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January 1855

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Monday 1 – First day of January 1855. Lloyd went to the Point but not back yet and after dark some time found it raining and snowing when awoke wind blew very hard heard several trees fall from it. Allen and myself went up the ditch after breakfast to turn off some of the water we found 3 trees across the ditch and the water running out in one place. Stormed very hard all day. Lawrance and Pa and I went up again in the evening to take out the snow that had fallen in. Not much work done in the diggings today. Thundered and lightened very hard in the morning nothing else.

Tuesday 2 – Found the snow about 12 inches deep this morning. Pretty cold all day. All of us cut a tree down and got wood all forenoon. Old Clark came by and took dinner with us and turned all of the water out of the boys ditch near the ranch went out cleaned up and set boxes this evening got gold (1 and 3/4 oz). All of us except Lloyd went to the Point after breakfast. Snow about two feet deep still storming and turned warmer about night. Nothing interesting today more.

Thursday 4 – Snowed all day. Went up the ditch, all of us, in the morning and found it snowed up clear to the head. Stayed about the cabin all evening.

Friday 5 – I commenced a letter after supper. Nothing more today. I believe still snowing in the morning. The company went to the Point except myself. I stayed about the cabin all day and fixed up the sled &c &c. No more.

Saturday 6 – Nothing unusual today. Stayed about the cabin all day. Got wood in the evening. Snow about at a stand. Colder today. Nothing more.

Sunday 7 – Warm today. Stayed at the cabin in the forenoon and went with Lawrance in the evening to see the boys near the ranch. Nothing more.

Monday 8 – Very warm today. Snow melting fast. Stayed about the cabin all day. Commenced raining in the evening and continued until night. A great day, this. I finished my letter after supper.

Tuesday 9 – Stayed about the cabin until nearly noon and went up the ditch and cleaned out the snow. Caught a severe cold by getting wet. Very warm today. Snow melting considerably. Got the water down to the second flume.

Wednesday 10 – Went to the Point in the morning to take some letters to the office. Came back and worked on the fireplace, building up the back with rocks. Went up the ditch in the evening to see about the water. Found it nearly down with the brush broken down in several places.

Thursday 11 – Very pleasant today, still thawing. All of us worked on the ditch raising the brush that had fallen in the ditch. Shaw got back last night about bed time. Nothing more new today I believe.

Friday 12 – Worked on the ditch again today propping up the brush in broken places. Caught a cat in the trap. Nothing more today, I believe.

Saturday 13 – Done no work today. Allen came back from Dicksen Creek in the evening. I read some in a novel &c. Cut some wood in the forenoon.

Sunday 14 – Stayed about the cabin all day, cut some wood and hauled it down on the sled. Nothing more new today I believe.

Monday 15 – Stayed about the cabin all day. Pa went to the Point. We cut a tree down for plank for boxes. Nothing more new today.

Tuesday 16 – I started to Bray’s after a whip saw and got back about noon and commenced sawing, but made slow headway. I went to the Point after dinner after a file. Nothing more new today.

Wednesday 17 – Sawed plank today for boxes. Shaw and Lloyd went to the Point after a saw but got none. Sawed all day but made poor headway.

Thursday 18 – Sawed again today. Cloudy and warm all day, windy in the evening and looked very much like rain, but none as yet. Nothing more today.

Friday 19 – Got out another log today to saw. Very cold towards evening, snowed a little after supper, but nothing to signify. Nothing more today.

Saturday 20 – Sawed again today, made a little better progress. Today Lloyd started for Marysville in the morning. Pretty cold and clear. Nothing more today.

Sunday 21 – I stayed about the cabin all day. Pa went to the Point after dinner but got no letters. Shaw and I got some balsam of fir1, having nothing better to do. Warm today; had the appearance of rain but none as yet. Nothing more new today, I believe.

Monday 22 – Sawed again today. Pa went to the Point after another saw and got one from Sterling, but it was not much account. No more.

Tuesday 23 – Got a log down the hill and commenced sawing it. We nearly finished it before night. Went over to the diggings and let the water in the hose so as to thaw them. Very warm today. Nothing more today.

Wednesday 24 – Sawed in the forenoon. Shaw, Allen and myself went over to the diggings and set up the hose and got ready for washing. Very warm all day, looked very much like rain but none as yet.

Thursday 25 – Sawed again today. Sawed some false bottoms. Warm again today. A severe shock was felt on the 24th after bed time supposed to be caused from an earthquake nothing more today.

Friday 26 – Finished sawing in the afternoon. Still warm today.

Saturday 27 – Stayed about the cabin all day except put a prop under one of the lending troughs with Shaw to help me. Pa went to the Point after dinner nothing else today of interest.

Sunday 28 – All of us went to the Point today. I came back about noon.

Monday 29 – Pa and I got out a log to saw into plank. Snow melting fast. The wind commenced blowing about sunset. No more today.

Tuesday 30 – Finished our log warm today again. Nothing more today.

Friday 31 – Went to the Point in the forenoon to grind out axes. I took Bray’s saw home and stopped a while at Sterling’s claim and looked at them work. Came home and went to the ranch for some milk. Commenced raining in the morning but did not continue. Nothing more.

August 1857

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Saturday 1 – Rains and Lem were not at work. Sam, Richards and I worked at watering potatoes. Rains went over to Nelson Creek after John, and whipped FritzGerald. Then both left after midnight to come to the valley, but John let the black horse get away from him near Lewis Ranch and could not find him again.
I gave Lem $60, Rains and John stayed the night at Willow Ranch.

Sunday 2 – I and Sam were watering the beets, beans &c. John and Rains came over about noon, and the black horse lost. I gave Sam $2, Rains $5, and $11 to Carter for him and $2.50 to  old man Martin. John came home late from hunting for the black horse this P.M.

Monday 3 – Lem and John were hauling sand and lime. Sam and Richards watering potatoes. Carter at work about the house, and fence.
I sold Fred Robinson $22.50 of potatoes at 10 cents per pound. Not paid.

Tuesday 4 – Lem, John and Dick cut, bound and shocked1 some wheat. Sam watered vegetables. I and Carter got 307 feet of plank at Alford’s mill and some slab scanting.

PM. Carter was at work at one of the wheels of wagon. Yesterday I spent $.75 and got $3 for peas. I paid $10 for lime. Jack Stinson is come to do some plastering and brought 12 pounds hair2 at 15 cents per pound and had two tire bands cut and set at $4.

Wednesday 5 – John and Carter went to Alford’s mill and got 719 feet in plank. I, Richards and Stinson fixing and  making mortar to plaster. Sam arrogating. Lem and Bill were not at work.

P.M. Carter taking down petition and fixing cupboards.

Thursday 6 – Carter still working on the cupboards. Sam and Dick are arrogating and I, John, Lem, and Bill have gone to hunt for the black horse this P.M. I sold $2.80 in beans and corn, 32 pounds. Paid.

Friday 7 – Carter making a frame for a wood house and pantry in the place of the one that is two small. I, Sam and Dick watered cabbages. I paid $2 for four pairs of brass hinges for the cupboard. I paid Lem $15 to redeem Rains’ payment.

Saturday 8 – Sam and Dick watered cabbages. The rest of us moved away the old pantry house in the yard. I and Carter put up the new frame. Lem, John and Rains went a-fishing in the P.M.

Sunday 9 – I collected $11.50 from Dean on order and $8 from Elliot. I gave Lem $14 and $3 for John. I gave Sam Macam $5. Rains has gone over to Indian Valley. Lem took him on one of his horses up on the mountain.

Monday 10 – Lem, Sam, and Dick cutting and tying up wheat. Carter was at work on a new house. John went to Betsy Town got 25 pounds nails of Burkholder, then got 2,000 shingles of Judkins, $12.
I was helping J. Stinson. I was mixing and carrying mortar for him to plaster the west room all day.

Tuesday 11 – Cloudy and warm.
Lem, Carter, Dick, and John covered the new house and planked it all round. Stinson was plastered the dinning room over head and smoothed down the other. I was doing what the boy shot at in the loft.

Wednesday 12 – Lem, Sam and Dick were harvesting wheat, John and Carter at work on the new house. I pottered about. In the P.M. I did no work.
I paid $1.50 for brandy and $.50 for rice. I paid $1 for billiards yesterday.

Thursday 13 – John and Lem watered the potatoes. Sam and Dick not at work. I gave Sam $5.

Friday 14 – Lem and John are at work arrogating. Sam and Richards are not at work. I am killing time.

Saturday 15 – John and Sam are arrogating. I, Lem and Dick cutting away the willows and making a pole fence up Spanish Creek. Carter has been fixing the wood house and pantry.

Sunday 16 – John went over to Rocky Bar on foot. Emigrants and some cattle went through town today. We had green corn for dinner.

Monday 17 – Carter is to help Duesler. Lem and Dick are making pole fence, Sam is arrogating. Stinson put on a white coat of plaster and I helped to mix and carry mortar.

Tuesday 18 – Lem and Dick worked at making a pole fence, Sam at arrogating. Stinson finished our room by noon with me to help him.

Wednesday 19 – Lem and Dick finished making the pole fence before noon, and Sam arrogating. Carter was hunting the black horse in the A.M. yesterday and went to Judkins’ in the P.M. today, painting and putting in time.
The black horse died Saturday night last up Willow Creek. He was gone just two weeks. Lem and Dick and Sam were at work cutting and shocking up wheat.

P.M. Stinson white washing.

Thursday 20 – Lem, Sam and Dick are harvesting wheat, Carter painting and putting in window glass, Jack white washing.

Friday 21 – We are still at the wheat and white washing. I am looking on.

Saturday 22 – Still at the wheat. In the P.M. Sam went over after John. At night I got very drunk, so much that I lost all reason.

Sunday 23 – I was most of the day getting out again. I let Sam have $5.

Monday 24 – Harvesting wheat. Carter fitting the hind wheels to the wagon.

P.M. Sam not at work. I borrowed $25 of Anderson. I sent A. Mengers $100 by Whiting’s express.

Tuesday 25 – I collected $3 of Barber for corralling hogs —
I and my wife went up to Meadow Valley to see all of the connections: H.P. and family, Jack and family, Mrs. Neys and her daughter. Most of them were sick. A dance came off here this night—quite a party.

Wednesday 26 – I paid $10.50 expenses for my family, then I and my wife came home in a buggy, $.50 toll. John and Liz came home in the stage at dark, cost $4. Carter is sick and was not at work in the afternoon. Yesterday Lem and Dick finished cutting wheat and shocking.

Thursday 27 – Lem and Dick are at work mowing down oats. Sam Carter is sick. Henry, Pauline,  little Cath, Mrs. Ney and her daughter came down to see us from Meadow Valley.

Friday 28 – Lem and Dick still mowing down oats. Carter on sick list.
A dance took place last night at the courthouse.
I collected $6 of Elliot and $3 of Spence for ranching two oxen and one horse. H.P. and his charges left for Meadow Valley, and home.

Saturday 29 – Lem, Dick, Sam, John, and Jack were raking and cocking up oats. Carter was at work on his saddle, and I at arrogating potatoes.

Sunday 30 – I arrogated cabbage some this A.M. In the P.M. I talking politics. I got $1.50 from Bates. Times are hard, and money scarce.

Monday 31 – The weather has a Fall appearance, hazy and windy.
Dick is cutting oats, Sam raking and cocking, Carter at work on wagon wheels. John went to Judkins and got 2 hind tire bands. I am arrogating cabbage. Brother Jack came to our house. Lem is not at work.

June 1855

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Friday 1 – Summer seems to have set in. The little insects are running around at a tremendous rate, and the sun shone out quite warm today. I and John was cleaning up bedrock and got gold $76. I got Lawrance and Roister to prop up a large pitch pine that we cut down, and we have run the dirt from under it for 75 feet off the but, except the stump and the end lays on the roots.
Since I received the letter from wife stating that she did not expect to come to California under the present existing circumstances, I feel more like going home than I’ve done heretofore. I cant quit the diggins yet while they pay so well.

Saturday 2 – We are all at work as usual and the weather is quite warm. At noon the wind blew quite pleasant. I and John commenced to wash down the pine stump. We got gold $7. I do not feel satisfied that my wife is not coming out as I expected.

Sunday 3 – I was waked up this morning at daybreak by the robins and a field lark singing. They seemed to be doing their best.
I got up and went out in my shirt tails, but returned again to my bunk to indulge a while longer. Yes to think alone an hour. At sunrise I got up, built a fire, and called up John to get breakfast as we usually have much to do setting up, and the gold dust to divide. Lawrance had $368 that him and Roister had taken out in last 2 weeks, of which I and John got $128, and we had $310.50. Our share is $233.
I read the 20th chapter of Saint Luke.
Four of us dressed up and went down to the Point and changed off $94 worth of dust. We paid Rains $25, besides sundries $17.25, and I was ordered to work the road between this and the courthouse by the overseer on Wednesday. I and Lawrance came home to eat dinner.


Early this morning I set a brush heap on fire and burned quite a lot of old clothes among the rest one of those coarse towels my wife put in my trunk was thrown in. The first one.

P.M. John did some washing and mending. I washed those suspenders my wife gave me and did some sewing on my pants. After supper I wrote a letter to Lawrance’s wife for him, &c. I paid Thompson $5 to pay expenses to go over to the American Valley and go my security in the case with Lloyd, &c.

Monday 4 – All six at work as usual. I and John are digging away at our stump. The weather could never be pleasanter. The wind blows a pleasant breeze for five hours at noon. We got gold today $30.50.

Tuesday 5 – I did not get up until the men in the other cabin had started out to work. We got breakfast and went out. We was not long at work before our hose burst. Shaw got gold for the first time in his and the Lloyd’s claim, $23.50. A fine breeze commenced blowing early and continued till late. We got gold $15 and Lawrance some too. Our hose bursted a second time in same place.

Wednesday 6 – O, this delightful climate–one continued stretch of sunshine and pleasant breeze. All were at work betimes. We succeeded in rolling the big stump out of the way and got gold $1.50. The other boys made fair work. The sheriff was to see me to collect $5 for services done in the case with Lloyd and to collect $15 that John bid for Freer’s interest in the ditch that was sold under an execution in favor of me against Freer and Vaughn. So John has two deeds to that interest.

Thursday 7 – I and John was cleaning up bedrock, got gold $44. It was too warm for me to keep two shirts on, so off comes my blue flannel. I loaned my friends T. and I. Jennings $300.
Friday 8 – Delightful weather. I and John got gold $8. Shaw and Rains got $103. We burst our hose in the spot that was ripped twist before. Lawrance and Roister is piping away for the first time at his old claim, down below us in same ravine.

Saturday 9 – All well, and at work in good earnest. I and John got gold $16. I feel lonesome and disappointed on account of my wife not coming out.

Sunday 10 – A few drops of rain fell last night, or rather just before day. We breakfasted and divided out our gold. I and John dug $115, Shaw and Rains $199.25, and Lawrance and Roister had $41. We then dressed up and went down to the Point. I gave Duesler 1/2 of the $199.25, he paying $40 for hired help and board. I got $75 to my share. I then deposited with Thompson $395.25, making in all $1000 bearing date June 6th 1855, at the rate of two per cent per month, as he had given my security in the suit with Lloyd. I came home in company with Lawrance and took dinner, though rather late. We then walked up the to its head all right. I shall read the 8th chapter of John and go to bed, &c.

Monday 11 – I and John went to our place, and Shaw and Lawrance to work in the same ravine. We do not expect to hire anybody at present. Rains and Roister has not left yet. It was somewhat cloudy but no rain. We got gold $7. The other two made about the same. I paid Rains $66.75 for work done for the company, and $28.75 for Duesler.

Tuesday 12 – Well it has hailed and rained. In cold, stormy weather, in comes the miner to a good warm fire, without any gold dust. There is considerable thunder. I went to bed early feeling somewhat unwell, ate no supper, &c.

Wednesday 13 – Rained more or less through the night. I lay abed until a late hour, the sun at least one hour high. Cloudy this morning but cleared up soon and the day was warm and pleasant again. I and John got gold $15. Shaw and Lawrance has found it good, by going out in to the left bank. There is another channel that is rich, &c.

Thursday 14 – A fine day. I and John is piping together through where we commenced to work after five of the old company had left us. We got so wet and cold, the water falling on us all the time, that we knocked off early. We had not long been at the house when Tom Eaves came to our cabin. I knew him at first sight, not withstanding all his whiskers. He came across the plains in 1854. We talk a little about old times, &c —

Friday 15 – I John and Eaves went out to the diggins. Tom said he wanted to help work, so I sent him off after his things and told him he could try it a while until he could do better. We got gold $40. Shaw had Rains to work for him, as has a bad cold and don’t feel well. Lawrance and Rains done well —

Saturday 16 – I, John and Tom Eaves was at work in good time. The bank has slid in again last night. That kept us some time in getting away the dirt and rock. Well before noon we were piping. I saw and picked up a piece of gold that weighs 8 ounces and 10 drams–just $150 at the currant rate of $17.40 to the ounce.
Shaw and Lawrance has struck new diggins that is very rich so we’ve got a claim a piece there, in all four. We feel confident that we will be able to get our piles out of those new claims, but I wont throw away the old ones, by no means. We cleaned up some bedrock and then the sluice boxes this P.M. and got gold $97 add the two together and make $235 at $16 per oz —

Sunday 17 – After breakfast we spent much time in setting up for hired help and boarding the hands, so we fell in debt to Shaw $140.75, including money loaned, and paid out more than his share. He also paid the smith $7.50 for the company and  $10.75 for provisions to Thompson after we went down to the Point. I and John took tea with Duesler and his wife. John got pair gum boots, cost $9. My lesson is the 19th chapter of Saint John.
I and John was ordered out to work the road from the Point to the courthouse on Thursday, Friday and Saturday next, or pay $3 per day for not working.1 The overseer was over to see us yesterday evening —
Duesler gave me a large penknife.

Monday 18 – I and John went out to work. He complains very much of debility and palpitation of the heart, &c. but worked the day out. We was setting our boxes anew at the very spot that we and Dobson commenced to work about the first of February 1854. We put in the Riffles–that was some trouble to mend. After noon, we was cleaning off brush and small bushes to set our penstock in a new place higher up the hill. Duesler came up, and Mr. Merrill. He wants to buy Shaw out, but I’d rather not. Shaw, Lawrance and Roister is at work our new claims.

Tuesday 19 – Eaves wanted to know why me and John did not like for him to buy Shaw out. I told him I did not know that he wanted to sell. Tom said he was satisfied. John went down to see Dr. Hill and got some medicine in the A.M. and in the P.M. he was out of work. Duesler came up with him. I put him to mending the hose while the rest of us was setting up the penstock, cutting ditches and burning logs and brush.

Wednesday 20 – Eaves is still staying with us. He was prospecting for himself. I and John was mending the hose. The thread was broke in many places.

P.M. I helped the other boys roll a log out of their diggins, cleaned up bedrock and got gold $10. John was sewing a new seam to strengthen the old ones in the hose. It has been so warm today that I pulled off my flannel shirt.

Thursday 21 – Quite warm today. John is sewing the hose and I cleaning up bedrock, got gold $5. We did not work the road according to orders.

Friday 22 – I and John set our pipe to work to clean away the rocks that us and Dobson handled in February 1854, the first place we three commenced to make money after the other five members of the company had left. We are running off the tailing and throwing out the stumps and rocks. The other boys are doing well —

Saturday 23 – I and John set up another set of sluice boxes and riffles alongside those that were already up, in order to work at either place as best suits the ground after getting under good headway.
The rest of boys had got a gallon of milk punch.2 I concluded to get on a bust, which I did to the full of my heart’s content. I fell at noon to raise no more on my
birthday, being 44. If my wife had been here it would not have been so with me, but it is done and I am again on my feet once more.
Tom Eaves has been sick since Wednesday last, but is now up again. There was no work done in consequence of the spree that I and Roister was in — I pulled off my shoes and socks and run about bare foot and cut my left heel. Soon I was doomed to fall down. I went into the brush, not knowing what I did, but I rose again at sunset &c. I gave $1 for the punch —

Sunday 24 – I breakfasted quite hearty, and soon after we set to and had a settlement. We had over $300 to our shares. Shaw paid $22 for beef and $4 to Thompson for the company. We four bought Pike’s water ditch, tools, provisions and cabin all for $162.50. We now will be able to work all summer.
My lesson is the 9th chapter Acts.

Monday 25 – I and John together this forenoon was sluicing down some top dirt that had fallen in our way.

P.M. we was striping away and have no occasion to be discouraged. We got gold $28.50. Shaw was attending to the things that we purchased in the forenoon. Lawrance and Roister was fixing the new ditch, and extending it also. In the  P.M. they was rigging to pipe —

Tuesday 26 – Tom Eaves asked me if he could go to work. We told him that there was not work for three, so after breakfast he started with others over to the Mountain House3 to join his company again. I and John went to work, he to piping and I to cutting up some logs that we left a year ago last March. The other three were piping away at their place.

P.M. all hands built a log heap at our place and then to their work. Shaw went to sewing the hose we got from Pike with two more seams. They got gold; we none.

Wednesday 27 – John complaining considerable4 though we was at work cleaning away a lot of top dirt that slid in the way.

P.M. I was at work alone. John quite sick at night. He had a high fever and said he was quite cold and chilly. I got gold $9.50. The other boys made none. I had my own supper to get.

Thursday 28 – John is laid up. He took a dose of Wright’s Vegetable Patent Pills5 last night, and complains no little.
I’ve had to do my own cooking today. Rains helped me to work in Johns place. The left bank of our diggins caved in and we had to pull out the boxes to keep the dirt from breaking them. We got no gold. John came out to the diggins late in the P.M. Shaw and Lawrance done well. Roister sick.

Friday 29 – John is better and went down to the Point this forenoon. No letters, but my papers had come that I have to take or send to the supreme court in the case with Lloyd. I and Rains was cleaning up bedrock and got gold $138. Shaw and Lawrance done well. Roister went out to work in the

P.M. Thomas Eaves came to our diggins late this evening; he is with us tonight.

Saturday 30 – I and Tom Eaves was at work. John says he feels better than he has done for some time. We all quit work early to settle up. The two companies had $322. I had to pay $18.50 for grub and $18 for board and lost time. I got my papers at last from the county clerk to take to the supreme court at Sacramento. The clerks fees for making them out was $46.80. I gave a receipt for the papers and also got one for the money for clerk from Thompson.

January 1855

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Monday 1 – Before day. The snow is falling in large lumps off the trees onto my cabin roof, and making the boards fairly crack. It is raining again and wind blowing and trees falling. After Breakfast there was thunder and lightning.
I started John and Charles up the ditch. They found three large trees had fallen across the ditch and the brush had stopped the water some. When opened, it came down with a rush. I and Lawrance went out to the diggins. While out there it changed to snowing again and continued all day. After dinner John went up the ditch to cut some limbs out of the way. I and Lawrence went out to the diggins to see after the water, but it had decreased very much. We went up the ditch and found the snow had choked it up. We threw it out again, &c.

Tuesday 2 – The snow 1 foot deep. The four of us cut down a large pitch pine. By noon we had the limbs about our cabins. In the afternoon I, John and Charles cleaned up our boxes and got gold $28, and set them over again. Lawrence and Lloyd cleaned up theirs. Cloudy somewhat, and inclined to storm. Our neighbors, Hardin and company, have been compelled to stop mining. The water is needed on the other side of creek, says Clark.

Wednesday 3 – Snowed last night and all day. It is between 1 1/2 and 2 feet deep at our cabins. We did not attempt to work. Four of us went down to the Point. All the ditches and flumes is snowed out as well as us. Lloyd stayed at home. John got a new hat for $4. It was still snowing moderately at my late bedtime.

Thursday 4 – Still snowing and was at it all night and all of today. Quite a late bedtime. The moon is shining out bright. All five of us went up the ditch to see after the water, but it was nearly all taken up in the snow–so much so that it did not show itself 50 yards from the head of the ditch. We could do nothing with it. We turned about and came home. The snow is between two and three feet deep and hard to get through.

Friday 5 – Somewhat cloudy and snowing at intervals today. We all went down to the Point except John. I and John fixed a tongue in our slide, ready for carting —

Saturday 6 – Clear and cold this morning. The sun shone bright all day and the sky never seemed to be bluer. I and John were shoveling the snow away from the door and cutting some wood that had been covered up. Lloyd went down to the Point. He came home after dinner.

Sunday 7 – Cold this morning, but it clouded up and continued more or less so all day, though it got warm enough to soften the snow a little. I wrote a letter H.P. and one to Dave.

Monday 8 – Rained a very little all day. Lloyd went down to the Point.

P.M. The express had got in no letters. He brought up the New York Herald of December 5 1854 that had the President’s message. We did not work. My lesson was the 21st Chapter Luke.

Tuesday 9 – Warm all day with some sunshine, but most of it was cloudy and quite foggy. This morning four of us went up the ditch and cleaned out the snow where it was not covered with brush. We got the water running down to where it is covered.

Wednesday 10 – Clear and warm. Having had fire day and night, the rocks got so hot that they set logs outside the fireplace afire yesterday. I did not get it out, so this morning I and John took out one log and built the fireplace up with rocks. John sent a letter to his ma, and I one to Dave and to H.P.
We went up the ditch this evening. The water is nearly down to the reservoir. The snow has settled down very much.

Friday 11 – Shaw came home last night. The weather is warm and pleasant. The snow melted off the trees, making it so heavy on the ditch that some of the cross timbers broke in two and dropped the covering down into the ditch. The five of us hoisted it up and put in new timbers today. We’re not yet done.

Friday 12 – All five are at work putting new timbers to hold up the brushworks on the ditch. We made a finish. The sun shines pleasantly.
We set the trap last evening. Today we took out another kangaroo or something else of the kind, I know not. But we have him chained to a  block between our cabins.

Saturday 13 – Cool nights and pleasant days. We was all getting wood  till noon. In the afternoon we were idling our time away. The animal slipped its halter last night.

Sunday 14 – Fine pleasant weather. Nights are cool, and the snow melts but little. I went down to the Point, but no letters. My lesson is the 10th Chapter of John.

Monday 15 – We had a general settlement. I then went down to the Point and loaned two of the Shultses $175 for five months. I am to have $10 per month for the use of the money, with good security. Lloyd paid me $155 for the use of one of my interests from 21 June last to 1 January 1855. The nights are cool and the days pleasant. I paid $11 for the company and $1.75 for ourselves for small items.

Tuesday 16 – We all five of us concluded to  get up some lumber for sluice boxes. John went and got a whipsaw. By that time, the rest of us had a log cut, hewn, and laid upon the pit ready for sawing. But it was work none of us had done, so we all tried but I and Lawrance could saw the best.

P.M. I sent John down to the Point after a file to whet the saw, cost $1 per comb.

Wednesday 17 – I whetted the saw and we went to it, but my arms is very sore. We have made four planks in two days of sawing. The weather it still delightful. Lloyd and Shaw went down to the Point after another saw but got none. Lloyd stayed all day and came home after night somewhat drunk.

Thursday 18 – Somewhat cloudy and wind was blowing, indicating falling weather. We all had a good time, making our arms sore from working Bray’s whipsaw.

Friday 19 – Cold last night and clear. Somewhat windy and cool today as well. We finished sawing one log in the morning. In the afternoon three of us cut and hewed another and put it on the pit and pined it. We moved the pit near the log, &c. I had a late bedtime. Its snowing.

Saturday 20
– There is but little new falling snow this morning. Cold and clear. I, John and Shaw did some sawing today. We got along quite well. Lloyd started for Marysville, so say the boys. Lawrance set in the cabin nearly all day. Its a fine day for sliding down the hill, as the snow has a crust and will bare a man. Warm and pleasant all day.

Sunday 21 – Last night I washed myself all over. I washed a pair of socks and a towel and put on a clean shirt, the first for three weeks. I had John trim my hair. After dinner I went down to the Point. The express had got in, but no letters. Several men were drunk and more gambling. I came home to eat supper and read the 5th chapter of the Acts of the Apostles. I was up two or three times in the night, when cold. I built a good fire and lay down again.

Monday 22 – It was somewhat cloudy yesterday and cold at night. I was up before day.
I dreamed my wife and I was coming to California. I thought we were on a steamer not far from the isthmus. Several times I thought I was traveling in that way and it appeared I was in great danger of being drowned.
Shaw and Lawrance went out to hew a log to saw into planks. John and Allen went to sawing. I went down to the Point stayed all day. I got another whipsaw. Everett came in, but no letters.

Tuesday 23 – I dreamed last night that I was at the old mill and my mother was living. I thought she said that my wife was overbearing, and told how I thought that we would not be long with her, that we were going to California, soon. I thought my wife came in just then.
It was warm and pleasant today. The boys went 1/2 mile, put a log on the slide, and hauled it down to our cabins to saw into planks. It is 14 feet long, 16 by 12 inches. We are four cuts from having it sawed.

Wednesday 24 – It was warm and somewhat cloudy all day. We finished the 3rd and got the 4th nearly done.

P.M. John, Shaw and Charles was setting the penstock anew. We will have sawed 834 feet of plank in all when we finish the four pieces—

Thursday 25 – Last night, when all were asleep but me there appeared distant thunder. Soon the cabin shook, the boards cracked. An earth quake. Its over now. We hewed out two small sticks to make false bottoms sawed one into slats 2 by 2 1/2 inches broad and 7/8 of an inch in thickness. The other is to be same. It is warm and pleasant. The ground begins to show itself in places.

Friday 26 – We finished sawing the slate for false bottoms, and there’s nothing more to do. The weather is pleasant enough but we can’t mine for the want of water, &c —

Saturday 27 – The weather is so pleasant. The sun shined out warm, so much so that the green flies were flying about. We did no work. I packed up some wood in the A.M.

P.M. I went down to the Point and took Sterling’s saw home. I got 23 pounds beef, cost $4.50.

Sunday 28 – Up before day and read the from the first to the tenth chapter of First Corinthians. After breakfast I went down to the Point. The rest of the boys came down, but I did not see them.

P.M. I went down on Columbia Flat and stopped at Dover’s awhile and then to Bass’ till sunset. I got acquainted with Mrs and Miss Bass. Stephen Bass wants to sell out his diggins.

Monday 29 – I and John concluded to hew a log. It was after noon before we got it ready to haul down to the pit near the cabin. It was quite as much as we could do.We lined it up all ready for sawing tomorrow.

Tuesday 30 – I dreamed last night that some man, hearing my name mentioned, said that he would make me a present of the finest coat that could be had in Georgetown. I thought that Tyson Bell made it, and old Rankin sold the goods. It cost $489.
I and John was at work soon whipsawing by 1/2 past 10 A.M. We had finished the log off into 120 inch plank. I cut some dry wood before dinner, and then went down to the Point after dinner. No Eastern mail has come in.
I could but stand and gaze at two men, sledding down the hill on a door to the foot of bridge, one of them a man of 40 years old with a wife at San Francisco and a good friend to me — but whiskey does its work for many.

Wednesday 31 – Quite warm and cloudy. It sprinkled a few drops this morning, but cleared off. John bought an ax of Shaw for $1.75. A piece broke out of the edge. We took it and mine down to the Point and ground them sharp. I got a handsaw file at $.50 and John a pair of pantaloons, cost $5. No letters for me. Something is wrong —