John Haun Diary, September 1855

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Saturday 1 – We brought some boxes down from where we worked last and set them in the cut and commenced piping. Worked the balance of the day and took out $22.50. Pretty good today. Nothing else.

Sunday 2 – Rositer and I worked out the pan box. We cleaned out part of the gold and had 2 oz. Pa and Rositer went to the Point after dinner and got some grub. I stayed  about the cabin alone. Nothing more today, I believe.

Monday 3 – Piped today as usual and took out $16. I renewed the notice at the reservoir.

Tuesday 4 – Took out $27 today. Pa and Rositer went to the Point after supper.

Wednesday 5 – Election day. We all went to the Point after dinner. Rositer and I came back and went to work but Pa stayed until night. We took out $10 today.

Thursday 6 – Worked as usual and took out $38. Nothing else today.

Friday 7 – We took out $9 today. I renewed Dueslers notice after dinner.

Saturday 8 – Worked as usual and took out $17. Nothing of interest today.

Sunday 9 – Panned out the gold that came out of the sand box and got about $38. All of us went up the Pike ditch and stopped some leaks and went in the ditch at the reservoir. It was in about 70 feet. Got dinner and went to the Point. Shaw and Bill Rains got back in the evening. Bill came home with us I bought a pair of pants from Timberman.

Monday 10 – Set the hose and penstalk and washed in the evening. Took out $8.50. Bill came up about supper time. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 11 – Worked today as usual. Pa and Bill went up the Pike ditch to get more water down. Rositer and I cleaned bedrock in the forenoon and got $16.50 and $21 in the evening piping. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 12 – Rositer and I worked in the diggings and Pa and Bill cut and piled up logs. They let a log roll in the cut and mashed a couple of boxes. I got out the old nails while Bill and Rositer cut and burned more brush. Pa went to the house and made more boxes. Nothing else today.

Thursday 13 – Worked as usual and took out $24. Pa and Bill cut and burned brush. I renewed the notice at the reservoir. Nothing else today.

Friday 14 – Took out $17.50 Bill and I went to the Point after supper. I took a letter down.

Saturday 15 – All of us worked in the diggings all day and took out $131. Commenced raining about sunset but did not rain much

Sunday 16 – Went up to where the drift was was run in at the reservoir. It was in a long ways. Came back after mending up the log heaps and went to the Point. Came back and got dinner. Rained about supper time.

Monday 17 – Took out $15.50. Rained a little in the forenoon. I renewed Dueslers notice.

Tuesday 18 – Cloudy pretty much all day, but no rain. Took out $10.50. No more.

Wednesday 19 – Worked as usual and took out $27 nothing else of consequence today

Thursday 20 – We washed a great deal of dirt and took out $11 Rositer went to the Pint after quitting wash nothing else to day

Friday 21 – Took out $28. Nothing occurred of interest today.

Saturday 22 – Worked as usual and took out $22.50. Nothing of interest today.

Sunday 23 – Bill and i took the gun and went up to the reservoir and went in the drift 135 feet in. Came by the diggings and around home. I killed a hawk. All of us went to the Point after dinner and stayed until super time.

Monday 24 – Did not do much today: set the hose and boxes in the forenoon so as to wash in the after. Hose burst &c, made nothing.

Tuesday 25 – Hose burst three times today. Took out $6.50. Nothing more.

Friday 26 – Worked today as usual. Rositer and I went up the ditch after dinner to see if there was any leaks. Came back and went to work. We did not clean up today. Nothing new today.

Thursday 27 – Piped in the forenoon and cleaned up in the after. Rositer sold out to Bill Rains for $150. Rositer went to the Point and stayed all night. We took out about $9. I renewed Dueslers notice. Nothing else today.

Friday 28 – Took out only $6 today. Nothing of interest today.

Saturday 29 – Worked as usual and took out $13. Nothing of interest today.

Sunday 30 – All of us went up to the reservoir and by the diggings and set some log heaps afire. Went to Pikes cabin and Lloyd came in while we were there. Pa and him had a fight and he got whipped and one of the bucks to witness it. We then went to the Point and Pa hit him with a stick and broke it over his head and cut quite a gash. Nothing else.

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John Haun Diary, September 1854

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Friday 1 – Still ground sluicing. Pa and Shaw took out $10. Nothing else today.

Saturday 2 – Washed today and took out $15. All hands took out $97. Had a divide of the gold as Shaw is going to start below in the morning. Pa and Shaw took out a piece weighing over 2 oz. Nothing else today.

Sunday 3 – Shaw started this morning for below for his ranch. All of us went to the Point and ground some old axes. Came back and stayed about the cabin the rest of the day. Pa got a letter from home.1

Monday 4 – Went to work as usual this morning. Pa worked with us in the evening and we took out $29. Nothing else of interest today.

Tuesday 5 – Worked as usual and took out 38$. Pa worked by himself all day, took out in all $62. Our water is failing very fast. Pa and Lloyd went to the Point after supper. Nothing more than usual.

Wednesday 6 – Washed all day and took out $18. Pa went to the Point after dinner to the Election of county officers. Nothing strange today.

Thursday 7 – Pa and I started for the valley early in the morning and arrived there about 10:00 A.M. Great excitement about the election. I took dinner at Bradley’s while Pa went to Elizabethtown. Our trial at court did not come off. Started from there about sunset and got home after dark. Great excitement at the Point about some men that tore down the front stair. The miners have taken them in custody. Nothing else.

Friday 8 – Worked today as usual and took out $20.50. Pa worked with an old man by the name of McFall, a hired man. Nothing more today.

Saturday 9 – Worked as usual and took out $19—pretty good today. Pa and Lloyd went to the Point after supper. Nothing worthy of notice.

Sunday 10 – Stayed about the cabin all day. Shaw came home in the forenoon. Right side up with care. Lloyd went to the Slate mountain and got back about supper. Parish came up about supper on his way below.

Monday 11 – Worked as usual with McFall and took out $13.50. Shaw didn’t work today. Talked of buying a claim on Columbia flat, Pa, Shaw and myself. Pa went up Nelson Creek to get Pat Curley as a witness in his case at American Valley. Nothing new today.

Tuesday 12 – Pa, Mc and myself started very early in the morning for American Valley and got there about 10 o’clock. Case came off and we lost it. Mc went to Elizabethtown to look at some diggings. He came back before sunset and started for home. Pa and I came as far as the Illinois Ranch and stayed all night. Felt badly all day. Nothing else of consequence today.

Wednesday 13 – Started before day from the ranch and arrived at the cabin about breakfast time, very hungry and much fatigued after missing supper and breakfast. Went to work as usual. Old Mc also felled the pine in the ravine and took out $16.

Thursday 14 – Lloyd and I worked as usual. Mc went to the Point after his goods and chattels and came back about sunset. Took out $34 today. Cloudy in the evening and thundered hard.

Friday 15 – Worked as usual and took out $38 and the rest took out $34. I talked some with a man from Australia about mining &c &c.

Saturday 16 – Mc worked with us in the forenoon but did not work in the after, and took out $44. Pa, Shaw and Mc helped Buck raise his barn in the evening. Pa and Mc went to the Point after supper.

Sunday 17 – Pleasant today. Pa, Shaw and Mc started in the morning for American Valley on a prospecting tour. Wrote a letter home. Lloyd and I went to the Point in the evening came back and got an old sled on the way to haul wood on. Nothing more today.

Monday 18 – Worked as usual. Lloyd and I and took out $15. None of the company back yet. Nothing more new today of interest.

Tuesday 19 – Worked all day with a weak head of water—took out $24.50. Very warm all day. Nothing else, I believe, today.

Wednesday 20 – Lloyd and myself worked as usual. Water very slim indeed. Took out $13.50. Very warm all day. Nothing else today.

Thursday 21 – Worked only in the forenoon and took out $5. The water almost failed entirely, could hardly wash at all. Nothing else more than usual.

Friday 22 – Lloyd and myself went up the ditch early after breakfast to see about the water saw a couple of very fine deer on the way. Came back and went to stripping of rubbish on the side of the ravine. Cloudy and windy off and on all day. Nothing else new today.

Saturday 23 – Went to stripping on the side of the ravine, having no water to work with. Pa and Shaw came home about supper time. They bought in to a mining claim at Elizabethtown, paid $1.50. Nothing else.

Sunday 24 – Nothing particularly new today. Stayed about the cabin all day, done some washing today. Pa and Lloyd went to the Point in the forenoon. Lloyd came back about noon and went again before night came.

Monday 25 – Shaw started to the valley after dinner so as to set in at the claim. Went to work on the ditch this morning cleaning it out. Mc came from the Point after supper. Nothing else new today.

Tuesday 26 – Worked on the ditch, cleaning it out. Mc worked on the afternoon.

Wednesday 27 – Went to work as usual, all hands on the ditch cleaning it out. Seen a very fine deer as we came from work, but had no gun.

Thursday 28 – All hands worked on the ditch today. Pa went to the Point after dinner for some beef. Nothing else of consequence today.

Friday 29 – All hands worked on the ditch and finished it, all but caulking the flume. Shaw came up after Pa to go to the valley with him to prospect some claims he had taken up near Spanish Ranch. The men they bought diggings of proved not to be the proper owners of them.

Saturday 30 – Pa, Shaw and Mc started for the valley after breakfast to prospect their claims. Lloyd and I worked on the big flume, bracing it. No more today.

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James Haun Diary, August 1858 to January 1859

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Sunday 1 – Quincy is almost deserted. Times are hard and getting worse.

Monday 2 – Thompson came down soon and closed the trade with John. He is to give up three of my notes and get 1/4 of the Massack ditch and tools also.

Tuesday 3 – I and Henry shouldered our rifles and came to my old diggins. All is quiet and still. Henry made bread, then we had our dinner without meat. We then went down to the Point. I talked with Ray about the right he held to Smith’s interest in Nelson Creek. He let me see the bill of sale. We got some beef and came to the cabin and had supper.

Wednesday 4 – I called to Henry to get up, as it was late. I slept well enough but was harassed by dreams about my business affairs. So, I was in a bad humor to wake up, having been troubled both wake and asleep.

Since the above date, it would be needless for me to attempt anything like a true statement of facts, though I will endeavor to state some of the most prominent events that has happened up to the present time.
I am now takings easy as to work, but I was never so hard up in business matters. Suffice to say I am willing to turn my attention to most anything for relief, for bankruptcy is staring me in the face sometime near the close of August.
Those that were called ‘Douglass Popular Sovereignty Democrats’ held a meeting in which I was nominated coroner. I had to make a small speech on the occasion. In a few days I went to Humbug Valley, stayed one night, then down to Rich Bar on the North Fork of the Feather River. I stayed one night there and the next day went home. At all events, the election came off first week in September and I was beaten, as I expected, by Dr. Cate, by over 200 votes.
About the close of September I went down to Marysville to see if I could borrow some money, but I made very little exertion to get it. I done this for the purpose of getting some relief and out of the way of dunning creditors.
H.P. was down to San Francisco on account of bad health, and his son also. They all came up at the close of the first week in October and stayed all night at Jack’s. Henry said I was a Republican. I said at home when the like was said I gave it the bye. I did not ask him to help me raise any money; neither did I go to see him. On the 10th of October I started for home–for the American Valley. I arrived the evening of the 11th, a Sunday at that.

Monday 12 – Our circuit court commenced. We had two cases in court. We got a judgement in one case against Jas Smith at Nelson Creek. He has no property to make the money out of. The other case was laid over ten days for time to answer. In that time the court adjourned.
I was somewhat unwell with chills. Overton came over. My wife and I made a deed to the ranch and took up our note and mortgage. We made every effort in our power to wind up. My wife in the meantime closed out at the tavern and we sold off most of our loose plunder. We got a horse and spring wagon to leave the valley in, which we done, but not until we had made some arrangements to get the ranch back. My wife paid $300 and left $150 for John to pay, which he did soon after we left.
There had been a big fall of snow for the season, but we got out before any more fell and in November we were three days in getting down to Jack’s.
Soon after, I went up to Bourne’s to get money he owed. A few days after, he sent me $360 in two parcels. I sold the horse and wagon to Jack for $250. I then sent Overton $550 on November 22nd.
I put in my time helping Jack. I wrote three letters to John to come down and John wrote one to his Ma that he would wait until I came up. We get it about the 20th of January 1859. So, on Sunday morning at 6:00 I put out for the mountains, and that evening, I suppose, John arrived at Jack’s.


Sunday 23 – My passage up to New York House was $6. Then I footed it the rest of the way. Paid $1 for breakfast at Sabriskey’s. I took dinner as I traveled on foot. Often bread and chicken that Ellen had prepared for me. I arrived a few minuted after the saddle train had got in from the same place.

Monday 24 – Lodging and whiskey at the Columbus House, $1. I supped on my bread and chicken and was off at daylight for Rabbit Creek. The road from here on was covered with snow and ice. I beat the train in by half an hour. I was at Rabbit Creek at half past 10:00 A.M. I took dinner on the road to Gibsonville off my bread and chicken and pound cake. I arrived at a quarter past 2:00 and put up for the rest of the day and night.

Tuesday 25 – Supper, lodging and breakfast, $2.50. After sunrise I started for home against the heaviest wind that I’ve had to contend with in these mountains. I got the Nelson Creek before 1:00 P.M. I wasted an hour here, and also at Onion Valley and finished my provisions as I passed my old diggins. I got to Quincy before sunset and none to welcome me home. All desolate dreary. I took supper with Duesler and slept in my own bed all alone.

Wednesday 26 – I breakfasted with Duesler and put in my time around town and again took supper at Duesler’s. I turned in at home for sleep. Our dog Gris was gone, but he came back when I called him by name. He seemed to be well acquainted. I fed him. A right big kitty came in, very glad to see me. I fed him also.

Thursday 27 – I took breakfast with Truitt. I looked around home and cut some wood for my room stove. The white faced cow had a calf on the snow and we put them in the barn. I took supper with Duesler.

Friday 28 – I was at Duesler’s for my breakfast again. I then bought some beef $1.75. I cleaned up the pantry, kitchen and dining room, cooking tools and dishes, and made some biscuits, the first I ever tried. I cooked some beef steak and made tea and ate supper at home.

Saturday 29 – It snowed 6 in deep last night. I warmed up my steak, bread and tea and breakfasted. I paid $.50 for candles, $.75 for a bar of soap, $.50 for a box of blacking, and $.50 for two pieces of window glass. I put one in the pantry. I fixed the sink in kitchen.
I got $4 of Bates and Brooks for one day’s use of oxen and sledge. Preacher Grove paid me $21 for hay and pasturage, and $1.50 for a bale of hay. It has been snowing some all day. I did some sewing on my pants tonight. I wrote my wife a letter on Thursday evening, express $.25, and made this entry.

Sunday 30 – I was up before day and made some repairs to the kitchen. I was some time in getting the stove hot. I made up some dough and put it to baking enough biscuits to last another day, as I only take two meals per day. It snowed considerably last night. Its sloppy and the sun is shining. I put a pane of glass in the dinning room window. No one has been to see me yet.

Monday 31 – Stormy again last night. I paid $1.25 for beef. I get a little wood to cook burn in the house.
I, with five other jurymen, decided the right of property. We received a fee of $3 each.

James Haun Diary, July 1857

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Wednesday 1 – A Spaniard died in my barn on Monday evening last. He was in company with the circus.
Rained last night and today, quite hard for the time of the year.
I sold 425 pounds baled hay for $9 —

Thursday 2 – I was setting out cabbage plants and cauliflower sets. I made small ditches to set them in.
I and Lem and Carter built some plank fence. Lem, Rains and Sam was spreading out the cocks of hay to dry.

P.M. All hands at work spreading out hay.

Friday 3 – Lem and Carter mowing with new scythes over next road I and Sam finishing up next river mowing and cutting brush Rains not at work today.

P.M. All hands got ready to cock up hay that had been spread out to dry, but it rained and hailed very hard this afternoon. John came over this A.M. and Dave is down from Meadow Valley.
Huntington has an account and order from A. I. Haun against me for $515 to be paid in ten days after sight, which I accepted. Duesler is the holder of it now.
I gave John $10 to go to the ball to night at Streshley’s &c —

Saturday 4 – Cloudy and some little sprinkling of rain. Lots of folks in town, and no work done. I was collecting road tax.
There was a bear and bull fight, but one of the  bears got out of the ring and took to the brush. Dave Potts and his dog caught and killed the cub. The other bear was killed by several men in the ring. Next came a man fight in town, the Basses and Flynn was the whipped animal. Then, at dark, came the circus.
I paid Mc $1.50 for nails —

Sunday 5 – The weather is clear again. Nothing of importance, but plenty of gamblers and small thieves in town.

Monday 6 – Cutting hay this A.M. I and Carter finished planking up the barn.

P.M. All hands was cocking up the hay that has been rained on.
Races were held today, with a purse over $500. One I. Riley won.

Tuesday 7 – Three hands worked at cutting hay, the rest at hauling in.
The races continued today, 1 mile and repeat, with a purse of $250. Yellow Hammer won it in 3 heats.
I hauled a load of hay to Streshly. Yesterday I collected $29 and paid Burkholder $4.50 for sugar.

Wednesday 8 – Three hands cutting and three hauling in hay. I collected $20$of Streshly for hay  and $21.50 for pasturage of circus parties. Steve Shores stabbed one Riley three times late this evening.

Thursday 9 – I started in company with part of the circus and others for Sacramento. I road Rains’ horse. We took dinner at Gibsonville and fed the horse, cost $1.50. We then went to Rabbit Creek and stopped for the rest of day. I waited for the company. I wrote a letter to my wife and sent it by Richards. He is to work for me at $2. Paid.

Friday 10 – I paid $4 for myself and the horse at Rabbit Creek and was off at daylight. I took breakfast at Columbia House, cost $1, and fed my horse at Wood’s, cost $.50, then took dinner at New York House, $1. I stopped at Empire all night.

Saturday 11 – I paid my bill $2.25 and started for Marysville before sunrise. I arrived at Jack’s before they got up to breakfast. Late in the P.M. I went over to H.P.‘s. I paid $.50 in ferriage and arrived before sunset. All are well.

Sunday 12 – I went to Hooper’s in the A.M. and had some melon to eat. We took dinner at H.P.’s. Jack and Pauline came over, and then we all went over to Jack’s. I paid $.50 in ferriage. H.P.and family returned home.

Monday 13 – I was up at day light and called all the family. We had breakfast early and I started for the boat below Marysville. I caught the steamer Cleo for Sacramento at 7:00 A.M. Passage $4, dinner $1. I arrived at Sacramento by 2:00 P.M. and took lodgings at the Denison House. I deposited Townley’s money, $152.50, and took a receipt. I then rode out of town three miles and back again, cost $1. I bought some corn and tooth medicine, $1. I paid for whiskey, $.50, and mixed with the members of convention.
We met at 11:00 A.M. in church and appointed Bradford chairman for the time being. Some resolutions were adopted then we adjourned to meet again at 3:00 P.M. We met pursuant to the adjournment and proceeded to nominate Willer for governor, 251 votes  against 61 for McCorcle –
I paid for billiards $1, for blacking boots $.25, peaches and color, $.75. I collected $30 of Bryant for ranching in American Valley.

Wednesday 15 – I and Sherwin Booms slept together. The convention met at 10:00 A.M. and proceeded to business. We nominated five other candidates that adjourned till 3:00 P.M. We met again and finished the other two nominations, eight in all. I did not loose.
I met with Frank Powell this morning at his stable. He did not know me at first.

Thursday 16 – I’ve been late to bed and early to rise. This morning I was aroused by the bells ringing on account of fire. I got up. The fire was near by and was soon put out. An old frame building was consumed. I ate breakfast and paid my bill, $7.
I went aboard the Cleo again. We were off at 7:00 A.M. for Marysville. My passage cost $4. I have $2.25 for papers and $2.50 for expenses at the convention, then for dinner on the boat $1. I arrived in Marysville at 5:00 P.M. I then went out to Jack’s. Quite warm today.

Friday 17 – I, together with the rest of brother Jack’s family were late in getting up. Breakfast over, I and Jack went in the buggy to Captain Ney’s ranch close by. Ney and his brother and us went in his melon patch and ate as many melons as we wanted, and took two home with us. Late in the P.M. Jack and I went down in town and back.

Saturday 18 – I and Jack rode to town in the buggy. I bought two pairs of leggings and two pairs of spurs for Bill and Lem at the cost of $9.50. I then gave  $7 for 2 pairs of shoes for Liz.
We went out to Jack’s and all got ready and went over to H.P.’s. I paid $.50 ferriage. I stayed the rest of the day and night. Jack and the women went down to Westlenhaver’s and got quite a lot of peaches and brought home for the rest of us Jack and his family went home. R.C. Bourne and his son came down with four head of cattle for Jack and Henry and gave me $75—that is all I could get out of $800 —

Sunday 19 – The weather is warm and dusty here. Breakfast is over and Bourne and son have gone home. I saddled up and went over to Jack’s. I paid $.50 ferriage. Late in the P.M. I and Jack went to see Lindley. We had some very  fine peaches, looked at his fruits and water works to arrogate, and then went home to bed early.

Monday 20 – I was up before day and called up the rest. Jack and I was off by light for Orville, we breakfasted at the Honcut House cost $.75 each we arrived at Oroville before 9:00 A.M., a distance of 28 miles.
I met with convention members of the Amador, Colusa, Butte and Plumas counties to select two senators for Butte and Plumas and a District Judge for all four. But we selected two candidates for senators, but left the people to select the Judge. I dined with Pete Freer in company with the Plumas Delegation. My bill for the horse was $.75. We then left for Bidwell’s Bar and arrived there after night.

Tuesday 21 – We paid our bills, cost me $3.50 for horse, supper, bed, and toll bridge. We breakfasted at Berry Creek House, $1 each. We fed horses at Peevine House, cost $.50 each. We then got to the American Ranch after sunset. We found all well.

Wednesday 22 – At home again. Four of the boys were at work hauling in hay, and Sam watering potatoes. We picked 18 pounds peas in hull, got $2.66.
It is very warm. The whole amount of cash paid out expenses is $35: $9.50 for Bill and Lem’s leggings and spurs, and $7 for two pairs of shoes for Liz, making in all $51.50 —
I paid Steve Shores $10 for 100 pounds onion for another man who lives at Yuba City. Shores paid me $5 for hay. I’ve paid out $62.50 to the hands that have left work —

Thursday 23 – The hands are still hauling in hay. I, Jack and Dave went  up to Meadow Valley. We prospected some at the Island diggins, took dinner at Clark and Shannon’s cost $1. I received $2.50 for a scythe and snath of Clark. We came home at night.

Friday 24 – The boys were at work hauling in hay, five in all. I and Jack started up to the sawmill at Meadow Valley. Jack took a chill on the way. We stayed in woods six hours. I packed water in a dock leaf to cool his head. We then went up to the mill and returned home after sunset —

Saturday 25 – The boys finished hauling in hay early this forenoon. Duesler got 10 tons hay. All hands went to the races. Jack started home this morning in company with Moore. I received $1 from Hayden for pasturage. I got $3.25 for 12 fence posts.

Sunday 26 – The day has been very warm indeed. Rains was drunk last night, and today I gave him $2.50. I played four games of billiards, cost me $.33. I paid yesterday for ale $.50. I am to get $2.50 of Bates for breaking our mowing scythe.
Later, my wife is out a riding with Lem. John went over to Rocky Bar.

Monday 27 – Rains went to work hauling posts and rails. Lem and Richards went to putting it up around the wheat. I and Carter put up some plank fence. We finished in the mid-afternoon. I then laid a foundation around the wheat. Sam watered the potatoes.

Tuesday 28 – Sam worked at watering potatoes. Carter was at work on the porch. Lem, Rains, Richards finished the fence around the wheat. Richards is to help Sam in the garden.

Wednesday 29 – I and Lem cleaned out our branch of the creek in order to have the water to arrogate with. Lem was attending to it all day. Sam and Richards watered the garden. Phil has left off cooking and gone to Fred Robinson’s on Tuesday the 28th.

Thursday 30 – Sam, Richards and Lem watered plants and potatoes. Carter finished the porch and the painting. I spent $150 at billiards yesterday.

P.M. Lem worked on cutting wheat and Richards on binding. I went Duesler’s security for $500, Tuesday last got of interest for 4 months at 3 per cent.

Friday 31 – Lem and Richards were at work in the wheat. I and Sam were watering the potatoes. Carter fixed the door to the dining room, and made a stable door, and fixed the gate to lot, and has gone to Betsy Town after groceries.
Rains lost his horse coming from Nelson Creek last night and some of the rigging. He went back today and got him, but lost one spur.
I gave Carter $3 to get oil to paint with on Thursday the 30th and $5 to get hinges and nails. Only paid $2 to Blood & Co.

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James Haun Diary, April 1854

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Saturday 1 – Pleasant morning. I put the wet towel to my throat last night again. It is somewhat better. We fixed for washing, or rather, prospecting. We got gold $6.50. We quit early and fixed for ground sluicing. Again after supper I commenced a letter to my wife.

Sunday 2 – Raining mostly all day. I finished my 10th letter to my wife after dinner and John and I went down to the Point and maid it, paid 25 cents postage to Marysville.

Monday 3 – Fine day. We three and old Goodshall went down to Rich Bar diggins of Feather River to buy a claim.

Tuesday 4 – Stayed all night at Shasta on the opposite side of the River. Our bills each for lodging and fare and liquor, $.50. A fine warm day. We crossed the river four times and paid 75 cents each. We four bought E. K. Parish’s claims and water privilege at $400, tools and cabin and provisions all included.
I dreamed last night that I was in Georgetown and that I got up to see my wife. I thought it was about Pratt’s Tavern. I asked Bet where her mistress was. She told me that she had gone upstairs. It was a place I could not go, though Bet was building a fire to get breakfast.
I, John and Parish came to my cabin this evening. Dobson and Goodshall stayed at the Point all night.

Wednesday 5 – Dobson came up soon this morning and we weigh out Parish the $400. He left for Rich Bar. Young Goodshall and his father takes an interest in those diggings. They came up to my cabin and two other friends. We all took dinner. Then six of us shouldered our packs for Rich Bar, a tramp of 4 miles, leaving John behind to take care of our house and diggings. My pack was 23 pounds bacon and a sack of salt. We soon got down. I bought his bed, four pair blankets, straw bed and sack bottom all for 1/2 oz gold and slept in it with old Goodshell alongside of me. I would have preferred my wife.

Thursday 6 – All six went to work, three to work in the diggins and two to move in a larger shanty and I to do the pottering about. We got gold today $92.

Friday 7 – I spread my bed down on the floor, and Dobson is to sleep with me.
It was quite cool last night. It is like sleeping in a sawmill, for there is one alongside and the water roaring underneath the house.
Four hands washing for gold got $62. I spread my bed again on the floor but I cant stand the hard boards.

Saturday 8 – The weather is pleasant enough. Four hands to washing for gold and got $61, and I to making some sluice boxes and new patient riffles.
Our election came off today for a new set of country officers and a new county taken from Butte and called Plumas1. I voted in the afternoon and went work.

Sunday 9 – Rained in the night last night, and snowing this morning. We had hired a young man in the place of John; we paid him $12 for 3 days work. I, John and Dobson each get $71. We are to be paid back again before the old man and his son gets their share. Dobson and two others went up to the Point on the South side of the river and I went to my cabin on the North side. Don’t tell me that Slate Mountain is easy got up from the river.
Snowing and then sunshine and now raining in the middle of the afternoon. My lesson is Saint Luke, Chapter 11. I sent John down to the Point and him Dobson and the other two young men have just come to my cabin. John has brought two letters, one from Liz dated February 5 18542 giving an account of Jim Robinson’s shooting Hines, and an explanation of that debt that is coming to Clint West from H.P. The other written by A. Duvall and your sister.3 Liz is joining Presbyterian Church.
You ought to have seen me setting to night and mending two hickory4 and two flannel shirts and darning a pairs socks, besides nailing soles on my boots, before I went to bed.

Monday 10 – Cool last night. Rainy and cool today. After John and I breakfasted I started for Rich Bar diggings 4 miles down the Feather River and 21 hundred yards down Slate Mountain to follow the path. I stopped it as well as I could. The flume that brought the water in had fell down and we fixed our sluice boxes. It was middle of afternoon before we got all     right for washing again. Three of us got gold $7.50.

Tuesday 11 – Rained last night, and raining and snowing all the fore-part and cleared off in the after-part of the day. Work a little in the P. M. and got gold $4. I made a new riffle box and riffles.

Wednesday 12 – Fine day. We got gold $18. Fat pork, bread and bad coffee to eat all this week at Rich Bar diggins.

Thursday 13 – Cold night last, but a fine day. We were most all day getting timber for drifting. We got it by going up on the side of Slate Mountain and cutting down trees. We cut off 10 feet rope, tied it to one end and dragged it down. We got gold $2.

Friday 14 – Fine weather. We were setting up timbers for drifting and cutting down bedrock to dam the diggins. We got no gold today.

Saturday 15 – Fine weather. Two were drifting in the bank, two were cutting down bedrock. We got gold at Rich Bar diggins $8. All the gold we got this week was $39.50 and up at our old place. John and two hired men four days each got gold $39. It took $24.50 to pay the men off.

Sunday 16 – After arranging our affairs at Rich Bar diggins, the five of us started up Slate Mountain for our cabin and divided our gold. Took dinner. Examined our diggins and then went down to the Point. I had the smith sharpen four picks. Paid him $3 for out two shears and paid Thompson $100 on our last fall’s provisions. Then went back to my cabin and shouldered ham of bacon and a wallet equal in weight, and then for our Rich Bar diggins in company with John and Dobson. We arrived at dusk, took a supper of beef and soup. My lesson was Saint Luke, the unjust steward —
Well I am now ready to take a little rest. John has fixed our bunk and turned in, as we will sleep together down here.

Monday 17 – Warm and hazy. The company were all present after breakfast, five in all. Old Goldshall said it was no use for all of us to work on a 30 foot claim and prospect the hill for those that had plenty of ground, as some men had dumped our 60 feet down near the river. So I told Goldshall that, if he would make me whole, I and John would with draw and I would loose my work. It was agreed to. After dinner we settled our affairs. John and I rolled up two pair of blankets each. He with a pick and handsaw and I with shovel and hatchet, we started up Slate Mountain for our cabin. We rested four times before we reached the top. This is the third time I climbed this mountain in 9 days. It was very warm this evening and the sweat rolled off us quite free, but we arrived at home in good time. John had to make some light bread before we could eat supper. I took a short nap before it was done.

Tuesday 18 – Rained a little at intervals all day. We went up the ditch to see what went on with all the water. We found the levy broke near the head of the ditch and nearly all the water running out. We was all day mending and cleaning out, and had no dinner into the bargain, but we ate a hearty supper which answered every purpose.

Wednesday 19 – Rainy last night and all of today. I mended three shovels and some other things before dinner. After, we went out to ground sluicing and got somewhat wet. We now have water enough to run a sawmill. After supper the wind was blowing and a man singing out. The men answered him from the other cabin. John has baked one loaf and another is baking. Still another to bake, and then to bed.
Snowing and raining last night and this morning and continued most of the day. We went up the ditch to turn some of the water off as it was raining and snowing so hard. I did not want the levy to brake again. We was up in time to save it. After dinner we went out to ground sluicing but the snow and rain fell too fast for us. We put out for the cabin, built a good fire, and mended up our shirts and I one sock, the other the next night.

Friday 21 – At bedtime stars were shining out all around. Some time in the night, I was up and it was snowing very fast. It continued this morning and past noon. Before it cleared off it was near 1 foot deep. We dined and went out to ground sluicing. I have darned my other sock. I am still looking for my wife out here until I get another letter, then I will know.

Saturday 22 – Cold last night and all of the day. Ice-cycles one foot long hanging to my cabin roof. We were ground sluicing in the water all day and got wet.

Sunday 23 – Cool last night, the ground all covered with snow. The sun is shining out warm and pleasant indeed. My lesson is John, Chapter 11, Lazarus raised from death.
I and John went down to the Point and spent most of the day there. Thompson told me that H. P. had sent me a keg of fresh butter and it was at the Lexington House. He also told T. that he would send me vegetables all summer.
My partner Dobson was here this evening and said had got a man by the name of Harvey to work in his place for one half. He is to  be here in the morning. I paid 50 cents for a handsaw file.

Monday 24 – Warm and pleasant in the A.M. and cloudy in the P. M. Commenced raining late in evening and is still at it yet.
It is late. John has just finished baking three loves of bread. Harvey came this morning. He did not go to work for Dobson, but went off again.
We were ground sluicing again. I sent John down to the Point to see if there was any letters for us. None.

Tuesday 25 – Snowing this morning and was at it all day with intervals of sunshine. The snow was 3 inches deep this morning and scarcely any to be seen this evening. I and John fixed the boxes to wash for gold. It took us all day. I am still looking for pat…

Wednesday 26 – Cool last night. The ground was froze considerable this morning. We went to washing for gold and got $3. The day was warm and pleasant. Late in the evening it turned somewhat cool. One ought to have seen me take up the ashes while John was panning out the gold. They had not been taken up for a month. I dreamed of getting money of old Dr. Keene and was in partnership.

Thursday 27 – Cloudy this forenoon, and clear and warm in the after part of the day. We were washing for gold.
Old bacon and ham don’t agree with me. Late bedtime and John is baking his last loaf of bread at this time, having baked two already.

Friday 28 – Cloudy and warm, with intervals of sunshine. In the evening commenced raining. We got gold, I loaned Davis $30—

Saturday 29 – Rained last night and all of today. We work hard in the rain and got gold. I loaned Davis $30.

Sunday 30 – Raining and then snowing this morning, then raining and sunshine. We had a general cleaning up. John washed two shirts for each of us and some other things for himself, and done considerable mending, besides cooking a kettle of beans and a kettle of peaches and baking three loves of bread.
After dinner I went down to the Point. No letters. I did not get to see Dobson; something is out with him.
My lesson is the 15th chapter of Acts. I dreamed Friday night that Sam and all his family had run off and that Sam had come back and was sorry for what he had done. And now for a clean shirt and then to bed, as John is doing the baking.

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