October 26 1865 – Mollie Burns to John J Haun

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Mollie writes to John of her amusements, her gentleman callers, and her bad tooth.

Thursday Night
October 26th 1865

Mr Haun, my dear friend,

After you left Sunday evening, Cousin Fannie and I did a little primping and took a delightful stroll. We also called on some young ladies. You were going to stay such a short time that I would not leave you long enough to perform my toilet. You I may presume had a pleasant ride home as it was a pretty evening.

I received a letter from Dora tonight. She did not say anything about you calling by our house. She also sent me a letter form Mr King who is at present in Kentucky and will be at our house next month. Sallie McConell was here to see me yesterday evening. I went home with her and stayed all night. Mr Waits being away, she insisted on me going to stay with her all night and in the mean time he came, so you know that broke into my arrangements.

I received a card from Mr Woolman soliciting my company for church, after you left, so you see I don’t have much time to get lonesome. I received two letters yesterday, also two today. I wish you were here to answer them. I never slept two hours last night, and do not fell like writing to night, but I promised you a letter Saturday and we expect to spend the day out tomorrow if pleasant and then attend the society at the orphan school tomorrow night, and I you know, will never disappoint you when it is in my power to prevent it, for sometimes I feel that I am unworthy of the regard you bestow on me, and sometimes think that I am cross with you, but you generous heart will forgive me all offenses.

But I did not tell you what disturbed my rest. It was my tooth as usual, but it is now well and when I get home expect to make up for lost time. I have not seen Drack since you left, but received a letter. He says he is afraid he is like Caesar when he crossed the Rubicon—too late, alas too late. But I intend to tell him Madam Rumor is an vile dame and he must not listen to her tales. Don’t you think I am a bad girl. But you know girls must have some fun as long as they are misses. I am not saying that I intend to mistreat Drack at all, no, no.

I was just wondering if you could read this. Ed is up in my room writing his composition, as their is no fire in their room, and he is shaking the table all the time. But I must drop a few lines home so you will excuse this for the present.

From your Mollie in _______

P.S. Write soon and burn this up.


Metadata: Postmark: Midway, KY | Oct 27
Sender’s location: Portland, KY | Georgetown, KY

October 12 1865 – Mollie Burns to John J Haun

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Mollie writes cheerfully of visits from young men and a bad tooth ache.

Thursday October 12th 1865

Mr J. J. Haun, dearest of friends,

As I cannot see you tonight, which I should like to do very much, I consequently have concluded to write, being desirous to know if you are convalescent or still an invalid. You must take better care of yourself for somebody’s sake, if not your own.

I have been attending church every night Mr Walk from Paris has been holding a protracted meeting at your church. He has made a good many additions to the church; they immerse them just below here and quite a number of the girls at the orphan school have joined. They come here to dress after being immersed, Clifford and some of the older girls came with them. I have been to see her often, and have a chat every night after church. She says if you should come down and do not come to see her she would never forgive you.

I entertain my beaus in regular country style, having accommodations for both man and beasts. Dick T. came in last Sunday evening, had his horse put up, took supper, and we then went to church, came home and he stayed till ten o’clock. I was not aware that you were criticizing me the night of the circus, or that I was exciting any feelings of admiration in the breast of the one I desired most to please on that occasion. You speak of one of the managers assisting me to a seat and putting his arm around my waist; the seats were very unsteady, which was the reason he did it. I intended to ask you if you noticed it but something prevented and it then slipped my memory. I did not know you noticed it. Did Joe and Millie see it, or did you speak of it to them? I would just have that show man to know, that my waist is not to be considered public property to be encircled by anybody that might choose to do so.

Cousin Fannie and myself will be over one day next week to spend the day, but do not know what day, as we are controlled by circumstances but I expect to return with her as I have given her my promise to stay, and help her quilt and do some of her fall sewing. I received a letter from home the same day yours came. Cousin Fannie is very nicely fixed down here, and if you choose to come down one day and stay till the next I think you would enjoy your visit very much. Cousin Fanny is a great hand for young folks and takes a great deal of pain to entertain my visitors. We both have our own fun together. She says she is going to inform you of my flirting with the country boys down here. I tell her that it would just please you to know I am enjoying myself.

I have been quite well but have another sore tooth. Cousin Fannie made me take a bottle of camphor, one of laudanum and a bottle of whiskey to my room one night to try the soothing influence of all, but to no effect. The pain still predominates. I seen stars for certain until, being worn out, after midnight I just concluded to drink whiskey until it put me to sleep. Cousin F. makes us all get up so soon, but that morning she said she felt so sorry for me. hearing one pace my floor, she let me sleep as long as I wanted to.

Sallie McConnell, now Mrs Waits, is at church every night. She is now living out in the country at her husband’s father’s home. I have become acquainted with her new brother and sisters, and like them very much. There is rather a large family and most of them grown. They seemed to be thought a great deal of here. 

But as I am getting sleepy I shall close, biding you good night. I shall simply reply verbatim to the signature of your missive,

Write soon and often,


Metadata: Postmark: Midway, KY | October 13
Sender’s location: Portland, KY | Georgetown, KY

June 31 1854 – Martha Haun to James Haun

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In this letter, much delayed due to a change in the postal schedule, Martha Haun discusses tentative plans to travel to California either with some neighbors or with her brother-in-law Dave, and debates whether to bring slaves or leave them behind in Kentucky.

June the 31st 18541

My Sweet Husband,

I received your kind of precious letter on Wednesday, last the 28th of June. It was dated the 28th of May2.

Just one month to the day coming. This is Friday night, the last day of June. I commence this letter and expect to write some in it every day or two until it is time to send it to start for California on the 15th of July. I started one last Tuesday to go out the first of July as the mails only leave New York the 1st and 15th of every month.

Well, you have been sick and I not there to nurse you or try to comfort you and make you comfortable. Oh what a pleasure it would have been to me. I do believe that our spirits are permitted to commune with each other, for you will see when you get my letter by the mail of the first of June what my feelings were at the time of your sickness. You were not out of my mind, sleeping or waking, for two days. It was the time you was sick. If you get that letter I speak of it will till you how I felt when you was sick, and you know I had no chance of knowing anything about it until you wrote to me in this last letter so it cannot be superstition—but I do believe that God permits my spirit to hold communion with the spirits of those I love. Your letter was very satisfactory with the exception of your having been sick, for you are making money and that is what will shorten our separation, your getting money. I stop for the night—

[missing page?]

If they do go in October I am determined to go with them, for if you are making money there I will not be the means of your breaking off to come to me when I can go to you. I well know I would enjoy it so much. Instead of complaining I would be perfectly happy to be with you and live that wild romantic life with you out there for a few years. I never was in better health in my life. As soon as Tom and  Laura come back I will write you again what they say and when they will go. I am in high spirits at the  prospect of going and perfectly delighted.

Dave is with me and says if he does not get right well he will go with me this fall and go right in to the mines. We talk of how snug and happy we could all be there in a little cabin in the mountains, myself and Liz to keep the house and such while you all get the gold, and then of a night we could all talk and laugh and be happy together and making money at the same time. Dave has dyspepsia. He is better now. So keep in good spirits, for I will see you if we both live, this fall—or I suppose it will be winter before I can get there. If Tom and Laura does not go Dave will go with me. I will go and I will know I will not be in your way but be a help and satisfaction. So when I get there we can stay as long as we please and when we feel like it will come back.

If you think it would do to take Sam write to me. He is very anxious to go. I some times think he could be trusted and if he was to go and prove faithful he would be of great service, and again if he was to leave us, we would only loose him which we are likely to do at any time. I think it would be as good a plan as any to take him, or perhaps the best, for he would not be of much account by the time we got back if we leave him. Write me what to do and say positively and do not leave it to me but do tell me just what to do. I do not want you to quite out there after having gone through what you have until you got a fortune. If you can do that by staying long enough and I do not want nor will I stay away from you longer than it takes for me to get to you, for there is nothing to hinder me but these Negroes and I have sacrificed enough on their account. I am so anxious to go. I know I would enjoy it so much instead of taking it hard as you seem to think. I just want you to see how happy I would be living the life you have described. I hardly know what to say to you about Sam. He has got badly spoiled and talks and acts as independent as if he was as white as I am. Since last Christmas he has not been anything like as good a negro as he was last year. He is very imprudent. I think the only way to do with him would be to take him or sell him if I go. I want you to write me as soon as you get this.

On the other hand if you have made as much as will satisfy you and intend coming home this winter let me know and all will be right, or if you think I ought to stay here until you come, be it long or short, tell me in your next and I will try as I  ever have have done to obey you. Do, my dear husband, advise me. Tell me in your next how much money you have made since you have been out there. Please send me the money I asked you for

Tell my dear boy I will by the next mail send him a long letter. Tell him he is still the pride and joy of his mother’s heart and will be while she lives. Now, my sweet husband, I must close this business letter without giving vent to my feelings, and the way I feel towards you. You well know that if I was to express every feeling of affection and sacrifice I feel I would have to write all of my time. Oh, if I could only kiss you when I  say good bye. Your devoted wife while time lasts

July the 24th

Well, you will see it has been a long time since this letter was commenced. The reason is the mail was changed. Instead of going every day to Cincinnati it only goes twice a week. It stopped about the time I expected to have sent this. Consequently, I had to wait until the next mail left New York. I have to lay down my pen every few minutes to attend to Bet’s two youngest children, Marth and Nat they are both in the house and I am giving them hive syrup3. There is a disease prevalent among the people here called influenza and they both have it. It is after ten o’clock at night and I do not expect to sleep much tonight though I am very tired, having worked very hard all day.

In the morning. The children are better. Mrs Miller has been with all the morning talking of her troubles. I must tell you what her troubles are. This day week ago Tom Johnson of San Francisco and her daughter Laura ran off and got married but Holtzclaw and Dr Bradley went with them. They are all now at the Blue Licks4 but will be home this week. Mrs Miller has sent for them to come. Tom has been cutting a big tiff since he come back from California and courted and married in six weeks. Mrs Millers only objection was Laura’s going to California. Tom and Laura was to see me a few days before they ran off and Tom told me he was going back in October. I have been waiting for them to come home to hear what he says now about going back—but I can wait no longer or my letter will miss this mail.

Metadata: Sender’s location: Georgetown, KY | Recipient’s location: Nelson Creek, CA

June 9 1853 – Martha Haun to John J. Haun

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Martha Haun writes to her son, John Haun, who is mining for gold in California.

June the 9th 1853

My own dear son,

How often in my imagination do I see your loved form and features, hear the sweet tones of your voice. It seems that I can hear you say “ma,” so plain at times–and then to think that you are so far from me, and the fear and dread that I may never see you again on earth seems to pierce my very soul. But I will not, nor do not, indulge nor give way to these feelings no more than I can help–for if I did I would go deranged or die.

I keep in company all I can to keep from steadying or indulging in melancholy. It is the only way I can get along. Every one is kind to me and I see a good deal of company. My health is better than is was when you left, or for two months after. My health was bad after you left, and I fell off until I  was quite poorly but ever since I received your pa’s letter informing me of your safe arrival.

I have been fattening up again and am quite cheerful–but, oh, the uneasiness I suffered until I heard you had arrived safely! I have tried these many years to learn to look on the bright side of the picture, my sense and better judgement teaching me that there is no advantage in any way derived from being always in trouble under any circumstances. When I think that our object is a good one, and that we all believed it to be for the best, I try to be satisfied. If I could only know that you and your pa was happy and satisfied I could stand anything–but I fear that you are unhappy or disappointed or sick or something else. Oh, my dear son, if we can all be spared to meet again and be able to get us a home that we can make a living on I think I will be the happiest being on earth.

Do you and your pa make it your object to get money enough to buy a farm of  two hundred acres and come home as quick as possible. Just think how happy and independent we could be places in that situation. I do try to preserve my health so that I will not look so old and broken that you will not know me. Tell your pa not to listen or be swayed by the opinions of others, for it has never done him any good but a great deal of
harm, and you and him consult each other and lay your own plans and do not be persuaded against your views, but have an object in view to accomplish and make every effort to do it. I know of nothing that would be so much honor to you or more satisfaction than to come back here able to by a farm.

Mary Chambers did not get further than New Orleans. She is now at home and there is some talk of her and Will Wood marrying. I got a letter from Minerva last March, she is well and sends her love to you. She is going to the Worlds Fair1 this summer. I was at Sam Thompson’s last Friday and Sand told me to give you her best love. Sam says he is certain to go to Missouri this fall and Ben Finnell is going to leave this fall to Nashville or Memphis, I do not know which. Newport went home two months a go to come back in two or three weeks to marry Ellen, and that is the last of him. Ellen is not very popular with old or young; she has no attention from the boys at all. Johny Johnson is here; he has been for some weeks.

I was at Frankfort last week and heard that he was dismissed. He kept it very secret he is not going back any more. General Pratt took his wife, myself, and Mrs Holtzclaw, and Lizzie down on a pleasure trip–

Nat Saunders starts to Missouri in a few days to look for a place and Mooreland, I believe, goes also–Weeb Boss will not give him a deed today of the place unless he pays for it, and he has not got any money to do that. If Mrs Saunders, Nat and Betty live a few years, they will be as poor as anybody, for there are none of them making anything, and they are all very extravagant. They are bound to come to poverty. Bat Thompson’s wife is not expected to live. There is a talk of Gasner and Sarah Chambers marrying.

Georgetown is duller than you ever saw it, I think. It has gone by the board. I was at Mrs Smarr’s yesterday. Mrs Johnson and Bled’s wife came by and took me in the carrier. Mrs Smarr is in very bad health. Mrs Johnson took me last week to spend the day with Mrs Patterson.

I ride about more than I ever did in my life, first one and then another comes for me, so I am half my time or more gone. Everyone is kind to me and everything done to make me happy by my friends, and I am, with the exception of being so far from you and your pa. Oh, how could I be entirely happy when I think of the distance that is between us, and, oh, how often does the thought cross my mind that maybe you are suffering either in body or mind, and, oh, God, how miserable I feel.

My son, write to me and do not disguise anything but let me know your exact situation. I have been looking for a letter better than two weeks and none yet. Your pa said you would write in two weeks after he started his letter. You do not know what a comfort your pa’s letter was to me, letting me know you had got safe there.

Your uncle Moore has torn down all of his house but one room and is building. The kin are all well. Poor Gus Barley is dead. Dan Renion made an attempt to run off with Sally Blackburn last week, but her father Dr Churchhill Blackburn caught her and keeps her locked up ever since. Letty Holtzclaw has gone over to Madison to see Eli and Tom that are in jail there. Mrs Holtzclaw told me today that that they had heard where Henry was and had gone on the brunt of him to bring him to justice. The family is in great trouble about them.

Now, my sweet child, I must close this letter. I cannot write all the names of persons that says give my love to John and Mr Haun when you write, but just know that is everyone. You have no idea how many seems to feel an interest in your welfare, and let me tell you if you can only come back with a few thousand dollars it will place us at once on a full level with the very best. My associates are of the best and they appear to think a great deal of me. Take care of yourself, my son, and remember the time will soon pass off, and if you are successful it will place you in a situation to live comfortable and your energy and enterprise will give you a standing in this community with the very best–

Give my love to all of them that are kind to you and to your dear pa. Be kind to him and give him my my love. Do write (you and him). Farewell my darling.

Your devoted mother until death,

M. Haun

Metadata: Sender’s location: Georgetown, KY | Recipient’s location: Nelson Creek, CA

John Haun Diary, June 1855

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Friday 1 – Pa and I cleaned bedrock all day and took out 44 oz. Lawrance commenced working in Joe’s Ravine today. Shaw and Bill still washing in the flat. They have got nothing as yet. Nothing else to day.

Saturday 2 – Pa and I set the boxes and washed under the big stump, took out $7.50.

Sunday 3 – Stayed about the cabin all day. Done some washing. The rest went to the Point. Bill and Shaw went to a negro show after night.

Monday 4 – Piped to day as usual. Pa found a piece weighing 2 oz minus $1.50. Nothing else of consequence today.

Tuesday 5 – Patch to day as usual–the hose busted twice today. We took out $15. The sump caved in in the evening, Shaw and Bill struck it to day, took out considerable. Nothing else of consequence today.

Wednesday 6 – Still at work at the stump and got it out after dinner. Made but little today. Set on boxes for washing and nothing made today.

Thursday 7 – Pa and I cleaned bedrock into the forenoon and Rositer helped us in the evening. We took out $44. Nothing else to day, I believe.

Friday 8 – Pat and I piped all day and took out $8. A good many prospectors around, Jennings came to the diggings yesterday evening took supper with us. Shaw and Bill made 6 oz, $5. Lawrance got to piping in the big vein below us. Nothing else to do of interest.

Saturday 9 – Washed as usual to day took out 1 oz. Nothing else today.

Sunday 10 – all of us went to the Point in the forenoon and stayed  until after dinner. I done some mending on my old boots and washed out a pan of butter. Pa let Thompson have some more money. He made a big mistake in the weight of it. Nothing else today, I believe.

Monday 11 – Piped to day as usual and made but little. Paid off the hired boys and Shaw washed with Lawrance in the big ravine below us. No more.

Tuesday 12 – Commenced raining in the morning and continued all day. Did not clean up today. Duesler came to the diggings after dinner. Bill and Rositer got back after supper from prospecting. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 13 – Pa and I piped as usual, took out $15. Shaw and Lawrance have not made anything yet. Nothing more today.

Thursday 14 – Piped all day and made nothing. A man by the name of Thom Eves came into the cabin about supper, an old acquaintance of Pa, and nothing else.

Friday 15 – Eves went to work with us this morning and we took out $40. Washed a great deal of dirt. Lawrance done pretty well today.

Saturday 16 – Piped in the forenoon and cleaned bedrock in the after. Pa found a piece weighing upwards of 8 oz. Lawrance found good diggings on the side of the ravine and took up four claims. Root came by the diggings about quitting time and ordered us to work on the road, &c &c.

Sunday 17 – All of us went to the Point in the forenoon and took supper with Mr Duesler felt pretty badly all day nothing else today.

Monday 18 – Pa and I cleaned some bedrock and set the boxes. Felt very badly all day. Rositer washed with Shaw and Lawrance. Duesler and his friend came up to look at the diggings. Nothing else today of interest.

Tuesday 19 – I went to the Point in the forenoon to see Bill and got some medicine from him and Duesler. Came back with me, done no work in the forenoon. Nothing else today, uncommon.

Wednesday 20 – I went out to work but did not feel well enough to work long. Sewed on the hose while Pa cleaned bedrock and made 8$. More prospectors around.

Thursday 21 – I sewed on the hose today. Pa cleaned bedrock but did not make much. Nothing of consequence today.

Friday 22 – We commenced piping today in the old channel that we worked out in ’54. Made nothing today. Eves is very sick today, taking medicine. Lawrance done pretty well today.

Saturday 23 – Fixing up some boxes and set them in the forenoon and rung off some mud. We done nothing in the afternoon. Everybody on a spree from drinking milk punch.1 Eves and self walked up the ditch a piece and back. Nothing else today.

Sunday 24 – All of us except Eves went to the Point in the forenoon Eves and I went again in the evening. Shaw bought Pike’s ditch for $162.50.

Monday 25 – Worked today with the pipe and took out $28.50. Did not commence piping until after dinner. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 26 – Worked all day with the pipe and made nothing. Eves left this morning for the Mountain House. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 27 – Worked in the forenoon. I felt very badly, could hardly wash at all. I did not work in the evening. I had some fever and aches. Very sick towards night. I took some pills at bed time.

Thursday 28 – I felt a little better today. Stayed at the cabin in the forenoon and read to pass away the time. Ate but little breakfast—a piece of dry bread. Took some tea and toast for dinner and felt better. I went out to the diggings in the evening and looked around. Rositer came in in the forenoon, sick with the headache.

Friday 29 – I went to the Point in the morning and got some medicine from Bill. I stayed  about the cabin the rest of the day felt a little better. Eves came to the diggings in the evening. Nothing else to day.

Saturday 30 – Felt a great deal better to day. Eves went to work with Pa in the 
diggings. I stayed about the cabin in the forenoon and went out to the
diggings in the evening. Pa and Shaw went to the Point after supper to get ready to start below. Nothing else new today.

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John Haun Diary, January 1855

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Monday 1 – First day of January 1855. Lloyd went to the Point but not back yet and after dark some time found it raining and snowing when awoke wind blew very hard heard several trees fall from it. Allen and myself went up the ditch after breakfast to turn off some of the water we found 3 trees across the ditch and the water running out in one place. Stormed very hard all day. Lawrance and Pa and I went up again in the evening to take out the snow that had fallen in. Not much work done in the diggings today. Thundered and lightened very hard in the morning nothing else.

Tuesday 2 – Found the snow about 12 inches deep this morning. Pretty cold all day. All of us cut a tree down and got wood all forenoon. Old Clark came by and took dinner with us and turned all of the water out of the boys ditch near the ranch went out cleaned up and set boxes this evening got gold (1 and 3/4 oz). All of us except Lloyd went to the Point after breakfast. Snow about two feet deep still storming and turned warmer about night. Nothing interesting today more.

Thursday 4 – Snowed all day. Went up the ditch, all of us, in the morning and found it snowed up clear to the head. Stayed about the cabin all evening.

Friday 5 – I commenced a letter after supper. Nothing more today. I believe still snowing in the morning. The company went to the Point except myself. I stayed about the cabin all day and fixed up the sled &c &c. No more.

Saturday 6 – Nothing unusual today. Stayed about the cabin all day. Got wood in the evening. Snow about at a stand. Colder today. Nothing more.

Sunday 7 – Warm today. Stayed at the cabin in the forenoon and went with Lawrance in the evening to see the boys near the ranch. Nothing more.

Monday 8 – Very warm today. Snow melting fast. Stayed about the cabin all day. Commenced raining in the evening and continued until night. A great day, this. I finished my letter after supper.

Tuesday 9 – Stayed about the cabin until nearly noon and went up the ditch and cleaned out the snow. Caught a severe cold by getting wet. Very warm today. Snow melting considerably. Got the water down to the second flume.

Wednesday 10 – Went to the Point in the morning to take some letters to the office. Came back and worked on the fireplace, building up the back with rocks. Went up the ditch in the evening to see about the water. Found it nearly down with the brush broken down in several places.

Thursday 11 – Very pleasant today, still thawing. All of us worked on the ditch raising the brush that had fallen in the ditch. Shaw got back last night about bed time. Nothing more new today I believe.

Friday 12 – Worked on the ditch again today propping up the brush in broken places. Caught a cat in the trap. Nothing more today, I believe.

Saturday 13 – Done no work today. Allen came back from Dicksen Creek in the evening. I read some in a novel &c. Cut some wood in the forenoon.

Sunday 14 – Stayed about the cabin all day, cut some wood and hauled it down on the sled. Nothing more new today I believe.

Monday 15 – Stayed about the cabin all day. Pa went to the Point. We cut a tree down for plank for boxes. Nothing more new today.

Tuesday 16 – I started to Bray’s after a whip saw and got back about noon and commenced sawing, but made slow headway. I went to the Point after dinner after a file. Nothing more new today.

Wednesday 17 – Sawed plank today for boxes. Shaw and Lloyd went to the Point after a saw but got none. Sawed all day but made poor headway.

Thursday 18 – Sawed again today. Cloudy and warm all day, windy in the evening and looked very much like rain, but none as yet. Nothing more today.

Friday 19 – Got out another log today to saw. Very cold towards evening, snowed a little after supper, but nothing to signify. Nothing more today.

Saturday 20 – Sawed again today, made a little better progress. Today Lloyd started for Marysville in the morning. Pretty cold and clear. Nothing more today.

Sunday 21 – I stayed about the cabin all day. Pa went to the Point after dinner but got no letters. Shaw and I got some balsam of fir1, having nothing better to do. Warm today; had the appearance of rain but none as yet. Nothing more new today, I believe.

Monday 22 – Sawed again today. Pa went to the Point after another saw and got one from Sterling, but it was not much account. No more.

Tuesday 23 – Got a log down the hill and commenced sawing it. We nearly finished it before night. Went over to the diggings and let the water in the hose so as to thaw them. Very warm today. Nothing more today.

Wednesday 24 – Sawed in the forenoon. Shaw, Allen and myself went over to the diggings and set up the hose and got ready for washing. Very warm all day, looked very much like rain but none as yet.

Thursday 25 – Sawed again today. Sawed some false bottoms. Warm again today. A severe shock was felt on the 24th after bed time supposed to be caused from an earthquake nothing more today.

Friday 26 – Finished sawing in the afternoon. Still warm today.

Saturday 27 – Stayed about the cabin all day except put a prop under one of the lending troughs with Shaw to help me. Pa went to the Point after dinner nothing else today of interest.

Sunday 28 – All of us went to the Point today. I came back about noon.

Monday 29 – Pa and I got out a log to saw into plank. Snow melting fast. The wind commenced blowing about sunset. No more today.

Tuesday 30 – Finished our log warm today again. Nothing more today.

Friday 31 – Went to the Point in the forenoon to grind out axes. I took Bray’s saw home and stopped a while at Sterling’s claim and looked at them work. Came home and went to the ranch for some milk. Commenced raining in the morning but did not continue. Nothing more.

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John Haun Diary, July 1854

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Saturday 1 – Still in Joe’s Ravine. All hands took out 38$. Nothing else today.

Sunday 2 – Stayed about the cabin all day. The rest of the company went to the Point. Our diggings are reported to be very good. Sold some bacon and flour to the company near the saw mill. Shaw is talking about selling out his interest to Hawkins. Nothing more today.

Monday 3 – Lloyd and I sunk a hole across the foot of the big ravine carried the boxes over but did not set them. Hawkins and his company came up to try and buy Shaw out but don’t know how he will succeed. Shaw went to the Point after super for the purpose of selling out, I suppose. The sheriff came up to notify Pa to appear before court to answer as defendant against Dr. Vaughn for the sum of 100$. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 4 – Done no work today. All of us went to the Point except Lloyd. A big celebration was held at Independence Bar with several orations and a ball at night. They started after dinner for the bar. Also the Russian army accompanied by a brass band. All of the ladies from American Valley and vicinity were there. Had a settlement with Vaughn for some work I done for him last summer. I saw our old claims we first worked in. Walked on Sherwin’s flume nearly all of the way to the biggest day that ever was seen on Nelson Creek. We came back in time for supper.

Wednesday 5 – Nothing particularly new today. Worked near the foot of the big ravine. Lloyd and I washed in the evening but made nothing. The rest of the company took out one ounce yesterday and today. About the warmest weather we have had this summer. Pa and Shaw went to the Point after supper, there being a ball at Roots and Lewis1.

Thursday 6 – Clear but very warm today. Worked in the big ravine with Lloyd and made nothing. As usual, a great many men around prospecting. Went after work for milk.

Friday 7 – Nothing new today. Made about $2. Lynch came over about noon and stayed  all night looking around for diggings. He sold out at H hill for $400 and is now prospecting.

Saturday 8 – Lloyd and myself worked in the big ravine on the forenoon and made nothing. The sheriff came up after Pa to attend court at the Point. Lloyd and myself went after dinner. They had a trial and the judge went against us $80 cost. Lloyd got drunk as usual. We are all in a hell of an uproar. Pa in a hell of a stew. Nothing else today, but bad feeling all day. Shaw sick today.

Sunday 9 – Pa and myself started for American Valley after breakfast and arrived there about 9 o’clock. Went to get a lawyer to attend to his case, employed a man by the name of Cox. Heard a Methodist preacher for a short time at Elizabethtown. Took dinner at Bradley and started home. Arrived at the Willow Ranch before sunset a good while. Shaw still sick and found Lloyd drunk asleep. Lloyd brought me a letter from the Point from home dated May 26 18542.

Monday 10 – Went to the Point with Pa and Lloyd to get our picks so as to go to work. Came back about noon and went to work in the evening in the big ravine. Pa went to Onion Valley to see about the suit. I got to thinking about home and the changes that have taken place in one year. Nothing else new today.

Tuesday 11 – Lloyd and myself still in the same place; set boxes in the forenoon and went to washing. Three of us took out $44. Pa putting in new bottoms in boxes. Warm today, but not as warm as yesterday. No more.

Wednesday 12 – Nothing particularly new today. Lloyd and myself still at work in the same place. Took out about $8. Nothing else today.

Thursday 13 – Worked all day. Notwithstanding, I felt very badly from a severe cold. Lloyd renewed his notice after dark. Nothing else new today.

Friday 14 – Nothing particularly new today. Worked alone today. Lloyd having a sore finger a raising on it. Made nothing today. Nothing else new today.

Saturday 15 – Worked alone in the forenoon, cut a ditch. Worked with Shaw in the evening and took out $30. Lloyd did not work and Pa, being sick again. Got wet again, of course.

Sunday 16 – A beautiful day. We went over to the diggings after breakfast. Shaw and myself to clean up the boxes and got about $7. Stayed about the cabin nearly all day. Shaw took some picks to get sharpened. Pa and Lloyd both sick. Lloyd and I went to the ranch about sunset. Nothing new today.

Monday 17 – Nothing new today, more than usual. I worked with Shaw above in the ravine, Pa being sick and Lloyd’s sore finger did not clean up at night. Charley Allen came by and stayed  all night Pa killed a squirrel as we went to work nothing else today

Tuesday 18 – I worked with Shaw in the same place and took out $23 Allen started for the Point in the morning Pa and Lloyd still down

Wednesday 19 – Pretty cool today. Charley Allen came by on his way to the valley. Shaw and I still in the same place. Stripped off top dirt all day–made nothing of course. Pa and Lloyd went up the ditch to let in all of the water and found some men at work near the head of the ditch. Went after milk &c &c.

Thursday 20 – Shaw and myself still in the same place and took out $29. Shaw and myself went to the Point after supper for some potatoes, came back in the night. Pa also went to the Point after dinner. Nothing new today.

Friday 21 – Nothing new today more than usual. Shaw and I cleaned up the first thing in the morning and took out $23. Pa and Lloyd unable to work. Pa, Shaw and Lloyd went up to the head of the ditch where some men were using our water. They turned it on again, left me alone to work with the pipe stripping top dirt.

Saturday 22 – Shaw and myself in the same place. Stripped off top dirt and washed some bottom also, took over 2 oz. The men up the ditch keep taking our water without leave or license. Pa and Lloyd not able to work yet.

Sunday 23 – All of us went over to the bald mountain where the water comes from that runs into American Valley, went to the head of it and got back about noon. Shaw and myself went to the Point after dinner and took our picks. I came back with the ass packed with potatoes. Nothing else new today.

Monday 24 – Went to work in the foot of the big ravine alone, Lloyd not being able to work. Made nothing. Cloudy in the evening. Pa and Shaw went to the Point after supper. Nothing else new today.

Tuesday 25 – Worked with a hired man Pa and Shaw hired at the Point. Made nothing as usual.

Wednesday 26 – Made nothing today, as usual. Pa and Shaw made pretty good wages today.

Thursday 27 – Worked in the same place with the hired man. Took out only $5. Pa and Shaw made a big strike today. All went to Point after supper except Lloyd and myself.

Friday 28 – Still working in the same place sluicing off top dirt. Took out $17. The rest of the company made good wages. Cloudy and thundered very hard about noon and after but no rain. Nothing else more than usual.

Saturday 29 – Ground sluiced all day top dirt. Our water is failing very fast. All of the company went to the Point except Lloyd and I to the trial of Abbott and Sam W.  Nothing otherwise today.

Sunday 30 – Clear and pleasant. Stayed about the cabin all day. Pa and Shaw went to the Point after dinner. We had a big settlement. In the morning they brought up a hired man named Cook to work in Lloyd’s place. Nothing else today more than usual.

Monday 31 – Cooler than usual all day. Worked with the hired man today ground sluicing and dug up some trees, got very tired. Nothing else today.

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John Haun Diary, June 1854

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Thursday 1 – Cold and cloudy today we took out $45. Pa and Hawkins still at work preparing the hydraulic for work. Nothing new today.

Friday 2 – Cold and cloudy all day. Rained in the afternoon and continued until bedtime. Washed today after setting the boxes in the morning. Hopkins and myself took out $48. Hawkins and Shaw setting the boxes in the big ravine so as to commence washing with the pipe.

Saturday 3 – Clear in the forenoon but clouded up and rained in the after. Three of us took out $79. Hawkins still fixing at the hose and Pa making riffles. Nothing otherwise new today.

Sunday 4 – Nothing interesting today. Dobson came up about noon to get the balance of his money. We went to the diggings and looked around. Shaw and myself brought over the old patent riffle box from the diggings. Hawkins and Hopkins went to the Point after dinner. I stayed about the cabin all day.

Monday 5 – Pretty day. Went to the Point in the morning and bought a sluice for and gold pan and paid $9 for them. I came back went to work with Hawkins with the pipe—got wet of course. Nothing else.

Tuesday 6 – Worked all day and only took out $4, a couple of us. Nothing of interest today.

Wednesday 7 – Nothing of consequence today. We burst the hose. Today we took out about $6, got wet and cold of course. I went up the ravine near the cabin where some men had been prospecting.

Thursday 8 – Nothing new today more than normal. Piped all day and made nothing. Went to the ranch for some milk for Pa, he being sick again.

Friday 9 – A pretty day. Went to the ranch after breakfast for some milk, Pa being no better. Worked with the pipe all day and took out 2 oz. Nothing else.

Saturday 10 – Nothing interesting today. Cleaned bedrock all forenoon and took out $22. Set in a box and picked down the bedrock. Clear in the morning.

Sunday 11 – Clear and pretty all day. Stayed about the cabin nearly all day. Went to the ranch for some milk for Pa, he being no better today. Came pretty nearly having some difficulty in the company. Pa went to the Point about sunset. Pa received a letter from Dave in KY.

Monday 12 – Clear in the forenoon but rained in the after. Done no work today all day. Straightening up the company affairs. Washed some clothes in the morning, went to the ranch for milk about noon. Felt badly all day on account of the company affairs. Shaw and I went up the ravine where some men were at work with a rocker.

Tuesday 13 – A damp cloudy day. Went to work with Hopkins in the little ravine took out about $18. Shaw and Hopkins made about $58. Pa went to the Point after dinner. He is still no better. Davies came over to see about getting our water to run his mill of nights. Nothing more.

Wednesday 14 – A pleasant day. Took out $6. We were surprised about suppertime by John Lloyd. We had a long talk about home &c. No more today.

Thursday 15 – Pleasant all day. Hopkins and myself still at work in the little ravine. John Lloyd employed his time by walking and looking around at the diggings. Went to the ranch before going to work for milk, Pa being better. We only made $2. Nothing else new today.

Friday 16 – Nothing new today. Hopkins and I took out $8. The rest of company made big wages. Lloyd went to the Point in the evening, went to the ranch after work for milk.

Saturday 17 – Cloudy today, commenced raining after dinner and continued until nearly night. Hopkins and I prospected Joe’s Ravine, got a pretty good prospect. Sunk 3 holes in it and commenced another at the foot of it but did not get down with it. Him and I went to the ranch for milk. W e didn’t wash.

Sunday 18 – Nothing of interest today. Went to the Point. Lloyd and myself came back about noon. The company settled up their affairs. I went to the ranch for milk, or rather clabber.

Monday 19 – A fine day. Hopkins and I dug a ditch for the purpose of washing Joe’s Ravine. Lloyd went to the Point in the forenoon. We set the boxes and turned in the water. Went to the ranch for milk after supper. Some carpenters came up after supper and set a while. Nothing new today.

Tuesday 20 – A pretty day, windy towards evening. Done no work today. Trying to settle up the company affairs but did not succeed. Lloyd and I went to the Point after dinner. I went to see some diggings on the creek where Davies dam was. Felt a little sick all day with the headache. Went after milk.

Wednesday 21 – Very windy in the forenoon. No work until after dinner. Shaw bought out Hawkins interest and paid him off. Lloyd and I worked in Joe’s Ravine. Nothing else new today.

Thursday 22 – Very pleasant all day. Lloyd and I worked in Joe’s Ravine and made nothing. Hawkins and Hopkins left today for good. Pa and Shaw took out good wages today. Nothing new today.

Friday 23 – Nothing new today. Lloyd and I still in Joe’s Ravine and only made $2. Lloyd went to the ranch for milk after work. A great many men passing by prospecting.

Saturday 24 – Lloyd and myself still in Joe’s Ravine and took out $2.

Sunday 25 – Lloyd and myself went up the ditch in the morning, came back and went to the Point after dinner. We heard that Dobson stabbed a man at Rich Bar and came very near killing him. A new saloon opened at the Point and full of gamblers. Nothing else today.

Monday 26 – Still working in Joe’s Ravine and took out about 6$. Hired a man to sew our hoses over again. He worked on them all day. Pa and Shaw getting out bottoms for sluices. Nothing else new today.

Tuesday 27 – Carried up some planks from the mill in the morning. Lloyd and I still in Joe’s Ravine, took out $13. Sam still sewing on the hose. Pa and Shaw went to work in the evening. Done some washing after supper.

Wednesday 28 – A clear pretty day. Still in Joe’s Ravine. All hands made about $11. Done some mending of old duds after supper. Nothing else today.

Thursday 29 – Lloyd and myself still in Joe’s Ravine and took out about $10. All hands about $40. Nothing else of consequence today.

Friday 30 – Still in Joe’s Ravine and took out $1.50. Nothing else today.

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James Haun Diary, March 1858

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Monday 1 – I am not able to work.

Tuesday 2 – I helped John haul out manure on garden but was sick all day.

Wednesday 3 – I took a dose of calomel last night and was down all day.

Thursday 4 – I am still out of sorts. The weather is a little stormy.

Friday 5 – I am improving. John hauled a load of wheat to the mill for Burkholder.

Saturday 6 – I help John to start plowing in the garden, the first he has done that way. I received a letter on Friday night last from A. Mengers     informing me that he must have the $389 that I owe him.

Sunday 7 – I wrote a letter to H.P. this  morning in answer to A. Mengers request and hope it will be attended to. I took a cold bath early this morning.

Monday 8 – I sent H.P.’s letter by express at the cost of $.25. John worked at plowing.

Tuesday 9 – John is plowing and nothing else doing. I am without any hope.

Wednesday 10 – John continue plowing this forenoon and after two. I can’t get  to doing anything yet. I gave $1 for green tea.

Thursday 11 – John was plowing this forenoon, and after him and Truit went to Bates’ Mill and hauled down a load lumber each for a miner on Badger Hill.

Friday 12 – John and Truit started early with one wagon and planks for Badger Hill. They got back after dark.

Saturday 13 – The weather is a little unfavorable. John was plowing and I hauled three loads of wood until noon. After, John and Truit went to Alford’s mill and got a load of plank for the Arkansas Company. Dick finished plowing.

Sunday 14 – Snowed a little last night, and was somewhat cold. I made a mistake of one day in hauling; it was one day earlier than I’ve started.

Monday 15 – John and Truitt took a load of plank to the Arkansas Company. I was up there today.

Tuesday 16 – John and Truitt took another load of plank up there today. It rained and snowed considerable today.

Wednesday 17 – The boys went up to the mill and got two loads of plank. It was all they did.

Thursday 18 – The boys hauled another load of plank to the Arkansas Company. Very cold last night. I was on a jury to try the right of property between Canion and O’Neal — I got $3 for the same.

Friday 19 – The boys has gone to Badger Hill with a load of plank for Hackells. I paid $2.50 two days ago for whiskey and paper, and today gave $.25 for paper again. I received a letter from H.P. on business and one also from A. Mengers, saying he must have his money.

Saturday 20 – I went to Johnsville and received $50 in gold dust of Warren Stag. I came home and paid $.25 tool gate fee. John went to Nelson Creek to see Jas Smith for money but got none. Dick hauled two loads of lumber for John from the mill.

Sunday 21 – The ox press came in. I received another letter from Mengers and one from H.P. Money, Mengers must have.

Monday 22 – I sent $231 by Whiting to H.P., cost me $2 for carrying it. John and Truit took a load of plank to Badger Hill to Heckel.

Tuesday 23 – Dick left yesterday for the Arkansas Company. I laid a floor in the wood house to put cabbage in yesterday. I, my wife and Davy took out of the ground, cleaned, and put in the house a lot of cabbage. John and Truit hauled a load of plank to Varner’s.

Wednesday 24 – It rained last night in the valley and snowed on the mountains. It continue all day and the wind blew down a part of lot fence in front. I and John put it up again in the rain. Carter got back with Moore.

Thursday 25 – The snow fell five inches deep in the valley and plenty on mountains. The sun shone out. I, John and Carter dug out the rest of cabbage last Wednesday. Mrs. Duesler gave John $75 for the grey horse. Joe Coffin got over 500 pounds cabbage at $2.50 per hundred, and at least $.75 were rotten on taking them out.

Friday 26 – It snowed all of last night; it was some six inches deep this morning, and continued to fall very fast all day without any intermission. It did not increase of the depth on the ground in the valley, but it is quite deep on the mountains the miners say.

Saturday 27 – The weather cleared up last night and it froze some, but is quite foggy this morning and somewhat cloudy. Nothing doing.

Sunday 28 – The weather is unsettled, and if I mistake not, the storm will last some time yet, though the sun has been shining out today.

Monday 29 – Considerable snow has fallen last night. I, John and Dick went out to cut some wood for Bass when it held up snowing this morning. My hands blistered some, as I have not worked lately.

Tuesday 30 –  It continued to snow and rain, but held about noon. We again went out in in the P.M. and did some more cutting. John hauled a load of wood in the A.M.

Wednesday 31 – The day passed off without rain or snow. John hauled four loads of wood to John Bass. I was about town all day as there was an election held in this district for Supervisor. Number 2, and Number 3 also on Monday last. I sent $75 by Whiting Express to H.P. Haun. I gave $1 for the express and $1 for tea.

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James Haun Diary, June 1855

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Friday 1 – Summer seems to have set in. The little insects are running around at a tremendous rate, and the sun shone out quite warm today. I and John was cleaning up bedrock and got gold $76. I got Lawrance and Roister to prop up a large pitch pine that we cut down, and we have run the dirt from under it for 75 feet off the but, except the stump and the end lays on the roots.
Since I received the letter from wife stating that she did not expect to come to California under the present existing circumstances, I feel more like going home than I’ve done heretofore. I cant quit the diggins yet while they pay so well.

Saturday 2 – We are all at work as usual and the weather is quite warm. At noon the wind blew quite pleasant. I and John commenced to wash down the pine stump. We got gold $7. I do not feel satisfied that my wife is not coming out as I expected.

Sunday 3 – I was waked up this morning at daybreak by the robins and a field lark singing. They seemed to be doing their best.
I got up and went out in my shirt tails, but returned again to my bunk to indulge a while longer. Yes to think alone an hour. At sunrise I got up, built a fire, and called up John to get breakfast as we usually have much to do setting up, and the gold dust to divide. Lawrance had $368 that him and Roister had taken out in last 2 weeks, of which I and John got $128, and we had $310.50. Our share is $233.
I read the 20th chapter of Saint Luke.
Four of us dressed up and went down to the Point and changed off $94 worth of dust. We paid Rains $25, besides sundries $17.25, and I was ordered to work the road between this and the courthouse by the overseer on Wednesday. I and Lawrance came home to eat dinner.

Early this morning I set a brush heap on fire and burned quite a lot of old clothes among the rest one of those coarse towels my wife put in my trunk was thrown in. The first one.

P.M. John did some washing and mending. I washed those suspenders my wife gave me and did some sewing on my pants. After supper I wrote a letter to Lawrance’s wife for him, &c. I paid Thompson $5 to pay expenses to go over to the American Valley and go my security in the case with Lloyd, &c.

Monday 4 – All six at work as usual. I and John are digging away at our stump. The weather could never be pleasanter. The wind blows a pleasant breeze for five hours at noon. We got gold today $30.50.

Tuesday 5 – I did not get up until the men in the other cabin had started out to work. We got breakfast and went out. We was not long at work before our hose burst. Shaw got gold for the first time in his and the Lloyd’s claim, $23.50. A fine breeze commenced blowing early and continued till late. We got gold $15 and Lawrance some too. Our hose bursted a second time in same place.

Wednesday 6 – O, this delightful climate–one continued stretch of sunshine and pleasant breeze. All were at work betimes. We succeeded in rolling the big stump out of the way and got gold $1.50. The other boys made fair work. The sheriff was to see me to collect $5 for services done in the case with Lloyd and to collect $15 that John bid for Freer’s interest in the ditch that was sold under an execution in favor of me against Freer and Vaughn. So John has two deeds to that interest.

Thursday 7 – I and John was cleaning up bedrock, got gold $44. It was too warm for me to keep two shirts on, so off comes my blue flannel. I loaned my friends T. and I. Jennings $300.
Friday 8 – Delightful weather. I and John got gold $8. Shaw and Rains got $103. We burst our hose in the spot that was ripped twist before. Lawrance and Roister is piping away for the first time at his old claim, down below us in same ravine.

Saturday 9 – All well, and at work in good earnest. I and John got gold $16. I feel lonesome and disappointed on account of my wife not coming out.

Sunday 10 – A few drops of rain fell last night, or rather just before day. We breakfasted and divided out our gold. I and John dug $115, Shaw and Rains $199.25, and Lawrance and Roister had $41. We then dressed up and went down to the Point. I gave Duesler 1/2 of the $199.25, he paying $40 for hired help and board. I got $75 to my share. I then deposited with Thompson $395.25, making in all $1000 bearing date June 6th 1855, at the rate of two per cent per month, as he had given my security in the suit with Lloyd. I came home in company with Lawrance and took dinner, though rather late. We then walked up the to its head all right. I shall read the 8th chapter of John and go to bed, &c.

Monday 11 – I and John went to our place, and Shaw and Lawrance to work in the same ravine. We do not expect to hire anybody at present. Rains and Roister has not left yet. It was somewhat cloudy but no rain. We got gold $7. The other two made about the same. I paid Rains $66.75 for work done for the company, and $28.75 for Duesler.

Tuesday 12 – Well it has hailed and rained. In cold, stormy weather, in comes the miner to a good warm fire, without any gold dust. There is considerable thunder. I went to bed early feeling somewhat unwell, ate no supper, &c.

Wednesday 13 – Rained more or less through the night. I lay abed until a late hour, the sun at least one hour high. Cloudy this morning but cleared up soon and the day was warm and pleasant again. I and John got gold $15. Shaw and Lawrance has found it good, by going out in to the left bank. There is another channel that is rich, &c.

Thursday 14 – A fine day. I and John is piping together through where we commenced to work after five of the old company had left us. We got so wet and cold, the water falling on us all the time, that we knocked off early. We had not long been at the house when Tom Eaves came to our cabin. I knew him at first sight, not withstanding all his whiskers. He came across the plains in 1854. We talk a little about old times, &c —

Friday 15 – I John and Eaves went out to the diggins. Tom said he wanted to help work, so I sent him off after his things and told him he could try it a while until he could do better. We got gold $40. Shaw had Rains to work for him, as has a bad cold and don’t feel well. Lawrance and Rains done well —

Saturday 16 – I, John and Tom Eaves was at work in good time. The bank has slid in again last night. That kept us some time in getting away the dirt and rock. Well before noon we were piping. I saw and picked up a piece of gold that weighs 8 ounces and 10 drams–just $150 at the currant rate of $17.40 to the ounce.
Shaw and Lawrance has struck new diggins that is very rich so we’ve got a claim a piece there, in all four. We feel confident that we will be able to get our piles out of those new claims, but I wont throw away the old ones, by no means. We cleaned up some bedrock and then the sluice boxes this P.M. and got gold $97 add the two together and make $235 at $16 per oz —

Sunday 17 – After breakfast we spent much time in setting up for hired help and boarding the hands, so we fell in debt to Shaw $140.75, including money loaned, and paid out more than his share. He also paid the smith $7.50 for the company and  $10.75 for provisions to Thompson after we went down to the Point. I and John took tea with Duesler and his wife. John got pair gum boots, cost $9. My lesson is the 19th chapter of Saint John.
I and John was ordered out to work the road from the Point to the courthouse on Thursday, Friday and Saturday next, or pay $3 per day for not working.1 The overseer was over to see us yesterday evening —
Duesler gave me a large penknife.

Monday 18 – I and John went out to work. He complains very much of debility and palpitation of the heart, &c. but worked the day out. We was setting our boxes anew at the very spot that we and Dobson commenced to work about the first of February 1854. We put in the Riffles–that was some trouble to mend. After noon, we was cleaning off brush and small bushes to set our penstock in a new place higher up the hill. Duesler came up, and Mr. Merrill. He wants to buy Shaw out, but I’d rather not. Shaw, Lawrance and Roister is at work our new claims.

Tuesday 19 – Eaves wanted to know why me and John did not like for him to buy Shaw out. I told him I did not know that he wanted to sell. Tom said he was satisfied. John went down to see Dr. Hill and got some medicine in the A.M. and in the P.M. he was out of work. Duesler came up with him. I put him to mending the hose while the rest of us was setting up the penstock, cutting ditches and burning logs and brush.

Wednesday 20 – Eaves is still staying with us. He was prospecting for himself. I and John was mending the hose. The thread was broke in many places.

P.M. I helped the other boys roll a log out of their diggins, cleaned up bedrock and got gold $10. John was sewing a new seam to strengthen the old ones in the hose. It has been so warm today that I pulled off my flannel shirt.

Thursday 21 – Quite warm today. John is sewing the hose and I cleaning up bedrock, got gold $5. We did not work the road according to orders.

Friday 22 – I and John set our pipe to work to clean away the rocks that us and Dobson handled in February 1854, the first place we three commenced to make money after the other five members of the company had left. We are running off the tailing and throwing out the stumps and rocks. The other boys are doing well —

Saturday 23 – I and John set up another set of sluice boxes and riffles alongside those that were already up, in order to work at either place as best suits the ground after getting under good headway.
The rest of boys had got a gallon of milk punch.2 I concluded to get on a bust, which I did to the full of my heart’s content. I fell at noon to raise no more on my
birthday, being 44. If my wife had been here it would not have been so with me, but it is done and I am again on my feet once more.
Tom Eaves has been sick since Wednesday last, but is now up again. There was no work done in consequence of the spree that I and Roister was in — I pulled off my shoes and socks and run about bare foot and cut my left heel. Soon I was doomed to fall down. I went into the brush, not knowing what I did, but I rose again at sunset &c. I gave $1 for the punch —

Sunday 24 – I breakfasted quite hearty, and soon after we set to and had a settlement. We had over $300 to our shares. Shaw paid $22 for beef and $4 to Thompson for the company. We four bought Pike’s water ditch, tools, provisions and cabin all for $162.50. We now will be able to work all summer.
My lesson is the 9th chapter Acts.

Monday 25 – I and John together this forenoon was sluicing down some top dirt that had fallen in our way.

P.M. we was striping away and have no occasion to be discouraged. We got gold $28.50. Shaw was attending to the things that we purchased in the forenoon. Lawrance and Roister was fixing the new ditch, and extending it also. In the  P.M. they was rigging to pipe —

Tuesday 26 – Tom Eaves asked me if he could go to work. We told him that there was not work for three, so after breakfast he started with others over to the Mountain House3 to join his company again. I and John went to work, he to piping and I to cutting up some logs that we left a year ago last March. The other three were piping away at their place.

P.M. all hands built a log heap at our place and then to their work. Shaw went to sewing the hose we got from Pike with two more seams. They got gold; we none.

Wednesday 27 – John complaining considerable4 though we was at work cleaning away a lot of top dirt that slid in the way.

P.M. I was at work alone. John quite sick at night. He had a high fever and said he was quite cold and chilly. I got gold $9.50. The other boys made none. I had my own supper to get.

Thursday 28 – John is laid up. He took a dose of Wright’s Vegetable Patent Pills5 last night, and complains no little.
I’ve had to do my own cooking today. Rains helped me to work in Johns place. The left bank of our diggins caved in and we had to pull out the boxes to keep the dirt from breaking them. We got no gold. John came out to the diggins late in the P.M. Shaw and Lawrance done well. Roister sick.

Friday 29 – John is better and went down to the Point this forenoon. No letters, but my papers had come that I have to take or send to the supreme court in the case with Lloyd. I and Rains was cleaning up bedrock and got gold $138. Shaw and Lawrance done well. Roister went out to work in the

P.M. Thomas Eaves came to our diggins late this evening; he is with us tonight.

Saturday 30 – I and Tom Eaves was at work. John says he feels better than he has done for some time. We all quit work early to settle up. The two companies had $322. I had to pay $18.50 for grub and $18 for board and lost time. I got my papers at last from the county clerk to take to the supreme court at Sacramento. The clerks fees for making them out was $46.80. I gave a receipt for the papers and also got one for the money for clerk from Thompson.

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