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February 8 1864 – Mollie Burns to John J Haun


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Mollie updates John on local news, and gently teases him about marriage.

At Home
February 8th 1864

My Friend,

How shall I begin to write, having such a piece of news to tell you? Aunt Ell and Mr Price, are at last married after a courtship of six years. They have purchased the house on the corner by us of Mr McDonald, and were married in their own house. I believe every boy in town was there. I did not know anything about it until after breakfast that morning, and then a party of us went to Lexington with them. She kept it very still.

Mrs Webb told me at church yesterday she had received a letter from your ma which she intended forwarding to you after answering it. She has also received a second one from your friend in Pennsylvania. He spoke of writing to you. Also your friend Betty is growing very pretty indeed, She has learned a new piece of music, something about, “I love Dixie, right or wrong,”1 and says if I would come up she would play it for me.

The boys gave aunt and uncle Price a beautiful serenade. She set quite a table for them. E. Connon is much better, and has some hopes of his recovery. Mrs Stoughten is living with them, Mr McDonald having purchased the place where she lived. Thornt Sinclair was put in the vault yesterday. He died very suddenly after two days illness, of the spotted fever. Three or four have died of it in the neighborhood of the Stamp. It is a dreadful disease. Little Frank Lemon is not expected to live through the day. He talks so much about his pa. Tommie is in very delicate health also. Poor Mrs Lemon takes it so hard, his pa being away, and he was so devoted to him.

We have our new library now, and there is a concert at our church tonight featuring all of our best singers, and a gentleman and his lady from Ohio. The proceeds will go to purchase a Melodian2 for our church.

Your letter was received two weeks ago today, Monday. You tell me to bear in mind it is leap year, and you will answer all questions put to you. Well now, I am the last one to ask any questions. Talk abut starving to death by degrees—this child loves to eat too well for that. If you could see her I know you would think so anyway. Dora tells me to give you her love, but I tell her she shan’t send her love to you, but may only send her regards. She still insists on sending her love. She is looking every day for her Paris flame Lucian Denington. He has been two years in the United States service, and is just from from the army with one year longer to serve. Buddie is so mad because Dora sacked him. He will not speak to any of us. Most of all the boys that are in the Federal army from Georgetown are now here on furlough. Gabbie H. is on a visit to Indiana.

We have had some of the coldest weather ever felt in Kentucky and some of the most beautiful, the last two or three weeks, just like spring. It made us think of visiting the old mill, and flowery island, fishing and so on—but one of our number I fear, who was always ready to go with the girls, on such excursions, will be sadly missed this summer: Betty Clark, Harry’s wife. She is very low with the consumption.

Just to think, the third of this month was my birthday. I suppose you remember my age, 22. Being a member of the sisterhood through necessity seems to stare me in the face like some grim monster—although rumor, untruthful madam as she is, has me engaged to two or three different persons. But then, when this cruel war is over, there will be a few old bachelors left (no insinuations of course). Then some of us may conclude to disband our sisterhood, although there will still be some left.

I had quite a nice little chat with Joe Elgin the other day. He inquired after you and wished to know when I had heard from you. I told him I must have been one of the many friends of yours forgotten, as you had never honored me with the scratch of a pen. “Yes,” he said, “I believe you are a truthful young lady.” But I was, with him as Mrs Well, very ignorant of your proceedings.

That old fellow that came in town from the crossings, with all that drove of cattle, the day Will Webb was in the Court House, has acted just as hateful as Eaf O. Johnnie S. and some others. He is in the neighborhood of Joe Lemon, John Lemon and some others. You know he is such a consummated old villain they will not let him rest in that place with what he had left. He is still collecting more and says he intends paying us a visit again in the spring, but they are preparing to catch him, and I for one, you know, hope they will catch him. I did not know whether you had heard it and thought I would tell you.

Write directly you get this, and believe me, as ever, your true friend,

Mollie Burns

Metadata: Postmark: Georgetown, KY | February 2 1864
Sender’s location: Georgetown, KY | Recipient’s location: Camp Chase, OH
Notes: “Dated Feb 8th 64, Received Feb 11th 64”

February 1854 – Lizzie Hurst Haun to James Haun

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Lizzie Hurst writes to her uncle and cousin in California on the anniversary of their departure, relating local news including a shooting in the street.

Georgetown1

Dear Uncle and Cousin,

I sit down tonight, after Aunty and Dr Hamill have gone to church, to write you a few lines. I have been a little sick all day. I thought I would not go to church, but write to Dear Old Uncle. I wrote you a letter a few weeks ago and have written John one.

Aunt Lizzie has joined the Presbyterian church. We had some shooting done last week between Lawyer Robinson’s son Jimmie and H. Hynes. I suppose John knew Mr Hynes. He was a military student. He was dismissed a few months ago, or rather expelled. The difficulty arose about Ellen Finell Robinson shot2

[torn] but did not kill him
[torn] longer and they have not
[torn] with Robinson yet it is supposed
[torn] and Hynes engaged to be married but

I do not know whether it is true or not. Hynes was taken up to Mrs Finell’s the next morning after he was shot.

Mr Clark is married. He married Miss Eve Stenson of Paris, Kentucky. It is just one year today since you left; it seems to me a very long year. Oh, Uncle, you cannot imagine how bad I want to see you all. I wrote to Dave not long ago.

I haven’t any news of importance to write so I  must come to a close. Church will soon be out. Give my love to John. Aunt says she is going to write after she comes from church. You must write me a letter, for it would do me a  good deal of good to get a letter from you and John. I must bring my short letter to a close. Tell John Frank Rankig sends his love to him. There was one person joined the reform church today by letter. Her name is Mrs Benton a lady of about 85 years old. She was a back member of dry run church I believe and her letter came to town. You must answer this. Goodbye.

I remain your ever affectionate daughter,

Lizzie Haun
or rather Hurst

P.S. I believe I will change my name to Haun. Excuse all mistakes, for I wrote this in a hurry.

Metadata: Sender’s location: Georgetown, KY | Recipient’s location: Nelson Creek, CA

February 1858

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Monday 1 – Carter started for Bidwell’s Bar to bring in the mail. I bought 6 gallons whiskey, paid $13.50, and a bottle besides cost $1, all to be used by our cook.

Tuesday 2 – Down to Saturday the 6th it is one round of fine days: warm sun and pleasant, but cold nights. John got back of Friday the 5th and so did Carter, with the mail. I got a letter from L.M. Thurman dated December 23rd 1857 from Knox City, Illinois. He says he wants to come back.

Saturday 6 – John Bass made me a present of a pair of pants on Friday last —

Sunday 7 – A beautiful morning after a cold, frosty night. the Black smith is at work sharpening some poor miner’s pick, I suppose.

Monday 8 – Snowed some last night and a little today, then cleared off again. Nothing doing.

Tuesday 9 – Very cold last night. I paid $.50 for candles last night. At noon there was a fight between one Thos Hogan and George Miller, in which Miller got cut about the head with a knife. Then Miller got his knife out and made Hogan run, as his knife was not fit for use, being bent double. Hogan was arrested. I and Maston went his bail.

Wednesday 10 – Last night was cold, and today warm. I wrote a letter to L.M. on Thurman. Miller is laying about with his head tied up.

Thursday 11 – Cold last night and warm today, with some appearance of snow. My wife sold 18 chickens for $27 and gave me $20 of the money and $1 to buy a broom. I let Bass and Neal have 2 dozen eggs at $2.50.

Friday 12 – Carter left for Bidwell’s Bar with the U.S. Mail. The weather is clear and cold.

Saturday 13 – No change of importance to note. I sold J.C. Lewis 58 pounds wheat on time.

Sunday 14 – It snowed some last night and continued all day very fast. I was on a jury to try the right of property and received $3 for a verdict, all in cash on Friday last.

Monday 15 – Up before day. The ground is again covered with snow as well as the trees. It looks dreary indeed. It continued all day snowing with intervals of rain. Last night, it appears to have rained all night but not so fast as it has been all of today. It is quite slushy on the ground, with snow and water.
The sheriff’s sale took place today. They are selling out a Jew’s store for what it will bring for cash in Quincy. I bought a white rubber coat for $2 cash.

Tuesday 16 – It still rained all night in the valley and the snow is being washed away some. The branch of the creek that runs through the yard is quite full to over flowing. Snow mixed with rain this morning as it fell. I bought six pairs of pants at $14, and seven pairs stocking at $2.50, and one other pair at $1. I then sold one pair at $2.50.

Wednesday 17 – It continues to rain in the valley and snow on mountains.

Thursday 18 – An intermission of falling weather. Hogan got back today with this horse.

Friday 19 – Still falling weather. Maston got 55 pounds wheat. John and Jack hauled a load wood.

Saturday 20 – Some of my plank fence blew down last night in back of town. Still raining.

Sunday 21 – Still raining. I’ve spent $.50 for billiards and $.50 for something else.

Monday 22 – I cleared up this evening a dance at Betsy Town tonight The frogs has been singing in the valley since the middle of last week. It looks very much spring in valley.

Tuesday 23 – A fine day. I took some pills this morning. I ate but little today: some tea and toast at supper. Carter got up with the mail. My wife received a letter from H. Rankin of Georgetown, Kentucky giving some information of hard times and scarcity of provisions and the necessity of doing something with our negroes in Kentucky.

Wednesday 24 – It is a beautiful sunny day and the nights not very cold. The weather has all the appearance of spring. The frogs are singing in the evening and the hens cackling.

Thursday 25 – I had a settlement with Judkins. I fell in debt $40, for which I gave my note. I gave $.50 for candles last night. John and Carter hauled some lumber from the mill for Porter.

Friday 26 – I took some blue mass last night. Don’t feel well this morning. Norton came down this morning and paid me $14 for wheat.

Saturday 27 – Nothing of note.

Sunday 28 – Don’t feel well.

January 1857

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Thursday 1 – Not so cold, but snowing day and night. Rains started for Marysville and John went with him over to Nelson Creek. Nothing doing.

Friday 2 – Still snowing and the wind blowing heavy from the roaring up in the mountains. Rains left for Onion Valley. He was till night getting there.

Saturday 3 – Snowing all the time. John came over today and brought his fiddle and a bundle of clothes. Heavy wading.

Sunday 4 – Snowing as usual, about 3 feet deep in the valley and quite solid. Got wood and feed.

Monday 5 – Snowing as usual. All hands are preparing to go to a dance at the Spanish Ranch. Liz went with J. Bass.
John and Firman went on a jumper with the black horse. I gave John $10.
Mr. and Mrs. Edwards is with us tonight. Tro. Ward went to the dance. I and Edwards went to the dance to prevent Ward from having anything to say to Lizzy.

Tuesday 6 – We stayed all night at the Spanish Ranch. It cost me $3. After breakfast I had Liz go home; Bass took her. I and Edwards also went along. John and Firman came also. Tonight has been cloudy at intervals —

Wednesday 7 – Rains has been snowbound at Onion Valley. It snowed very hard last night for a while. I sent a load of hay to Dr. Kate at Betsy Town on a sledge. The sun shone out at intervals.

Thursday 8 – Very cold last night. We had quite a time to get wood to make fire. Did nothing but feed our stock —

Friday 9 – We all went out slay riding with John Thompson down to Dan Cates’ on Wednesday night. Came back about midnight —
Clear of nights, and very cold. The house was booming this morning when I awoke from cold. The sun shone out but dimly. Later my wife went a-slay riding with Madden, Mrs. Edwards, and Liz, with John Thompson. They all went to the Illinois Ranch and came back home again tonight.

Saturday 10 – Snowing, the weather somewhat moderated. We do not pretend to work any.

Sunday 11 – Commenced to rain and has been raining all day. We hauled a load of hay to Steve Bass, say 1,400 pounds.

Monday 12 – Raining last night and today, and bids fair to continue on.

Tuesday 13 – Rained last night and today. I sent a load of hay up to Betsy Town to Howard yesterday at $40, to be paid on the 1st of April.

Wednesday 14 – Rained last night and today. John and Moore cut and hauled up some logs for wood.

Thursday 15 – Still raining night and day. Mr. and Mrs. Edwards came to stay with us all night —

Friday 16 – Snowed last night several inches and raining today. Late tonight Dr. Cate took Edwards and my wife home with him in a slay, &c —

Saturday 17 – Raining as usual last night and today. We hauled a load of hay for Maston to D.J. Willmans.

Sunday 18 – Rained last night and today but the sun shone out at intervals. Our town is quite dull, as the American Ranch hotel has been closed a full week. Also the Bass saloon since Monday last. Most all the loafers has left Quincy.

Monday 19 – Clear and warm today. I John and Moore cleared off the snow near the barn and built a cow rack. John and Moore went out and got a stick to make a pair of sledge runners and hauled it in —

Tuesday 20 – Frosty and clear last night, but foggy this morning and warm and pleasant today. John and Moore took a yoke of cattle and hauled the stick of timber down to Boyington’s mill and had it sawed into runners and hauled home.

Wednesday 21 – Clear and frosty last night but warm and pleasant of days. The snow is melted off the low hills on the North side of the valley. We all three went to work to make an ox sledge, after the sun got up to melt away the frost —

Thursday 22 – Still frosty of nights. We were again at work at our sledge and finished it long before night. The snow is sinking down very fast and freezes very hard so that one can walk on the top of it and not break through.

Friday 23 – Still clear and cool of nights and warm of days. John and Moore went out to the woods and cut some dry spruce for wood. I sold some potatoes $3.50 and collected $10 of Potts last Monday. I paid $.25 for a letter to Lizzie and $.25 for a letter to wife from Georgetown Kentucky written by Ann E West1, and all’s well.

Saturday 24 – Clear and cool last night and warm today. We yoked up the cattle and went to the wood with our new sledge and hauled a load of wood to the shoe maker and one to our house, and a load of rails also. There has been several women delivered of children very recently—Mrs. Bass, Vaughn, Hundly, Lewis, and an Irish woman all in our little midst, and no thanks to anybody outside. Several others not log since, and still more to come. This is a great country for children, and healthy ones at that.

Sunday 25 – Clear as usual last night and the sun is shining out bright and warm this morning. F. Fox stayed with us last night. John and him is going over to Nelson Creek. John is to work at Rocky Bar. I sold $4 worth of potatoes. Cloudy in the P.M. and the wind blowing gently as if to rain.

Monday 26 – Clear last night, but not cold. Somewhat cloudy today. Moore hauled a load of wood on the sledge. I cut and split some wood for the cook stove.

P.M. Moore was separating the frozen potatoes from the sound ones.

Tuesday 27 – The weather is quite moderate both day and night. Moore rode the black horse to see Havlan’s mining clams and ditch. I was sorting potatoes all day and sold 50 pounds potatoes to cooks.

Wednesday 28 – Still pleasant and cloudy with a little rain. I finished sorting potatoes.
A trial was had in Quincy today for fighting on Sunday last between Robinson and Slacum. The parties were acquitted, and the cost upon the county. Cooks paid me $8 for potatoes. Robinson was hit a few blows in the face by Murray tonight. It was all right—he needed it.

Thursday 29 – Warm and pleasant. Moore is cutting rail timber. I bought a county scrip2 of Hall to pay taxed $6.50 with $5.50.

Friday 30 – Moore broke his axe and had it set up again. I helped him grind it. He went out to cut rail timber. I am not at work—I’ve plenty to do, but don’t know where to begin.

Saturday 31 – The nights are frosty and days very pleasant. My time was spent in idleness. Mr. and Mrs. Presby and Mrs. Stinson took dinner with us. Moore is cutting rail timber. Cooks got 100 pounds potatoes last night.

November 1854

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Wednesday 1 – Cool and clear. I and the Johns got gold $35.50. Shaw and Lawrence got $5 in the last three days. They are a-going to move their boxes in the morning to a new place.

Thursday 2 – I and the Johns got gold $77.50. Shaw and Lawrence is at work in the foot of the same ravine that we are. They are running a cut in to strike the bedrock. The weather is clear, and not so cool as it was, and very pleasant indeed, and calm.

Friday 3 – Delightful weather. I and the Johns got gold $199.50, one piece with a hole in it  weighs 5 3/4 oz and $.50. That will do good enough. Shaw and Lawrence is still working at the foot of the ravine. They will put in boxes tomorrow to see if there is gold to be had, &c. —

Saturday 4 – Warm and clear, very pleasant. I and John were sluicing off. We gold gold $2. In the P.M. Lloyd rocked out the box that we panned out at the house and got gold $39.50. We washed out the sand bottle and got $6.50, in all $38.50.
Shaw and Lawrence has run a deep cut in the same ravine that we are at work in down, at the foot. They got some gold but it was not weighed.

Sunday 5 – Shaw and Lawrence went over to the American Valley early. While there, they saw a Mexican that had helped to kill three Chinamen on Friday night last. The other Mexican got away.1
I and John fixed up our fireplace and daubed some of the cracks. Late in evening, big Das came by to sell me the sawmill. He said he was a-going to start home in the morning. I did not buy it. We divided out $97 to the sluice box.
My lesson is the 5th Chapter, First Epistle General of Peter.

Monday 6 – Before day I and John started to the American Ranch to attend court. The sun had just rose before we got there. The court was in session. About noon my case was called, but was laid over for Vaughn, and finally postponed until tomorrow for his witnesses. John and I went over to Sister Betsey’s where we stayed all night. For supper lodging and breakfast $4.

Tuesday 7 – We went back to court early, but it was near noon before court opened. Five witnesses were examined for Vaughn and one for me. The case was argued and submitted and a verdict brought in against me. I and John then started for home. The sun had quite set. We traveled most of the way in the dark, as the moon had not rose. We put ourselves through in good time. I paid for our dinners yesterday $2, and paid Buck $1.50 for milk. A balance for the company.

Wednesday 8 – Up before day as usual. Did some mending on my pants. Called John. We got breakfast and then went to mining.
A warm pleasant day. John and I went to piping. We got gold $28.50. Lloyd and Lawrence have been at work since Monday in the foot of the ravine and have got but little gold. Shaw started below on Monday about noon on business.
I put a piece of blanket on the foot of my socks to make them stand winter use, &c.

Thursday 9 – I and John had to reset our boxes and fix up the riffles. It was near noon by the time we got ready for washing. After noon we let on the water. I was washing away tailings. We got gold $23. Lloyd and Lawrence done better. The gold is not weighed yet.

Friday 10 – Last night I dreamed that I picked up a quantity of gold, several large pieces, until I had filled my pants pockets and vest pockets, &c.
The weather is delightful. I’ve not experienced a solitary gale of wind, to say nothing of a storm, since I’ve been in California. It is calm and still. John and I got gold $37. Lloyd and Lawrence have not weighed. Cool nights and warm days. A man wanted to sell turnips at $8 per hundred— we can’t afford it.

Saturday 11 – I and John cleaned up the boxes and got gold $9. We then fixed for sluicing off the top dirt and tailings. In the afternoon Deputy Sheriff Neal came and levied on my diggins and tools &c. but he left without taking any of the things away because I said that Shaw would take charge of my share of the money that would be taken out for a few days. One of our boxes got injured by a fork breaking down from the weight of rock and gravel stopping in them.

Sunday 12 – Early, after breakfast, Lawrence and I went down to the Point to see if there was any letters. We did not get any. We came home to dinner.

P.M. I did some mending on John’s pants. I suppose it was near midnight last night that I dreamed that my wife had come. I thought she came out to where I was at work and said, I’ve come. I thought I said, I did not expect you so soon, &c. John mailed a letter to his ma this evening. My lesson is the first chapter of Revelations. The letter cost 25 cents. Black thread, 25 cents.

Monday 13 – I and John were out sluicing. Just at noon the hose busted. I went down to the Point and got two needles gave to me. I went home and mended the hose and we went to work again. I am up late tonight, &c. Just ate supper. I mended the pants John brought from Kentucky. I lined them and put two large patches in front and one behind. They have all gone to bed and had a good sleep. I eat and sleep when it suits me, and no one to complain.

Tuesday 14 – Shaw came from Onion Vally, a distance of 7 miles, before sunrise. I John and Shaw worked together, and an Englishman that came up with Shaw worked with us. He said he would work for us for grub. We got gold $6.
I set up late mending my shirt. I mended the sleeves and put a cover on the back, all over.

Wednesday 15 – Beautiful weather, cool nights and warm days, though it was somewhat cloudy today. I, John, Shaw and the Englishman got gold $33.50. We have been striping off top dirt. Lloyd and Lawrence is still getting gold. They don’t weigh.

Thursday 16 – I dreamed last night of asking Susan Wallace if she would not marry. I thought she told me there was too many pains and aches in a married life. I then dreamed of kissing another woman that I had met in my travels. I forgot who she was &c — Four of us got gold $60. Lloyd and Lawrence is stripping. Beautiful weather.

Friday 17 – Four of us got gold $99.50. Lloyd and Lawrence were stripping &c.

Saturday 18 – I, Shaw and Lloyd started for the American Valley early this morning for the purpose of taking an appeal in the suit with Vaughn. Shaw and Lloyd stood as securities. We took five picks along and had them sharpened, cost $2.75. I paid my lawyer $25 more.
Lawrence and the Englishman worked together, but did not make much. John was at work by himself and took out $97.50, one piece that weighed $55.
It clouded up this morning, but the sun shone at intervals all day. It commenced raining about sunset, though lightly.
I and John are sitting in the cabin taking our ease. He is trying to play a new tune on his fiddle and I’ve wrote this down.

Sunday 19 – Clear and warm. I went down to the Point early and got a letter for John from John Stevens dated October 2nd2 giving an account of Thomas Ridsdale going crazy and his death. Also, the starving condition of the poor in the county and cheapness of young hogs &c. We paid $1 for the letter. We divided our dust for the last two weeks, and we got $211 to our part.
John washed four shirts and one pair drawers. My lesson was Revelations Chapter 15.

Monday 20 – The weather is delightful. Four of us was working together. We’ve hired John Bull at $2 per day. We got gold $58.50. Lloyd and Lawrence is not making much as yet, &c.

Tuesday 21 – Warm and pleasant. We are in the habit of breakfasting by first light and at work by sunrise. Four of us took out $60.50, the other two are stripping.

Wednesday 22 – It commenced drizzling before daylight this morning. We were at our work quite early, and got gold $82.50. It continued to rain a little all day. At 8 o’clock tonight the stairs are shining out again.

Thursday 23 – Cloudy all day but no rain. The four of us got gold $6.50. Lloyd and Lawrence have not made anything this week. The weather is quite warm.

Friday 24 – Cleared off this morning. Warm and pleasant all day. We had the balance of the grub we had engaged sent to us that we, $98 worth. We got gold $54.50.
After supper I and Shaw went down to the Point, but did not get any letters. Something is wrong.

Saturday 25 – Clear and pleasant. We get to work before sunrise, as the days are quite short. Four of us got gold $98.

Sunday 26 – Up before day. Cloudy and rained a little, but a beautiful day. After breakfast Shaw and I went down to the Point. We paid William Limberman $98 for the balance of our grub that was brought up Friday last. We then divided out $83.50 to each share after paying expenses. I paid my lawyer Hunley $25 more, in all $75. Horatio Cross came home with me. We took dinner and walked around our diggins &c. After he left we got some wood. My lesson is the 1st Chapter of Matthew.

Monday 27 – Clear and delightful weather. We all was at work before sunrise, cutting a ditch to halt water seepage and to fill our pipe, and setting boxes in the A.M.

P.M. four of us got gold $21. After supper Lawrence and I went down to the Point, I to see that my papers had been sent by the county clerk for an appearance in the case with Vaughn. They have not been sent —
Paid $1 for whiskey, &c.

Tuesday 28 – I started for the Plumas County Court early. On my arriving I found that my papers has been given the evening before to Russell. I left the seat of county at noon and got home sometime before sunset. Shaw, John and the Englishman got gold $52.50. They found out a channel of gold on the left bank, as we go up. It seems to be quite rich.

Wednesday 29 – Up before day. I washed my socks and feet, they being a little sore from yesterday’s walk. I am making arrangements to be off to Sacramento before sunrise this morning with the Englishman in company. We stopped at the Point, got my papers, and paid the clerk’s fee bill of $32 to Roots. I then paid Squire McNall $5 for is hiring a warrant against Goodshall. We then started up the hill and made Grass Vally. Took dinner at half past one o’clock. Dinner cost $1. We then stopped at Feese, a distance of 33 miles. I did not take supper. It hailed some before I went to bed, &c. Quite cloudy.

Thursday 30 – Breakfast $1. Took dinner at the New York Ranch for $1, and left my Englishman there. This afternoon I saw the pine tree that I, John and my Virginia friend slept under the night 19th June 1853. I put up at the Stanfield Ranch. I covered a distance of 35 to 40 miles today. Supper 75 cents —

September 1854

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Friday 1 – 23 years ago I was married. My prospects were bright and flattering, and I had a young wife to cheer me on and give me that pleasure that no other life can afford. O, what a change a short period of 23 years can make in human affairs. I am now sitting in my cabin all alone in a pine forest and surrounding mountains, in Plumas County, California, near opposite the mouth of Nelson Creek, and my wife is in Georgetown Kentucky. May we yet live together a score and three years, to help each other while passing over the down hill of life, and finally to put our trust in Him that is able to help in time of need, &c.
I gave lawyer able $25 to assist in my suit with Vaughn.
We got gold $10.50 —

Saturday 2 – I and Shaw are working the same spot of ground that I and John worked the 9th of September last, alongside of two pitch pines, one large. I cut the small one down last September and the large one blew up by the roots last winter. So we worked under the roots of the large one today and got nearly all of $81 gold, one piece weighing $35.50. The Johns got gold $16, the first they have taken out in 6 1/2 days. We divided out $58.62 and 1/2 cents apiece, after paying $22 expenses &c.

Sunday 3 – My partner Shaw left this morning to go down to his ranch. I and the Johns took three axes to grind and a pick to be sharpened at the Point. I got a letter from my wife dated June 31 18541 and another of July the 24 18542 as the figures indicate. She received a letter from me of date Sunday 3 May 28th on 28th June 1854. Her letter gives an account of Tom Johnson and Laura Miller running off and getting married and many other things too numerous to mention.
My lesson is Act Chapter 18 &c — I now shall retire to bed, but the thought of seeing my wife in these mountains is what I cannot not understand.
I paid $1 for letters and $1 for an ax handle for the company —

Monday 4 – The Johns went to work as usual. I knocked to pieces three old sluice boxes and made a trough off them, and took it out before noon. After dinner I went to work with them. We got gold $29. After supper all three gathered in my cabin and John played the fiddle, the tune
“Old Flies at Home.”

Tuesday 5 – I was at work all alone. Got gold $24. The Johns got $38, making in all $62. John forked out among the rocks a piece that weighed $24.50. He saw it when he threw it away with the rocks and went and picked it up. It is flat and rough, a nice specimen. After supper I and Lloyd went down to the Point to hear the news. All is quiet except the candidates.

Wednesday 6 – I got gold $5.50 by noon. The Johns got $18.50 all day. After dinner we went down to the Point to the election. Late in the evening, two gamblers went in to a vegetable store and took a Watermelon without the consent of the owner. They then went back to get another but the owner struck one of them on the head with a rock and knocked him down. He got up again and got a butcher knife and run the proprietor out and off— The two gamblers then turned and tore down the storehouse and threw all that was in it into Nelson Creek and then dared anybody to take it up. I’ve not seen anything to equal that. There was at least 100 men looking on &c56

Thursday 7 – I and John started to the American Valley to see after my lawsuit with Vaughn. By staying all day I found out that, by consent of the lawyers, my case would come off next Tuesday at 10 o’clock. So John and I started from Bradley’s Ranch late in the evening for home. I’ve walked several miles in the dark. I had been all day on my feet without eating any dinner.
I went up to Sister Betsy to see my lawyer. Found him sick in bed. He could not tell me when the county Judge would hold court, though Able, my other lawyer, told me.
On arriving at home McFall told me the miners rose and took the two gamblers and were trying them for tearing down the fruit store. The sheriff had come over and demanded the outlaws but the miners did not like to give them up. Lloyd came home from the trial and said that the sheriff had got them from the miners. One, by the name of George Asberry, is from Kentucky. The other is called Buck and comes from the East.
I saw a piece of gold taken out at Sister Betsy’s today weighing 8 oz and $14 with a hole in the middle of it. The diggins I took up last fall up there is very rich. I was trying to get some of them back again but did not see how I was to go about it, so I concluded to hold off for the present.

Friday 8 – McFall, the man I hired for Shaw, and I went to work and got gold $14. The Johns got $20.50.
The sheriff took Buck and Asberry over to the American Valley. They were tied on mules’ backs as they passed the Willow Ranch this morning —

Saturday 9 – I and McFall got gold $10.50 and the Johns got $19, in all $29.50. After supper I and Lloyd went down to the Point. There is great excitement among the miners on account of Buck and Asberry being turned loose again by the civil atrocity, as they have been making some threats &c.

Sunday 10 – I wrote my wife my 14th letter and sent her $200 bill of exchange payable at New York by Adams & Co. express. I was down at the Point and mailed it. The miners met and appointed a committee to look after depredators. My lesson is Chapter 11 of Paul’s Letter to the Romans.

Monday 11 – I went up to the Independence to serve a subpoena on Pat Carley for a witness in the case of Freer and Vaughn. He refused to go. I made him a tender of $8. He was afraid not to take it.
I put in the day in looking around. I hired old McFall to work in my place. Shaw went up the ditch. The three of us got gold $13.50 —

Tuesday 12 – John, I and McFall went over to the American Valley in due time. Court was opened. Ward was the judge. Pat Hunley undertook my case in the place of Able. Tom Cox was sick. The plaintiff filed five different objections but was over ruled and the case tried on its merits. Four witnessed against and two for me. The witnesses were heard and the case presented. It was decided against me.
I paid for dinners and whiskey $4. At sunset, after paying Black Hawk $5 for two picks and a hoe, I and John went four miles to Illinois Ranch where we stayed all night. I am to pay $29.50 for company goods.

Wednesday 13 – Paid 50 cents for our lodging and went six miles home to breakfast, and then out to work. I and Shaw and the Johns and McFall dug down there by the big pine tree today. We all got gold $30.
I dreamed I was in Georgetown and went with my wife to her rented house, and we got in bed together and that Sam was killing hogs &c.

Thursday 14 – I and Shaw got gold $19.50 working in the old ravine that was so rich last year. The Johns got gold $34. McFall was not at work.

Friday 15 – I, Shaw and McFall was at work in the old ravine and got gold $34 and the Johns got $38. The water is so weak we don’t use the hose and pipe. It threatened rain yesterday and last night, but none fell.

Saturday 16 – I and Shaw went to work in the old ravine for the last time. We was at it till noon and got gold $5. The Johns were mining all day and McFall with them till noon.

P.M. We three went to the Willow Ranch to help raise a barn. After supper I and McFall went down to the Point. I paid Thompson $4.50 for beef. Green McHatton had left me the $100 I  loaned him. The Johns got gold $44.

Sunday 17 – I, Shaw and McFall started for Sister Betsy’s after settling the past week’s work. We took dinner at Colonel Russell’s in the American Valley. We then stopped at Bradley’s and saw my lawyer. He told me the judge had granted a new trial with Vaughn. Late in afternoon we landed at Betsey Town.

Monday 18 – We started out a-prospecting and put in the day. Did nothing else of importance. My back paid the penalty for sleeping on a hard bed last night.

Tuesday 19 – We bought a claim of Isaac Adams for $150 and put McFall to work our interest &c

Wednesday 20 – There was two old tarrs a-prospecting at the foot of Sister Betsy’s ravine. They asked me to take an interest with them.

Thursday 21 – I and Shaw set in with them and sunk it to the bedrock 24 feet and 16 feet under water. We got no gold

Friday 22 – We were examining our diggins and took up two claims adjoining the ones we bought. Last night there was a ball at one of the Hotels. I was looking on to see how they done up things of that sort in California. Old married woman of all ages up to 5 and 40 was on the floor all the night. Scarcely half-a-dozen girls at the ball.

Saturday 23 – After breakfast we paid our bills. Mine was $9.50. We started for home. I stopped at Bradley’s some time and then went to Russell’s and took dinner.

P.M. Went by Myers and saw a quarter race and a first fight. I then started for home with Shaw. I had hot not slept in the same bed two nights, in consequence I was lousy. We got home in good time for supper.

Sunday 24 – I took off my duds last night and laid them aside. I took a cold bath and put on a clean shirt and to bed. I slept comfortable. Got up in the morning, bathed again, breakfasted, and settled our affairs.
I and Lloyd went down to the Point and got some dust changed. I sent Lloyd back with the money for Shaw, as he was going to Sister Betsy’s to work our interest. I stayed till late and saw a fight in which Pat Curley, one of my old partners, got whipped quite easily by Jim Pike, as they call him. We got no money in our new claim. The Johns got gold $62.75. My lesson is the 12th chapter of 1st Corinthians.



April, Directions by Givens 1854

To see that portion of California which is desirable to settle in, start from the Mission of San Jose, and travel on horse back to Monterrey passing by the Mission of Santa Clara up the Pueblo Valley to the Mission of San Juan, then to Monterrey


Monday 25 – I and the Johns went to cleaning out the ditch by stopping the water and cutting out the roots and shoveling out the bottom. We have not got sufficient water to wash for gold.

Thursday 26 – We three are still at work on the ditch.

P.M. McFall said he would help us and did so. I have a very bad cold last night. I lay with a wet towel on my forehead to ease the aching.

Wednesday 27 – I, the Johns, and McFall still at work on the ditch.

Thursday 28 – We four are still cleaning up our ditch.

Friday 29 – We four finished cleaning out the ditch. Shaw came home because we had to quit working the claim we bought at Sister Betsy. Other men than those we bought it off claimed it, so they had to fork over our money again, at least $90 and $60 on Sunday next.

Saturday 30 – After breakfast I and Shaw started for the new diggins near Snake Lake. I rolled up two pairs of heavy blankets and a towel, and tied on a tin cup, my rifle and ammunition, the butcher knife tinning at my left side. We stayed all night at Sister Betsy’s after traveling only 12 1/2 miles. Our dinner 75 cents.

August 1854

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Tuesday 1 – I am still living on milk and mush, molasses and light bread. I feel quite well indeed without any kind of meat, and work hard every day. Marysville has been burned twice. The first fire, about six weeks, ago swept three squares. The last one four1.

Wednesday 2 – The nights are cool and days warm. We got gold $23 the last 2 days. Shaw and I went down to the Point after supper. A third woman has made her appearance at the gambling table to help out.

Thursday 3 – Quite warm, cloudy in the afternoon with thunder but no rain. Lloyd took Shaw’s and my picks down to the Point to have them sharpened. He brought me a letter from my wife dated May 10 18542. This is four weeks since John received a letter dated May 26th from his ma, a difference of five weeks. My letter gives an account of James Toppass being shot by Glass &c. We got gold $25.50.

Friday 4 – I commenced taking a cold bath every morning. We got gold $39.50. Shaw and I went down to the Point after supper. I paid $3 pole tax and $1.50 for bottle of brandy for John. I saw a woman try to get a revolver from her paramour to shot a gambler for breaking a lamp and spilling the grease all over and her and cards. She cursed him and then would cry. Half-a-dozen China women came to the Point today to get up trade &c.

Saturday 5 – We got out of the hard cement where Shaw & I are at work. We all got gold $84. After supper Shaw, John, and I, and Cook who is working for Lloyd, went down to the Point. The women are gambling as usual with music to draw the crowd. The China woman are camped on the sand bar of Feather River to sleep &c —

Sunday 6 – We all started for the American Valley with seven picks and a broken hoe to get Black Hawk to fix them. We went over to Sister Betsey’s. We then went back to Bradley’s and got dinner $1.75. We got picks and paid $7. It was cloudy all day and rained a sprinkle. Something to be wondered at–on our road home we picked and ate some ripe Thimbleberries.

Monday 7 – Shaw, Lloyd and I took three axes and a hatchet down to the Point and ground
them. Shaw and I came back to dinner and Lloyd stayed all day.

P.M. We went out to make a reservoir to catch water over night, as it is getting too scarce to work to an advantage. John and Cook got gold $5.50 and paid Cross $5 sharp.

Tuesday 8 – All four of us was at work on the reservoir. Lloyd came home last night but went back soon this morning and is not at home yet.

Wednesday 9 – All four of us making the reservoir. Lloyd not at home yet —

Thursday 10 – We went to mining but the water soon failed. Shaw and I went up the ditch and cleaned it out considerably but the water has failed us. Lloyd got home before dinner, not pleased with himself. John and Cook got gold $7.50.

Friday 11 – All five of us went to work on the reservoir throwing on more dirt. Lloyd went to nailing it together. We built it a log higher and concluded it was done at quit
ing time. After a hard day’s work I washed three shirts for myself.

Saturday 12 – All five of us went to mining and got gold $49. Shaw and I went down to the Point after supper. I got a letter from my wife dated June 24 18543 giving an account of Thomas Attwell and Matilda Stevenson getting married, Thornton and May Smarr running off and getting married, and old Brother Smith wants me to write how much gold I’ve got, that he may tell me when to come home, &c. I paid $3 for pole tax and one dollar for the letter. I am now and have been for sometime taking a cold bath at daylight.

Sunday 13 – Friday night I washed two cotton shirts and one hickory. I’ve had no washing done for a month or more. We settled up for expenses and then divided our gold after dinner. Shaw, I and John went down to the Point. John mailed a letter to Frank Rankin and I to one to H.P. Haun, paid cash $5.50. John did some washing for himself. My lesson is Chapter 1 of St. John. I paid Thompson $104.50, that pays off his bill entirely he has had against me since last fall.

Monday 14 – Lloyd and John went to work at their place and Shaw and I at our place. We got gold $27.50. They got none. Our water has failed so much we can’t half work.

Tuesday 15 – I and Shaw got gold $46. The Johns are striping off the top dirt. Our water has improved some today, owing to the Reservoir having got well soaked.

Wednesday 16 – Warm and sultry. I and Shaw got gold $22. The Johns have set up their boxes to wash for gold tomorrow. Our water was very weak this evening. I hope the weather will change soon. I and Shaw went down to the Point after supper. I got a 5th of meal, 75 cents.

Thursday 17 – We all got gold $38. The weather is warm and dry and our water is failing fast.

Friday 18 – We got gold $39. After supper Shaw, John and I went down to the Point. I told Free’s agent Roots that I had no use for his water and that it was ready for him at all times and to take it and use it for I did not want it.
I saw Green McHatton and had a long chat with him.
There was a stag dance came off: seven men, the other happened to be a gambling woman. They kept it up for some time. Old married men engaged in the sport but there wives and children in the states. Dr Vaughn is one of them sort.

Saturday 19 – We got gold $97. I gave $1 for whiskey. On Friday night Shaw, John and I went down to the Point after super. The China woman has left the Point but there is many men here that would do well to leave also.

Sunday 20 – I read Chapter 11 of John, finished my 13th letter to my wife and mailed it for 25 cents. Whiskey 50 cents.
I got acquainted with W.R. Dickson of the sunny south. He says he went to Havana with W.G. and helped him build a race track there. He has a wife and four daughters living in Wisconsin. He has been better raised than he now lives, I’ve no doubt. He says he will come and see me soon —

Monday 21 – It was cloudy this morning and rained some in the A.M. The sun shone out again from the middle afternoon till sunset. I and Shaw got gold $14.50, in all today $59.50 —

Tuesday 22 – It rained considerable last night and was foggy this morning but clear and pleasant all day. Shaw and I got gold $97.50 and the Johns $20. We can pick the nuggets up off the bedrock. We are close to the place where the camp took it out at $30 per day.

Wednesday 23 – I and Shaw went down to the Point last night after supper. I understood that Cross took out $2200 in Feather River below the mouth of Nelson Creek. I and Shaw were prospecting the 30 channel. We got some gold in consequence. We only got $21 and the Johns got gold $15, in all $36. Quite cool last night, almost a frost.

Thursday 24 – I and Shaw got gold $92 and the Johns $33.50, in all $125.50. Shaw and I were striping off top dirt nearly all day. We got the $92 in 2 1/2 hours.
After supper we went down to the Point. I was introduced to Gildersleeve the celebrated race man, Dr Vaughn said, “How do you do, Mr Haun.”

Friday 25 – Shaw and I got gold $70 and moved our hose and pipe. The Johns got $19. They had to strip in the afternoon.

Saturday 26 – I and Shaw got gold $58.50. The Johns are striping off the top dirt. I and Shaw went down to the Point after supper. I received a letter from H.P. advising me to pay off the suit with Vaughn to save cost.

Sunday 27 – All four of us went up to our reservoir and cut a small ditch to run the leakage water through the pipe. While we were up there Green McHatten came to us and stayed with me all day and night. The rest of the boys went down to the Point and Lloyd got drunk. He did not get home until the afternoon of the next day. My lesson is Acts Chapter 5.

Monday 28 – Shaw and John went out to work. I and McHatten went down to the Point. We talked about all the people we could think off in Kentucky while together. I got 8 pounds meal $1.25 and and came home to dinner.
I tried to get Lloyd home but he could not make it then. I frequently thought of you as it
was your birthday, wife. We were cleaning up bedrock and got gold $44. It rained Saturday night last here and snowed at Onion Valley. A frost the Sunday night following.

Tuesday 29 – My potato tops have been frost bitten. Shaw and I got gold $29. The Johns are stripping. After supper I and Shaw went down to the Point. l loaned Green McHatton $100 and partly heard Able make a Democratic speech.
I saw a mob pull down a China house, or rather upset where it had been. The China woman were boo-hooing. Old Amy came along, and just at that moment came the crash of the house and a yell from the mob. She sang out, O, Lord! and fell in the arms of her paramour. She soon recovered again and went to her cabin, I suppose —
I paid $1.25 for sharpening a pick.

Wednesday 30 – Shaw and I are still cleaning up bedrock. We gold gold $42. The Johns are digging up a big pitch pine tree and stripping. Shaw and I went down to the Point after supper. I paid $2.50 for half soling my gum boots.

Thursday 31 – I and Shaw are working over the ravine that paid us so well last fall, as we have just finished up to it yesterday. We got gold $32, and $23 of the $42 we got the day before was out of the ravine where it had been worked before. I laid in bed so long last night that I had the back ache this morning.

July 1854

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Saturday 1 – Me and Shaw, we got gold $38.50. We seem to be getting along peaceable and quiet.

Sunday 2 – Lloyd, Shaw and I went down to the Point and had three picks sharpened, cost $2.75. I paid Thompson $75 and sent $42 to H.P. for five gum coats and 3 pair boots by Snell & Co. For the company I paid freight on sauce $2; one bottle bitters $1; meal 75 cents; paper 50 cents; nails 75 cents. I was offered $2000 for my diggins. After supper I read the Chapter 13 of Matthew.

Monday 3 – Shaw and I got gold $14.50. The Johns are fixing to try a new place below, in the same ravine we are at work in. Dr. Vaughn had an attachment and summons served on me today. Shaw is gone down to the Point to let Hawkins know whether he will sell out to him or not.

Tuesday 4 – John and went down to the Point. I settled with Dr. Vaughn for his medical bill $15 and Vaughn then paid John $20 for five days work. I wrote a letter to H.P.. Paid $1 for twine to sew our hose with and then followed the ladies and The Russian army with brass music up to Independence Bar to a celebration and Ball. I saw my old claim and the place where I laid on the ground. Quite a large crowd of men and some 25 Ladies. Shaw, John and I left before they commenced dancing and got home by sunset. I paid 25 cents for a letter and 75 cents  for liquor.

Wednesday 5 – We went to work and got gold $16.50. After supper Shaw and I went down to the Point. They had a dance at Lewis and Roots. This is the 5th or 6th night in succession, and tomorrow and night following at the American Valley. That is the way they go on out here. I did not get a letter. I saw quite a number of the fair sex this 4th.

Thursday 6
– We got gold $11. The Johns has not made any for some days.

Friday 7 – We made nothing, but the Johns got $2. Linch stayed with us all day and night. He is a broken-down miner of 49 from Kentucky.

Saturday 8 – We got gold $9.50. The Deputy Sheriff attacked my diggins and stopped me from work. I and the Johns went down to the Point and had the case tried before six jurymen. As the squire would not let me have time to get counseled the jury gave a verdict against me. I have five days to take an appeal. I spent $1.75 for liquor.

Sunday 9 – Early this morning I and John started for the and American Valley up to Sister Betsy’s. I saw John Case the lawyer and made an arrangement to take an appeal to the county court. I then went in to hear a Methodist preacher the first of any kind since I’d been in the county and that too in my patched shirt and holes in my pants no coat on rest or hand kerchief of any kind and my old gum slippers and mining hat and my butcher knife at my side. But every chap threw in his 50 cents when the hat came around. There was four ladies.
My present his text is Exodus, (keep the sabbath holy). I read the 20th chapter of Matthew. After service was over I and John started  for Bradley’s Ranch. We took dinner and started for home. $2 for Dinner and 50 cents for preaching.
We arrived at home in good time. John Lloyd had been down to the Point and got a letter to John from my wife dated May 26 18541, giving an account of  Tom Johnson’s return to Georgetown.

Monday 10 – I went over to Onion Valley to serve a process on the squire for an appeal, and to give bond and pay the $80 cost. Dinner and whiskey cost $1.25 and I paid $1.25 for a camp kettle. Got no gold.

Tuesday 11 – The Johns got gold $23.50 and Shaw $20.50. I was making some new sluice boxes, as the bottoms of the old ones is quite worn out, having been in use all most one year. I intend that the three I make now shall last me as long as I mine here. I’ve put false bottoms in them, as they were out put in others.

Wednesday 12 – The boys got gold $16. I was at work making boxes.

P.M. I went down to the Point to get some nails and grind my plain. I then helped Shaw to set up a new sluice box. John has been playing the fiddle tonight while his bread is baking.

Thursday 13 – We did not clean up for gold. I, John and Shaw have got colds and Lloyd has a sore finger. The weather is fine

Friday 14 – Lloyd did not work today on account of his finger. We got gold $11.50.

Saturday 15 – I have the piles so that I could not work, and Lloyd can’t work on account of his finger. John and Shaw got gold $39.

Sunday 16 – Lloyd has a very sore finger, with a fellow, and I am not able to go to work. John washed some shirts for us and I wrote my 12th letter to my wife.2 My lesson is Chapter 6 of Mark.

Monday 17 – I and Lloyd went down to the Point. I got 5 pounds meal, 75 cents, and mailed a letter to my wife, 25 cents. John and Shaw got gold $4.

Tuesday 18 – I mended two shirts and a pair of breeches for myself and a shirt for John. Lloyd has got a bad finger. John and Shaw got gold $19. Floyd and I are on the sick list.

Wednesday 19 – I cut out a lining for my new pants and sewed it in, almost. Lloyd and I went up the ditch and let in quite all the water. There is 3 men at work just below the dam. They said I must leave them a sluice head of water. The boys got no gold today.

Thursday 20 – I finished my pants this morning and Lloyd and I walked out to where the boys is at work the other side. We found a rattle snake with four rattles and a button ,the first I’ve seen this summer.

P.M. I went down to the Point and paid Doosley $5 for attention to my lawsuit and $18 to Lane for mending the hose. Shaw and John got gold $33.

Friday 21 – Shaw, Lloyd and I went up the ditch. Some men at work below the dam. They turned the water through the dam and out of the ditch to work the ravine and said they would do it again. Shaw and John got gold $32.50.

Saturday 22 – I went down to the Point and got a letter for Lloyd from his wife. I was told the bank caved in on a man by the name of Douglass and two others yesterday, but the other two got out and he was drowned in the mud. Shaw and John got gold $38…

Sunday 23 – We all four took a stroll in the woods and up a ravine towards the American Valley. We saw the greatest quantity of honeydew on the leaves, quite as large as if it had been dripping out of the comb, and just as sweet. I tasted a number of them. My lesson Chapter 11 of Mark.

Monday 24 – I went to work today. John had to work by himself. We got gold $9. I and Shaw went to the Point and hired a man to work in Lloyd’s place until his finger gets well.

Tuesday 25 – We got gold $24.50. John had the man hired in Lloyd’s place to help him.

Wednesday 26 – The weather is quite warm and was somewhat cloudy. The misquotes and flies are some troublesome. We got gold $18.

Thursday 27 – I and Shaw was cleaning up bedrock all day and got gold $55. John and his man got $5. After supper Shaw and I went down to the Point. There I saw Green McHatton, an old 49er from Illinois. He says he knows your father’s sister in Illinois by name of Ms. Clark and her four grown children and said that she favored the old captain very much. While in the gambling room my friend Snow struck Abbot on the head twice with a revolver, hurt him badly.

Friday 28 – We were cleaning the bedrock that we had worked over the last five weeks. We got gold $29 and we are not done going over it the second time. John and his man gold gold $17.

Saturday 29 – I and Shaw got gold $12.50 more by noon. We were cleaning up the bedrock.

P.M. We were setting boxes to wash again on Monday. John and his man got no gold today. After supper I and Shaw went down to the Point to hear the news. The first house we stopped in was the billiard saloon. A woman was dealing Lansquenet to at least 10 men. Half-a-dozen gamblers went through with an Indian song and dance, turning somersaults. We next came to the Abbot House. They were playing cards there. At the Thompson House nothing was doing but trade. Then at Fagan’s Saloon there was a woman to draw custom and card playing and a few songs and somersaults and making love to the lady, as they call it. I tired and went home.

Sunday 30
– One of the Sterlings came up to see our fixtures to catch gold. He said it was the best he had seen. We had a settlement, the first since Hawkins left. We had $195 to divide.

P.M. we went down to the Point. I saw two woman, one in each house, dealing Lansquenet. Lots of men to bet at their bank. My lesson was Chapter 8 of St. Luke.

Monday 31 – Shaw and I got gold $19. John Cook, the man that works for Lloyd, got no gold today. Lloyd’s finger is getting well fast. I bathe every night.

September 1853

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Thursday 1 – I frequently though of our marriage 22 years past, but worked all day.

Friday 2 – We are not making expenses.

Saturday 3 – Some cloudy. Commenced raining at dark. The bark covering my bunk would not keep out the rain. We got under the straw bed, but the water run under me and on the planks. I got wet threw. It stopped raining and I got up built a large fire and laid a plank down before it. I took a pair of blankets and down I lay before the fire. John stayed in the bunk.

Sunday 4 – Got up soon and went up the ditch to head 2 1/2 miles. Frost up here this morning. John got breakfast. At dinner we had dried apple pie for desert. John washed a shirt apiece and two towels.

Afternoon – The man that lost his wife a few days past shot the one that had her.

Monday 5 – He is not dead yet but it is thought he cannot live. The miners are trying the man for shooting.1
We are trying a new place today for gold.

Tuesday 6 – Our new diggings turns out poorly. Dobson and myself prospected another gulch and got from 24 cents to $5 per pan.

Wednesday 7 – A good prospect in another place of the same gulch. This afternoon all hands went to the state election except John, and voted the Democratic ticket for governor John Bigler2.

Thursday 8 – Moved one set of sluice boxes to our new gulch. Four of us set them up and went to washing dirt opposite our brush tent. Got but little gold here as yet.

Friday 9 – Four of us commenced work in the new gulch. We got about $25 today.

Saturday 10 – We went to work in good spirits all eight hands. Took $85 today, and we have not got down to the bedrock yet. O, the lumps as big as the ends of fingers.

Sunday 11 – After breakfast John made up two loaves of dough. He then took his and my picks to Nelson Creek and had them sharpened and bought 11 pounds beef at 30 cents per pound and 7 1/2 pounds bacon at 40 cents per pound. I stayed in camp and took the roof off my 5×6 foot bunk and put it on again, so if it does rain again I don’t think it will leak on us. I dreamed that I was in Georgetown and that you wanted me to go to bed with you &c—

Monday 12 – We took out $308 today. I dreamed that I was in General Pratt’s and you with three other ladies came in. You was nursing a baby about 3 years old. I did not understand that.

Tuesday 13 – Changed out boxes to get more gold. Did not weigh today. One half worked in daylight the other half all night. I was one of the night hands. Cloudy and rained some.

Wednesday 14 – John and the three other hands went to work after breakfast. I and the rest went to bed. Cloudy all day. After supper my turn came for the night. After midnight, it rained on us till sunrise. It continued to rain off and on all day.

Thursday 15 – No work done today. I took a good nap today. It rained a good shower but my bunk did not leak so as to wet me.

Friday 16 – All hands went to work today and gave up night work. We took out $210.50. I am making money faster than in any other part of my life.

Saturday 17 – Beautiful weather. All hands at work. In the afternoon Vaughn, Dave, and two other gents came to the diggins. I was very glad to see him. He has been sick and came up to recruit his health. He brought a letter for John that you wrote on the 14th July3 giving an account of the great excitement of the election of Breckenridge. Mind you, we all three slept on my 5 x 6 foot bunk very comfortable. We took out today $63.50 —

Sunday 18 – After breakfast we all went down to Nelson Creek to lay in a supply of provisions. The mountains are very steep and high, yet we pack 50 pounds very easily on our backs. What a gratification it is to have an appetite to suite the times.
We came back to camp and took dinner good light bread and tea beef stake potatoes and onions boiled beans and butter.
After dinner we commenced to build a cabin. We got up six logs 16 x 14 feet long. One other man to help.

Monday 19
– All hands to digging gold. We took out today $136.50. After dinner Dave was at work knocking down a log for the cabin and stuck the ax to the bone up and down in the instep of his left leg. He sewed up the cut himself. The bunk is house and bed. Alls well, delightful weather.

Tuesday 20
– Took out today $79

Wednesday 21
– Took out today $58.25

Thursday 22 – Took out today $176.25. John and I went down to the Point and got medicine for Dave. He had the fever.

Friday 23 – Took out today $54. Dave continues taking medicine all day. Rained some in the night.

Saturday 24 – Dave wants the doctor to see him. Took out today $40 —

Sunday 25 – Got our cabin ready to put boards on. Sawed off three logs to make our door and chimney piece.

Monday 26 – The doctor came to see Dave. He is getting well. This is the third time he has had the fever.
This evening took out today $56.25 —
It rained and hailed at sunset so much that Dave had to leave the bunk and go into an new cabin that is just finished.

Tuesday 27 – Took out today $127.50 —

Wednesday 28 – Took out today $161.50 —
After supper went down to Nelson Creek and packed up provisions. Dave is well of the fever.

Thursday 29 – Took out today $84 fine weather.

Friday 30 – Took out today $120.50 fine weather.