James Haun Diary, May 1855

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Tuesday 1 – Henry and I went into town. On arriving we found the town in quite a-stir. The young folks were going to head quarters to fall in line to march out 2 1/2 miles to a May Day party. All went off in good style.

Dinner 50 cents.

I put in the day without doing much business. I went out to the ranch with H.P. —

Wednesday 2 – We went to town as usual. I then set to and bought all the goods that we designed to get for mining purposes, in amount, $403 to be paid by the camp. I also paid $29.25, the whole amount of expenses for going and returning, besides my private bills: 2 pair gum boots $15; 2 pair gum socks $9; 2 hickory shirts $1.25; 1 pair pants $3.50 and then paid 50 cents for dinner. Late in the P.M. I went out to H.P.’s.

Thursday 3 – The weather is quite cool indeed. I had forgotten to mention that the moon was eclipsed on the night of the first of May, Tuesday last.
I went to town in company with H.P. and his family, but did not return. I closed up my business and engaged a packer at 6 cents per lb to bring up our goods. My dinner and supper cost $1. I lodged with David in the hayloft.

Friday 4 – I went to the opposition stage office paid $7 to ride to Gibsonville. I ate breakfast at .50 cents, and off we go. Cold this morning.
Dinner at the Oregon House $1. Supper and lodging $1.50 at the Buckeye House.

Saturday 5 – Breakfast $1 and on to Gibsonville. Arrived at 11 o’clock A.M. and ate dinner, $1. Now for a tramp through the soft snow for home. Started at a quarter of 2:00 P.M. caring 25 pounds over the deep snow and arrived before sunset, at home —

Sunday 6 – Took a good sleep in my own bed. I found all well.
I met a man by the name of Judge Heath at Gibsonville on his way to my house. He is a friend of Jack and H.P.’s and he wishes to get to mining. We all went down to the Point, I to see after a letter that Henry put in the express office Wells & Co. some 20 days ago. It was mailed from Georgetown, Kentucky. It is not come to hand.
We went home, took dinner, and weighed our dust of the 2 last weeks’ work, $634, and Lawrance and company $320.80, of which we get 1/2, to be divided as the rest of our gold. All four of us loaned I.W. Thompson $1,000 for 30 days at 3 per cent per month.
I read the 7th chapter of Mark.

Monday 7 – Fine weather. Four of us went to work. John is complaining. He got himself half a gallon of milk.1
Reacher Borne came to see me in the P.M. He wants to use our tail water and I told him he could. We got gold $88.50. I paid Row and Henry $50 in law fees and $4.50 more in clerk’s fees in the Vaughn case.

Tuesday 8 – A pleasant morning. Shaw, Judge Heath and I started for Quincy, to court. It is in session on a case that lasted all day. I and Heath took dinner at Russell’s, $1 each. I paid his bills for board while we stayed at court.

P.M. all 3 went over to Betsy Town. Supper, lodging and breakfast $2.50 each.

Wednesday 9 – We all 3 went over to Black Hawk. Not one person at work there. We then returned back to town, and then to Quincy to court. My case had been called and laid over to 1:00 P.M. on account of my being away. It was then called and went in to trial. We asked a change of venue, but did not get it. We demurred but were overruled by the court. Dinner and supper each $2. Stayed all night at Russell’s; nothing for bed.

Thursday 10 – Breakfast $1 each.
We got through with the evidence last evening. My lawyer spoke this A.M. and Lloyd’s this. P.M. The Jury brought in a verdict against me for $460, damages, cash and restitution of his claims.

Dinner $1 each.

Friday 11 – Cloudy and wind blowing. Supper, lodging, breakfast, and dinner, all for $2.50 each.
It commenced raining before noon, rained quite hard. I and Heath started home at 5:00 P.M. arrived in good time through the snow that was falling quite hard.
John and the hired men got gold $125 in my absence. Our goods was delivered today from Marysville, cost 6 cents per pound, 26.60 pounds making $159.50.

Saturday 12 – Continued to snow last night. The ground was well covered this morning. I was in too bad a humor to work today. The consequence is none the rest of my company worked. I was so much out of sorts that all my worst feelings was roused to the highest pitch.
The day was unpleasant, somewhat cloudy and drizzling.

Sunday 13 – The weather is somewhat cloudy and unsettled, thunder but no rain. We all went down to the Point in the A.M. I stuck up some notices to sell P. Freer’s interest in the water ditch and came home again in company with Heath, as the rest had returned. We took dinner, though late. I then talked some with my company. We came to the concluded to go to work again. John still complains.
My lesson is the12th chapter of St. Mark.

Monday 14 – All hands to mining, Lawrance and Shults to their place, John and Roister at our old place in the Ravine with the hose and pipe. Late in the P.M. The hose ripped.
Shaw, Rains and Heath was at work near Pike cabin on Shaw’s claim.
I went down to the Point to get a man to come up and make some hose for duct number one, but did not succeed.
My friend Duesler came up to see after his claim in the P.M. He commenced making our hose. I made four sluice boxes out of new plank.
Cloudy, rain most of the P.M.

Tuesday 15 – Cloudy and a light sprinkle of rain. Quite cool this morning. I mended the hose, made three false bottoms, and made a pen stock.
John and Roister got $26 in gold in two days. The rest of our company has not made anything. Duesler is at hose making.

Wednesday 16 – This is one of those beautiful clear days that is so common in this country. All hands are prospecting and mining but me and Duesler: he is sewing on 50 yards of canvass to make hose, and I am to help him, and also to make other fixtures to set up our new pipe and hose. There has been no gold got today.

Thursday 17 – It is not necessary to say anything about the weather, as it could not be finer. Shaw and the others set up our old hose and pipe down on his and Duesler’s claim and made a commencement at piping. I and Duesler finished the new hose and expect to set it up tomorrow at our old diggins. John and Roister got gold $39. Lawrance and Shults is taking it out every day.
I thought several times today of making a guess what day this month I will see my wife here. But I could not come to any conclusion as to the day. I could not determine.
Cash paid for nails, 75 cents for company.

Friday 18 – I dreamed last night of seeing my wife. I thought she found fault of me because i did not speak to her sooner, did not know she was about. I awoke and felt disappointed to know she was not in sight or even with us to scold me–but who can stand it.
We are doing considerable work but no gold today. The wind has been blowing all day but, still and calm at night —

Saturday 19 – Raining and snowing all of today. Cold and chilly. I went down to the Point in the A.M. to attend the sale of Freer’s interest in the water ditch. Deputy Sheriff Neal sold the interest at 1 o’clock P.M. I was the purchaser, being the only bidder, at $15 for John.
I came home at dinner and went out to work. We let the water on in our new hose and pipe. It does not shoot as strong as was expected. Got gold today $2 —

Sunday 20 – The ground is covered with snow and it is snowing a little this morning, the sun peeping out at intervals. There is a robin trying to make me believe that winter is past by his constant singing, but he is a alone as it is a bad day to be out.
We had a settlement. That kept us near all day. We had $262 to divide in 4 shares after paying $159 for packing our grub from Marysville. It has been snowing very hard most of the day and bids fare to continue.

Monday 21 – Snowing all night. It is three inches deep and still snowing this morning—a winter’s day to all appearance and feeling, though we all went out to work. I, John and Rains got gold $72.50. We ripped our new hose into the bargain. Lloyd came over to our diggins from the valley, but Pike would not let him stay all night last night in his cabin. So, he went down to the Point. This morning Duesler bought his claim for $17, so I think we got clear of him for the future.
My lesson is the 5th chapter of Luke.

Tuesday 22 – Clear and cold last night and cloudy this morning. Ice froze along the leading ditches and there was snow in spots on the ground. Somewhat cloudy and sunshine at intervals. Clouded up late in the P.M. Commenced raining, continued at late bed time.

P.M. Ripped the hose again. While we were mending it, the Deputy Sheriff came with three other men and Lloyd, and levied an execution on all my interest in the diggins and water ditch and put him in possession of our diggins. But he could not get his hired man to go to work. Neither would he, Lloyd. We told him he could not get water nor work with our tools. So, he left soon after the sheriff and we to our work, got gold $1. I and Deusler was running a 3rd seam.

Wednesday 23 – Well, the ground was covered again with snow. A dreary winter-looking morning. I went down to the Point and got a bill of particulars in the case of Cline vs Freer and Vaughn and John bought the Judgement. I got with the bill $31.75. I went home again and to sewing the hose. We finished mending by 2:00 P.M. and went to piping. We got gold $1.
I dreamed last night of being quite feelingly situated with Ann E.W. —2

Thursday 24 – Cloudy and sunshine at intervals. Late in the P.M. it rained some.
I sent over to the American Valley to take an appeal of the case with Lloyd, or rather, to give bonds, which I did in the sum of $1,900. I.W. Thompson and Isaac Jennings went my security. I paid my Lawyer Henly $100 and paid $66.75 in clerk’s fees. My dinner $1.
I got a letter from my wife that has been miscarried and I suppose lost. It is dated March 9th 1855 and gives an account of her return to Georgetown and hard times and living at Pratts.3 Letter from wife $1.
I took one of our pipes over to Betsy Town and had the nozzle taken off and a smaller one of 7/8 inches put on at a cost of $4. I went home after 5:00 P.M. Got gold $8.50 —

Friday 25 – Cloudy last night but cleared up today. One of those delight full warm days that we are likely to have for sometime to come. We have all been at work, but without being rewarded in any way, except Lawrance. He is making good wages and 3/4 of 1/2 of what he makes is for me and John —

Saturday 26 – Cool last night, and some ice about the ditch near the cabin, but the sun rose clear and bright. I started Shaw over to Betsy Town to get our pipe fixed again, as it was with the old nozzle. The rest of us at work as usual. Cloudy in the P.M. with a little sprinkle of rain.
Shaw paid $1 for fixing pipe and gave $3 for another. Got gold $17. Lawrance did not work this P.M. but got drunk for the first time.

Sunday 27 – Up at daylight. Took a cold bath and read the 10th Chapter of Saint Luke. Ate breakfast and did some mending on our Hungarian riffles, and then five of us went down to the Point. I and John ground three axes, and I got two letters from my wife. The first was dated the 11th April 18554 and gives an account of the death of Mrs Beaty, and the burning of Harvey Graves’ dwelling house, the instructions of my brother Sant, and the want of love expressed in my previous letter to my wife. The second is dated April 7th5 without. Part comes from Dave, from Bracken, Kentucky, and what my wife wrote was pend on the 12th of April 1855. She states in it that she has declined coming to California for the present.
The two letters from my wife cost 50 cents I bought six pounds of nails for the company and went home. Ate dinner late P.M. I then wrote my 19th letter to my wife. Letter cost 37 cents.

Monday 28 – A pleasant day. Shaw took the letter down to the Point and mailed it. We all was mining. We got gold $42. I shall pay off Shults. He has worked 28 days this last settlement. At$75 per 26 days, his wage amounts to $80.75, and the whole amount I paid him is $181.75 to work the interest that old Lloyd was permitted to work.

Tuesday 29 – Somewhat cloudy and raining a very light sprinkle at daybreak, but a fine sunny day. I, John and Rains got gold $22. Lawrance and Roister is doing well, but Shaw, Duesler and Judge Heath has not made anything. It is more than likely that they will not all pay at the same time. We have an interest in all the company’s work. We get 3/4 of all that Shaw has an interest in.
There was a miner died of bilious colic6 on Sunday night last, that lived one mile from our cabins —

Wednesday 30 – I dreamed last night that I was in bed with my wife and I thought she rather refused to indulge in that social intercourse as man and wife. Well it is no go.
The day is fine and pleasant. I and John got gold $12. My friend Judge Heath says he is a-going to leave tomorrow.

Thursday 31 – I and John are alone at work. We got gold $53. Shaw and Rains is still prospecting, and Lawrance and Roister is fixing up to work in the ravine that Lloyd and John first worked together in, as some of it is left.
Well, we came in a little sooner than the rest. I was fixing about and swept away in front of my cabin, and John was washing some of the salt out of the butter. After supper I was mending my pants that I had lined a year ago till a late hour.

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James Haun Diary, February 1855

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Thursday 1 – Clear and pleasant this morning. I made two pick handles. I then cut and split some dry wood. After dinner I and John split some logs for back sticks. We went up to the reservoir and shut the gate, and then down to the diggins and home, after cutting an oak stick for pick handles. Cloudy this afternoon and commenced raining at dark.

Friday 2 – We fully expected a good rain and snow last night and today. It cleared off at noon, however, without rain to do any good, and no snow either. We went out to fix for mining, as there is water to answer if it will only keep from freezing so hard at night.
We commenced piping but our hose burst. We mended up and done considerable work, after all the trouble.

Saturday 3 – I, John and Shaw was piping off tailing and picked up $6.50. Lawrence is stripping by himself. Lloyd has not got back from below.

Sunday 4 – After breakfast as I pulled of my hickory shirt and put on another, of Johns washing. I’d only wore it two weeks. As I was dressed up and clean, I went down to the Point. I still thought to hear from my wife. Accordingly I got a letter from her dated December 22 18541 giving an account of somewhat of her trip to Iowa, and the big dinners, &c., &c. There one to John from his ma written from Iowa dated December 24 1854,2 and giving an account of the Iowa folks. It cost $2 for the two. I was expecting to hear that she was fixing to travel to California, but, O, the disappointment, blackness, darkness, all most ready to give up in despair.
This was one of those still delightful sunny days, warm and pleasant, as is so common. My lesson was the first chapter of Ephesians. I wrote my 17th letter to my wife.

Monday 5 – The hose slipped off the pipe and needed patching.We piped off tailings after it was mended. In the afternoon a pine burr run in the pipe. It took some time and hard punching to get it out. We picked up gold $7.

Tuesday 6 – We was at work betimes as usual. We had just fairly got underway when our hose burst. It took me till noon to sew it up again. I sent my 17th letter to wife by Lawrance to the express office, cost 25 cents. We got gold $41.50. It was warm all day, and cloudy.

Wednesday 7 – Cloudy, hailed a little at noon and later rained some. We were at work early but the hoses burst in two places. After dinner I and John took them down and carried them to the cabin to sew them over again. Later I went down to the Point to get twine. I saw Lloyd. He has got back, but is too drunk to come to the cabin. We got gold $18.

Thursday 8 – Cloudy weather. It was drizzling most of the day. At one time it was mixed with snow. I was at work in the cabin sewing the hose and am not done yet. John and Shaw gold gold $32. Lawrance is doing well. Lloyd has not got home yet. I suppose he is still drunk.

Friday 9 – Cloudy this morning but it cleared off, and was a beautiful, warm, sunny day. The wild geese were flying North. A yellow jacket came flying about in the cabin. Shaw and John got gold $16.50. I was in the cabin all day sewing the hose, still not done.

Saturday 10 – Clear and frosty last night but clouded up this forenoon.

P.M. Commenced raining good, and alternately it would snow, and keep at it. John and Shaw got gold $29 with me to help them from the middle of the afternoon, as I finished sewing the hose. Lloyd is not at home yet

Sunday 11 – Cleared off last night and froze. After doing some needle work this morning, we four went out to the diggins to see what harm was done by the rush of water. While out there we picked up $4. We cleaned out Lawrance’s boxes and went to the cabin, eat dinner and then went down to the Point.
Late in the evening a man by the name of Cook, asked me to drink with him and Vaughn. Vaughn said he did not ask Mr Haun to drink with him. I told Vaughn I did not drink with such a man as he was. He stepped forward one step and said I was a damned knave. I rose up and stepped towards him two steps. He drew a large Bowey knife and said, draw and come ahead. He was drunk and drinking. He is two cowardly to act so when sober. I felt very much like killing the rogue and doing murder. But the thought of doing what whiskey will soon do in any case, and sending Vaughn to and a just God —
I paused and reflected. I did not come to this country to fight and pitt my life against such great odds. He has nothing to live for but to get drunk.
This is the third time that a deadly weapon has been Pointed at me, but I was not much scared —
I got 1 1/8 inch sole leather, $1; paper tax 25 cents.

Monday 12 – Cold last night and clouded up this morning. We all four was running tailings off. Lawrance’s Diggins took out no gold today.

Tuesday 13 – I was making false bottoms for Hungarian Riffles. I got them made in time enough to put them in the boxes. Shaw and John was cleaning up bedrock till noon and got gold $8. After noon we were setting boxes and fixing on the hose that I mended last week.

Wednesday 14
– I, John and Shaw was mining today, washing down new dirt with hose and pipe. We took out $118, one piece weighing $53, and one $24, and one $22.50. The balance was small dust, cloudy or hazy. It commenced to rain after dark.

Thursday 15 – Did not rain much last night. Somewhat cloudy and foggy this morning, but turned out a beautiful, warm, sunny day.
We was piping away when the hose split–not the thread but the cloth, for the first time. It took me the whole evening to put on a patch. We got gold $32.50. If the hose didn’t rip —

Friday 16 – Fine weather today. It is the first day that we have been able to work all day with the pipe and hose for months past. We a good head of water and nothing to break. We took out $131.50, one piece weighing 5 1/4 oz or 84$, as we count. Lloyd came home to  day with Delirium-tremens.

Saturday 17 – Cool and clear. We fixed to clean up bedrock and got gold $143. This is what makes my time pass off much easier and faster than I want it to.

Sunday 18 – Cold this morning. I made three Hungarian Riffles for Lawrace, and made a level. After dinner I went down to the Point and mailed a letter for John to Pauline Haun, 25 cents. I got three boxes matches, 25 cents, and hired J. Shults to fill Lloyd’s place, as I do not intend to have anything more to do with a drunkard, than I can possibly help—

Sunday 18 – We had a settlement with Lawrance. He took out $67.50 in the last 14 days – we had to pay him $20 out of it for lost time. We then got $24 out of it to divide in four shares. It has been warm and pleasant today. My lesson is the 3rd Chapter of Hebrews — I had to patch the right sleeve of my hickory shirt, before I went to bed.

Monday 19 – Cool this morning, and continued to freeze all day. Cloudy, with wind from North. Some little snow fell. We cleaned up bedrock and got gold $27.50. James Shults came up and worked in Lloyd’s place with Lawrance. I am to give him $75 per month. Lawrance mended my boots tonight — I paid Shively, the constable, $3 for going down with me to Winters Creek to serve a process and attachment and summon witnesses, but Henry Goldshall was gone.

Tuesday 20 – Cold last night. The water froze up so that we could not work. I, John, Shaw and Lawrance took five picks to the valley had three sharpened, $1.50, and two steeled, $3. Three meals and lodging at Betsy Town each, $3 for me and $6 for John.

Wednesday 21 – We then took dinner at American Ranch, $1 each for I and John, and them came home before sundown. The weather is cool, and it froze considerable last night. Our water ditch is still froze up; no water to work with.

Thursday 22 – I dreamed last night that my wife was with me, and that John Hurst and his son Albert had come to California.
It was snowing a little this morning when I got up. The old snow was quite all melted off and today it is slightly covered again. We can’t work in our diggins. I went down to the Point and paid Roots and Lewis all we owed them, $13.25, as $8.50 was marked paid; $5 for John’s hat and $3.50 for whiskey. I gave Mrs Doussler $2 for an oven and lid for the company.

Friday 23 – Snowing this morning and continued more or less most of the day. Shaw and I had a settlement and divided out $4 in four shares. He got one and I kept three. I then paid him off 7 1/2 oz in gold dust that I had borrowed. In all, he loaned me 12 oz. I previously paid 4 1/2 oz. P.M. Shaw, Lawrance and I went down to the Point as we can’t work. Lloyd is anxious to know whether I will let him work again with us or not. I saw a son of Sam Brown’s that Cash Clay had the fight with.

Saturday 24 – Clear and cold last night. Three inches of snow on the ground. We are not doing anything like work. Warm and hazy today. I went down to the Point and learned for the first time that Adams & Co. Banking Express has failed. I had two old blue shirts. I cut one up to patch the other late at night. The snow it quite all gone.

Sunday 25 – Cold and clear last night but warm and cloudy today. I finished mending my shirt and read the first and second chapter of the First Epistle General of Peter. After dinner I went down to the Point. I learned from Whitney that the vigilance committee3 had called a meeting yesterday and added 10 more to their number, making 25 in all. They are determined to resist the civil law in the case of Captain Fagan, as the Grand Jury found a true bill against the vigilance committee three weeks since. It commenced snowing late this evening and was at it when I turned in.

Monday 26 – And was at it this morning. Four of us went up the ditch to put some new timber across the ditch to hold up the covering that had been broke down by the big snow we had at Christmas time. We finished at noon. It commenced to rain and continued all evening. After dinner I and Lawrance went up again and calked the long flume. We cleaned the rocks and snow out of the ditch as we came home. The water was nearly down to the reservoir —
This makes three days work done on the ditch.

Tuesday 27 – Cloudy and warm last night. Not much rain fell. The snow is fully half gone, about 10 or 12 inches deep. It is warm and cloudy all day without rain. The water made its way down to the diggins by 1/2 past 1:00, but not enough to work with. I, John and Shaw went up the ditch to see what was the matter. All was right, except the ground soaks up so much water.

Wednesday 28 – Commenced raining last night after dark and continued all night and all day today very hard. The snow is quite gone from about here. We all went to work, except Lloyd. we got gold $2.50. Jim Shults is at work for me.

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James Haun Diary, July 1854

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Saturday 1 – Me and Shaw, we got gold $38.50. We seem to be getting along peaceable and quiet.

Sunday 2 – Lloyd, Shaw and I went down to the Point and had three picks sharpened, cost $2.75. I paid Thompson $75 and sent $42 to H.P. for five gum coats and 3 pair boots by Snell & Co. For the company I paid freight on sauce $2; one bottle bitters $1; meal 75 cents; paper 50 cents; nails 75 cents. I was offered $2000 for my diggins. After supper I read the Chapter 13 of Matthew.

Monday 3 – Shaw and I got gold $14.50. The Johns are fixing to try a new place below, in the same ravine we are at work in. Dr. Vaughn had an attachment and summons served on me today. Shaw is gone down to the Point to let Hawkins know whether he will sell out to him or not.

Tuesday 4 – John and went down to the Point. I settled with Dr. Vaughn for his medical bill $15 and Vaughn then paid John $20 for five days work. I wrote a letter to H.P.. Paid $1 for twine to sew our hose with and then followed the ladies and The Russian army with brass music up to Independence Bar to a celebration and Ball. I saw my old claim and the place where I laid on the ground. Quite a large crowd of men and some 25 Ladies. Shaw, John and I left before they commenced dancing and got home by sunset. I paid 25 cents for a letter and 75 cents  for liquor.

Wednesday 5 – We went to work and got gold $16.50. After supper Shaw and I went down to the Point. They had a dance at Lewis and Roots. This is the 5th or 6th night in succession, and tomorrow and night following at the American Valley. That is the way they go on out here. I did not get a letter. I saw quite a number of the fair sex this 4th.

Thursday 6
– We got gold $11. The Johns has not made any for some days.

Friday 7 – We made nothing, but the Johns got $2. Linch stayed with us all day and night. He is a broken-down miner of 49 from Kentucky.

Saturday 8 – We got gold $9.50. The Deputy Sheriff attacked my diggins and stopped me from work. I and the Johns went down to the Point and had the case tried before six jurymen. As the squire would not let me have time to get counseled the jury gave a verdict against me. I have five days to take an appeal. I spent $1.75 for liquor.

Sunday 9 – Early this morning I and John started for the and American Valley up to Sister Betsy’s. I saw John Case the lawyer and made an arrangement to take an appeal to the county court. I then went in to hear a Methodist preacher the first of any kind since I’d been in the county and that too in my patched shirt and holes in my pants no coat on rest or hand kerchief of any kind and my old gum slippers and mining hat and my butcher knife at my side. But every chap threw in his 50 cents when the hat came around. There was four ladies.
My present his text is Exodus, (keep the sabbath holy). I read the 20th chapter of Matthew. After service was over I and John started  for Bradley’s Ranch. We took dinner and started for home. $2 for Dinner and 50 cents for preaching.
We arrived at home in good time. John Lloyd had been down to the Point and got a letter to John from my wife dated May 26 18541, giving an account of  Tom Johnson’s return to Georgetown.

Monday 10 – I went over to Onion Valley to serve a process on the squire for an appeal, and to give bond and pay the $80 cost. Dinner and whiskey cost $1.25 and I paid $1.25 for a camp kettle. Got no gold.

Tuesday 11 – The Johns got gold $23.50 and Shaw $20.50. I was making some new sluice boxes, as the bottoms of the old ones is quite worn out, having been in use all most one year. I intend that the three I make now shall last me as long as I mine here. I’ve put false bottoms in them, as they were out put in others.

Wednesday 12 – The boys got gold $16. I was at work making boxes.

P.M. I went down to the Point to get some nails and grind my plain. I then helped Shaw to set up a new sluice box. John has been playing the fiddle tonight while his bread is baking.

Thursday 13 – We did not clean up for gold. I, John and Shaw have got colds and Lloyd has a sore finger. The weather is fine

Friday 14 – Lloyd did not work today on account of his finger. We got gold $11.50.

Saturday 15 – I have the piles so that I could not work, and Lloyd can’t work on account of his finger. John and Shaw got gold $39.

Sunday 16 – Lloyd has a very sore finger, with a fellow, and I am not able to go to work. John washed some shirts for us and I wrote my 12th letter to my wife.2 My lesson is Chapter 6 of Mark.

Monday 17 – I and Lloyd went down to the Point. I got 5 pounds meal, 75 cents, and mailed a letter to my wife, 25 cents. John and Shaw got gold $4.

Tuesday 18 – I mended two shirts and a pair of breeches for myself and a shirt for John. Lloyd has got a bad finger. John and Shaw got gold $19. Floyd and I are on the sick list.

Wednesday 19 – I cut out a lining for my new pants and sewed it in, almost. Lloyd and I went up the ditch and let in quite all the water. There is 3 men at work just below the dam. They said I must leave them a sluice head of water. The boys got no gold today.

Thursday 20 – I finished my pants this morning and Lloyd and I walked out to where the boys is at work the other side. We found a rattle snake with four rattles and a button ,the first I’ve seen this summer.

P.M. I went down to the Point and paid Doosley $5 for attention to my lawsuit and $18 to Lane for mending the hose. Shaw and John got gold $33.

Friday 21 – Shaw, Lloyd and I went up the ditch. Some men at work below the dam. They turned the water through the dam and out of the ditch to work the ravine and said they would do it again. Shaw and John got gold $32.50.

Saturday 22 – I went down to the Point and got a letter for Lloyd from his wife. I was told the bank caved in on a man by the name of Douglass and two others yesterday, but the other two got out and he was drowned in the mud. Shaw and John got gold $38…

Sunday 23 – We all four took a stroll in the woods and up a ravine towards the American Valley. We saw the greatest quantity of honeydew on the leaves, quite as large as if it had been dripping out of the comb, and just as sweet. I tasted a number of them. My lesson Chapter 11 of Mark.

Monday 24 – I went to work today. John had to work by himself. We got gold $9. I and Shaw went to the Point and hired a man to work in Lloyd’s place until his finger gets well.

Tuesday 25 – We got gold $24.50. John had the man hired in Lloyd’s place to help him.

Wednesday 26 – The weather is quite warm and was somewhat cloudy. The misquotes and flies are some troublesome. We got gold $18.

Thursday 27 – I and Shaw was cleaning up bedrock all day and got gold $55. John and his man got $5. After supper Shaw and I went down to the Point. There I saw Green McHatton, an old 49er from Illinois. He says he knows your father’s sister in Illinois by name of Ms. Clark and her four grown children and said that she favored the old captain very much. While in the gambling room my friend Snow struck Abbot on the head twice with a revolver, hurt him badly.

Friday 28 – We were cleaning the bedrock that we had worked over the last five weeks. We got gold $29 and we are not done going over it the second time. John and his man gold gold $17.

Saturday 29 – I and Shaw got gold $12.50 more by noon. We were cleaning up the bedrock.

P.M. We were setting boxes to wash again on Monday. John and his man got no gold today. After supper I and Shaw went down to the Point to hear the news. The first house we stopped in was the billiard saloon. A woman was dealing Lansquenet to at least 10 men. Half-a-dozen gamblers went through with an Indian song and dance, turning somersaults. We next came to the Abbot House. They were playing cards there. At the Thompson House nothing was doing but trade. Then at Fagan’s Saloon there was a woman to draw custom and card playing and a few songs and somersaults and making love to the lady, as they call it. I tired and went home.

Sunday 30
– One of the Sterlings came up to see our fixtures to catch gold. He said it was the best he had seen. We had a settlement, the first since Hawkins left. We had $195 to divide.

P.M. we went down to the Point. I saw two woman, one in each house, dealing Lansquenet. Lots of men to bet at their bank. My lesson was Chapter 8 of St. Luke.

Monday 31 – Shaw and I got gold $19. John Cook, the man that works for Lloyd, got no gold today. Lloyd’s finger is getting well fast. I bathe every night.

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James Haun Diary, June 1854

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Thursday 1 – Cool last night and today and cloudy with all. I had to put on my coat to work in. The three of us got gold $45.50. Hawkins and I are still a fixing our hose and pipe. I was yesterday and today making Hungarian Riffles to save gold.

Friday 2 – Cool and cloudy most all day, the wind from the South. Rained some in the evening late and after dark. John and Hopkins got $48 in gold. Hawkins and Shaw was setting boxes and I was making new riffles.

Saturday 3 – Cloudy at intervals and rain and thunder this evening. The three got gold $79. I and Hawkins are still fixing. I made two more riffles and Hawkins went down to the Point after two tom irons &c.

Sunday 4 – O, the Delightful weather! Just right for man. We divided out our gold for the last 3 weeks in five shares, each $86.50 and was dividing our provisions also. Dobson came up from Rich Bar about noon and I paid him off the balance for his claim $300. He said he was very sorry for selling out. My lesson is Paul’s Letter to the Hebrews, Chapter 1.

Monday 5 – Shaw and Hopkins got gold $28 and Hawkins and John was working the hose and pipe. They did not wash or clean out the boxes. I do the fiddling: mending boxes, fixing more riffles.

Tuesday 6 – Shaw and Hawkins got gold $37 and us three got $4. I was out in the afternoon. The pipe and hose work very well. We were at work in hard cement. The day was rather cool for sunshine.

Wednesday 7 – Shaw and Hopkins got gold $42. We expect better pay as soon as we are out of this cement. The weather is cool for the time of year, but pleasant enough.

Thursday 8 – Cloudy this evening. I did not feel able to work this afternoon. We got gold $41. I am buying milk at 6 bits1 a gallon.

Friday 9 – Fine weather, the dry season has regularly set in. We got gold $68.50. I did not work. I was too weak after taking four pills last night.

Saturday 10 – Fine weather indeed. No storms. The underbrush is quite green and the pineapple cactus2. A roadside  is peeping out of the ground, quite a number of them. We got gold $67. I shall take a wash and four Barlow pills and to bed.

Sunday 11 – I wrote a letter to H.P. on business, requesting him to send me up some gum coats. We divided our gold from this last week’s work, $59.30 a share. I received a letter from Dave of date April 16 18543 by one of the partners near sunset.
I went down to the Point and mailed my letter to H.P. and came back in the dark before the moon rose. My lesson was the second Epistle of Peter, Chapter 3.
I dreamed that I was in Georgetown going up the street to hug my wife. I saw Lizzy playing with a number of other  girls. They were going around in a circle and she was to turn her back and let one of them hide and then she was to tell by seeing the rest who it was that was gone. If she failed to tell she had to try it again. But she spied me and said, why uncle. We started to go to the house, but I woke up and found myself lying in my bunk. O, what a sad disappointment to find myself in the mountains of California, thousands of miles away.

Monday 12 – Cool and cloudy and rained more or less all day. No work done by the company.

Tuesday 13 – Cloudy in the fore part of the day but fair in the evening. The four went to work and I went down to the Point after dinner and paid Roots and company $6.50 for letters, $9 for a pan and fork, $140 for 7 lb meal, and $1 for a bottle of Medicine. We got gold $76.50.

Wednesday 14 – Pleasant day. All at work. I went out and worked all day, feeling first rate. We got gold $7.50.
I was fixing and cooking. A man stood before the door with two carpet wallets and said, why day bird what brought you out here? It was John Lloyd.

Thursday 15 – The weather is all right and all are at work. We got gold $49. John Lloyd said the gold looked very nice and thought we had good diggins. My wife ought to see me making mush as I am dieting and gaining fast.

Friday 16 – Pleasant weather indeed. We were all at work, got gold $73.50. John Lloyd is a heap of company for me.

Saturday 17 – Cloudy in the A.M. and rained all P.M. though we worked till late and got gold $72 cleaning up bedrock. John Lloyd took a tramp up the ditch.

Sunday 18 – John Lloyd and I went and staked off claims, seven for me and five for John. We bought those and another two by preemption and picked out one for Lloyd. We then went up the ditch and stopped some holes. Then we came home and breakfasted.
Lloyd and John went down to the Point. Our new partners had already gone. They came back before noon and we divided the gold. First we paid the previous expenses of the company $39 and then divided the remaining $240 making $48 to each. I then paid $36 for lost time in sickness and then the other three paid me for board $41 and Hopkins paid me $32.25 for the use of water.
I broke a hoe cleaning my potatoes and went down to the Point. Gave $2.50 for a new one, $1.50 for a bottle of bitters and then came home in company with Lloyd. My Lesson was Chapter 7 of Revelations.

Monday 19 – We five went to work but made no money. Lloyd went to the Point.

Tuesday 20 – I made a proposition to the company to take in Lloyd on the same terms with Hopkins but it was refused. I then said I would not work in this company longer. So we did nothing all day but disagree. Hawkins in a mean Yankee of New York. Shaw is a gentleman of the West.

Wednesday 21 – We made a settlement with Hawkins and Hopkins. Shaw bought his claim in the water at $150, including all the provisions and tools. I paid him $500 for us four and Shaw $29. That paid his bill. We then went to work in the P.M. Shaw went down to the Point. We got no gold worth weighing. The wind blew pretty hard from the South.

Thursday 22 – Quite a frost last night, it bit some of my potato’s tops. We four all went to work and got gold $29.50. Shaw and I worked together and Lloyd and John.

Friday 23 – Fine weather. We made nothing, but the Johns made $2.50. One ought to see me making mush to eat out of kiln-dried meal.
I was well aware today that I was forty-three years old today.  I often thought of my wife today and expect she did the same of me and wondered what I was at.
I read Revelations Chapter 20, and to bed.

Saturday 24 – We got gold $19.50. We done but little owing to lost time and the brake-up with Hawkins. This Yankee won’t do.

Sunday 25 – We four have been fixing up our grub bill so as to have it easily understood. I read this first chapter of Matthew this morning.
We all went down to the Point in the P.M. I got a letter from H.P. on business. I sent for gum clothes to work in. I paid for sharpening picks and $3.75 for the company. I bought a bottle of bitters for $1.50, and a 5th of meal for 75 cents.
Dobson stabbed a man down at Rich Bar four times. The miners went down to see about it.

Monday 26 – We got an English sailor, Lilly Lane, to come and sew our hose again. They keep a-bursting. Shaw and I hewed out some slabs at the mill for sluice boxes. The Johns were digging and got gold $7.50. A considerable freeze; the leaves was stiff this morning.

Tuesday 27 – The Johns got gold $13.50. I and Shaw got our pipes and hose to work again. The bank caved in and caught my leg under the dirt but I was not hurt.

Wednesday 28 – Cool nights and warm days. We all got gold $11. The Johns got about one dollar. I dreamed last night that I was in Georgetown and that my wife put her arms around my neck and kissed me–but, O, the next moment how sad the disappointment! Sleep had left me and I lay all alone in my bunk considering my disappointment.

Thursday 29 – Fine weather. We were all at work and got gold $40. Now we sit about the cabin doors as if we were exiled. That still small voice that speaks within tells of better days I hope I may come soon.

Friday 30 – We got gold $9. All’s well. The coyotes have commenced to howl again. Our ravine is still hard cement.

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James Haun Diary, May 1854

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Monday 1 – Beautiful day, warm and sunshiny with a pleasant breeze a-stirring. We was at our work as usual ground sluicing. Our partner came up in the afternoon to see after his claim and said he wished to have a divide but I would not agree to it, so he said he would sell out. I agreed to give him $500 for his entire interest in everything here, $200 down, and the $300 in thirty days.

Tuesday 2 – The weather is very good. After getting up a little late John  and I went out to work. We fixed for wash ing and got $11 gold by noon. We did not clean over 1 1/2 feet square of the bedrock. After dinner we was ground sluicing and wet feet all evening.

Wednesday 3 – The weather is good. We were fixing the boxes and mending them in the forenoon and the after we were washing gold and got $19.

Thursday 4 – We was washing for gold and got $11. We quit sometime before night and took our picks down to the Point to have them steeled at both Points. It only cost $4 for the two picks. No mail for me.
I received a tin box of fresh butter that H.P. sent up. Box and all weighed 16 pounds. We tried some of it for supper we found it to be very good. O, yes. O, yes. O, yes. While at the Point I saw a petticoat across the creek, the first one since I don’t recollect. Yes, December last.

Friday 5 – Rather cool last night and a cool breeze a-stirring today. We were a-ground sluicing and cutting some small timber and brush all day.

Saturday 6 – Cool last night, with ice on the roots where we are at work. A-snowing all the forenoon but it did not lay. Continued in the afternoon with intervals of sunshine. At bedtime the ground was white with snow. We were cutting down top dirt and ground sluicing.

Sunday 7 – The ground is white with snow but soon melted off. Snowed more or less all day. Dobson came up. I paid him $200 and my note for $300 more in thirty days. I got from him a bill of sale of all his right and title. John and I got some wood, planted three short rows of potatoes, and then finished a letter to H.P. and one to Dave. I shall read Chapter 5 of Romans and then turn in.

Monday 8 – Cold last night with some snow and a heavy frost this morning–but a beautiful sunny day. John went to ground sluicing and I down to the Point to mail a letter to H.P. and one to Dave. I received a letter from H.P. speaking of his bad health all winter and of Dave’s singular departure. H.P. says he had got him a situation in the office of two of the best Lawyers in Marysville. All satisfactory to Dave. So one night in January last, he leaves a note in the office, a  freak of nature, and farewell to all whom it may concern, and is not heard of since. I did not know till this morning that he was gone.1
H.P. asked me in his letter if I knew where he was, so I answered his letter and mailed it. I then bought two claims for $35 in our ditch making 5 in all out of 8. I gave 50 cents for gum arabic2 and 25 cents for the letter to H.P., and then came home to dinner and ground sluiced in the evening.

Tuesday 9 – Cold last night with heavy frost. We set up our boxes and pitched out a number of rocks in the forenoon, and in the evening we washed the sluice dirt that stopped us from sluicing. We got gold $5. It rained a little this evening.

Wednesday 10 – Cloudy more or less all day. We was hindered most of the day by miners coming to our diggins. We got gold $12.50, though we did not work half the day.

Thursday 11 – Cool and cloudy last night and rained most of the day. We got gold $7.50.

Friday 12 – Cloudy this morning but very pleasant day with all. Two miners came to our cabin before we ate breakfast and stayed till after dinner. We then went out and got gold $17.

Saturday 13 – Rained last night and was at this morning, but cleared off by 10 AM, and was a pleasant day. We had two miners to see us. They bought two interests in the water out of eight. They seem to be good miners and steady men. They are well pleased with the appearance of things. We got gold today $16.50.

Sunday 14 – Snowing considerable this morning but towards noon it held up, though it was cloudy and cool all day. I and John went down to the Point. We took two picks had then sharpened, cost $2.75. I paid Roots $5 and Fox or Kline $20 for their claims, one of those I bought last Monday. We saw our new partners. They are to be up in the morning.

Monday 15 – Pleasant morning. Our new partners Hawkins and Shaw came up this morning. We started Hawkins to Marysville for provisions and tools, clothing, and pipe and hose, and our trunks and fiddle. We three went to work after dinner. I was sick with a chill, had a severe back ache all evening and rested bad all night. We got gold $9.

Tuesday 16 – A beautiful morning. The birds are singing their best notes and I am setting in the cabin, sick not able to work and have not eaten a bite since noon yesterday. I ate some toast and drank cup tea at noon, and went out to work in the evening. The four of us got gold $15.

Wednesday 17 – Sunny and pleasant. John and two other men–Shaw, a partner, and Hopkins, a cousin to Hawkins–were ground sluicing in another ravine, the one the old company was at work in when they broke up. I went out in the evening to see them but couldn’t work.

Thursday 18 – Sunny and pleasant. John and the other two are ground sluicing. I was out in  the fore and after noon but scarcely able to walk. I’ve had a chill every day. Tonight I had some water warmed. I drank 1/2 gallon and put my finger down my throat and vomited. I then took two calomel3 pills and laid down, but in the night had to get up to vomit. I threw up some bile and rested very bad all night, in fact I suffered very much.

Friday 19 – Sunny and pleasant. I’m no better. I took four pills to  work off the calomel. It being slow I went on the other cabin and got a dose of oil and took that in the evening but the chill came on and I suffered a great deal till Saturday morning. John and the two others got gold today $6.50—

Saturday 20 – Sunny and pleasant. I had a bilious discharge this morning. Also, I sent Shaw after Dr. Vaughn. He came early and fixed quinine and Dover’s Powder4 pills. I am to take one every hour in the day and at bedtime take 60 grams calomel, some Dover’s Powder mixes, and some opium. In case it is inclined to run off in watery discharges tomorrow, I am to take oil in the morning, and take one quinine pill every 3 hours till they are all gone, save the nights.
It is now 20 minutes of 3 PM. We just had a little shower of rain and four different thunders. I dreamed my wife was with me last night, but I don’t know in my dream where we met. I got a pair shears yesterday and cut my mustache off close and cropped my whiskers. Got gold $9.

Sunday 21 – F.P.D. And here I am, dosing myself with caster oil and spruce tea. Just able to get up when down. All alone. John and the two young men have gone up the ditch to see if they could get me a squirrel or something to make soup. Did not get anything. The young men went down to the Point to get me some fresh beef to make soup, but got none. They brought me two letters, one from my wife of date March 24 18545 giving an account of Dave’s arrival in Georgetown, Kentucky &c &c &c and one from W.G. Haun of date March 26 18546 giving an explanation of some charges I had against him. John stayed with me and did some washing for me. I had very light chill in the P.M. At bedtime I took a warm bath and went to bed.

Monday 22 – Rested pretty well last night. A lovely morning. John went down to the Point to get tools and nails, and got me some beef to make soup, but I fear I will have to take some more strong medicine before I get clear of the chills.
The boys were making new riffles to catch gold. Our partner Hawkins got back from Marysville this afternoon brought me a letter from H.P. He wrote that he had heard that Dave had got back  to Kentucky through W.G.

Tuesday 23 – A pleasant morning. All at work but me. I’m still improving fast. I was busy all day doing little jobs about the cabin.
After dinner it clouded up, thundered considerable, hailed quite heavy and rained. No work done by the company this evening.

Wednesday 24 – A pleasant morning. Four of us at work washing for gold, but did not clean up. Clouded up, thundered and rained and hailed this evening. I did not feel so well.

Thursday 25 – Sunny and pleasant. I am improving some. I went out to the diggins in the afternoon. The boys washed up the riffles got gold $13.75.

Friday 26 – Sunny and pleasant. I feel somewhat better. We got gold $18. I did not work. The sun was partially in eclipse.

Saturday 27 – Sunny and pleasant. I went out to work. About 10 A.M. our goods and trunks and fiddle was brought to our cabin. I made hast to open my trunk. The first thing I looked for was my wife’s daguerreotype. I kept it and showed it to my partners. We got gold $49.50. A tree fell last night and broke one of our boxes.

Sunday 28 – Not so warm today. After breakfast Hawkins, Shaw, Hopkins and John went to see some  diggins together with the water, tools, cabin, and provisions, but they did not get to see them. They went down to the Point and John brought me two letters, one from my wife of date April 10 18547 giving an account of old brother Smith getting a letter from his daughter Emma, and one from D. H. Smith of date April 5 18548 giving an account of his travels in the great West. I closed my 11th letter to my wife and John took it down to the Point and mailed it. My lesson is Paul’s Letter to the Philippians.

Monday 29 – Cold last night, frost in many places in the mountains. A pleasant sunny day. John and two others were washing for gold, got $52.50. Hawkins and I were out a-prospecting to buy another water ditch, but did not see the men. After dinner we were sharpening tools at the Point to fix up our hose and pipe. I took a  warm bath and went to bed.

Tuesday 30 – Cool last night. A pleasant sunny day. John and the two men were washing for gold, got $53. Hawkins and I were fixing our pipes and hose. I made two leading troughs and a hopper to fasten the hose to. Sunday last I had my cloths hung out to air. What folly to have brought out here such clothes.

Wednesday 31 – Cool last night and not warm today. John and the two men got gold $36. They mashed a box with a tree. Hawkins and I are fixing our pipe and hose. We have two new plates and cups and saucers. John plays the fiddle for me and it is a heap of company.

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James Haun Diary, February 1854

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Wednesday 1 – Still pleasant. We went to ground sluicing–hauled on our leaky gum boots, rolled up our sleeves and into the water.

Thursday 2 – Up this morning early and darned a hole in the heel of my old grey sock. We go in our shirtsleeves all day. We had a good head of water to wash off the top snow, and we rolled up our sleeves to get in to it all day.

Friday 3 – Last night three lions passed within 200 yards of out cabin between it and our work, and then late this evening a fourth one came on the track of the three before. We came home from work. Somewhat cloudy this evening. Our work is the same: ground sluicing.

Saturday 4 – Rained moderate today. We set up our boxes after digging them up put of the snow. It is knee deep and hard enough to bear in places. Well if this ain’t cold work on hands! I will say no more.
We quit for the day after getting up the boxes and being wet all over from working in the rain. We were quite late for dinner. After dinner I changed my duds for dry ones and went down to the Point. I got a letter of date 28 November1 for John and one for me of the date 29 November2. It mostly says don’t be discouraged.
Well, if you could see us at work you would have no occasion to write such letters, I think.

Sunday 5 – Rained all night last and all of today. We all went to McDonald’s cabin. He was not at home. I closed tonight by reading from Saint Mark from the 7th chapter —

Monday 6 – Rained and snowed last night; mixed and rained all day. We went to washing out gold, $11.25. This is the first since the middle of December last, and not bad for a start. I made a cape out of the legs of gum boots that kept my shoulders dry all day.

Tuesday 7 – Rained last night. I was up this morning before day. It cleared up at daybreak and sun came out. Beautiful all day. We got gold $23.50, not bad for three of us.
I had some cross words with John this morning. He has got in the habit of telling me that I’m mad if I speak to him in the way of a reprimand. He did not go out to work until I came back after him.

Wednesday 8 – Fine day. Cold last night, some cloudy this evening. We washed for gold this morning for two hours and got $41, one piece weighing $29. Then we went to ground sluicing the rest of day.

Thursday 9 – Some cloudy. Ground sluicing. Commenced raining at bedtime.

Friday 10 – Snowed some last night and rained pretty hard all day. We were ground sluicing, and got wet and cold at that.

Saturday 11 – Rained hard last night and then snowed before day. We got gold $9. It was a beautiful sunshiny day, but cool this evening.

Sunday 12 – Cold last night and cloudy. Snowing this morning very fast and continued all day. About a foot of new fallen snow on the top of the old and hard snow.
All three of us went down to the Point. I mailed my 8th letter to my wife. I paid $3.50 for sharpening two picks, putting steel in one of the ends and drawing them out out of the ends and drawing them out. Out of the company’s money, 50 cents for turpentine for company. Paid Lewis and Roots $17 for John’s boots and letters. I got a blue flannel shirt on credit. It was still snowing at bedtime.

Monday 13 – Snowed some little last night and all of the day, with sunshine at intervals. Cold and Freezing tonight. We got gold today $10.50. The south west side of ravine bank slid down with four small trees on it and split two of our sluice boxes. It took us all the afternoon to right it.

Tuesday 14 – Cold last night and continues to freeze in the shade and where we are at work. Got gold $34.50 our piece weighed $24.50.

Wednesday 15 – Cold last night, but pleasant today, sunshine in the forenoon but cloudy in the after, and snowed a little. We got gold $24.50. We had flapjacks for dinner as bread was scarce.

Thursday 16 – Snowed some last night. The sun shone but it was dim, hazy and cloudy. Today we got gold $16. My shoulders and elbows ache and my hands are rough and cracked.

Friday 17 – Fine day, the wind is from the North East. Got gold $23.50. We think we’ve found diggins that will last for months.

Saturday 18 – Fine and warm day. We cleaned off the trees and bushes for ground sluicing. We cut a ditch and got the water running through. We cleaned out the pattern riffle box and got gold $2.50. I saw a large flock of wild geese going north–what does it mean?

Sunday 19 – Snowed a little last night and is at it today. Some sunshine at intervals. Wild geese going south again. We cut and packed wood. I cut a tree and felled it in front the cabin, close for back logs. My lesson is Acts, Chapter 20.
I sent John down to the Point to have my pick sharpened and see if there was any letters. I took five pills made by Barlow’s receipt last night, as I am out of sorts–rather bilious.

Monday 20 – Cloudy mostly, with a little snow. Wild geese and ducks going north. I took four more pills on going to bed last night and felt rather bad all day, but worked all day at ground sluicing. The bank caved in and smashed one of out boxes badly. We found it so when we went to work this morning.

Tuesday 21 – Snowed a little last night and all day today but melted as it fell. We were ground sluicing but fixed our boxes in the afternoon for catching gold. We saved some but did not weigh it.

Wednesday 22 – Snowed last night and is falling fast this morning, but melts almost as fast as it falls. We did not work. I patched my new red shirt with some of the old one. It snowed hard all day and night following —

Thursday 23 – and was at it this morning, hard, for a while. Cleared off nice and warm. The snow is knee deep again though it melted away and fell off the trees powerful fast. We went to work in the snow and got gold $42.

Friday 24 – Another storm brewing cloudy and cool. Got gold $9. We were ground sluicing in the afternoon, or rather clearing away all day.

Saturday 25 – Commenced snowing before day and is at it still at 9 o’clock. Dobson is mixing up dough and John is cutting off the hock bone of a ham to boil. I’ve just fixed up the fire and noted these little facts while I think and reflect on one that I love and O, how I should like to see her.
We went to work. There was a pile of top dirt slid down last night that we had to move. We shoveled it in the boxes. It snowed on us till 2:00 P.M. when the sun came out and it quit snowing. We was wet, cold and hungry. We got gold $3.50.
Built a good fire changed clothes, ate dinner and then turned out to get wood. I had to shovel off the snow before I could cut a back log. It commenced snowing in a short time and continued till night.
Now after dark. Dobson baking bread. John cleaning out his tin kettle to cook a mess of beans and I have just read from the 5th to the 10th chapter of First Corinthians, and am now noting this down, that I may see how the time has passed.

Sunday 26 – Snowed all night and all day. Dobson and I went down to the Point. I paid Roots $4 for a long handled shovel, 75 cents for 2 pounds nails, and paid the smith $1 for sharpening a pick. I expected to get a letter but the mail had not come in. We waded back through the snow in places. I broke through and it was up between my knees and hips.
It is not cold, nor has been for the quantity of snow that is on the ground and falling so often. It melts away nearly as fast as it falls. The wind blows but little compared to other places and the days are nearly always warm.
I shall read a chapter or two and then go to bed, as it is late.

Monday 27 – Rained and snowed all of last night and continued this morning until 10 o’clock, and then it snowed till after night. Yes, it fell faster than I ever saw before. It is more than hip deep.
We brought in our new patten riffle box. I made some alterations. That was all we done today. It continued snowing till after dark and I can’t say how much longer.

Tuesday 28 – Cold this morning. We waded through the snow and carried our new patent riffle box to where we intend to work, as it was a fine sunshiny, warm morning. We fixed the boxes till noon and then went up the ditch in several places. We cleared off the snow and mended the broken places and got the water to running in the ditch.

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