Tag Archives: farm

December 1856

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Monday 1 – Left after breakfast and arrived at Rabbit Creek about 11 o’clock. We took dinner and looked around town awhile. We started at half past 2 o’clock and got to the Columbus House before supper. Brooks, Chunnky and I went up to see Nate Hayes. Cloudy in the evening.

Tuesday 2 – We left the Columbus House about 5 o’clock in the morning and got breakfast at the New York Ranch, or House. I took the stage for Marysville, arrived in the evening. We got supper at a restaurant. Hickman and I walked around awhile. Brooks stopped at the St. Charles Hotel. I stayed all night at the stable.

Thursday 4 – Pa and I went out to H.P.’s. Nearly noon. Nobody about the house but Dave. H.P. and Cath came home about noon. H.P. bought a hog and weighed it. We all went up to the upper Ranch with the buggy and set fire to stubble. Nothing else new today.

Friday 5 – Pa, Dave and I went rabbit hunting and got back about one o’clock but caught no rabbit. H.P. went to town and stayed all day. The balance of us stayed  about the house all evening.

Saturday 6 – Pa, Dave and I went to Hooper’s watermelon patch. We started a couple of hoses but did not catch either of them H.P. and family went to town. Durrick came home with them.

Sunday 7 – Rained a little today. Stayed about the house all day. We started a couple of hases73 but caught none. John Rose and his love started for Marysville after dinner. Nothing else today.

Monday 8 – Went across the river after a horse for H.P. but did not get him. I went on to town. Hickman came out with me before noon. We got dinner and I went to town with him again and stayed all night. We took a bed at a hotel after being up until 12 o’clock nothing else new today.

Tuesday 9 – I got a horse to take out to H.P.’s. Dave got into town early in the morning on his way after a sowing machine. I went out to the ranch and found H.P.’s driver stalled with the wagon in the river with a load of hay. I came on and met a team going to town. He helped him out. Old Bub was at H.P.’s but soon went home. We did not get any money from him. We all went to the upper ranch to burn off stubble. We started a couple of hases but only had one race. Nothing else.

Wednesday 10 – Rained all day at a pretty good rate. I stayed about the house all day.

Thursday 11 – We went up to Turness, all of us. We run a hose about a mile on the plans but did not catch him. H.P. bought an ox for 80$. Dave and I killed a skunk in Hooper’s field. Nothing else today.

Friday 12 – I went to town on the hay wagon and stayed all day and night. Heard some good music at the Nicaragua Saloon. I slept at the stable.

Saturday 13 – Stayed in town all day. Durrick and I went to the theatre at night. It was very poor indeed.

Sunday 14 – Went out to H.P.’s and stayed all day. H.P. and I went to the upper place

Monday 15 – Rode a colt. He fell down with me and got on my leg. Nothing more.

Tuesday 16 – I rode the colt again today. We went to the upper field. We burned some straw. Rained after supper. The surveyor came in and stayed until after supper running off the line between H.P.  and Landis. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 17 – We all went to the upper field. H.P. and Kath went in the buggy. We went out on the plains to start a hare but did not succeed. I rode the colt.

Thursday 18 – Pa and I went to town with H.P. in the buggy to start home. We took dinner at Lindley’s. We stayed about town all day and slept at the stable.

Friday 19 – We started early in the morning for home in the stage. The stage got out of fix at the Oregon House but was fixed. We got to the New York House late in the evening and took mules to the Columbia House and arrived about 8 o’clock at night.

Saturday 20 – Started for Rabbit Creek in the morning on mules and got there about 12 o’clock and then took it afoot. Took dinner at Gibsonville about 2 o’clock.

Sunday 21 – Got to Onion Valley a little before dark and stayed all night &c. Started for the Point in the morning and arrived about noon. We took dinner with Sherwin and he went with us home or to Quincy. We got home after dark a little. Nothing else of interest today.

Monday 22 – Bill Rains and I hauled a load of hay from Wheelers to Judkins Mill and some lumber back. Turned warm after supper and rained in the night a little. Nothing else new today.

Tuesday 23 – Nothing of interest today. Rained today. Did not work today.

Wednesday 24 – Bill Rains and I hauled a load of hay from Wheelers to Elizabethtown. It snowed in the in the evening some. Everybody preparing for the ball at Spanish Ranch.74 The wagon broke down opposite Dueslers house in the branch and we had to unload our hay. Nothing else.

Thursday 25 – Our folks went to a ball at Spanish Ranch, being Christmas day with Sherwin and Waits. Bill and Pa stayed at home. Pretty cold at night. We built a fire in the Root house to keep the potatoes from freezing.

Friday 26 – Pretty cold today. Our folks got home after noon a little. Waits and Sherwin came up after supper and stayed awhile. No more today.

Saturday 27 – Nothing of interest today. Bill Moore and I hauled a load of wood

Sunday 28 – Nothing of interest today. Fine sleighing.

Monday 29 – Pretty cold today. A party at Elizabethtown tonight. Our folks all went and came home about 2 o’clock at night. They had a fine time.

Tuesday 30 – Nothing of interest today. Bill and I hauled some logs for Duesler to make wood out of.

Wednesday 31 – Rained and snowed nearly all day; a disagreeable day. A ball at Taplin’s tonight. Bill and I looked on awhile but did not take a hand. We made milk punch after supper and Saturday up until our folks came home. Moore got sick and vomited after going to bed. Had quite a pleasant time at the ball.

May 1856

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Thursday 1 – A Ball today at Fox’s. Took breakfast with Sterling, and Joe and
I started for home. We worked as usual sluicing with a large head of water. Rained, hailed and snowed all day. The bank caved very badly.

Friday 2 – Ground sluiced in the forenoon and cleaned bedrock in the after and took out $18. Nothing else today.

Saturday 3 – Cleaned bedrock in the forenoon and took out $11.50. We run off tailings in the evening. Snowed a little in the evening but none to signify.

Sunday 4 – Joe and I went to the Point in the forenoon and Bill Rains came shortly afterwards and we went to Rocky Bar and then up on the flume and saw Pa, Dave and Kyler at work on it. We came home and Bill went to Quincy. Nothing else today.

Monday  5 – Joe concluded to start below we got up early and got breakfast and started to the Point. Found no one up so early. We also went to Rocky Bar. They had just finished breakfast. We all came up to the Point together and I gave Joe 40$ and he started for Quincy and got there before dinner. Bill came from Massack with some grub &c.

Tuesday 6 – Bill and I fixed up the wagon a little and he started to Alford’s for a load of lumber and got back after dinner. We then hauled a load of rails in the meadow. Rained very hard for a little while. Fox stayed all night with us. Nothing more interesting today.

Wednesday 7 – Bill went after a load of lumber. Pa came over about noon on a mule. Him and I went to putting up a new plank fence across the field. I made a coupling pole for the wagon in the forenoon.

Thursday 8 – Bill after more lumber. Pa and I worked on the fence and nearly finished our part of it. Bill got back about night and brought some potatoes about, 500 lbs. Rained a little in evening. Jim Davies, Ben Gorman and Miss Cleveland came up last night. I played on his violin and he on the guitar while the balance danced. The day of the party at Elizabethtown. Lizzie went but the balance of us stayed  at home.

Friday 9 – Pa and I worked on the fence all day. Bill made and hauled some rails. Rained very hard about noon for a while. Nothing else today.

Saturday 10 – Pa and I worked on the fence on the forenoon and Bill helped up in the evening and we finished it. Bill set some stakes in the forenoon.

Sunday 11 – Stayed about town all forenoon I got my hair cut and shaved myself at Duesler’s shop. Bill and I started for the diggings after dinner and we met Kyler on his way to Elizabethtown. We also met Sam Ballou and Slokeham going to Quincy. We took Terwilliger’s oxen home.

Monday 12 – Bill and I went up the ditch and found it broke nearly to the bear trap. We went as far as the big flume, came back and went to work sluicing off tailings. Warm and pleasant all day.

Tuesday 13 – Bill and I set boxes and cleaned up and took out $8.50. Very poor.

Wednesday 14 – Set boxes to work a little strip of ground in the right hand ravine. We carried over the penstalk and leading troughs and hose. We burned up nearly all of our hose while we were at dinner. It caught from some brush we set afire round a ditch from the reservoir to the penstalk and let the water in to it. Bill went to Phelps’ after supper and took some clothes to have washed. Nothing else today.

Thursday 15 – We forgot the hose from the lower diggings and put them on the penstalk. Fixed up the leading troughs and got ready for washing. We commenced washing in the afternoon. Kyler came by about noon. Took dinner with us on his way to Rocky Bar. Nothing else today.

Friday 16 – We worked as usual but made nothing. Nothing else today.

Saturday 17 – We piped in the morning but got no better prospect so we quit and commenced digging out an old ditch below so as to prospect where out channel had run out. We did not finish it. We got dinner and started for Quincy. We carried over a big square tub. We got there before night. We went the mountain road. Lizzie and I took off a hen and chickens that hatched at the Barn.

Sunday 18 – We all took a walk, except Lizzie, around the ranch to look at the grain and grass. Lizzie went to Meadow Valley with Troward and got back in the evening. Duesler went to the Point and sent after a book.

Monday 19 – The day the lawsuit comes off–but there was no Judge. Rained in the evening and at night. Pa and Bill went to Hundley’s1 office after supper to be examined as witnesses. Bill got drunk as usual. Ike Jennings stayed  all night with us. I cut some potatoes to plant.

Tuesday 20 – Pa and Bill commenced plowing to plant potatoes. I cut potatoes. Lizzie and Ma helped Bill. Quite plowing at noon and Pa and I went at it and finished it. We planted one sack and quit. Ma and Lizzie finished cutting. Sherwin stayed all night with us. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 21 – Rained and snowed all evening and night. Dave came over as a witness in case. Dave, Bill and I planted potatoes all evening. Bill and I went and called on Miss Cleveland after supper we had a game of cards with her and her mother. Nothing else today of importance.

Thursday 22 – Pa’s case comes off today but it was not decided the Jury hung. Bill harrowed in the potatoes today. Cloudy at times. Nothing else today.

Friday 23 – The case was decided this morning and in favor of defendant Terwilliger but he was confined to 10 inches of water. Bill took a harrow and plow home and went after a load of lumber for Alford Bray and I started home in the forenoon and got to the cabins before dinner.

Saturday 24 – Went out to the diggings and got out gum clothes and brought the in. I then went to cleaning out the pan box and finished it in the evening and got $43 out of box and sand bottle. Dave, Kyler and another man came by a little before noon on their way to the valley. I am still alone Dave brought a letter to me from below from Joe Ficklin. Nothing more today.

Sunday 25 – I stayed about the cabin nearly all day and wrote in my journal copying it off. Pa, Dave and Kyler came by in the evening and stayed awhile. Pa was on his way below. He was riding Bill’s mare. We all went to the Point and I went to Rocky Bar. Pa and I stayed all night. Lewis is preparing to flume his ditch to McNabb’s diggings. Nothing else.

Monday 26 – Pa and I came up to the Point after breakfast. He was preparing to start to Marysville. He was waiting for John Thompson. I came up to the cabins and went to work and cleaned up some boxes and got one. I then commenced sinking a hole on the left bank of the ravine below the big pine log we propped up, but did not finish it before O’Grady came by wanting to get some water to work a ravine or for me to work with him. Pa wrote a note to me to that effect. He was drunk. I went to his camp with him. He got his blankets and we started back for the diggings. We met Jim Pike and Fell on our road. We stopped a while at the Willow Ranch and got some milk as we were going to his camp. O‘Grady went to the point after we got to the cabins. He stayed all night and got drunk &c.

Tuesday 27 – I went out and finished sinking my hole but got no color. I tried a pan in the little ravine that Shults rocked in I got about 10 cents in one piece. O’Grady came by and we came to the house and he ate breakfast and we went and prospected the ravine and got a little prospect. Sam Ballou came from Massack on his way home. May Wheeler and George Kline came by with a China woman going to the Valley. O’Grady and I went below the cabins to look at a hole he said he sunk in 1850. Nothing else new today.

Wednesday 28 – O’Grady and I commenced the ditch but only worked until noon.  He was pretty sick from his spree. We got dinner and he took his blankets to his camp on the river and gave out the idea of working his ravine. I went over and prospected it but got no prospect. I turned the water down to old ditch that runs down the little ravine near the big log. I tried a pan and got 25 cents  H. Bray and a stranger came out to where I was prospecting. They were preparing to go to Massack. The stranger was going to represent our interest. Bray went home. I came to the house with the man and he started to the diggings at Massac. I commenced a cut up to the mouth of the little ravine but did not finish it. I took Joe Ficklins’ things to the Point to send below to him. I came home in the night and stopped awhile at the saw mill with Mat Wheeler, Whitney and Howlin. Nothing ore of importance.

Thursday 29 – Worked in my cut all day. A good many large rocks in the way. O’Grady came to me in the evening to get water again for him and his partner. He was drunk as usual. Nothing else today.

Friday 30 – Still at work in the cut, did not quite finish it. Nothing else.

Saturday 31 – Finished the cut and sluiced off some in the ravine but got no prospect as yet. I started to valley in the evening and arrived at Quincy about supper time. Nothing else of interest today.

March 1856

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Saturday 1 – The house caught a fire from the stove pipe up stairs but no damage done. Some fellows had a fight before day. We all started for the Point after breakfast a while and got there about noon. We stopped at Sherwin’s a while and had some fun. I took dinner at Fox’s and started home but Lizzie stayed. I started for the Point late in the evening and met Fox and Lizzie coming home. Also met Dave going to the Point in the evening to carry some letters to the office. I met Duesler going to the Point. Dave and Duesler came back and Duesler stayed all night. Bill had a fight and got whipped as usual, got his eye gouged smartly but came home after supper. Nothing else today.

Sunday 2 – Stayed about the house all forenoon. Duesler came to see if we were going to the American Ranch. We had a long talk about it. Duesler left for the Point before dinner. Dave and I sewed some on the hose after dinner. Pa came out after a while and sewed on them also. I came to the house and made me a book to keep a journal in. Some girls stopped at the cabin awhile on their way home but I was not at the house.

Monday 3 – I went to the Point after breakfast to see about some butter of Brays being brought over to Massack I took a pair of shoes back to Timberman’s that was got for Ma  I took dinner at home and started for the diggings and got there early in the evening I saw Mat Wheeler at the Point just from below John Shults was in the place of Carroll. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 4 – Beautiful day clear, and pretty. Bray, Shults and I shoveled in the boxes all day. We had a good head of water. We did not clean up. Fox had no hand to play.

Wednesday 5 – Shoveled in the boxes all forenoon and cleaned up after dinner and got but very little we then went prospecting.  We sunk a hole in a ravine above the cabin but got nothing, then commenced another in the big ravine near the cabin, but did not finish it. Fox absent a hand today.

Thursday 6 – Bray, Shults, and I went up the ravine and finished out hole but got nothing. We went up the ditch to prospect but did not sink a single hole. Bray got separated from us and we did not see him anymore until he came to the cabin. We came on home and I met a couple of men that lived on the Massack ravine and they gassed considerably about the law suit. They bought somebody’s rights and title in the Terwilliger water. They showed some bills of sale to the effect.

Friday 7 – Bray a little sick today. Terwilliger still at work. Also the Zark company. Bray, Shults and I started for home. Shults stopped at the ranch. Bray and I came in home found Pa, Dave and Bill at work. Bray took dinner with us. Pa went to the Point and I worked in his place. We took out $15. John Shults came by the diggings after dinner and went to the Point. Pa bought the American Ranch1 for $5,716. Pleasant all day.

Saturday 8 – Pa and I started for Quincy early in the morning to close the trade with  Jennings. We took dinner and supper with Mrs Jennings’ and we slept at Ward’s. Nothing more today.

Sunday 9 – We took Breakfast with Jennings and started home and got there a little after noon. Pa and Bill went to the Point to see the rest of the company, Bray, Fox &c to see about getting somebody to stay at Massack diggings to attend to the ditch.

The end of the book. First March 1856.

Widow Machre2
Widow Machree its no wonder you frown,
Och, hone! Widow Machree;
Faith it ruins your looks that same dirty black gown
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
How altered your air,
With that close cap you wear—
‘Tis destroying your hair
Which should be flowing free;
Be no longer a churl
Of its black silken curl,
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
“Widow Marchree now the summer is come,
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
When everything smiles, should a beauty look glum?
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
See the birds in pairs,
And the rabbits and hares—
Why even the bears
Now in couples agree;
And the mute little fish,
Cant speak, though they wish
Och, hone! Widow Machree;
Widow Marchree, and when winter comes in,
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
To be poking the fire all alone is a sin,
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
Why the shovel and tongs to teach
To each other belongs
And the kettle sings songs
Full of family glee,
While alone with your cup,
Like a hermit you’ll sup,
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
“And how do you know, with the comforts, I have told,
Och, hone! Widow Machree;
But you’re keeping some poor fellow all out in the cold
Och, hone! Widow Machree;
With such sins on your head,
Sure your peace would be fled,
Could you sleep in your bed,
Without thinking to see,
Some ghost or some sprite
That would wake you each night
Crying, “Och, hone! Widow Machree.”
Then take my advice, darling Widow Machree.
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
And with my advice, why I wish you’d take me,
Och, hone! Widow Machree,
You have me to desire
Then to stir up the fire;
And sure hope is no liar
In whispering to me,
That the ghost would depart
When you’d me near your heart
Och, hone! Widow Machree.

Monday 10 – I started after breakfast for Marysville. Got with a man at the Point named Tell that got his feet frozen about Christmas. He was on his way to  San Francisco. We took dinner at the American house Gibsonville. Tell got some blankets that he left on his way up. I assisted him in carrying them to Rabbit Creek. We met Jon Thompson3 and his pack train about 3 miles from Gibsonville coming to the Point for the first time this spring. They were nearly worried out in the snow. We got to the Creek a little before 3 o’clock I saw Brown and Neal. I stayed the balance of the evening in town. Tell went to Secret diggings, distant 1 1/2 miles, and came back after supper. Stayed all night at the A. Creek house. A pleasant day. No more.

Tuesday 11 – We started before day and took breakfast at the American house and dinner at the New York House. Our feet got very sore and we washed them in a branch. We stopped at a house 20 miles of Marysville kept by Abbott. Took super and stayed all night. Nothing more today. We stopped before sunset.

Wednesday 12 – We started about 2 hours before day on our road. We could hardly see the road. We took breakfast at the Peoria House about 15 miles from Marysille. We got to Marysville about 2 o’clock and we took dinner at Frank’s Restaurant. I then went to the stable and found Durrich. I got his horse and went out to H.P.’s. Found  them all well. Mrs Weston House was there. H.P. came out shortly afterwards. Nothing else today.

Thursday 13 – I went to town with H.P. in the forenoon and stayed until late in the evening. I bought a pair of fine boots for $7.25 and took my watch to a jewelers to get repaired. Kath went home with Mrs. Weston House and left little Kate down there &c &c.

Friday 14 – I started in the morning for Bourn’s Ranch. It commenced raining after I started and continued all day. I got very wet and cold. I got there about 4 o’clock. I dried myself and clothes and stayed all night but got no money. Nothing more today.

Saturday 15 – I took breakfast and went in and seen his wife and daughter and talked awhile with them and started home.  Bub promised to bring down the money within a week I got to H.P.’s after 3 o’clock. They were all away from home but Rath. They came in about supper time.

Sunday 16 – We all went up to the upper Ranch to look at the grain. I stayed about the house the balance of the day. H.P., Fox, Durrich and I started for Weston House but we met Miss America and a Mr Shepard so we turned back. They took Tea before they left &c.

Monday 17 – We all went to town to the election and stayed all day. Great excitement all day. Seen several fights during the day  Jack and Durrick stayed  all night. I came out with H.P. We forded the river today. Nothing else of consequence to day.

Tuesday 18 – I went to town again today and stayed until evening and we all came out to the ranch. I saw Dr. Reins and got some medicine from him. Nothing today unusual.

Wednesday 19 – Jack and I went to the upper Ranch to look at the grain. Came back and went to the garden while the hands were building a fence after dinner and went to town. Bill Rains came to the stable in the afternoon to get some oxen to take to American Valley. Bill and I took a walk around town. Jack came out to the Ranch and stayed all night. Kath and family went to town today visiting &c &c.

Thursday 20 – Jack and I drove up the oxen to look at them and pick out a couple yoke to take to the mountains. Mrs Buchannan and Taylor spent the day with Kath. Bill and I went to town in the evening and stayed until night and came out to the Ranch. H.P. sold a yoke of cattle to a man from Downieville. Nothing else today.

Friday 21 – Bill Rains started for home this morning with the oxen. Durrick just commencing at the stable again. I went to town again today with H.P. and Jack. Very warm today. No more.

Saturday 22 – H.P. and family started for Nevada City this morning on a visit. Jack and I drove up the colts from off the plains to work them. Jack, Joe Ficklin and I went to town in the evening they rode the colts and I Durricks horse to get him shod, his feet being sore.

Sunday 23 – Jack, Joe and I harnessed up the colts to the buggy and drove them around a little. Jack had some visitors in the evening but soon went away. We harnessed up again and drove down to the river and came back and found old Bourne at the house with no money for me. He stayed all night. Nothing else today.

Monday 24 – Jack and I went to town in the morning and worked the colts. They came pretty near running off with us. I bought a pair of pants for $8. We drove to the upper Ranch to look at the grain. H.P. got home about supper time. Cloudy and looked very much like rain. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 25 – H.P. Jack and I went to town. Worked the colts. Old Mart Edwards and I went to the trial of some Chinamen and heard their sentence for stealing. It was 15 lashes &c &c. I stayed all night at the stable with Durrick. I made preparations for starting in the morning for home. Nothing else new today.

Wednesday 26 – Started about 5 o’clock in the morning for home. We took breakfast at Zabriskyey’s and stopped at the New York House for dinner but I did not eat any. We got to Columbus House about 4 o’clock. I then took it afoot and got to the diamond spring house took supper and stayed all night. Nothing otherwise today.

Thursday 27 – I got up and started on my road and took breakfast at the American House and went on to Rabbit Creek and got somethings out of the trunk and started about 9 o’clock. I saw Brown as I was leaving town, and I met John Buckby on his way to the states I took dinner at the Mountain Cottage in Gibsonville and started on. Got to Onion Valley about 3 o’clock and got home about supper time. I stopped a while with Mrs Reel. I heard that Pa was sick at the Valley. Nothing else of interest today.

Friday 28 – I started in the morning for the valley. It rained off and on all day. Bill was hauling rails to the house we went home and got dinner and I helped him the balance of the evening. We pulled out a fellow that got stalled in the mud. He broke one of his yokes. The doctor came to see Pa in the evening.

Saturday 29 – I started in the morning for Nelson Point. I got something to eat at the cabin and started to Rocky Bar to see if I could borrow some money of Dover. I got the promise of it. Rained all day. I stopped a while in Lawrance’s cabin. I came home in the evening pretty hungry. Jim Shults started to the valley about noon. Nothing else today.

Sunday 30 – Found the snow about 6 inches deep in the morning and still snowing. Dave and I went up the big ditch to bring down the water but fount it coming and the reservoir full. We cleaned out the trash and put in cross pieces where they were broken. We got all of the water down. We then got wood the balance of the day from across the ravine. Bill Rains came over about noon and got some things & went back. He rode Bass’ mare. Nothing else today.

Monday 31 – The snow about 8 or 10 inches deep this morning. We went up the pike ditch and got the water down and laid the hose at the diggings. Shults came from the valley about noon and went to the Point after dinner and stayed all night. Dave and I cut a tree down after dinner that was in the way at the diggings. We piped all evening and cleaned up the boxes and got about $5 did not weigh it. Winnowed some today. Nothing else today of interest.

May 1859

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Sunday 1 – Somewhat cloudy with a little fine rain. There was preaching as usual in the courthouse.

Monday 2 – Rained all last night and today. John hauled a load of wood for Maston and turned out the oxen. I did several small jobs and churned. I paid $1 for mending my big boots and $1.50 for beef. John paid $.75 for dog beef. I left Bullard two pounds butter on credit.

Tuesday 3 – Rained some last night and a little today. John hauled a stove to Folger’s and had to attend as a juror. I and Inman cleaned the dung out of stable and pilled it up on the North side of barn. We did some plowing and laying off in garden. The boys set some posts for our and Hundley’s fence. I planted squash and pea seeds. I got $.50 for milk and butter.

Wednesday 4 – The boys put up the fence between us and Hundley finished I went over to Indian Valley1 with Overton. We arrived about noon, took dinner, and then supper at Taylor’s, Overton got up his oxen. I slept at Hundley’s ranch.

Thursday 5 – We breakfasted at 6:00. Overton paid the bills, and we started for the American Valley driving the oxen. We arrived before noon and put the oxen on my ranch. We got $20 from Truit and $13.50 from Lewis. I borrowed $35 from Ashheim and paid Overton $100. The boys baled hay. John hauled a load of wood for Maston and I churned. Late this evening I heard that my wife is at the Buckeye.

Friday 6 – I was at work in the garden late in P.M. when my wife got home accompanied by Mr. Cates. I gave him $2.50 to bear his expenses tonight. The old cat had a kitten last night.

Saturday 7 – I worked in the garden sewing seeds. My wife is very fatigued from her mule ride over the snow.

Sunday 8 – We washed all over last night. S.S. Root gave me $25 for hay last night. I gave Ashheim the $35 I had borrowed.

Monday 9 – John moved Jones to the Mountain House Number 3. I let Jones have 200 pounds potatoes at $10. Inman is cutting on tree in garden. I am putting in time. I went up to Betsy Town but could not get credit for anything. I got, tea sugar and apples at O’Neal’s on tick, $3, and salt, $6.

Tuesday 10 – John got home today. I got 100 pounds flour from Ashheim on credit at $8. Inman washed the plastering of our room to get the smoke stains off. I was in garden.

Wednesday 11 – John hauled a load of wood for Maston and then him and Inman were sawing board blocks. I gave an Indian $1 to scrub the house. I got a box soap at $3.75, and $3 for butter.

Thursday 12 – The boys sawing off logs. I watered the garden. In the P.M. we rolled blocks down hill with Dick to help us. Mrs. Inman helped my wife to wash yesterday and today. The preacher paid me $8.50, all he owed, except ranching fees.

Saturday 14 – I and Inman finished splitting blocks by the middle of the afternoon and cut some oak for an axle tree. John hauled a load of wood, three cords, for the preacher, $9, then hauled the bolts for boards.

Sunday 15 – There seems to be an improvement in numbers about Quincy, the town is growing.

Monday 16 – John hauled in bolts and finished. Inman worked at riving boards and I worked in the garden. Later in the P.M. I and John cut and hauled in a stick to make a screw. I paid for beef $2 and gave Inman $.50, that makes $1.50.

Tuesday 17 – John cut and hauled in two sticks of timber for the roofs. Inman is to help split boards; I am at work at the screw.

Wednesday 18 – I and John turned the stick for the screw. Inman has been making
boards —

Thursday 19 – I made the screw. John has been stacking up boards. Inman is still making boards.

Friday 20 – I and John are making the nut and John is stacking up boards. Inman riving boards.

Saturday 21 – Folger paid me $7.50 for milk. John went up to the Mountain House to get money, but got none. I did some work on the nut. Inman worked at riving boards, and we set a post of oak for the lane gate.

Sunday 22 – Cloudy and somewhat windy about noon. In the afternoon some rain fell, and continued after dark. We turned the calves into the field next to the river. I got $10 of Sherwin for hay. on Friday last.

Monday 23 – I and John are at work on the press, Inman making boards.

Tuesday 24 – We were doing the same.

Wednesday 25 – I and John did dome work out on the press. In the P.M. we went to the Myers’ sale. John bought a cow at $56.50. Inman was at the sale too. No work done the P.M. I got $9 of Sherwin and $20 of Truit. John got some money of Titus and I got $2 for eggs, $1 of Bullard, and $4 of Mrs Coffin.

Thursday 26 – I and John were at work on the hay press and Inman is making shingles.

Friday 27 – I and John at work on the press. Inman shaving shingles. I’ve not been well all week but continued to work; this evening felt quite unwell indeed.

Saturday 28 – I did not get up till near noon to take some medicine. John got of Dr Cate.

April 1859

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Friday 1 – Very cold last night and today, with a wind constantly blowing. John hauled a load for Captain Folger. I whet the saw and Jones and us were sawing and splitting on a dry pine all day. I paid $1.50 for 7 pounds chuck steak.
A dance was held tonight at the old courthouse.

Saturday 2 – Very cold last night; today has been more pleasant. Last night the party was broke up at 11:00 by John Bass tearing down the American flag. I, John and Jones put up 8 cords of wood and mended a fence for Titus, which we had smashed in when cutting a tree down. John hauled a load of wood for Titus at $1.50. We are feeding a pair of black oxen at $4 per week.
The snow on the North side of the American House till it is 3 1/2 feet deep on the ridge. It slid off the house.

Sunday 3 – Not so cold last night as it has been. Very pleasant today, the first nice weather we’ve had for many a day. I put up some fence of Hundle’s along the lane to keep Duesler’s cattle out. After dinner I blacked my boots put on my new pants and vest then hauled on my grey forked fail coat, stick in hand. I went up town and cut a stiff over the bob tails. I received a letter by express from my wife dated March 19th. She says she is anxious to come up. I wrote an answer to it before I went to bed.

Monday 4 – The weather is still getting warmer of nights and more so today. I collected $8 from John Bass and got an order onFairchild’s for $25. I sent it out by Whiting at the cost of $1, to collect. I sent $80 by express, cost $1.50 and the letter to my wife, $.25. John drove the speckled cow to Linton’s to the Bull and left her there all day.

P.M. We fixed our partition fence and the remainder of Hundley’s along the lane. John went after the cow but could not her, so after dark I went and found the cow and bull and drove them home. John did the milking this evening. Jones gave 3$ for beef.

Tuesday 5 – Somewhat cold and cloudy. We had quite a time milking with only two cows. We cut and hauled two loads of oak posts. I intend to set them in the ground to hold up my partition fence with Hundley and John. John hauled a load of wood for Titus. I churned. Byers’ party is going on at the courthouse.

Wednesday 6 – We fixed a manger and trough in the pen to feed the calves, then put them out of the barn to clean it out. We put up the plank partition fence between us and Hundley this morning, and in the afternoon we fixed up the hay ladder.
John hauled a load of hay for Maston. I went to work on the fence again. The weather was very pleasant in the P.M.

Friday 8 – It was raining very hard this morning and continued till noon. John hauled a load for Titus and two for Maston. I mended an oxbeau and dug up the plant bed. I paid $1.75 for beef. I churned tonight.

Saturday 9 – Cloudy with some rain at intervals. We cleaned out the pea sticks out of the garden in the P.M.
I sold 10 pounds butter to Ashheim at $.75 per pound and 300 pounds hay, $6. Jones got 60 pounds potatoes at 6 cents. I sewed cabbage and lettuce seed. John hauled a load of wood for Matons. It snowed after night fall.

Sunday 10 – Snowed considerable last night and has continued all day. We were late in getting our chores done. I did some repairs on an old stand. then I prepared and took a cold bath and washed out three pairs of socks. Dinner over, I went up to town.
Later, the weather was snowy and blustering. We have a letter for my wife from her niece in Kentucky dated the 16th of February. Considerable news and snowing fast after dark.

Monday 11 – It looked very much like old winter again, the valley all covered with snow and cold at that.
John hauled a load of wood for Titus, then a short log and 3 poles. I paid $1 for beef and did some other little tricks. I got from Whiting $24 on Lewis’ account for wood; I gave Jones $7.50 out of it to his share. I gave Chambers $4 to pay a witness fee if it is demanded by Joe Kelly. The district Judge has arrived, so says rumor. I hewed out a piece for a wood for a bed rail and some cross pieces. I took 27 eggs out of the hen house.

Tuesday 12 – Cloudy and cold this morning but the rest of the day was warm and pleasant. John hauled a load of wood for Hogan, $5, and one for Folger. The preacher gave me $6 on account with $7 left unpaid. I worked at the wood rack, and John helped some. I churned late this morning.

Wednesday 13 – A little cool of mornings warm and pleasant today. John fixed the wagon and hauled dung from the barn. I was about the courthouse this morning. In the P.M. I was subpoenaed as a witness for tomorrow. The sheriff gave me $4 back as the witness Kelly, would not take it. John paid $1.25 for beef.

Thursday 14 – I attended court all day without giving my testimony. John was at work hauling manure in garden.

Friday 15 – I and John were hauling dung in the garden. I paid $1 for beef.

Saturday 16 – I and John were hauling dung all day. I churned at noon. Yesterday afternoon I racked and burned the bark limbs and trash from a dead tree that was cut down in the garden. I bought 5 hens from Sam Stinson for $10 cash and brought them home tonight. I got Bullard’s Shanghai Rooster and put him in the hen house also.

Sunday 17 – After morning chores I put in the rest of the day turning the water so as not to have it overflow the yard and garden. I did not put on clean clothes.

Monday 18 – John hauled wood for Folger and took Mrs. Coffin 300 pounds of hay, $6. I set out the onion sets, sowed two kinds radish seed, and raked and burned some leaves and trash. I paid $1 for beef and went to O’Neal’s, where I  paid $2.75 for 1 gallon molasses and 1 1/2 pounds sugar.

Tuesday 19 – We were hauling dung.

Wednesday 20 – I paid $1 for beef. We were hauling dung and I did some raking.

Thursday 21 – We finished hauling manure at noon for the present in the garden. I also did some raking.
I sold 2 dozen eggs to Titus and half a dozen to Smail on tick, and a pitcher of buttermilk at $.50 cash. I also sold Folger 3 1/2 pounds butter, $2.75, and Woodward butter, $.50.
John hauled load wood for Maston and got $8 on account this P.M. and I was at work on the wood rack. I received a letter from my wife dated April 11th and 16th. I wrote an answer to it late at night.

Friday 22 – I sold Haydon half a gallon of milk at $.50 per gallon; not paid. John hauled the rails from around the old straw pile, to fence off a calf lot in back of town. I finished the wood rack. Maston fixed my plow. I churned.

P.M. Hundley borrowed my rifle. I sold Bullard 2 pounds butter and 1 dozen eggs for $2.50 in advance. I paid $1 for beef steak. I started a letter to wife and sent her $25, cost $1.25. I bought a pair of balances for $3.

Saturday 23 – Somewhat cold and cloudy with a very little spitting of snow. I scattered some manure. John was plowing for the Mastin this A.M. In the P.M. he worked in our garden. I was putting some rail fence in back of town.

Sunday 24 – Snowed a little last night. We put the calves in a lot in back of town. The little tricks all do me up. I washed and dressed up and went into town for the rest of day.

Monday 25 – I scattered manure and John plowed. I paid $1.25 for beef, and got $1 for milk.

Tuesday 26 – John plowing I and Inman scattering dung a while, then staked the calf lots and fixed the barn lot fence.

P.M. We put up some partition of Hundley’s. John is still plowing.

Wednesday 27 – John is making rows to plant potatoes in. I and Inman are cutting potatoes.

P.M. We planted what we had cut. I paid $1.25 for beef and got 1 pound candles of Ashheim.

Thursday 28 – We continued to cut and plant potatoes all day. I got some tea from Ashheim $.50.

Friday 29 – John hauled 3 loads of wood this A.M. I and Inman finished planting potatoes in the A.M. I paid $1.50 for beef.

P.M. We all then cleaned around the hay press and put up 3 bales.

Saturday 30 – Somewhat cloudy. John and Inman baled hay. I churned and painted 3 old buckets.

P.M. John hauled two cords of oak wood to Folger and they dug some post holes along the partition fence between me and Hendley. I went to O’Neil’s and paid $3 for 4 pounds sugar and 1 pound black tea. I let the preacher have 2 pounds butter yesterday at $1.50 on credit.

March 1859

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Tuesday 1 – Snowed some last night, but cleared off soon this morning. We sawed off three blocks and split five, and corded up three cords. Bates paid me $5 for the use of the team and $2 for use of a saw. I took four shirts to Mrs. Inman to wash: two calico and two white.

Wednesday 2 – Cold and frosty last night. It was warm and pleasant today. We split and corded up some wood, and sawed off four more blocks in the P.M. I let Bates have the team int he P.M. He has not brought the whip home.
Kitty, who is boarding here, stayed out last night.

Thursday 3 – It is somewhat cold and frosty last night, but clouded up all day. We did  no work till noon.

P.M. We split four blocks and corded them up. Preacher Groves paid me $3 for two bales of hay. He said one was moldy and got two more. I sorted two last sacks of potatoes and penned the calves away from the baled hay. I put up some oak wood for the cookstove and packed it in. Besides feeding the stock and attending to the milking, I churned a while longer on the cream in the churn. I turned it into a bucket and put in a fresh lot, and made and dressed the butter. I cleaned then up the tricks and took some fresh buttermilk and bread for supper.
Kitty is boarding tonight. It is raining, and has been since dark.

Friday 4 – Rained considerable last night, but this morning it was snowing, and had been a short time. The ground was frozen where it was not covered with snow and a cold west Wind the blew very hard and knocked down a few panels of plank fence just below the log fence. I and Jones put it up again by noon. We sawed off four blocks for wood.
About sunset John came in. I was a little surprised to see him coming through these hard snow storms. He says all’s well. He left Marysville on Monday last. I helped him fix up his bed in  my room. He played some on the old violin, and it was like old times again.
I paid $.75 for beef.

Saturday 5 – The coldest night since I’ve been up here, through warm and pleasant all day. We sawed and split and put up all 10 cords wood this week. After supper I went up to town for a strainer, $1.50 to be paid by Bass, and 1/2 pound black tea, $.50, and 1 dozen boxes matches.
Kitty was out with a tom cat all night.

Sunday 6 – Cold last night again, but not so much as the night before. Warm and pleasant all day. After the morning work was done I went to Inman’s and got two clean shirts. I put on the calico and my best boots and coat and went up to town and stayed the rest of the day. After supper Hogan, Grubs and McNabb came and set till bedtime.
John paid $.50 for candles.

Monday 7 – It rained in the fore part and snowed in the after part of last night, and the weather was mixed the most part of the day. I paid $1.50 for beef.  I churned again a few minutes, the best I’ve done so far. Supper is over, and John is fiddling.

Tuesday 8 – Snowed some last night and there was cold frost on the window glass in the morning. The back porch roof was about to fall in. We shoveled off the snow, then I and Jones shoveled the snow away from the log that we are sawing up. Later we sawed off block blocks. I shoveled away some of the snow and ice off the cellar door.

Wednesday 9 – It snowed half a foot deep last night, but it was clear this morning and continued so all day. I cut some wood for the cook stove and packed it and then went to sawing. We sawed off three blocks before we took dinner them. I whet and set the saw. We then cut off 7 blocks. John hauled one load wood for V. Martin.

Thursday 10 – Very cold last night and warm today. I, Jones cut and split two cords of wood, two feet long, and John hauled it to the printing office at $3.50 per cord. Our sledge has to be repaired. John hauled wood all day.

Friday 11 – Somewhat cold last night, yet warm today. It clouded this afternoon from the West. I and John mended the sledge by noon. I and Jones went to the woods and cut oak wood into pieces 2 feet long for the printing office. John hauled bales of hay to the preacher at $1.50 per bale. After supper I churned and did up the tricks in good order. I paid $1.50 for beef and John $.50 salaratus.

Saturday 12 – Quite cold last night. I could walk on the snow and scarcely make a track as we went out to cut wood. We finished cutting our four cords of oak and John hauled it by 1:00 P.M.
We got dinner after John hauled a load of wood and got $1. I made and baked a loaf of bread. We cleaned our room and took out the ashes, also the kitchen. We are now setting by a good oak for use in the old stove, and is John playing before bedtime.
I paid $1 for a half gallon coffee pot. Feeling rather bilious.

Sunday 13 – A beautiful warm day. After the little work was done up, I put on a clean calico and walked up to town. Preaching is held every Sunday here. There’s quite a stir in town; several citizens are over from Honey Valley.

Monday 14 – Not so cold as the night before and very warm sunny days. I paid $1 for beef. I went up to Betsy Town and paid $14 for a crosscut saw and file, and $3 for an ax handle. I came home and got 1/2 gallon linseed oil at $1.50 and 1 pound venetian red, $.50, all still to be paid.
John hauled a load of hay for Maston at $3.50, to be paid. I mixed paint and John painted one wheel.

Tuesday 15 – Not so cold but cloudy this A.M. Warm and sunny most of the rest of the day. I and Jones cut two cords oak wood in the morning. After, John hauled it to the barber and got $8.
John finished painting the wagon this forenoon. Bates paid me $2 for the use of the team and got my old crosscut saw for a few days. $.50 per day. Later I sharpened my new saw.

Wednesday 16 – Somewhat cold last night, yet warm and pleasant all day. I put the crosscut saw in order this A.M. We were cutting blocks for firewood. Jones was shoving the snow off the the log. After supper John got 4 hens of Jones at $1.75 a piece. I went to Linton’s and got a rooster. John caught the pullet today. All are in the hen house tonight.
I paid $1.50 for beef.

Thursday 17 – Not so cold last night; very nice and warm today. We split 4 cords of wood, two feet long in the A.M.

P.M. John hauled them to printing office. I and Jones shoveled the snow off the remaining two trees and chopped some and split it. John got a half pound of venetian red at $.25. I churned again at noon and dressed the butter tonight.

Friday 18 – It commenced to rain early and continued all day. I got some water and washed the parlor and dining room floors this morning. In the afternoon I went up to town and looked at game of poker: the Harverson boys, Dean, and Moore played. I.C. Lewis sent and got about 4 pounds of butter. I paid $1.50 for beef. After supper I washed two pairs of socks, then myself.

Saturday 19 – The weather is changeable but clear. I and Jones finished sawing the log in the garden. The yellow heifer had a calf out of time. We caught and milked her.
John heaped some dung from before the barn door and hauled two bales of hay to Mrs. Coffin at $4 and two cords wood to Jones. The Plumas Rangers had an election for officers. R.O. Barnett is captain, and Sawyer first lieutenant.

Sunday 20 – Cloudy some little sprinkling of snow. I let Lewis have 3 1/2 pounds butter today, and Ashheim 3 1/2 pounds yesterday. Today I got one pound black tea from Ashheim at $1. We caught the calf and had it suckle from yellow heifer in the barn.

Monday 21 – Snowed half a foot deep last night and has rained all day moderately fast and cold. The weather improved after nightfall. I’ve felt somewhat unwell from having taken cold.
John paid $2.25  for beef. I had Maston repair the old mattress; the job is to cost $1.50. John paid $1 for 6 pounds nails and $.75 for cards.

Tuesday 22 – The wind blow very hard last night. The fence and front gate was turned over, and in two other places gaps were made in the plank fence down towards Wheeler’s, and all the planks between Hundley and I is down, and some square rail as well. There has been some little snow and sunshine today. I and John mended three of the gaps and he hauled 2 cords to the preacher. He received $3 cash and $3 on credit.

Wednesday 23 – Some little snow fell, and the sun shone out. John hauled 4 cords of wood for Jones, and Jones helped me put up the fence in the P.M. I and John painted the wagon.
I heaped up some manure in the lot. John got of O’Neal 21 pounds nails at $3.50 and one gallon syrup, $2.50. In the morning I made and baked a loaf of bread for the chickens after breakfast.

Thursday 24 – Pleasant weather. John went to the mill and got some bran and chicken feed, paid $4.50. I and Jones split the rest of the tree. The heifer that lost her calf died about noon. John hauled a load of wood for Maston.

Friday 25 – Warm and pleasant. The snow is going off the valley very fast. I and Jones corded up 8 cords of wood. Woodward and Frink cut down the pine tree in the South East corner of yard on Saturday. John cut off the limbs. I made a block to pound beef on this P.M. I and John closed up around underside of the house so that the cat can not get under. Four of Duesler’s cows looked white face down and up again yesterday. I got $.50 for milk yesterday.

Saturday 26 – We turned the cattle onto the pasture as there is some naked spots, the snow being melted. I and John put up fence—the division of the square-rail fence that runs to the river, as some of it was down, and the division between us and Wheeler. We fixed up some of the fence that runs length-wise, though not all.
We took dinner, then John hauled a load of wood for Maston and two bales of hay to Mrs. Coffin for $4. I cleaned up some about the yard.

Sunday 27 – Rained considerable last night. The sun shone out some this A.M.

P.M. Snowing at intervals. After doing up the chores I dressed up, got a new pair of pants at $8.50 and a vest at $4.50 and spent the evening up in town with the gentlemen.

Monday 28 – Very cold last night and rather a cold windy day. I paid $1.75 for beef. John hauled wood for Maston. I cut some on the limbs of pine that was cut out of yard. In the P.M. I and Jones cut some oak.

Tuesday 29 – Cold last night. Ice froze in the kitchen bucket. The sky clouded up early and poured most of the day. I and Jones cut 3 cords pine. John hauled load of poles for Titus and two cords oak and two pine to Hundley at the price of $13. John hauled two spruce logs in to the lot for wood.

Wednesday 30 – Cold last night and today, with some snow. It was an inch deep this morning. I and John cut up wood out in the woods. John cut up the limbs off the tree in the yard. I paid $1.25 for beef.

Thursday 31 – Cold last night and today. The wind was from the North. It snowed a very little. I and Jones cut logs and John helped to lay the logs along the lane and against the plank fence to hold it up and keep the wagons off. John hauled all of Jones’ wood to his house out of garden. We paid him $7 for 4 hens this evening we, let Ashheim have 3 bales hay at $6, and got 1 pound of candles from him.

February 1859

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Tuesday 1 – Very windy yesterday morning. It blew down two trees on Dean’s premises, and half a tree in the American Hotel backyard–and on the new fence, too. Still stormy and very wet under foot.
Our potatoes are frozen. Duesler and I sorted three sacks. He gets the frozen ones. Later I made and baked a loaf bread–the first for me, and good at that. I was up all night playing cards. Others were betting; I don’t bet. I mended my pants and went to bed at day light.

Wednesday 2 – Slept till noon. I got up  and cooked my breakfast, or dinner, as you please. I cut some wood and packed it in for both stoves. I prepared for supper.
I paid a for box of tea $1, supped, and took a sashay round town and back home. I took a bath and mended a pair of socks John left and washed the pair I wore from Marysville. The sun shone warm this afternoon. I now turn in.

Thursday 3 – Quite frosty this morning. I did some cutting on the top of a tree that blew over in the field out in the barn lot. Then I and Truit cut down the body and are now sawing it for wood. I got 1 pound butter of Mrs. Duesler at $.75. I and Hogan have been playing cribbage. He made 10 and I 8 games. Warm sun.

Friday 4 – Clear and pleasant today. We finished sawing up the tree and split some more. I am still able to do what cooking I need, but don’t try the milking.
After quitting work I went down to the store and got a letter from my wife and John dated January 29th 1859. They both are of the opinion they had better wait a few months longer before going to Kentucky. It is all right.

Saturday 5 – Cloudy all day, a little rain.

Sunday 6 – Cloudy with some rain. I was waked up before day by  the smell of a skunk. My first thought was that the speckled pullet under the house had paid the penalty, as there was nothing else the stinking varmint could handle. But morning came and so did the hen, for her grub. The speckled cow calved last night in the barn. You ought to have seen me give it the teat–but never too old learn.
Breakfast over, I cleaned up the dishes and then went to make some bread, which I did in good style. I then cleaned up my room and looked around and found the hen house roof was about to cave in.
It was somewhat rainy all day. I closed the day by taking dinner and supper all at one time. What a pleasant time one has  by himself, with none to dispute.

Monday 7 – Rained last night and today some. I was righting the chicken house. I paid $1 for beef and $1 for candles and hauled two cords of wood to John Bass, and delivered them to Mrs. Inman. Price $3 per cord, I suppose—

Tuesday 8 – Still raining. After doing up  the chores and cooking I cleaned out the hen house and took down the old nests to put them up anew.
Overton was to see me had some chat about money matters. I told him he should be paid for waiting. I wrote a letter to my wife and John.
It was raining very hard at bed time.

Wednesday 9 – It has snowed considerably last night, and continued. By noon I finished putting up two dozen hens’ nests. It was still snowing some. After getting my dinner I put my time in downtown.
I had forgotten, I had Byers to move his six oxen to be fed elsewhere on Monday evening last. After supper, and after the milk pans and dishes were cleaned up I looked over the Argus and made the entries for the last three days.

Thursday 10 – It continues to snow a little day and night without increasing the depth but a little in the valley. I baked another loaf of bread, and am saving a churning of cream. I sold William Ford a lot of ground 75 feet wide and 70 feet long for $80 cash. It was paid to Overton. I also gave $20 more. I put a lock on the kitchen door and made a top to the churn and scalded it, ready for use.

Friday 11 – It snowed some two in deep last night and continued letting it down today, but not enough to keep it from melting away. I warmed some skimmed milk and I  and Jones has a time to get the calves to drink. I put my cream near the cook stove to sour. I next finished the hen house and put some old lime in the holes to level up. I did some work on the barn door and other places. I fixed the big gate in front and warmed some milk for the calves.

Saturday 12 – The snow fell about 1 foot deep last night, and yet in some places it nearly all went off, with a little sun and a little snow occasionally. I put a handle to the skimmer and one to an old fry pan and put some damns across the branch of the creek in the yard. It takes much of my time to feed, cook and milk, and some one has scalded Gris on the left flank. He stays at home now all the time. I let Bates have the oxen and sledge, $4.

Sunday 13 – After doing up the cattle churns I got breakfast. That over, I made up some dough and put it to baking. I then fixed for churning, which I did in good style. When in to came dressing the butter I was most desperately awkward, but I got through and had some 4 or 5 pounds. The first thing of the kind I ever did. My bread baked by noon. I took some butter, milk and bread for dinner. I put on my new calico shirt on and went up town to see the fashions. The e. clampus is all the go. It snowed last night and today as usual.

Monday 14 – The snow fell two inches deep here last night and some little today at intervals. About noon the sun shone out very warm. I cleaned the cow dung out the barn.
Earlier, Bates paid $4 for the use of the team, and Stinson $.50 for grinding two axes.

P.M. I sorted some potatoes and put all the potatoes on a plank one foot from ground to keep the gofers out of them.
There is a Valentine’s dance going on in the old courthouse. Six females.
I paid $1.75 for beef.

Tuesday 15 – It continues to storm. Not much snow fell in the valley last night, but enough to hide the old tracks. It was snowing all day, but melts as fast as it falls. Late this evening it set in very fast. I sorted and sacked up 5 sacks in all, 16 more to go over.

Wednesday 16 – Well, the storm continues. The snow fell a foot deep last night, though it is quite soft. Cloudy all day. Late in the day it commenced snowing and is still at it half past 9:00 as I write this P.M.
I did nothing outside my regular cooking feeding, and I paid for 2 1/2 dozen screws 2 inches long, $.50. I built a fire to go to bed by in my room. A pleasant life this, but none to speak with.

Thursday 17 – This indeed is a gloomy morning. From all appearances it has been snowing all night last. It is deeper in the valley than it has been this winter and falling fast. The wind blew very hard from the East at one time. I kept the two cows all day in the barn and fed them well.

P.M. I made and baked a loaf of bread and churned again, and made a good article. I bought six milk pans, cost $4.50. It snowed hard all day and up to 10:00 P.M.

Friday 18 – After snowing more or less last night the sun shone out warm most of the day. It was quite cold this morning. I sorted two sacks of potatoes. Quite cold this evening. I paid $.75 for beef.

Saturday 19 – Cold last night. About 3:00 A.M. the old Bradley barn caved in on some of Duesler’s cows, crippling them some, on account of the snow.
I sorted some potatoes. I had Smail make and paint a milk cupboard, or press. I’ve not got it home as yet.

Sunday 20 – Cold and frosty last night but warm and sunny all day. Quite a number of sleighs in town today. Dickson dined with me. The mail was brought in yesterday evening and no letters for me.

Monday 21 – Very cold last night. The sun shone but little, It soon clouded up and snowed a little most of the day. I brought home my milk cupboard. I took the top off the kitchen table and cleaned it; I will try and screw it down level. I baked another loaf of bread. I paid $2 for beef. I keep Gris chained, and have, for some days and nights. I mended my boot and blacked the pair. I broke open one of the natives’ meat houses, the first of the kind.

Tuesday 22 – It snowed two inches deep last night, but cleared up today. I fixed up the tables in the kitchen and was all day churning. I did not take the butter out of the churn at night. I sorted some potatoes. The Plumas Rangers was out today and fired several platoons in honor of the birthday of the father of this country.1 The E Clampus2 was in full blast tonight.

Wednesday 23 – Cold last night. Ice froze in the kitchen. It was snowing this morning and continued all day and until a late hour tonight.
I dressed my third churning of butter. Bates has the team a short time in the A.M. I cleaned out the calf pen and got my regular three meals.

Thursday 24 – Snowing still but the sun shone out at intervals. It cleared off near night. The preacher came down. I gave him some sweat and buttermilk. He also got two bales hay, and is to pay $3.
The speckled cow turned over Jones’ bucket of milk. Dick the French  man gave me $1 for the use of team to haul a load of wood. I hauled two cords to Mrs. Inman for John Bass at $3 per cord. I lost my pocket knife last night or this morning, through a hole in my pocket. I tore the remainder out of my pantaloons.

Friday 25 – Cloudy and somewhat stormy. We tie the white faced cow head and heel with the right foot fastened in the floor when we milk. I baked another loaf of bread and churned for the fourth time. It was hard to churn. I put a new pocket in my pants tonight and washed off all over. I paid $.75 for beef and sold to Kirlin $.25 work of buttermilk.

Saturday 26 – It snowed last night but not in the valley. Peal and Jones had the team to haul wood, a load for each, and one for me. They cut it I sorted some potatoes. Cloudy all day, but cleared off at night. John Bass found my knife and gave it to me.

Sunday 27 – Rain and snow falling very fast this morning and then turned to snow all day. The sun shone out a little before setting. After a little, it was snowing again up until a late bedtime.
I fixed a knob on the cupboard door I sewed up a rip in my boot, blacked, and greased two pairs, and put on a clean shirt, after sewing up the rips.

Monday 28 – It snowed last night and some this morning, but the sun came out warm. I paid $.75 for beef. I let Bates have the team and got Taylor’s right fore foot snagged. Jones and I sawed off 5 blocks for wood off the down tree in garden. I fixed the saw and made a bench to file on.

April 1858

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Thursday 1 – It rained last night and continued all day very hard, some times snowing. I and John fixed up the hay ladders in the rain and then put up one load hay before noon.

P.M. John hitched up the oxen and drove to Betsy Town to the butcher. I was a lounging or loafing. Carter started out with mail but returned again in the P.M. Dick went up to the diggins.

Friday 2 – The weather is unsettled. I and John hauled wood for the house, and in the P.M. hauled one load of short wood that was cut for Bass.

Saturday 3 – The sun has come out warm and pleasant. I and John hauled the rest of the short wood, one load to Bass and another for the house of another quality.

P.M. We sacked up 2,786 pounds wheat and John took it to Judkins’ mill. John let Judkins have 800 pounds wheat to pay him $40 that he held my note for. John Overton has come over to get some interest money of me. He took supper with us this evening.

Sunday 4 – It is snowing again this morning and looks rather gloomy, as I’m pressed.

P.M. The weather is inclined to clear up storming but it is hard to tell when it is done.

Monday 5 – John hauled 925 pounds wheat to Burkholder at $5.50 per pound, and brought back some slats to make a pole fence. I cut and split 1 cord wood for Newton. Late in the P.M. I and John staked and rigged up a log fence.

Tuesday 6 – I and John were all day taking our blue potatoes out of the ground. We put them in the wheat house. Carter was sawing and pointing palings till noon. After, he started down with the mail. Jack Stinson got home early this morning.

Wednesday 7 – John and Truit took a load of lumber to Varner on Badger Hill. I and Jack made 20 posts and set them for fence paling in the A.M. After, it commenced to rain and continued till night.
We put on some palings, McNealy helped us. I paid $1.50 for coffee and salt and got six pounds nails on credit. I let Newton have 50 pounds potatoes.

Thursday 8 – There was some snow on the ground this morning. John went to the mill and got some slab scanting and slats for palings, and hauled 200 feet scantling for G. Apple. I and Mac made paling fences, and later Jack helped.

Friday 9 – John and Truit went to hauling plank. I, Mac and Carter went up on the ridge at the head of Mill Creek to find new diggins, but did not succeed. It was very cold up there.

Saturday 10 – John and Truit went to work hauling plank. I went up to Curtis Point to see Squire Reese to get some money. He promised to bring it down tomorrow. Mac was cutting potatoes to plant.

Sunday 11 – The weather is warm and pleasant. Judge Sexton came into town yesterday to hold circuit court. Late this evening Reese came down and loaned me $200 at 5 per cent per month. Hogan is also on the note as a joint party.

Monday 12 – I sowed about two acres of wheat in the garden. John harrowed it in. Mac laid off the potato ground. I planted 8 rows. I and Duesler paid a debt to Jas Viers of $696 including debt, interest and cost. My part is $201.

Tuesday 13 – John and Truit went to work hauling plank on Badger Hill. I and Mc planted blue potatoes. We’re not half done.

Wednesday 14 – I and John laid into the ground again, and run another furrow over the rest of ground that was not planted in potatoes. Mc worked at cutting in the P.M. Jack helped us. When we got done John and Truit went to mill after a load lumber.

Thursday 15 – John and Truit took another load of lumber to Badger Hill. I and Mc finished the paling and did some other things.
After dark we had a meeting in the courthouse to pass resolutions to sustain Douglass in his course against the Lecompton, Kansas swindle,1 but it was no go. I paid the express $3.25 for services and $2.25 to Bass and Houk on settlement.

Friday 16 – The day is warm and pleasant, though somewhat cloudy. Nothing doing. Coffin got 500 pounds cabbage. In the P.M. John and Mac loaded on hay for G. Apple.

Saturday 17 – It has been several days since I wrote down any transactions, but I was around town as usual.

Sunday 18 – May God help us. We are in a bad fix and see no way to get out of it. We are to be as poor as the poorest, duns from all quarters, and nothing to pay with but the ranch.

Monday 19 – I was helping Maston to fix three picks, cost $1.50 each, in all $4.50. In the P.M. I had him make a claw to draw nails with. I gave $2 for it. John and Mac was fixing the fence down the lane till noon. After they hauled wood for Maston, two loads wood, four cords, for a total of $6.

Tuesday 20 – Early. Watpain came with two pack mules form Coffins to take our grub and tools to the mines at Willow Ranch. Mac and I set out after a short embrace of my wife. My blankets and some of my clothing was on hand. It has been two years since, on the 10th of last March, we all left the same place to live in the American Valley—but what a change! Lizzy has ran off and got married. Dave is gone to Marysville, and John is low spirited with his mother on the ranch. She too, O God, is very unhappy. I left her weeping —
We arrived at the cabin about about noon. We found the camp occupied by two poor dirty miners. We unpacked the mules then took out some provisions that my wife had prepared for us before we left and sat down out of doors to eat. Then we cleaned out the cabin and the area in front, and put our things in. We then went out where these men were mining and saw them clean up. They had $9.
I spread my blankets on a very narrow bedstead and woke up very cold in the night. I got another pair of blankets and tried it again, but with no better success —

Wednesday 21 – I and Mac went down to Rocky Bar and dined with Kyler and company. After, he gave us cups and saucers, knives and spoons, two fry pans and a skillet. We put out for home. At Nelson Point we got $10.50 worth more grub and tools. So, we put for the cabin with our  packs, we took supper as our cooked provisions was not all gone yet.
I changed my bed Wednesday night and slept somewhat better, though I dreamed that John Hurst had came to this country to see after his daughter. Lizzy he seemed very much dissatisfied about him.

Thursday 22 – As we do no cooking breakfast is easy got. After, we started up the ditch to see if all was right. We soon found plenty of water. As we went along the ditch we cleaned it out and cut some brush out of the way that had grown up since I left it. The flume is much out of order, though plenty of water is passing still father up. It has been cut and stopped again recently, and near the head it has broke down and a sluice box has been put in by someone, but it is not large enough to carry the water so it runs over. We stopped some of the water out of the head of the ditch, went home and got diner. After we was hunting for a place to prospect. Mac made up some dough for bread as neither of us had done it.

Friday 23 – We went over to the main ravine to prospect every pan. We put in the day to very little effect.

Saturday 24 – Root was up here last evening and promised to be here soon this morning. We went up the ditch and left him. He overtook us. We examined some diggins at the head of the ditch to the left and found gold on the bedrock and a shovel, sluice, fork, root ax, and three of my sluice boxes. We went up the ravine, but there was too much snow to see the character of the ground, so we returned home and took dinner.
We went down to Willow Ranch then to Nelson Point and stayed till near night. We learned there of quite an excitement in Honey Lake Valley. The Indians is gathering to fight the citizens of that valley, Indian and American. They take the miners as they come to them.
We went home to cabin and as night approaches my thoughts and feelings are anything but pleasant as the distance of 10 miles separates me from my wife and John.

Sunday 25 – It was daylight when I awoke, after dreaming that old Charles was altering some negro boys 8 or 10 years old, as if they were so many pigs.2
In time we had out breakfast. Mac made up some dough for bread. We then went to to reservoir and tried two pans of dirt, but got no color. We came back to the cabin. Mac was baking bread.
After dinner we went down to the Point stayed till the next night. I bought some beef, butter and molasses, which cost $7.50 in cash altogether, then went home. Emmonds brought four letters over from Quincy, two from Marysville, one from Georgetown, Kentucky, and one from my wife. She is about to take charge of the old American Hotel at Quincy.

Monday 26 – Early in the morning I and Mac shoulder our tools and went up to the reservoir to prospect. We set two sluice boxes, one with a riffle in it, turned in the water, and set to diggin. We quit early and cleaned up and got gold.

Tuesday 27 – I came to the conclusion to work at another place for the present until we can get a hose. We are a going to try the channel that Dave left off in. I fixed up three old sluice boxes that was near by, set them up, and had the water running through them. We had to move a part of the rock pile that was under a large pitch pine that had been dug up by the roots.

Wednesday 28 – I dreamed that my wife said some hard things to me. I said nothing in return.
Early in the morning I was making a sluice box out of some old lumber. Mac is out digging or running the top dirt off. I carried the box out.
It commenced snowing, so we quit work and went to the cabin. We stayed inside the rest of day. I drew up some accounts. It snowed all day.

Thursday 29 – Very cold this morning. The ground is covered with snow and clouds from the North. I continued drawing up accounts. We took dinner and went out to ground sluicing. I repaired another old sluice box and put it in below.

Friday 30 – Another beautiful morning. Mac is getting breakfast. Once over, we went to ground sluicing till noon. After we tried to clean up but the cement is so very hard that we made but little headway. At all events, we cleaned up the boxes and got about $4 for a start.

March 1858

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Monday 1 – I am not able to work.

Tuesday 2 – I helped John haul out manure on garden but was sick all day.

Wednesday 3 – I took a dose of calomel last night and was down all day.

Thursday 4 – I am still out of sorts. The weather is a little stormy.

Friday 5 – I am improving. John hauled a load of wheat to the mill for Burkholder.

Saturday 6 – I help John to start plowing in the garden, the first he has done that way. I received a letter on Friday night last from A. Mengers     informing me that he must have the $389 that I owe him.

Sunday 7 – I wrote a letter to H.P. this  morning in answer to A. Mengers request and hope it will be attended to. I took a cold bath early this morning.

Monday 8 – I sent H.P.’s letter by express at the cost of $.25. John worked at plowing.

Tuesday 9 – John is plowing and nothing else doing. I am without any hope.

Wednesday 10 – John continue plowing this forenoon and after two. I can’t get  to doing anything yet. I gave $1 for green tea.

Thursday 11 – John was plowing this forenoon, and after him and Truit went to Bates’ Mill and hauled down a load lumber each for a miner on Badger Hill.

Friday 12 – John and Truit started early with one wagon and planks for Badger Hill. They got back after dark.

Saturday 13 – The weather is a little unfavorable. John was plowing and I hauled three loads of wood until noon. After, John and Truit went to Alford’s mill and got a load of plank for the Arkansas Company. Dick finished plowing.

Sunday 14 – Snowed a little last night, and was somewhat cold. I made a mistake of one day in hauling; it was one day earlier than I’ve started.

Monday 15 – John and Truitt took a load of plank to the Arkansas Company. I was up there today.

Tuesday 16 – John and Truitt took another load of plank up there today. It rained and snowed considerable today.

Wednesday 17 – The boys went up to the mill and got two loads of plank. It was all they did.

Thursday 18 – The boys hauled another load of plank to the Arkansas Company. Very cold last night. I was on a jury to try the right of property between Canion and O’Neal — I got $3 for the same.

Friday 19 – The boys has gone to Badger Hill with a load of plank for Hackells. I paid $2.50 two days ago for whiskey and paper, and today gave $.25 for paper again. I received a letter from H.P. on business and one also from A. Mengers, saying he must have his money.

Saturday 20 – I went to Johnsville and received $50 in gold dust of Warren Stag. I came home and paid $.25 tool gate fee. John went to Nelson Creek to see Jas Smith for money but got none. Dick hauled two loads of lumber for John from the mill.

Sunday 21 – The ox press came in. I received another letter from Mengers and one from H.P. Money, Mengers must have.

Monday 22 – I sent $231 by Whiting to H.P., cost me $2 for carrying it. John and Truit took a load of plank to Badger Hill to Heckel.

Tuesday 23 – Dick left yesterday for the Arkansas Company. I laid a floor in the wood house to put cabbage in yesterday. I, my wife and Davy took out of the ground, cleaned, and put in the house a lot of cabbage. John and Truit hauled a load of plank to Varner’s.

Wednesday 24 – It rained last night in the valley and snowed on the mountains. It continue all day and the wind blew down a part of lot fence in front. I and John put it up again in the rain. Carter got back with Moore.

Thursday 25 – The snow fell five inches deep in the valley and plenty on mountains. The sun shone out. I, John and Carter dug out the rest of cabbage last Wednesday. Mrs. Duesler gave John $75 for the grey horse. Joe Coffin got over 500 pounds cabbage at $2.50 per hundred, and at least $.75 were rotten on taking them out.

Friday 26 – It snowed all of last night; it was some six inches deep this morning, and continued to fall very fast all day without any intermission. It did not increase of the depth on the ground in the valley, but it is quite deep on the mountains the miners say.

Saturday 27 – The weather cleared up last night and it froze some, but is quite foggy this morning and somewhat cloudy. Nothing doing.

Sunday 28 – The weather is unsettled, and if I mistake not, the storm will last some time yet, though the sun has been shining out today.

Monday 29 – Considerable snow has fallen last night. I, John and Dick went out to cut some wood for Bass when it held up snowing this morning. My hands blistered some, as I have not worked lately.

Tuesday 30 –  It continued to snow and rain, but held about noon. We again went out in in the P.M. and did some more cutting. John hauled a load of wood in the A.M.

Wednesday 31 – The day passed off without rain or snow. John hauled four loads of wood to John Bass. I was about town all day as there was an election held in this district for Supervisor. Number 2, and Number 3 also on Monday last. I sent $75 by Whiting Express to H.P. Haun. I gave $1 for the express and $1 for tea.

February 1858

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Monday 1 – Carter started for Bidwell’s Bar to bring in the mail. I bought 6 gallons whiskey, paid $13.50, and a bottle besides cost $1, all to be used by our cook.

Tuesday 2 – Down to Saturday the 6th it is one round of fine days: warm sun and pleasant, but cold nights. John got back of Friday the 5th and so did Carter, with the mail. I got a letter from L.M. Thurman dated December 23rd 1857 from Knox City, Illinois. He says he wants to come back.

Saturday 6 – John Bass made me a present of a pair of pants on Friday last —

Sunday 7 – A beautiful morning after a cold, frosty night. the Black smith is at work sharpening some poor miner’s pick, I suppose.

Monday 8 – Snowed some last night and a little today, then cleared off again. Nothing doing.

Tuesday 9 – Very cold last night. I paid $.50 for candles last night. At noon there was a fight between one Thos Hogan and George Miller, in which Miller got cut about the head with a knife. Then Miller got his knife out and made Hogan run, as his knife was not fit for use, being bent double. Hogan was arrested. I and Maston went his bail.

Wednesday 10 – Last night was cold, and today warm. I wrote a letter to L.M. on Thurman. Miller is laying about with his head tied up.

Thursday 11 – Cold last night and warm today, with some appearance of snow. My wife sold 18 chickens for $27 and gave me $20 of the money and $1 to buy a broom. I let Bass and Neal have 2 dozen eggs at $2.50.

Friday 12 – Carter left for Bidwell’s Bar with the U.S. Mail. The weather is clear and cold.

Saturday 13 – No change of importance to note. I sold J.C. Lewis 58 pounds wheat on time.

Sunday 14 – It snowed some last night and continued all day very fast. I was on a jury to try the right of property and received $3 for a verdict, all in cash on Friday last.

Monday 15 – Up before day. The ground is again covered with snow as well as the trees. It looks dreary indeed. It continued all day snowing with intervals of rain. Last night, it appears to have rained all night but not so fast as it has been all of today. It is quite slushy on the ground, with snow and water.
The sheriff’s sale took place today. They are selling out a Jew’s store for what it will bring for cash in Quincy. I bought a white rubber coat for $2 cash.

Tuesday 16 – It still rained all night in the valley and the snow is being washed away some. The branch of the creek that runs through the yard is quite full to over flowing. Snow mixed with rain this morning as it fell. I bought six pairs of pants at $14, and seven pairs stocking at $2.50, and one other pair at $1. I then sold one pair at $2.50.

Wednesday 17 – It continues to rain in the valley and snow on mountains.

Thursday 18 – An intermission of falling weather. Hogan got back today with this horse.

Friday 19 – Still falling weather. Maston got 55 pounds wheat. John and Jack hauled a load wood.

Saturday 20 – Some of my plank fence blew down last night in back of town. Still raining.

Sunday 21 – Still raining. I’ve spent $.50 for billiards and $.50 for something else.

Monday 22 – I cleared up this evening a dance at Betsy Town tonight The frogs has been singing in the valley since the middle of last week. It looks very much spring in valley.

Tuesday 23 – A fine day. I took some pills this morning. I ate but little today: some tea and toast at supper. Carter got up with the mail. My wife received a letter from H. Rankin of Georgetown, Kentucky giving some information of hard times and scarcity of provisions and the necessity of doing something with our negroes in Kentucky.

Wednesday 24 – It is a beautiful sunny day and the nights not very cold. The weather has all the appearance of spring. The frogs are singing in the evening and the hens cackling.

Thursday 25 – I had a settlement with Judkins. I fell in debt $40, for which I gave my note. I gave $.50 for candles last night. John and Carter hauled some lumber from the mill for Porter.

Friday 26 – I took some blue mass last night. Don’t feel well this morning. Norton came down this morning and paid me $14 for wheat.

Saturday 27 – Nothing of note.

Sunday 28 – Don’t feel well.