John Haun Diary, December 1856

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Monday 1 – Left after breakfast and arrived at Rabbit Creek about 11 o’clock. We took dinner and looked around town awhile. We started at half past 2 o’clock and got to the Columbus House before supper. Brooks, Chunnky and I went up to see Nate Hayes. Cloudy in the evening.

Tuesday 2 – We left the Columbus House about 5 o’clock in the morning and got breakfast at the New York Ranch, or House. I took the stage for Marysville, arrived in the evening. We got supper at a restaurant. Hickman and I walked around awhile. Brooks stopped at the St. Charles Hotel. I stayed all night at the stable.

Thursday 4 – Pa and I went out to H.P.’s. Nearly noon. Nobody about the house but Dave. H.P. and Cath came home about noon. H.P. bought a hog and weighed it. We all went up to the upper Ranch with the buggy and set fire to stubble. Nothing else new today.

Friday 5 – Pa, Dave and I went rabbit hunting and got back about one o’clock but caught no rabbit. H.P. went to town and stayed all day. The balance of us stayed  about the house all evening.

Saturday 6 – Pa, Dave and I went to Hooper’s watermelon patch. We started a couple of hoses but did not catch either of them H.P. and family went to town. Durrick came home with them.

Sunday 7 – Rained a little today. Stayed about the house all day. We started a couple of hases73 but caught none. John Rose and his love started for Marysville after dinner. Nothing else today.

Monday 8 – Went across the river after a horse for H.P. but did not get him. I went on to town. Hickman came out with me before noon. We got dinner and I went to town with him again and stayed all night. We took a bed at a hotel after being up until 12 o’clock nothing else new today.

Tuesday 9 – I got a horse to take out to H.P.’s. Dave got into town early in the morning on his way after a sowing machine. I went out to the ranch and found H.P.’s driver stalled with the wagon in the river with a load of hay. I came on and met a team going to town. He helped him out. Old Bub was at H.P.’s but soon went home. We did not get any money from him. We all went to the upper ranch to burn off stubble. We started a couple of hases but only had one race. Nothing else.

Wednesday 10 – Rained all day at a pretty good rate. I stayed about the house all day.

Thursday 11 – We went up to Turness, all of us. We run a hose about a mile on the plans but did not catch him. H.P. bought an ox for 80$. Dave and I killed a skunk in Hooper’s field. Nothing else today.

Friday 12 – I went to town on the hay wagon and stayed all day and night. Heard some good music at the Nicaragua Saloon. I slept at the stable.

Saturday 13 – Stayed in town all day. Durrick and I went to the theatre at night. It was very poor indeed.

Sunday 14 – Went out to H.P.’s and stayed all day. H.P. and I went to the upper place

Monday 15 – Rode a colt. He fell down with me and got on my leg. Nothing more.

Tuesday 16 – I rode the colt again today. We went to the upper field. We burned some straw. Rained after supper. The surveyor came in and stayed until after supper running off the line between H.P.  and Landis. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 17 – We all went to the upper field. H.P. and Kath went in the buggy. We went out on the plains to start a hare but did not succeed. I rode the colt.

Thursday 18 – Pa and I went to town with H.P. in the buggy to start home. We took dinner at Lindley’s. We stayed about town all day and slept at the stable.

Friday 19 – We started early in the morning for home in the stage. The stage got out of fix at the Oregon House but was fixed. We got to the New York House late in the evening and took mules to the Columbia House and arrived about 8 o’clock at night.

Saturday 20 – Started for Rabbit Creek in the morning on mules and got there about 12 o’clock and then took it afoot. Took dinner at Gibsonville about 2 o’clock.

Sunday 21 – Got to Onion Valley a little before dark and stayed all night &c. Started for the Point in the morning and arrived about noon. We took dinner with Sherwin and he went with us home or to Quincy. We got home after dark a little. Nothing else of interest today.

Monday 22 – Bill Rains and I hauled a load of hay from Wheelers to Judkins Mill and some lumber back. Turned warm after supper and rained in the night a little. Nothing else new today.

Tuesday 23 – Nothing of interest today. Rained today. Did not work today.

Wednesday 24 – Bill Rains and I hauled a load of hay from Wheelers to Elizabethtown. It snowed in the in the evening some. Everybody preparing for the ball at Spanish Ranch.74 The wagon broke down opposite Dueslers house in the branch and we had to unload our hay. Nothing else.

Thursday 25 – Our folks went to a ball at Spanish Ranch, being Christmas day with Sherwin and Waits. Bill and Pa stayed at home. Pretty cold at night. We built a fire in the Root house to keep the potatoes from freezing.

Friday 26 – Pretty cold today. Our folks got home after noon a little. Waits and Sherwin came up after supper and stayed awhile. No more today.

Saturday 27 – Nothing of interest today. Bill Moore and I hauled a load of wood

Sunday 28 – Nothing of interest today. Fine sleighing.

Monday 29 – Pretty cold today. A party at Elizabethtown tonight. Our folks all went and came home about 2 o’clock at night. They had a fine time.

Tuesday 30 – Nothing of interest today. Bill and I hauled some logs for Duesler to make wood out of.

Wednesday 31 – Rained and snowed nearly all day; a disagreeable day. A ball at Taplin’s tonight. Bill and I looked on awhile but did not take a hand. We made milk punch after supper and Saturday up until our folks came home. Moore got sick and vomited after going to bed. Had quite a pleasant time at the ball.

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James Haun Diary, August 1857

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Saturday 1 – Rains and Lem were not at work. Sam, Richards and I worked at watering potatoes. Rains went over to Nelson Creek after John, and whipped FritzGerald. Then both left after midnight to come to the valley, but John let the black horse get away from him near Lewis Ranch and could not find him again.
I gave Lem $60, Rains and John stayed the night at Willow Ranch.

Sunday 2 – I and Sam were watering the beets, beans &c. John and Rains came over about noon, and the black horse lost. I gave Sam $2, Rains $5, and $11 to Carter for him and $2.50 to  old man Martin. John came home late from hunting for the black horse this P.M.

Monday 3 – Lem and John were hauling sand and lime. Sam and Richards watering potatoes. Carter at work about the house, and fence.
I sold Fred Robinson $22.50 of potatoes at 10 cents per pound. Not paid.

Tuesday 4 – Lem, John and Dick cut, bound and shocked1 some wheat. Sam watered vegetables. I and Carter got 307 feet of plank at Alford’s mill and some slab scanting.

PM. Carter was at work at one of the wheels of wagon. Yesterday I spent $.75 and got $3 for peas. I paid $10 for lime. Jack Stinson is come to do some plastering and brought 12 pounds hair2 at 15 cents per pound and had two tire bands cut and set at $4.

Wednesday 5 – John and Carter went to Alford’s mill and got 719 feet in plank. I, Richards and Stinson fixing and  making mortar to plaster. Sam arrogating. Lem and Bill were not at work.

P.M. Carter taking down petition and fixing cupboards.

Thursday 6 – Carter still working on the cupboards. Sam and Dick are arrogating and I, John, Lem, and Bill have gone to hunt for the black horse this P.M. I sold $2.80 in beans and corn, 32 pounds. Paid.

Friday 7 – Carter making a frame for a wood house and pantry in the place of the one that is two small. I, Sam and Dick watered cabbages. I paid $2 for four pairs of brass hinges for the cupboard. I paid Lem $15 to redeem Rains’ payment.

Saturday 8 – Sam and Dick watered cabbages. The rest of us moved away the old pantry house in the yard. I and Carter put up the new frame. Lem, John and Rains went a-fishing in the P.M.

Sunday 9 – I collected $11.50 from Dean on order and $8 from Elliot. I gave Lem $14 and $3 for John. I gave Sam Macam $5. Rains has gone over to Indian Valley. Lem took him on one of his horses up on the mountain.

Monday 10 – Lem, Sam, and Dick cutting and tying up wheat. Carter was at work on a new house. John went to Betsy Town got 25 pounds nails of Burkholder, then got 2,000 shingles of Judkins, $12.
I was helping J. Stinson. I was mixing and carrying mortar for him to plaster the west room all day.

Tuesday 11 – Cloudy and warm.
Lem, Carter, Dick, and John covered the new house and planked it all round. Stinson was plastered the dinning room over head and smoothed down the other. I was doing what the boy shot at in the loft.

Wednesday 12 – Lem, Sam and Dick were harvesting wheat, John and Carter at work on the new house. I pottered about. In the P.M. I did no work.
I paid $1.50 for brandy and $.50 for rice. I paid $1 for billiards yesterday.

Thursday 13 – John and Lem watered the potatoes. Sam and Dick not at work. I gave Sam $5.

Friday 14 – Lem and John are at work arrogating. Sam and Richards are not at work. I am killing time.

Saturday 15 – John and Sam are arrogating. I, Lem and Dick cutting away the willows and making a pole fence up Spanish Creek. Carter has been fixing the wood house and pantry.

Sunday 16 – John went over to Rocky Bar on foot. Emigrants and some cattle went through town today. We had green corn for dinner.

Monday 17 – Carter is to help Duesler. Lem and Dick are making pole fence, Sam is arrogating. Stinson put on a white coat of plaster and I helped to mix and carry mortar.

Tuesday 18 – Lem and Dick worked at making a pole fence, Sam at arrogating. Stinson finished our room by noon with me to help him.

Wednesday 19 – Lem and Dick finished making the pole fence before noon, and Sam arrogating. Carter was hunting the black horse in the A.M. yesterday and went to Judkins’ in the P.M. today, painting and putting in time.
The black horse died Saturday night last up Willow Creek. He was gone just two weeks. Lem and Dick and Sam were at work cutting and shocking up wheat.

P.M. Stinson white washing.

Thursday 20 – Lem, Sam and Dick are harvesting wheat, Carter painting and putting in window glass, Jack white washing.

Friday 21 – We are still at the wheat and white washing. I am looking on.

Saturday 22 – Still at the wheat. In the P.M. Sam went over after John. At night I got very drunk, so much that I lost all reason.

Sunday 23 – I was most of the day getting out again. I let Sam have $5.

Monday 24 – Harvesting wheat. Carter fitting the hind wheels to the wagon.

P.M. Sam not at work. I borrowed $25 of Anderson. I sent A. Mengers $100 by Whiting’s express.

Tuesday 25 – I collected $3 of Barber for corralling hogs —
I and my wife went up to Meadow Valley to see all of the connections: H.P. and family, Jack and family, Mrs. Neys and her daughter. Most of them were sick. A dance came off here this night—quite a party.

Wednesday 26 – I paid $10.50 expenses for my family, then I and my wife came home in a buggy, $.50 toll. John and Liz came home in the stage at dark, cost $4. Carter is sick and was not at work in the afternoon. Yesterday Lem and Dick finished cutting wheat and shocking.

Thursday 27 – Lem and Dick are at work mowing down oats. Sam Carter is sick. Henry, Pauline,  little Cath, Mrs. Ney and her daughter came down to see us from Meadow Valley.

Friday 28 – Lem and Dick still mowing down oats. Carter on sick list.
A dance took place last night at the courthouse.
I collected $6 of Elliot and $3 of Spence for ranching two oxen and one horse. H.P. and his charges left for Meadow Valley, and home.

Saturday 29 – Lem, Dick, Sam, John, and Jack were raking and cocking up oats. Carter was at work on his saddle, and I at arrogating potatoes.

Sunday 30 – I arrogated cabbage some this A.M. In the P.M. I talking politics. I got $1.50 from Bates. Times are hard, and money scarce.

Monday 31 – The weather has a Fall appearance, hazy and windy.
Dick is cutting oats, Sam raking and cocking, Carter at work on wagon wheels. John went to Judkins and got 2 hind tire bands. I am arrogating cabbage. Brother Jack came to our house. Lem is not at work.

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James Haun Diary, January 1857

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Thursday 1 – Not so cold, but snowing day and night. Rains started for Marysville and John went with him over to Nelson Creek. Nothing doing.

Friday 2 – Still snowing and the wind blowing heavy from the roaring up in the mountains. Rains left for Onion Valley. He was till night getting there.

Saturday 3 – Snowing all the time. John came over today and brought his fiddle and a bundle of clothes. Heavy wading.

Sunday 4 – Snowing as usual, about 3 feet deep in the valley and quite solid. Got wood and feed.

Monday 5 – Snowing as usual. All hands are preparing to go to a dance at the Spanish Ranch. Liz went with J. Bass.
John and Firman went on a jumper with the black horse. I gave John $10.
Mr. and Mrs. Edwards is with us tonight. Tro. Ward went to the dance. I and Edwards went to the dance to prevent Ward from having anything to say to Lizzy.

Tuesday 6 – We stayed all night at the Spanish Ranch. It cost me $3. After breakfast I had Liz go home; Bass took her. I and Edwards also went along. John and Firman came also. Tonight has been cloudy at intervals —

Wednesday 7 – Rains has been snowbound at Onion Valley. It snowed very hard last night for a while. I sent a load of hay to Dr. Kate at Betsy Town on a sledge. The sun shone out at intervals.

Thursday 8 – Very cold last night. We had quite a time to get wood to make fire. Did nothing but feed our stock —

Friday 9 – We all went out slay riding with John Thompson down to Dan Cates’ on Wednesday night. Came back about midnight —
Clear of nights, and very cold. The house was booming this morning when I awoke from cold. The sun shone out but dimly. Later my wife went a-slay riding with Madden, Mrs. Edwards, and Liz, with John Thompson. They all went to the Illinois Ranch and came back home again tonight.

Saturday 10 – Snowing, the weather somewhat moderated. We do not pretend to work any.

Sunday 11 – Commenced to rain and has been raining all day. We hauled a load of hay to Steve Bass, say 1,400 pounds.

Monday 12 – Raining last night and today, and bids fair to continue on.

Tuesday 13 – Rained last night and today. I sent a load of hay up to Betsy Town to Howard yesterday at $40, to be paid on the 1st of April.

Wednesday 14 – Rained last night and today. John and Moore cut and hauled up some logs for wood.

Thursday 15 – Still raining night and day. Mr. and Mrs. Edwards came to stay with us all night —

Friday 16 – Snowed last night several inches and raining today. Late tonight Dr. Cate took Edwards and my wife home with him in a slay, &c —

Saturday 17 – Raining as usual last night and today. We hauled a load of hay for Maston to D.J. Willmans.

Sunday 18 – Rained last night and today but the sun shone out at intervals. Our town is quite dull, as the American Ranch hotel has been closed a full week. Also the Bass saloon since Monday last. Most all the loafers has left Quincy.

Monday 19 – Clear and warm today. I John and Moore cleared off the snow near the barn and built a cow rack. John and Moore went out and got a stick to make a pair of sledge runners and hauled it in —

Tuesday 20 – Frosty and clear last night, but foggy this morning and warm and pleasant today. John and Moore took a yoke of cattle and hauled the stick of timber down to Boyington’s mill and had it sawed into runners and hauled home.

Wednesday 21 – Clear and frosty last night but warm and pleasant of days. The snow is melted off the low hills on the North side of the valley. We all three went to work to make an ox sledge, after the sun got up to melt away the frost —

Thursday 22 – Still frosty of nights. We were again at work at our sledge and finished it long before night. The snow is sinking down very fast and freezes very hard so that one can walk on the top of it and not break through.

Friday 23 – Still clear and cool of nights and warm of days. John and Moore went out to the woods and cut some dry spruce for wood. I sold some potatoes $3.50 and collected $10 of Potts last Monday. I paid $.25 for a letter to Lizzie and $.25 for a letter to wife from Georgetown Kentucky written by Ann E West1, and all’s well.

Saturday 24 – Clear and cool last night and warm today. We yoked up the cattle and went to the wood with our new sledge and hauled a load of wood to the shoe maker and one to our house, and a load of rails also. There has been several women delivered of children very recently—Mrs. Bass, Vaughn, Hundly, Lewis, and an Irish woman all in our little midst, and no thanks to anybody outside. Several others not log since, and still more to come. This is a great country for children, and healthy ones at that.

Sunday 25 – Clear as usual last night and the sun is shining out bright and warm this morning. F. Fox stayed with us last night. John and him is going over to Nelson Creek. John is to work at Rocky Bar. I sold $4 worth of potatoes. Cloudy in the P.M. and the wind blowing gently as if to rain.

Monday 26 – Clear last night, but not cold. Somewhat cloudy today. Moore hauled a load of wood on the sledge. I cut and split some wood for the cook stove.

P.M. Moore was separating the frozen potatoes from the sound ones.

Tuesday 27 – The weather is quite moderate both day and night. Moore rode the black horse to see Havlan’s mining clams and ditch. I was sorting potatoes all day and sold 50 pounds potatoes to cooks.

Wednesday 28 – Still pleasant and cloudy with a little rain. I finished sorting potatoes.
A trial was had in Quincy today for fighting on Sunday last between Robinson and Slacum. The parties were acquitted, and the cost upon the county. Cooks paid me $8 for potatoes. Robinson was hit a few blows in the face by Murray tonight. It was all right—he needed it.

Thursday 29 – Warm and pleasant. Moore is cutting rail timber. I bought a county scrip2 of Hall to pay taxed $6.50 with $5.50.

Friday 30 – Moore broke his axe and had it set up again. I helped him grind it. He went out to cut rail timber. I am not at work—I’ve plenty to do, but don’t know where to begin.

Saturday 31 – The nights are frosty and days very pleasant. My time was spent in idleness. Mr. and Mrs. Presby and Mrs. Stinson took dinner with us. Moore is cutting rail timber. Cooks got 100 pounds potatoes last night.

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James Haun Diary, February 1856

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Friday 1 – Clear and frosty. The snow was frozen hard enough to bear last night. We were at our posts in time and was most of the forenoon getting out frozen dirt.

P.M. We took out a stump and put through a quantity of dirt and rocks. We cleaned up got gold $12.

Saturday 2 – Cold and frosty last night and this forenoon, so much so that we could not work. The water would freeze on our hats and on the handles of the tools when not used constantly. We all quit before noon.
Fox came over to buy a fourth in our ditches and diggins. John came home just at dark and says the miners over at Massack diggins has been using our water again, but were stopped by Sockum and company.

Sunday 3 – Snowing a very little this morning, but the sun shone out warm most of the day. Bray came by and took dinner. Soon after John and him started over to Massac diggins with their packs.
I took an ax down to the Point and ground it some. Bill and Shults had ground two others and a hatchet…
I sold $28 worth of dust and paid Ritchey $7.25. I borrowed money and paid for 4 pounds mails, $1, and sharpening two picks, $1.50, and paid Frank Fox $7.50.

Shults got a letter for Dave from H.P. dated January 26th 1856, giving an account of the lawsuit between me and Lloyd being decided in my favor by the supreme court of California. I jumped and howled again and again until I was hoarse.
After supper I read the 3rd, 4th and 5th chapters of the General Epistle of Peter.

Monday 4 – Snowed last night and this morning, and continued cloudy without snowing all day. We were at mining and got gold $7. Dave went over to Quincy and returned this evening. I did some mending on the hose today.

Tuesday 5 – Very cold last night, so much so that we cannot work. I and Rains concluded to go over to Sockum Diggins. We took dinner at their cabin on some cold scraps and dry bread. We then went up the ditch to where our partners was at work cutting a new ditch. We all six went back 2 miles to the cabin. I stayed all night and I slept with John.

Wednesday 6 – Still very cold last night. The sun shone out out all day but not very warm. We engaged the water in our ditch to some miners at $4 per day. I turned the water into the disputed ditch. They did not agree among themselves so they did not use it. I and Rains went up the ditch to its head and stopped a leak. Returning, we took a cold dinner and I helped John to dig a ditch as Bray and John Shults dug out troughs to the flume 160 feet across a creek. Sockum is gone to get a bill of sale to the disputed part of the ditch. Did not get home.

Thursday 7 – Cold last night. John, Bray and Shults started to their work and I and Rains started for Quincy. There, I met with Sockum. I did some business and started for home, arrived about sunset.

Friday 8 – Not so cold last night and today. I was mending up some old shovels. We had just set down to dinner, and Sockum came in and ate with us. That over, we went down to the Point. I received a remit from the supreme court against John Lloyd, and a letter from H.P. relative to the suit. I gave Dave $1.50 and 1/2 cent on Tuesday last.

Saturday 9 – Clouded up last night and snowed a little this morning. Later it cleared up and grew warm.
I mended two shovels.

P.M. We were mining and got gold $5.50. The hose ripped, or we should have done more.
John came home in time for supper. Shults did not help us.

Sunday 10 – Cold last night, but warm and pleasant today. John and Rains started early for Rabbit Creek to get some dressing for my wife and Lizzy. I and Lizzy went down to the Point and took diner with the Foxes. My wife and Dave stayed at home.
I read the second Epistle General of Peter for my lesson. I gave John and Rains money for expenses.

Monday 11 – Cold last night, and warm and pleasant today.
I and Dave went over to the American Valley. I, Bray, Fox and Sockum sued old Terwilliger for a water ditch and laid an injunction. The attorneys are Hogan and Hundley.1
I, Fox and Sockum went up to our cabin, arrived after dark. Dave, Bray and Parker was there —
Clerks fees in the amount of $13.50 were paid by Fox.

Tuesday 12 – Not so cold last night. The snow melted very much today. All six of us went up and hauled the troughs on the ground to put up the flume for the new part of the ditch.
After dinner I, Dave and Fox and Sockum started for home, and Sockum for the Illinois Ranch. He was somewhat behind when we three got to the old Terwilliger’s diggins. He stopped us by asking what it was that we wanted to have a lawsuit about, and said we had acted damned rascally in turning the water out of our own ditch. This he repeated a second time.
I stepped up to him and said I was one of the company and he must not say so. He repeated it again. I told him he was a liar. He struck me with a shovel. His son and Larison tried to do the same, Dave fought the old man. I ran Larison with a dirk knife and was trying to stab the old man and Fox caught me. Dave was on him, and whipped him badly. The fuss over, we started again for home.
We met the sheriff in 1/4 mile. He went and served the papers on old Terwilliger. We met John on the hill above Martin’s. He turned round and went home again with us.

Wednesday 13 – Nights are not so cold and the days are warm enough to melt the snow considerably. After breakfast John and Bill started for Massack diggins. I, Dave and Shults went to mining. The hose ripped a little in several places. We mended the holes.

P.M. Got gold $9. My wrist is quite sore from the blow I knocked off, that Terwilliger made.

Thursday 14 – Today is the warmest. I was to see Lewis and his family at his house. Bray came over yesterday and went back today. I did not see him. The hose ripped in the P.M. and I mended it.
Before dark John and Rains came home. They say all is quiet over at Massack, except preparing for the lawsuit. Old Bray has bought out Sockum and is quite thick with old Terwilliger &c—

Sunday 17 – Warm and cloudy all day. We went out the diggins and set the sluice boxes in a new place where we prospected the claim, and I mended the hose some and laid it for pipeing. After dinner John and Bill started for Massack diggins. I and Shults went down to the Point. I got tobacco for my wife, $1. Sold gold dust $41 and read two to three chapters of the General Epistle of John.

Monday 18 – Froze last night, but warm today. I went over to Quincy on business. I got out an execution against Lloyd cost $9. I paid the Sheriff $14.90 for services against Terwilliger and stayed all night with Duesler, slept in his shop.

Tuesday 19 – Cold and frosty last night, and warm today.
After breakfast I went to see Mrs. Jennings and Tom. We had a long chat. He wants to sell the American Ranch to me. I took dinner with them and soon after I started home and arrived before dark. All well. Dave and Shults got gold $17.

Wednesday 20 – Raining and snowing last night and today. I went down to Lewis and got Sargent McNabb to go down to the Point. He got the bond of Lloyd and Roots. Roots said he would settle it, without any more law. I sent the bond over to Quincy by F. Fox. I went home. After dinner, I Dave, and Bill Rains, went out to mining and got gold $10.

Thursday 21 – Cold last night. Cloudy and snowing some most of the day. We did not work today. John came home about noon. Bray and Parker also left Massack diggins to see the rest of the company. Lewis came over for half a dozen gunny sacks.

Friday 22 – Cold last night, still snowing a little occasionally. The sun shines out at intervals.
We are dressed up for the ball at Elizabeth Town. My wife, Liz, Bill and I are waiting for the Nelson Point ladies and gentlemen. After dinner we all set out. I, Bill and Firman is on Walker and Foot’s train. We stopped at Quincy and then rode in a wagon to Betsey Town at early candlelight and continued dancing till 4:00 in morning.

Saturday 23 – Clear and frosty. I was up at sunrise and breakfasted, cost $2 for I and my wife.
Near noon we arrived at Quincy. We took dinner with Mrs. Jennings. After sunset I took a short nap and then went to the dance that was all ready in operation at the court room. It broke up at 11:00 P.M. and then to bed.

Sunday 24 – Clear and frosty. Took breakfast with Duesler. Called on Hundley, then on Judge Wards family. Had an introduction to Mrs. Vaughn. About noon we all started for home. I had to walk all alone.
My lesson is the 10th chapter of Revelations.

Monday 25 – Clear and pleasant. The snow is melting off fast.
John went over to Massack. I, Dave and Shults were mining and got gold $13.50. The hose ripped. We mended up and piped all P.M. Rains is not at home; don’t know where he is.
I gave John $12.50 to pay Coffin for the ditch that is in dispute with Terwillegar.

Tuesday 26 – Quite cold this morning with wind from the North. We were late in getting out to work. We had to set  our boxes again in the deep cut and did not get ready for washing till noon.

P.M. I had some sewing to do on the hose. We washed a quantity of dirt and got gold $11.50. Bill got home late this evening. The day has been rather cold.

Wednesday 27 – Still very cold. We did not mine till the P.M. We got gold $9.50. The hose burst before night.

Thursday 28 – Very cold. We did not go to the diggins.
I and Dave mended two garden hoes. I then made five pick handles. Fox came up in the P.M. to get us all to go down to the Point to a dance. We refused to go, but him and Frank came back with mules for them to ride, so we all fixed up, except Dave, and went down. We danced till 2:00 in the morning.

Friday 29 – Cold as usual with wind from North. We stopped and breakfasted with Fox. I paid $1.50 for a pair of shoes for my wife. I came home about noon. Soon after John and Carroll came over from Massack and left Bray there. Wife came home on a mule. John fixed up and went to the dance to come off at Independence Bar tonight. Liz, Rains and Shults have all gone. I gave John $5 and Dave $10.

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James Haun Diary, September 1854


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Friday 1 – 23 years ago I was married. My prospects were bright and flattering, and I had a young wife to cheer me on and give me that pleasure that no other life can afford. O, what a change a short period of 23 years can make in human affairs. I am now sitting in my cabin all alone in a pine forest and surrounding mountains, in Plumas County, California, near opposite the mouth of Nelson Creek, and my wife is in Georgetown Kentucky. May we yet live together a score and three years, to help each other while passing over the down hill of life, and finally to put our trust in Him that is able to help in time of need, &c.
I gave lawyer able $25 to assist in my suit with Vaughn.
We got gold $10.50 —

Saturday 2 – I and Shaw are working the same spot of ground that I and John worked the 9th of September last, alongside of two pitch pines, one large. I cut the small one down last September and the large one blew up by the roots last winter. So we worked under the roots of the large one today and got nearly all of $81 gold, one piece weighing $35.50. The Johns got gold $16, the first they have taken out in 6 1/2 days. We divided out $58.62 and 1/2 cents apiece, after paying $22 expenses &c.

Sunday 3 – My partner Shaw left this morning to go down to his ranch. I and the Johns took three axes to grind and a pick to be sharpened at the Point. I got a letter from my wife dated June 31 18541 and another of July the 24 18542 as the figures indicate. She received a letter from me of date Sunday 3 May 28th on 28th June 1854. Her letter gives an account of Tom Johnson and Laura Miller running off and getting married and many other things too numerous to mention.
My lesson is Act Chapter 18 &c — I now shall retire to bed, but the thought of seeing my wife in these mountains is what I cannot not understand.
I paid $1 for letters and $1 for an ax handle for the company —

Monday 4 – The Johns went to work as usual. I knocked to pieces three old sluice boxes and made a trough off them, and took it out before noon. After dinner I went to work with them. We got gold $29. After supper all three gathered in my cabin and John played the fiddle, the tune
“Old Flies at Home.”

Tuesday 5 – I was at work all alone. Got gold $24. The Johns got $38, making in all $62. John forked out among the rocks a piece that weighed $24.50. He saw it when he threw it away with the rocks and went and picked it up. It is flat and rough, a nice specimen. After supper I and Lloyd went down to the Point to hear the news. All is quiet except the candidates.

Wednesday 6 – I got gold $5.50 by noon. The Johns got $18.50 all day. After dinner we went down to the Point to the election. Late in the evening, two gamblers went in to a vegetable store and took a Watermelon without the consent of the owner. They then went back to get another but the owner struck one of them on the head with a rock and knocked him down. He got up again and got a butcher knife and run the proprietor out and off— The two gamblers then turned and tore down the storehouse and threw all that was in it into Nelson Creek and then dared anybody to take it up. I’ve not seen anything to equal that. There was at least 100 men looking on &c56

Thursday 7 – I and John started to the American Valley to see after my lawsuit with Vaughn. By staying all day I found out that, by consent of the lawyers, my case would come off next Tuesday at 10 o’clock. So John and I started from Bradley’s Ranch late in the evening for home. I’ve walked several miles in the dark. I had been all day on my feet without eating any dinner.
I went up to Sister Betsy to see my lawyer. Found him sick in bed. He could not tell me when the county Judge would hold court, though Able, my other lawyer, told me.
On arriving at home McFall told me the miners rose and took the two gamblers and were trying them for tearing down the fruit store. The sheriff had come over and demanded the outlaws but the miners did not like to give them up. Lloyd came home from the trial and said that the sheriff had got them from the miners. One, by the name of George Asberry, is from Kentucky. The other is called Buck and comes from the East.
I saw a piece of gold taken out at Sister Betsy’s today weighing 8 oz and $14 with a hole in the middle of it. The diggins I took up last fall up there is very rich. I was trying to get some of them back again but did not see how I was to go about it, so I concluded to hold off for the present.

Friday 8 – McFall, the man I hired for Shaw, and I went to work and got gold $14. The Johns got $20.50.
The sheriff took Buck and Asberry over to the American Valley. They were tied on mules’ backs as they passed the Willow Ranch this morning —

Saturday 9 – I and McFall got gold $10.50 and the Johns got $19, in all $29.50. After supper I and Lloyd went down to the Point. There is great excitement among the miners on account of Buck and Asberry being turned loose again by the civil atrocity, as they have been making some threats &c.

Sunday 10 – I wrote my wife my 14th letter and sent her $200 bill of exchange payable at New York by Adams & Co. express. I was down at the Point and mailed it. The miners met and appointed a committee to look after depredators. My lesson is Chapter 11 of Paul’s Letter to the Romans.

Monday 11 – I went up to the Independence to serve a subpoena on Pat Carley for a witness in the case of Freer and Vaughn. He refused to go. I made him a tender of $8. He was afraid not to take it.
I put in the day in looking around. I hired old McFall to work in my place. Shaw went up the ditch. The three of us got gold $13.50 —

Tuesday 12 – John, I and McFall went over to the American Valley in due time. Court was opened. Ward was the judge. Pat Hunley undertook my case in the place of Able. Tom Cox was sick. The plaintiff filed five different objections but was over ruled and the case tried on its merits. Four witnessed against and two for me. The witnesses were heard and the case presented. It was decided against me.
I paid for dinners and whiskey $4. At sunset, after paying Black Hawk $5 for two picks and a hoe, I and John went four miles to Illinois Ranch where we stayed all night. I am to pay $29.50 for company goods.

Wednesday 13 – Paid 50 cents for our lodging and went six miles home to breakfast, and then out to work. I and Shaw and the Johns and McFall dug down there by the big pine tree today. We all got gold $30.
I dreamed I was in Georgetown and went with my wife to her rented house, and we got in bed together and that Sam was killing hogs &c.

Thursday 14 – I and Shaw got gold $19.50 working in the old ravine that was so rich last year. The Johns got gold $34. McFall was not at work.

Friday 15 – I, Shaw and McFall was at work in the old ravine and got gold $34 and the Johns got $38. The water is so weak we don’t use the hose and pipe. It threatened rain yesterday and last night, but none fell.

Saturday 16 – I and Shaw went to work in the old ravine for the last time. We was at it till noon and got gold $5. The Johns were mining all day and McFall with them till noon.

P.M. We three went to the Willow Ranch to help raise a barn. After supper I and McFall went down to the Point. I paid Thompson $4.50 for beef. Green McHatton had left me the $100 I  loaned him. The Johns got gold $44.

Sunday 17 – I, Shaw and McFall started for Sister Betsy’s after settling the past week’s work. We took dinner at Colonel Russell’s in the American Valley. We then stopped at Bradley’s and saw my lawyer. He told me the judge had granted a new trial with Vaughn. Late in afternoon we landed at Betsey Town.

Monday 18 – We started out a-prospecting and put in the day. Did nothing else of importance. My back paid the penalty for sleeping on a hard bed last night.

Tuesday 19 – We bought a claim of Isaac Adams for $150 and put McFall to work our interest &c

Wednesday 20 – There was two old tarrs a-prospecting at the foot of Sister Betsy’s ravine. They asked me to take an interest with them.

Thursday 21 – I and Shaw set in with them and sunk it to the bedrock 24 feet and 16 feet under water. We got no gold

Friday 22 – We were examining our diggins and took up two claims adjoining the ones we bought. Last night there was a ball at one of the Hotels. I was looking on to see how they done up things of that sort in California. Old married woman of all ages up to 5 and 40 was on the floor all the night. Scarcely half-a-dozen girls at the ball.

Saturday 23 – After breakfast we paid our bills. Mine was $9.50. We started for home. I stopped at Bradley’s some time and then went to Russell’s and took dinner.

P.M. Went by Myers and saw a quarter race and a first fight. I then started for home with Shaw. I had hot not slept in the same bed two nights, in consequence I was lousy. We got home in good time for supper.

Sunday 24 – I took off my duds last night and laid them aside. I took a cold bath and put on a clean shirt and to bed. I slept comfortable. Got up in the morning, bathed again, breakfasted, and settled our affairs.
I and Lloyd went down to the Point and got some dust changed. I sent Lloyd back with the money for Shaw, as he was going to Sister Betsy’s to work our interest. I stayed till late and saw a fight in which Pat Curley, one of my old partners, got whipped quite easily by Jim Pike, as they call him. We got no money in our new claim. The Johns got gold $62.75. My lesson is the 12th chapter of 1st Corinthians.

April, Directions by Givens 1854

To see that portion of California which is desirable to settle in, start from the Mission of San Jose, and travel on horse back to Monterrey passing by the Mission of Santa Clara up the Pueblo Valley to the Mission of San Juan, then to Monterrey

Monday 25 – I and the Johns went to cleaning out the ditch by stopping the water and cutting out the roots and shoveling out the bottom. We have not got sufficient water to wash for gold.

Thursday 26 – We three are still at work on the ditch.

P.M. McFall said he would help us and did so. I have a very bad cold last night. I lay with a wet towel on my forehead to ease the aching.

Wednesday 27 – I, the Johns, and McFall still at work on the ditch.

Thursday 28 – We four are still cleaning up our ditch.

Friday 29 – We four finished cleaning out the ditch. Shaw came home because we had to quit working the claim we bought at Sister Betsy. Other men than those we bought it off claimed it, so they had to fork over our money again, at least $90 and $60 on Sunday next.

Saturday 30 – After breakfast I and Shaw started for the new diggins near Snake Lake. I rolled up two pairs of heavy blankets and a towel, and tied on a tin cup, my rifle and ammunition, the butcher knife tinning at my left side. We stayed all night at Sister Betsy’s after traveling only 12 1/2 miles. Our dinner 75 cents.

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James Haun Diary, August 1854


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Tuesday 1 – I am still living on milk and mush, molasses and light bread. I feel quite well indeed without any kind of meat, and work hard every day. Marysville has been burned twice. The first fire, about six weeks, ago swept three squares. The last one four1.

Wednesday 2 – The nights are cool and days warm. We got gold $23 the last 2 days. Shaw and I went down to the Point after supper. A third woman has made her appearance at the gambling table to help out.

Thursday 3 – Quite warm, cloudy in the afternoon with thunder but no rain. Lloyd took Shaw’s and my picks down to the Point to have them sharpened. He brought me a letter from my wife dated May 10 18542. This is four weeks since John received a letter dated May 26th from his ma, a difference of five weeks. My letter gives an account of James Toppass being shot by Glass &c. We got gold $25.50.

Friday 4 – I commenced taking a cold bath every morning. We got gold $39.50. Shaw and I went down to the Point after supper. I paid $3 pole tax and $1.50 for bottle of brandy for John. I saw a woman try to get a revolver from her paramour to shot a gambler for breaking a lamp and spilling the grease all over and her and cards. She cursed him and then would cry. Half-a-dozen China women came to the Point today to get up trade &c.

Saturday 5 – We got out of the hard cement where Shaw & I are at work. We all got gold $84. After supper Shaw, John, and I, and Cook who is working for Lloyd, went down to the Point. The women are gambling as usual with music to draw the crowd. The China woman are camped on the sand bar of Feather River to sleep &c —

Sunday 6 – We all started for the American Valley with seven picks and a broken hoe to get Black Hawk to fix them. We went over to Sister Betsey’s. We then went back to Bradley’s and got dinner $1.75. We got picks and paid $7. It was cloudy all day and rained a sprinkle. Something to be wondered at–on our road home we picked and ate some ripe Thimbleberries.

Monday 7 – Shaw, Lloyd and I took three axes and a hatchet down to the Point and ground
them. Shaw and I came back to dinner and Lloyd stayed all day.

P.M. We went out to make a reservoir to catch water over night, as it is getting too scarce to work to an advantage. John and Cook got gold $5.50 and paid Cross $5 sharp.

Tuesday 8 – All four of us was at work on the reservoir. Lloyd came home last night but went back soon this morning and is not at home yet.

Wednesday 9 – All four of us making the reservoir. Lloyd not at home yet —

Thursday 10 – We went to mining but the water soon failed. Shaw and I went up the ditch and cleaned it out considerably but the water has failed us. Lloyd got home before dinner, not pleased with himself. John and Cook got gold $7.50.

Friday 11 – All five of us went to work on the reservoir throwing on more dirt. Lloyd went to nailing it together. We built it a log higher and concluded it was done at quit
ing time. After a hard day’s work I washed three shirts for myself.

Saturday 12 – All five of us went to mining and got gold $49. Shaw and I went down to the Point after supper. I got a letter from my wife dated June 24 18543 giving an account of Thomas Attwell and Matilda Stevenson getting married, Thornton and May Smarr running off and getting married, and old Brother Smith wants me to write how much gold I’ve got, that he may tell me when to come home, &c. I paid $3 for pole tax and one dollar for the letter. I am now and have been for sometime taking a cold bath at daylight.

Sunday 13 – Friday night I washed two cotton shirts and one hickory. I’ve had no washing done for a month or more. We settled up for expenses and then divided our gold after dinner. Shaw, I and John went down to the Point. John mailed a letter to Frank Rankin and I to one to H.P. Haun, paid cash $5.50. John did some washing for himself. My lesson is Chapter 1 of St. John. I paid Thompson $104.50, that pays off his bill entirely he has had against me since last fall.

Monday 14 – Lloyd and John went to work at their place and Shaw and I at our place. We got gold $27.50. They got none. Our water has failed so much we can’t half work.

Tuesday 15 – I and Shaw got gold $46. The Johns are striping off the top dirt. Our water has improved some today, owing to the Reservoir having got well soaked.

Wednesday 16 – Warm and sultry. I and Shaw got gold $22. The Johns have set up their boxes to wash for gold tomorrow. Our water was very weak this evening. I hope the weather will change soon. I and Shaw went down to the Point after supper. I got a 5th of meal, 75 cents.

Thursday 17 – We all got gold $38. The weather is warm and dry and our water is failing fast.

Friday 18 – We got gold $39. After supper Shaw, John and I went down to the Point. I told Free’s agent Roots that I had no use for his water and that it was ready for him at all times and to take it and use it for I did not want it.
I saw Green McHatton and had a long chat with him.
There was a stag dance came off: seven men, the other happened to be a gambling woman. They kept it up for some time. Old married men engaged in the sport but there wives and children in the states. Dr Vaughn is one of them sort.

Saturday 19 – We got gold $97. I gave $1 for whiskey. On Friday night Shaw, John and I went down to the Point after super. The China woman has left the Point but there is many men here that would do well to leave also.

Sunday 20 – I read Chapter 11 of John, finished my 13th letter to my wife and mailed it for 25 cents. Whiskey 50 cents.
I got acquainted with W.R. Dickson of the sunny south. He says he went to Havana with W.G. and helped him build a race track there. He has a wife and four daughters living in Wisconsin. He has been better raised than he now lives, I’ve no doubt. He says he will come and see me soon —

Monday 21 – It was cloudy this morning and rained some in the A.M. The sun shone out again from the middle afternoon till sunset. I and Shaw got gold $14.50, in all today $59.50 —

Tuesday 22 – It rained considerable last night and was foggy this morning but clear and pleasant all day. Shaw and I got gold $97.50 and the Johns $20. We can pick the nuggets up off the bedrock. We are close to the place where the camp took it out at $30 per day.

Wednesday 23 – I and Shaw went down to the Point last night after supper. I understood that Cross took out $2200 in Feather River below the mouth of Nelson Creek. I and Shaw were prospecting the 30 channel. We got some gold in consequence. We only got $21 and the Johns got gold $15, in all $36. Quite cool last night, almost a frost.

Thursday 24 – I and Shaw got gold $92 and the Johns $33.50, in all $125.50. Shaw and I were striping off top dirt nearly all day. We got the $92 in 2 1/2 hours.
After supper we went down to the Point. I was introduced to Gildersleeve the celebrated race man, Dr Vaughn said, “How do you do, Mr Haun.”

Friday 25 – Shaw and I got gold $70 and moved our hose and pipe. The Johns got $19. They had to strip in the afternoon.

Saturday 26 – I and Shaw got gold $58.50. The Johns are striping off the top dirt. I and Shaw went down to the Point after supper. I received a letter from H.P. advising me to pay off the suit with Vaughn to save cost.

Sunday 27 – All four of us went up to our reservoir and cut a small ditch to run the leakage water through the pipe. While we were up there Green McHatten came to us and stayed with me all day and night. The rest of the boys went down to the Point and Lloyd got drunk. He did not get home until the afternoon of the next day. My lesson is Acts Chapter 5.

Monday 28 – Shaw and John went out to work. I and McHatten went down to the Point. We talked about all the people we could think off in Kentucky while together. I got 8 pounds meal $1.25 and and came home to dinner.
I tried to get Lloyd home but he could not make it then. I frequently thought of you as it
was your birthday, wife. We were cleaning up bedrock and got gold $44. It rained Saturday night last here and snowed at Onion Valley. A frost the Sunday night following.

Tuesday 29 – My potato tops have been frost bitten. Shaw and I got gold $29. The Johns are stripping. After supper I and Shaw went down to the Point. l loaned Green McHatton $100 and partly heard Able make a Democratic speech.
I saw a mob pull down a China house, or rather upset where it had been. The China woman were boo-hooing. Old Amy came along, and just at that moment came the crash of the house and a yell from the mob. She sang out, O, Lord! and fell in the arms of her paramour. She soon recovered again and went to her cabin, I suppose —
I paid $1.25 for sharpening a pick.

Wednesday 30 – Shaw and I are still cleaning up bedrock. We gold gold $42. The Johns are digging up a big pitch pine tree and stripping. Shaw and I went down to the Point after supper. I paid $2.50 for half soling my gum boots.

Thursday 31 – I and Shaw are working over the ravine that paid us so well last fall, as we have just finished up to it yesterday. We got gold $32, and $23 of the $42 we got the day before was out of the ravine where it had been worked before. I laid in bed so long last night that I had the back ache this morning.

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James Haun Diary, July 1854

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Saturday 1 – Me and Shaw, we got gold $38.50. We seem to be getting along peaceable and quiet.

Sunday 2 – Lloyd, Shaw and I went down to the Point and had three picks sharpened, cost $2.75. I paid Thompson $75 and sent $42 to H.P. for five gum coats and 3 pair boots by Snell & Co. For the company I paid freight on sauce $2; one bottle bitters $1; meal 75 cents; paper 50 cents; nails 75 cents. I was offered $2000 for my diggins. After supper I read the Chapter 13 of Matthew.

Monday 3 – Shaw and I got gold $14.50. The Johns are fixing to try a new place below, in the same ravine we are at work in. Dr. Vaughn had an attachment and summons served on me today. Shaw is gone down to the Point to let Hawkins know whether he will sell out to him or not.

Tuesday 4 – John and went down to the Point. I settled with Dr. Vaughn for his medical bill $15 and Vaughn then paid John $20 for five days work. I wrote a letter to H.P.. Paid $1 for twine to sew our hose with and then followed the ladies and The Russian army with brass music up to Independence Bar to a celebration and Ball. I saw my old claim and the place where I laid on the ground. Quite a large crowd of men and some 25 Ladies. Shaw, John and I left before they commenced dancing and got home by sunset. I paid 25 cents for a letter and 75 cents  for liquor.

Wednesday 5 – We went to work and got gold $16.50. After supper Shaw and I went down to the Point. They had a dance at Lewis and Roots. This is the 5th or 6th night in succession, and tomorrow and night following at the American Valley. That is the way they go on out here. I did not get a letter. I saw quite a number of the fair sex this 4th.

Thursday 6
– We got gold $11. The Johns has not made any for some days.

Friday 7 – We made nothing, but the Johns got $2. Linch stayed with us all day and night. He is a broken-down miner of 49 from Kentucky.

Saturday 8 – We got gold $9.50. The Deputy Sheriff attacked my diggins and stopped me from work. I and the Johns went down to the Point and had the case tried before six jurymen. As the squire would not let me have time to get counseled the jury gave a verdict against me. I have five days to take an appeal. I spent $1.75 for liquor.

Sunday 9 – Early this morning I and John started for the and American Valley up to Sister Betsy’s. I saw John Case the lawyer and made an arrangement to take an appeal to the county court. I then went in to hear a Methodist preacher the first of any kind since I’d been in the county and that too in my patched shirt and holes in my pants no coat on rest or hand kerchief of any kind and my old gum slippers and mining hat and my butcher knife at my side. But every chap threw in his 50 cents when the hat came around. There was four ladies.
My present his text is Exodus, (keep the sabbath holy). I read the 20th chapter of Matthew. After service was over I and John started  for Bradley’s Ranch. We took dinner and started for home. $2 for Dinner and 50 cents for preaching.
We arrived at home in good time. John Lloyd had been down to the Point and got a letter to John from my wife dated May 26 18541, giving an account of  Tom Johnson’s return to Georgetown.

Monday 10 – I went over to Onion Valley to serve a process on the squire for an appeal, and to give bond and pay the $80 cost. Dinner and whiskey cost $1.25 and I paid $1.25 for a camp kettle. Got no gold.

Tuesday 11 – The Johns got gold $23.50 and Shaw $20.50. I was making some new sluice boxes, as the bottoms of the old ones is quite worn out, having been in use all most one year. I intend that the three I make now shall last me as long as I mine here. I’ve put false bottoms in them, as they were out put in others.

Wednesday 12 – The boys got gold $16. I was at work making boxes.

P.M. I went down to the Point to get some nails and grind my plain. I then helped Shaw to set up a new sluice box. John has been playing the fiddle tonight while his bread is baking.

Thursday 13 – We did not clean up for gold. I, John and Shaw have got colds and Lloyd has a sore finger. The weather is fine

Friday 14 – Lloyd did not work today on account of his finger. We got gold $11.50.

Saturday 15 – I have the piles so that I could not work, and Lloyd can’t work on account of his finger. John and Shaw got gold $39.

Sunday 16 – Lloyd has a very sore finger, with a fellow, and I am not able to go to work. John washed some shirts for us and I wrote my 12th letter to my wife.2 My lesson is Chapter 6 of Mark.

Monday 17 – I and Lloyd went down to the Point. I got 5 pounds meal, 75 cents, and mailed a letter to my wife, 25 cents. John and Shaw got gold $4.

Tuesday 18 – I mended two shirts and a pair of breeches for myself and a shirt for John. Lloyd has got a bad finger. John and Shaw got gold $19. Floyd and I are on the sick list.

Wednesday 19 – I cut out a lining for my new pants and sewed it in, almost. Lloyd and I went up the ditch and let in quite all the water. There is 3 men at work just below the dam. They said I must leave them a sluice head of water. The boys got no gold today.

Thursday 20 – I finished my pants this morning and Lloyd and I walked out to where the boys is at work the other side. We found a rattle snake with four rattles and a button ,the first I’ve seen this summer.

P.M. I went down to the Point and paid Doosley $5 for attention to my lawsuit and $18 to Lane for mending the hose. Shaw and John got gold $33.

Friday 21 – Shaw, Lloyd and I went up the ditch. Some men at work below the dam. They turned the water through the dam and out of the ditch to work the ravine and said they would do it again. Shaw and John got gold $32.50.

Saturday 22 – I went down to the Point and got a letter for Lloyd from his wife. I was told the bank caved in on a man by the name of Douglass and two others yesterday, but the other two got out and he was drowned in the mud. Shaw and John got gold $38…

Sunday 23 – We all four took a stroll in the woods and up a ravine towards the American Valley. We saw the greatest quantity of honeydew on the leaves, quite as large as if it had been dripping out of the comb, and just as sweet. I tasted a number of them. My lesson Chapter 11 of Mark.

Monday 24 – I went to work today. John had to work by himself. We got gold $9. I and Shaw went to the Point and hired a man to work in Lloyd’s place until his finger gets well.

Tuesday 25 – We got gold $24.50. John had the man hired in Lloyd’s place to help him.

Wednesday 26 – The weather is quite warm and was somewhat cloudy. The misquotes and flies are some troublesome. We got gold $18.

Thursday 27 – I and Shaw was cleaning up bedrock all day and got gold $55. John and his man got $5. After supper Shaw and I went down to the Point. There I saw Green McHatton, an old 49er from Illinois. He says he knows your father’s sister in Illinois by name of Ms. Clark and her four grown children and said that she favored the old captain very much. While in the gambling room my friend Snow struck Abbot on the head twice with a revolver, hurt him badly.

Friday 28 – We were cleaning the bedrock that we had worked over the last five weeks. We got gold $29 and we are not done going over it the second time. John and his man gold gold $17.

Saturday 29 – I and Shaw got gold $12.50 more by noon. We were cleaning up the bedrock.

P.M. We were setting boxes to wash again on Monday. John and his man got no gold today. After supper I and Shaw went down to the Point to hear the news. The first house we stopped in was the billiard saloon. A woman was dealing Lansquenet to at least 10 men. Half-a-dozen gamblers went through with an Indian song and dance, turning somersaults. We next came to the Abbot House. They were playing cards there. At the Thompson House nothing was doing but trade. Then at Fagan’s Saloon there was a woman to draw custom and card playing and a few songs and somersaults and making love to the lady, as they call it. I tired and went home.

Sunday 30
– One of the Sterlings came up to see our fixtures to catch gold. He said it was the best he had seen. We had a settlement, the first since Hawkins left. We had $195 to divide.

P.M. we went down to the Point. I saw two woman, one in each house, dealing Lansquenet. Lots of men to bet at their bank. My lesson was Chapter 8 of St. Luke.

Monday 31 – Shaw and I got gold $19. John Cook, the man that works for Lloyd, got no gold today. Lloyd’s finger is getting well fast. I bathe every night.

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James Haun Diary, August 1853

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Monday 1, Tuesday 2 Wednesday 3, Thursday 4 – The fourth night, I dreamed I was in Georgetown and saw you as plain as could be, well and hearty in Mrs. Pratt’s room. I shook hands with Mrs. Pratt. You said to me to go to your room. I then woke up.

Friday 5 – I dreamed of being there again, but do not recollect particulars.

Saturday 6 – At work on the ditch.

Sunday 7 – We all went to Nelson Creek except John and had somewhat of a disturbance and afterwards a fight between an Irishman and an Englishman. The first named proved the best.

Monday 8 – The difficulty is not settled yet. John bought out Major Brookie’s claim for $50 down and $200 in sixty days and expenses included.

Tuesday 9 – We all went to work this morning except B.I. Mathews. He lost all the week by sickness. In the afternoon we took up another water claim.

Wednesday 10, Thursday 11, Friday 12, Saturday 13 – We blocked off work at noon. John had to wash two shirts each, after a fashion.

Sunday 14 – Five of us shouldered our guns to hunt the head water of the branch of the creek that we took up to see if we could turn it in the other branch that we are at work on.

Monday 15 – We are still at work on the ditch and are getting along well.

Tuesday 16 – Dug a rattlesnake out of the ditch. John received a letter from you on Sunday 14 of, date June 9th.1

Wednesday 17 – The weather is beautiful, all sunshine. A breeze springs up every day to keep it pleasant.

Thursday 18 – The snow continues on the mountains. We are camped within 2 or 3 miles. I see it every day, when I look that way.

Friday 19 – Ate pork and beans in consequence of which dreamed that I was in Georgetown at General Pratt’s. A large collection of people seemed to be passing about all through the house, and you, my wife, seemed to pay but very little notice of me.

Saturday 20 – We finished digging our ditch and let the water in. Had a supper of tea, bacon and bread. Six of the company went to the Point and got drunk and got back after midnight.

Sunday 21 – All hands at camp sitting around a watermelon that cost 5$. I’ve had as good for 25 cents.

Monday 22 – I commenced to make sluice boxes to run the dirt through to catch the gold.
To 1/2 quire letter paper, $.50

Tuesday 23 and Wednesday 24 – We finished one set of sluice boxes and set them.

Thursday 25 – We commenced washing for gold. We got today about $8.

Friday 26 – We got about $30.00. Cloudy all day.

Saturday 27 – We about $12.00. Cloudy all day.
I was the balance of the week making another set of sluice boxes. It thundered powerful and the lightning seemed to blind me as it was right before me on Saturday night and rained a very small shower. Not enough. Came through my bark roof bed.
On Thursday night the 25th there was a ball given by Dr Vaughn and his partner at the mouth of Nelson Creek on a sand bar. They built a temporary house and danced all night. Had about 15 ladies. John went down to see after supper and got a letter from wife of date June 27, 18532 giving an account of death of her brother James Hurst and Mrs Smarr.

Sunday 28 – One hour before sunrise. John is getting breakfast while I am setting in my bunk writing down the past events of the week with my wife’s letter before me. John and I went down before noon and cut more grass to fill up my tick. This evening the company has split up into two messes, 3 in one 3 in another. I and John in the last. Supper is quite ready.
Wrote my 5th letter to my dear wife —

Monday 29 – The men divided off into messes. John and I went down to Nelson Creek after quitting work and packed up our provisions and a hard pack in the dark.

Tuesday 30 – Two of the men startled a grisly going to their work about 150 yards from our tent. We had four guns but could not get to see him.

Wednesday 31 – Our digging is not goof this week.

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