Cold night last, but a fine day. We were most all day getting timber for drifting. We got it by going up on the side of Slate Mountain and cutting down trees. We cut off 10 feet rope, tied it to one end and dragged it down. We got gold $2.

Friday 14 – Fine weather. We were setting up timbers for drifting and cutting down bedrock to dam the diggins. We got no gold today.

Saturday 15 – Fine weather. Two were drifting in the bank, two were cutting down bedrock. We got gold at Rich Bar diggins $8. All the gold we got this week was $39.50 and up at our old place. John and two hired men four days each got gold $39. It took $24.50 to pay the men off.

Sunday 16 – After arranging our affairs at Rich Bar diggins, the five of us started up Slate Mountain for our cabin and divided our gold. Took dinner. Examined our diggins and then went down to the Point. I had the smith sharpen four picks. Paid him $3 for out two shears and paid Thompson $100 on our last fall’s provisions. Then went back to my cabin and shouldered ham of bacon and a wallet equal in weight, and then for our Rich Bar diggins in company with John and Dobson. We arrived at dusk, took a supper of beef and soup. My lesson was Saint Luke, the unjust steward —
Well I am now ready to take a little rest. John has fixed our bunk and turned in, as we will sleep together down here.

Monday 17 – Warm and hazy. The company were all present after breakfast, five in all. Old Goldshall said it was no use for all of us to work on a 30 foot claim and prospect the hill for those that had plenty of ground, as some men had dumped our 60 feet down near the river. So I told Goldshall that, if he would make me whole, I and John would with draw and I would loose my work. It was agreed to. After dinner we settled our affairs. John and I rolled up two pair of blankets each. He with a pick and handsaw and I with shovel and hatchet, we started up Slate Mountain for our cabin. We rested four times before we reached the top. This is the third time I climbed this mountain in 9 days. It was very warm this evening and the sweat rolled off us quite free, but we arrived at home in good time. John had to make some light bread before we could eat supper. I took a short nap before it was done.

Tuesday 18 – Rained a little at intervals all day. We went up the ditch to see what went on with all the water. We found the levy broke near the head of the ditch and nearly all the water running out. We was all day mending and cleaning out, and had no dinner into the bargain, but we ate a hearty supper which answered every purpose.

Wednesday 19 – Rainy last night and all of today. I mended three shovels and some other things before dinner. After, we went out to ground sluicing and got somewhat wet. We now have water enough to run a sawmill. After supper the wind was blowing and a man singing out. The men answered him from the other cabin. John has baked one loaf and another is baking. Still another to bake, and then to bed.
Snowing and raining last night and this morning and continued most of the day. We went up the ditch to turn some of the water off as it was raining and snowing so hard. I did not want the levy to brake again. We was up in time to save it. After dinner we went out to ground sluicing but the snow and rain fell too fast for us. We put out for the cabin, built a good fire, and mended up our shirts and I one sock, the other the next night.

Friday 21 – At bedtime stars were shining out all around. Some time in the night, I was up and it was snowing very fast. It continued this morning and past noon. Before it cleared off it was near 1 foot deep. We dined and went out to ground sluicing. I have darned my other sock. I am still looking for my wife out here until I get another letter, then I will know.

Saturday 22 – Cold last night and all of the day. Ice-cycles one foot long hanging to my cabin roof. We were ground sluicing in the water all day and got wet.

Sunday 23 – Cool last night, the ground all covered with snow. The sun is shining out warm and pleasant indeed. My lesson is John, Chapter 11, Lazarus raised from death.
I and John went down to the Point and spent most of the day there. Thompson told me that H. P. had sent me a keg of fresh butter and it was at the Lexington House. He also told T. that he would send me vegetables all summer.
My partner Dobson was here this evening and said had got a man by the name of Harvey to work in his place for one half. He is to  be here in the morning. I paid 50 cents for a handsaw file.

Monday 24 – Warm and pleasant in the A.M. and cloudy in the P. M. Commenced raining late in evening and is still at it yet.
It is late. John has just finished baking three loves of bread. Harvey came this morning. He did not go to work for Dobson, but went off again.
We were ground sluicing again. I sent John down to the Point to see if there was any letters for us. None.

Tuesday 25 – Snowing this morning and was at it all day with intervals of sunshine. The snow was 3 inches deep this morning and scarcely any to be seen this evening. I and John fixed the boxes to wash for gold. It took us all day. I am still looking for pat…

Wednesday 26 – Cool last night. The ground was froze considerable this morning. We went to washing for gold and got $3. The day was warm and pleasant. Late in the evening it turned somewhat cool. One ought to have seen me take up the ashes while John was panning out the gold. They had not been taken up for a month. I dreamed of getting money of old Dr. Keene and was in partnership.

Thursday 27 – Cloudy this forenoon, and clear and warm in the after part of the day. We were washing for gold.
Old bacon and ham don’t agree with me. Late bedtime and John is baking his last loaf of bread at this time, having baked two already.

Friday 28 – Cloudy and warm, with intervals of sunshine. In the evening commenced raining. We got gold, I loaned Davis $30—

Saturday 29 – Rained last night and all of today. We work hard in the rain and got gold. I loaned Davis $30.

Sunday 30 – Raining and then snowing this morning, then raining and sunshine. We had a general cleaning up. John washed two shirts for each of us and some other things for himself, and done considerable mending, besides cooking a kettle of beans and a kettle of peaches and baking three loves of bread.
After dinner I went down to the Point. No letters. I did not get to see Dobson; something is out with him.
My lesson is the 15th chapter of Acts. I dreamed Friday night that Sam and all his family had run off and that Sam had come back and was sorry for what he had done. And now for a clean shirt and then to bed, as John is doing the baking.