February 1857

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Sunday 1 – Went to the Point about noon and stayed about the house all forenoon.

Monday 2 – Broke rocks all day, three of us. Dad and Kyler laid by to run at night but there was no water. The flume gave way at Columbia Flat.

Tuesday 3 – Broke rocks in the forenoon. We all helped Edwards get some poles down the hill on the snow to put under the flume. I took our nozzle off the pipe up town and punched out the ring and put it on the pipe.

Wednesday 4 – Found the ground covered with new snow and continued all day. We helped put the stringers down after breakfast and quit.

Thursday 5 – Snowed a little all day. I stayed about the house all day having no water, the flume being broke down.

Friday 6 – The coldest day we have had for some time. Everything froze up. Went to the Point about noon and bought a pair of boots, paid 4$ for them.

Saturday 7 – Very cold this morning. I started for Quincy after breakfast and got there about 2 o’clock. Pa and a man named Chace were making a hay press. Cold all day.

Sunday 8 – I stayed about the house all forenoon. Moore and I cut a log and hauled it in to make a roller for the hay press. pretty cold all day.

Monday 9 – Just up from below. Worked on the hay press all day. Sherwon stayed all night with us.

Wednesday 10 – I went to Boyanthen’s to get some bands made for the press but had to go to Elizabethtown. Had them made a little too large.

Thursday 11 – The snow about 2 inches deep this morning. Pa took the bands to Boyanten’s and got them altered. Moore and I hauled a load of hay to Stark’s and one to Willman’s. Rained and snowed all day pretty steady.

Thursday 12 – I started for home. Rained on me all of the way. I stopped at the old cabin and found it had fallen in from the snow laying on it.

Friday 13 – Rained all day, a little. Commenced piping but the water gave out before dinner. We put in a box at the lower end. Done no work.

Saturday 14 – In the evening a large rock came down and broke a short box at the head. Rained all day pretty steady. Did not work today, having no water. Broke rocks. I went to Sterlings and got a sledge. Nothing else today.

Sunday 15 – Rained very hard last night and all day today. The river raised a great deal. We got some driftwood. Snowed in the evening and after supper. The old tailing are going away very fast. We had to take up some of our boxes to keep them from washing off. We went to the Point and stayed awhile. A tree fell across out leading troughs and broke several boxes.

Monday 16 – Snowed very hard all day. We commenced setting out boxes over again and giving them 4 inches more fall to the box. Snowed about 12 inches at night and quit snowing. A very disagreeable day to work.

Tuesday 17 – Pretty cool all day. Finished setting out boxes today. Ned and Sweeten cut down a tree standing against our reservoir. Nothing more today.

Wednesday 18 – Pretty cold in the morning, moderated towards noon. Commenced snowing about the middle of the afternoon and continued until night. Did not work today, having no water. Nothing interesting today.

Thursday 19 – Warm and the snow melting today. We all worked on the flume, putting under braces &c &c. Ned and Sweeten worked at Columbia Flat mending a place. We finished it about noon and went to where the Sterlings were at work fixing their flume. Worked a little jobbing around the diggings.

Friday 20 – Very warm all day, the snow melting fast. Rained in the evening. Went to the Point and got some butter. Ned and Sweeten worked on the flume

Saturday 21 – We done nothing in the forenoon only. I went up to the high place in the flume and caulked it where it was leaking. We piped all evening. Dad and Kyler run at night. We done a great execution all evening. Run out a great deal of dirt. Nothing else today uncommon.

Sunday 22 – A beautiful day. I stayed about the bar nearly all morning and then went to the Point, but did not stay long.

Monday 23 – Ned worked on the flume at Independence Bar. They finished it about noon. The rest of us broke rocks all day but did not finish them. Ned and I commenced to work after supper but the water failed.

Tuesday 24 – Piped in the forenoon, also late in the evening. Run off a great deal of dirt and put on a crooked box at the head, and one at the foot. Ned and I commenced to work at night but one of our boxes fell down and the water failed. Pa came to the diggings late in the evening. Windy at night.

Wednesday 25 – Found it snowing in the morning. We broke rocks all forenoon. Pa started for home after breakfast awhile. Snowed all day steady. Ned and I worked all night. Snowed all night also. Ned went up the flume after dinner to see about the water.

Thursday 26 – Broke rocks all day and put in boxes Ned and I run until 3 o’clock in the morning. A large rock rolled on the mouth of the boxes and we quit for the night.

January 1857

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Thursday 1 – New Years day. There was part of brass band playing in town. A couple of horses run off with a sleigh in town and broke it to pieces. Rains and I started for Nelson Point and we stopped a while at Alfords’ to see his uncle, Earl Edwards. We went to Independence Bar to a frolic, but did not stay long. We stayed all night at Fox’s

Friday 2 – Bill started for Marysville. I went to Rocky Bar and stayed awhile. I got some dirty clothes and my fiddle and started for the valley. I went as far as McNabbs’ and stayed all night. Snowed nearly all day and rained after supper.

Saturday 3 – I started for the valley after breakfast, the snow being nearly three feet deep. I got to the ranch about 2 o’clock after a hard tramp. Snowed all day with out ceasing. Pa and I shoveled the snow off of the porch to keep it from breaking down. Nothing more today.

Sunday 4 – Stayed about the house all day and helped Ma put up some curtains. Steve Bass killed a beef in our lot after shooting 5 or 6 times.

Monday 5 – Everybody going to Spanish Ranch to a party Ben Lurman and I worked out a black horse in a jumper. We got there before supper a little. We had quite a fine time, danced until 3 o’clock. Pa came up after supper.

Tuesday 6 – Ben and started home. Our horse cut a few shines on the way. The rest of the folks went to Meadow Valley to have another dance.

Wednesday 7 – Moore and I hauled a load of hay to Elizabethtown to Dr. Cates’ on a sled and got back about supper time. Thompson came up with his sleigh and we all went with him to Cate’s and stayed until 12 o’clock. Very cold indeed. Nothing else today.

Thursday 8 – Moose and I cut wood in the forenoon. We went out in the woods and cut down a couple of dry trees for wood. Thompson, Edwards, Mrs Edwards and Kates came up and stayed awhile. Very cold again tonight.

Friday 9 – Moore and I hauled in some logs for wood all day. Pretty cold.

Saturday 10 – Moore and I hauled logs again today for wood. Cold today, as usual.

Sunday 11 – Turned warm today. Snow melting very fast. Stayed about home all day. Rained about bed time. I saw Jack Powers–on a spree of course.

Monday 12 – Warm and cloudy today. Moore and I went out to haul some logs for the old negro but broke one of the yokes and only hauled one log, a pine one. We then loaded the wagon with hay and went to Elizabethtown. We got stalled and broke the goose on the tongue and had to unload. There was a party at Elizabethtown to night. Rained today got home after dark.

Tuesday 13 – Rained some today. Pa, Moore and I sorted out some potatoes. No more.

Wednesday 14 – Rained nearly all day. Snow going off very fast. We cut some wood today. Mark Haviland came in and stayed about two hours. Mrs Edwards and Cates came in after supper and Saturday awhile.

Thursday 15 – Nothing of interest today. Rained as usual. Mr and Mrs Edwards stayed  all night.

Friday 16 – About 2 inches more of snow on the ground. Snowed and rained nearly all day. We did not work any today.

Saturday 17 – Moore and I cut some wood in the morning and we hauled a load of hay for Mastin to Willmans. We got stalled and got Ed Bass’ oxen to help us. we had to unload part of it before we could get to the stable. Rained some today and after supper considerable.

Sunday 18 – Nothing interesting today. I went to Alfords for some wheat for chickens but got none, and then went to Cate’s and got 72 lbs. I stopped at Weldon’s to look at some sled runners.

Monday 19 – We fixed up a rack to feed cattle in. Moore and I went on the hunt for a tree to make sled runners. We found one and cut it. We got dinner and took a yoke of cattle and hauled it in, also a tongue and hay pole. A pretty day. Edwards and his wife Thompson and Miss Swinerten came in after supper and Saturday awhile. Nothing more today.

Tuesday 20 – A pretty day we commenced making out sled bud did not finish

Wednesday 21 – Worked on the sled again today and finished it in the evening

Thursday 22 – Nothing of interest today. A pretty day.

Friday 23 – Moore and I cut some wood for the shoe maker. Another pretty day.

Saturday 24 – Pa, Moore and I cut and split rails and hauled them in on the sled. Hauled some wood for the shoe maker. Dad came by from the Point on his way to Elizabethtown. Frank, Fox and Root came in after supper. Frank stayed all night with us. Nothing of interest today.

Sunday 25 – Frank and I started for the Point. I walked and he rode. Got there after dinner. I took dinner with him. Nothing else today.

Monday 26 – We all went to work on the big flume for Sherwin raising and caulking it near the mill. I took dinner with Edwards saw Mrs. Lacy there.

Tuesday 27 – Worked on the flume again today. Rained a little in the evening. We finished the flume on our side of the creek. Nothing else.

Wednesday 28 – Warm and cloudy today. Ned and I fixed up our leading troughs. Also fixed up Sterling’s boxes to run into out claims. Sweeten and Kyler caulked the flume. We got wood in the evening out of the Fritz cabin.

Thursday 29 – Commenced sluicing in the morning but a slide came down and broke a couple of boxes. Mended up did not work in the evening, only ground our tools. Great excitement about McNabb’s diggings. Dad and Kyler commenced working after supper. Nothing else today.

Friday 30 – Ned went to the Point to mend some hoes while Sweeten and I broke rocks dad and Kyler slept ground sluices all evening 3 of us.

Saturday 31 – Broke rocks all forenoon and piped in the after. Dad and Kyler run tonight but gave out about 8 o’clock and Kyler went up the flume to see about it. Very cold this morning. Nothing interesting today.

November 1856

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Saturday 1 – Washed all day and took out 8 oz and $4. Kyler started for the valley after dinner. I started also but met Dave on the flume and I came back and went to work.  Some of Davies acquaintances came in about supper time from the valley. They stayed  all night with us.

Sunday 2 – Our visitors left this morning. Dave and I went to Rich Bar but did not stay long. We then went to the Point and stayed until night.

Monday 3 – I worked in the drift with Dad all day, the flume being frozen up. The balance of the company commenced preparing to build or move our house on the bar near the river. Lem cut his foot with an axe and quit work. Ned commenced camping with us today. Davies got home in the evening from Quincy. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 4 – Worked with Dad in the drift in the forenoon and voted in the after, this being election day &c &c.

Wednesday 5 – Dave, Kyler, Davies, Sweeton and myself started for Quincy after breakfast and got there after dinner. We went by Butts Ranch. Dave and Kyler talked of buying it. Rained on us nearly all of the way. Bill Rains got back from Soda Bar about 9 o’clock. He was hauling lumber.

Thursday 6 – Got up early and helped Bill yoke up his oxen to start with a load. I helped Pa saw up some logs for wood. Sweeton and I started home after dinner. Kyler took dinner with us. Nothing else new today.

Friday 7 – Cleaned bedrock and piled it up so as to shovel in, Dad and I, while Ned and Sweeton worked on the house. We all shoveled in the dirt in the afternoon and took out 7 oz $6. I went to the Point after supper and paid Lem Compton 97$. I got some strychnine to poison rats. Nothing else.

Saturday 8 – Dad and I cleaned bedrock and piled it up ready for washing and stripped off clay the balance of the day, while Ned and Sweeton worked on the house.

Sunday 9 – Stayed at home all forenoon and went to the Point after dinner and ground our axes and came home. Nothing else of consequence today.

Monday 10 – Dad and I shoveled off clay in the forenoon and got out some rocks and dirt in the after, while Ned and Sweeton worked on the house. Nothing else.

Tuesday 11 – Cleaned bedrock all day and piled it up ready for washing. Kyler came home about noon from the valley, picked up $11 in clean in rock. Ned and Sweeton worked on the house. The Sterlings killed a bear today.

Wednesday 12 – Cleaned bedrock and set boxes in the forenoon and we all put in dirt in the afternoon. We did not clean up at night. We panned out about $26. Part of the house is finished and ready to move in to.

Thursday 13 – Dad and I cleaned bedrock all forenoon and cleaned up in the evening and took out $350.50. Dave came in about supper time from the valley. Sterling got our hose to pipe with his being burst. Finished cleaning up today. Nothing else new today.

Friday 14 – Commenced tearing down our house today. We cleaned up our big boxes and got 1 1/2 oz.

Saturday 15 – Carried lumber down the hill all forenoon. Kyler and I started for the valley after dinner. We stopped at Thompson’s. Alfords’ son-in-law I came on the ranch &c.

Sunday 16 – Stayed about the house all day. I saw Ed Keene and Biers from below. Bill got back from the Mountain House with the team.

Monday 17 – I started home early in the morning I went by Butts Ranch and Ky I came on home the mountain road and got there about noon we worked in the afternoon. Rained in the forenoon.

Tuesday 18 – Carried lumber all day rained a little in the forenoon we finished our work shed today. We settled up with Sherwin today. He reduced his prices on water during the winter months. We received our winter’s grub of Thompson yesterday.

Wednesday 19 – Commenced building a chimney today, all hands. Dad rocked out the pan and got 1 1/2 oz and $1.50. Very cold in the morning.

Thursday 20 – Commenced snowing after breakfast and continued all day and the fore part of the night. We carried in wood a while. Dad and I dug out a place  to set our big sluices and commenced setting them, but did not finish them. Lawrance came down to look at Hayden’s claim &c &c.

Friday 21 – Snow about 6 inches deep this morning. Dad and I finished setting our boxes today. We all put some lining in the house after supper.

Saturday 22 – Ned and Sweeten was fixing above the gum before dinner. Dad and I was trying to put in a box in the bank, a piece we sluiced a little after dinner. Ned and Sweeten fixing the penstalk higher up the hill. We had to raise some of our boxes that had sunk down. Snowed after dark a little. Nothing else new today.

Sunday 23 – We put up our bunks in the forenoon and went to the point after dinner and paid for our grub. We all bought gum boots to work in. Ned and Sweeten stayed after night at the Point.

Monday 24 – Kyler and I went to the Point, I for nails and he for the valley for a beef. He got back in the evening with an ox. He paid 75$ for it. The balance of us set our leading troughs and finished them in the evening. Moore came over about noon for some sacks to put potatoes in. Sterling commenced cleaning up today. Nothing more.

Tuesday 25 – We found our beef dead about daylight. He hung himself with the rope. We dressed him we got our hose ready to wash &c.

Wednesday 26 – Very cold today about noon. We went to piping in the morning. A stump fell in and broke one box to pieces and knocked our hose down. We put in another box and got out the stump late in the evening.

Thursday 27 – Commenced piping today but the water soon failed and we broke rocks the balance of the forenoon.  Commenced again in the evening and run until the middle of the afternoon. The water failed. Ned and I got ready to run at night but our little reservoir broke down. Ned and I went up town after supper and stayed until bed time. Nothing new today.

Friday 28 – Piped in the evening as usual. Ned and I run until 12 o’clock at night. It commenced snowing after supper and continued all night. The water would not run in to our hose on account of the snow falling so fast.

Saturday 29 – Got some planks for Ned to make a box to salt the beef in. Dad, Seeton and Kyler shoveled the snow out of the flume. Piped in the afternoon. A big stump came down and the mud run out on the boxes and broke them down. Ned finished the beef box after supper.

Sunday 30 – Stayed in the house all forenoon we all went to the Point about noon and stayed until night. Pa came over before dark on his way to Marysville. He stayed all night with us. There were a couple of watches raffled off at the Point. Fox got one and Lacy the other.

Monday 31 – Pa and I went to the Point after breakfast. Brooks and Butts and Chunky started with us for Marysville at 8 1/2 o’clock. We met a couple of men near the hog back on snow shoes. We arrived at Onion Valley at nearly 12 o’clock. We took dinner and started with several others for Gibsonville and arrived about 4 o’clcok. Stayed all night. I saw George Rynolds. Nothing interesting today.

September 1856

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Monday 1 – I worked in the fore noon taking out rocks from an old drift where we was cleaning up. I laid by in the evening to work at night with a couple of hired hands.

Tuesday 2 – I went to bed after breakfast and slept until noon. They took out 4 oz in the Fritz claims. I slept some in the evening.

Wednesday 3 – I slept until noon and worked in the evening shoveling in. We took we took out 3 oz and $2. Shults worked with the hands tonight. Nothing else today.

Thursday 4 – Dad and I got out rocks. Dave Haun and Dave Shults worked at the stump in the upper diggings but did not get it out. We piped in the lower diggings after dinner and piped down a large stump. Shults worked last night and bursted the gum hose. Pa and Lizzie came to the diggings about noon and stayed until after dinner and left. Old Maj Brookie came to the diggings after dinner. I walked around with him awhile. Clouded up and the wind blew in the evening late. I went up to Sterling’s house with him and left him there.

Friday 5 – We set our boxes anew and commenced shoveling in. We did not clean up at night. Piped in the lower claims in the forenoon and run out rocks in the evening and got ready for night work. Chunky, Dave Shults and myself went to the Point after supper and brought home a can of butter.

Saturday 6 – Worked in the forenoon shoveling in top dirt but did not make much. I started for Quincy after dinner and got there about supper time.

Sunday 7 – I stayed about Quincy all day and saw Maj Brookie at the Saloon. Great excitement about a man that killed another at Rabbit Creek, but he was not found.

Monday 8 – Brookie, Pa and myself started for Rocky Bar after breakfast and got there about noon. We stopped at the old diggings awhile we took our old canvass hose to the house. Brookie stayed  all night at Sterlings and Pa with us. Took out 1 1/3 oz today.

Tuesday 9 – Cleaned up all day and took out 5 oz and $6. Shults and Davies closed their trade today. Pa and Brookie still at the diggings.

Wednesday 10 – Worked today as usual but did not clean up. The flume broke down. We wheeled off dirt and worked around the stump and changed the boxes at the lower end.

Thursday 11 – Did not wash any today. Piped some in the lower claims and got out rocks around the stump. Dad dug a drain. We wheeled off dirt in the evening. Dad, Davies, Ned and I piped until 12 o’clock at night. Nothing else today new.

Friday 12 – We took up our small boxes and piled them up and quit work in the upper diggings on account of the bank caving in. We turned off all of the hands except Ned and Dad. Davies went to the valley and Hickman quit. Shults came to the diggings in the morning but did not stay long.

Saturday 13 – Took out rocks in the forenoon and piped in the after and run off a great deal of dirt.

Sunday 14 – Dad, Ned, Dave, and I went to Washington Bar to look at their claims. We saw a fancy woman at Rich Bar. Dad and I got some wild cherries to eat. We got back about 2 o’clock and found H. Bray’s knife that was stolen at Massack last winter. I found it in Larison’s1 and Strong’s cabin. I went to the Point in the evening. I borrowed $20 of Thompson to pay Lem Compton for work done. Kyler, Davies and a relation of Davies’ came home after supper from the valley. Nothing else new today.

Monday 15 – Worked as usual. We run out rocks and put in a couple of boxes at the head in the forenoon. Sweeten, Ned and I laid by in the evening so as to run all night and broke the bank as far back as we wanted it.

Tuesday 16 – We got breakfast and to bed. Slept until noon and laid by until night. We drove the dirt into the upper cut. We cleaned up.

Wednesday 17 – Slept until noon and worked the balance of the day. A couple of the Bates’ came to the diggings to hire out for $2 per day. Kyler and Davies worked until midnight, I suppose piping.

Thursday 18 – Piped all day running off the outer edge next to the river. We had several ladies to see us–Ma, Mill Shores, Mrs. Dean, Mrs. Fox, Miss Cleveland, and Lizzie–but they did not stay long. Ned and Sweeten worked until midnight. Nothing else new today.

Friday 19 – We piped all day as usual. Dad and Davies worked half the night piping. Nothing else new today.

Saturday 20 – Davies and Sweeten started for the valley after breakfast. Dad did not work in the fore noon. Reynolds and Predeaux came to the cabin and stayed awhile. We all went to the diggings and prospected awhile but did not get much. Ned broke a shovel handle we finished piping in the forenoon.

Sunday 21 – We all stayed about the cabin nearly all day. We went to the Point to a show at night. I saw John Lloyd today. Davies, Sweeten and the Bates boys came  to the Point about supper time. We bought a couple of new picks and handles. No more.

Monday 22 – We commenced running off clay for the purpose of cleaning up some. Kyler piped out the big crevice so as to cut a drain. Dave went to the valley this morning to hear Foots speak. Dad worked in the drain all day. John Lewis came down to the claim in the forenoon, also Jim Sherwin.

Tuesday  23 – Run off clay all day. A couple of Chinamen set in today to work for us. Dave came back about noon. Dave and Dad set a few big boxes but Dave quit pretty soon after dinner, Kyler also.

Wednesday 24 – Run off clay all day as usual. Dave and Davies set the boxes ready for washing. The sheriff came to the diggings about noon and got $8 from the Chinamen for taxes. Nothing else today.

Thursday 25 – Commenced cleaning bedrock today and took out $98.

Friday 26 – Cleaned up as usual and took out 10 oz and $13. Kyler went to the valley after dinner. Bodly Sterling came over to work his claim

Saturday 27 – I started for Quincy this morning and arrived there about noon. A great fuss between our folks and the Wards. Kyler, Bill and I went to the show after supper. Nothing else today.

Sunday 28 – I stayed about Quincy all forenoon. Sam Russell and Httie came in and stayed a while after dinner. I started for the Bar after dinner and got home about dark.

Monday 29 – We went to work as usual the Bates boys left for the valley yesterday and not back yet we took out 1 and 1/2 oz.

Tuesday 30 – Cleaned bedrock all forenoon and got 1 1/2 oz and $.50. Dave went to the valley after breakfast. Pa sent word by Sherwin &c. We wheeled off clay in the evening, all of us.

August 1856

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Friday 1 – Nothing of particular interest today. Very warm today.

Saturday 2 – Run off rocks in the forenoon. Dave and Kyler started for the valley. We piped in the evening and got out an old stump. The hoses burst in the evening. I sewed them. Hickman brought over a horse for me to go to the valley. We got there before sunset. They were all out riding in the stage. I got Davies’ violin after supper and played awhile.

Sunday 3 – We all took a ride in the forenoon beyond the Illinois Ranch. We took dinner out near the canyon. We stayed  about an hour and came home. Nothing else today.

Monday 4 – I helped Hickman and Bill haul in wheat in the forenoon and Tom and I hauled the balance in the evening and got ready and they quit. Dave went back home after dinner. Lindly started for Hopkins Creek1.

Tuesday 5 – I started for Rocky Bar after breakfast for some sacks to put wheat in. I got dinner at the bar and got a couple of hams at the Point and brought them home. I mended sacks &c. Bill still on a spree.

Wednesday 6 – Mrs Lindly, Kath and Ma, H.P. and myself started for the Point. We got there about noon and took dinner at Fox’s and went to Rocky Bar to see the diggings. Dave and I went with them to the Point, seen them off.

Thursday 7 – Worked as usual today getting out rocks and stumps. Dave and I started for Quincy after dinner on Brewster’s train. We all went to a ball at Elizabethtown and stayed until 12 o’clock at night. Nothing else.

Friday 8 – Stayed about town all day. We went to a meeting of the Democracy after supper and had speeches from Meredith Hogan and H.P. Haun.

Saturday 9 – I stayed about town all forenoon. I took one of H.P.’s horses to Elizabethtown to get shod after dinner. I came by where they were racing and saw one race. Saw a man get run over.  Bill Hickman and Smith finished hauling Jennings’ wheat and stacking it. One of H.P.’s steers was found dead in the meadow.

Sunday 10 – H.P.’s family started for home this morning. Bill took oxen along to haul them over a hill beyond Meadow Valley. Dave went with them and got back about sunset. Nothing more today.

Monday 11 – Pa’s suit commenced today with Terwilligar but did not get through with it.

Tuesday 12 – The suit ended today and Terwilligar gained it and one dollar damage. Bill finished raking the scattered wheat and hauled it in the yard for the chickens.

Wednesday 13 – The suit commenced for damages and finished in the evening. Bray, Pa and company fined $300 and cost of suit. Nothing else today.

Thursday 14 – Dave Hickman and myself started for Rocky Bar after breakfast. Got there after dinner. There were some emigrants prospecting near the saw mill. We did not do anything the balance of the evening. The company set boxes for cleaning bedrock. One of Kyler’s acquaintance stayed all night with us. He had a Sharps Rifle.2 Nothing else today.

Friday 15 – We commenced cleaning bedrock in the forenoon. The water failed in the evening and we wheeled off rocks and dirt. Pa came on the bar about noon and staid all night. I helped him pile up roots and stumps and set fire to them. We did not clean our boxes tonight and took some picks to the Point after work to get sharpened. Nothing more today.

Saturday 16 – Cleaned bedrock until noon. We took out about $65. I suppose Pa and Kyler started for the valley after dinner. We wheeled off dirt and rocks in the afternoon. I set some roots afire about quitting time. Dave built a small reservoir to lead water into a couple of places at the same tome. Nothing else today.

Sunday 17 – I stayed about the cabin all day and wrote in my journal. Kyler came home about supper time from the valley.

Monday 18 – We run off top dirt all day with barrows. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 19 – Still stripping all day and got ready to work. Pa came to the diggings late in the evening. Lem quit today. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 20 – Part of us cleaned bedrock while the rest piped in the lower diggings. The hose burst in the evening. We took out about 74$. Lem and Bill Rains came to the diggings in the evening. Dave got some new canvass for hoses and Ned commenced making them. Nothing else.

Thursday 21 – Pa left the morning for home we stripped off dirt today having no water to work with. Hickman ground the axe and cut some roots off of a big stump in the lower diggings in the forenoon and worked with us in the evening. Shults and Kyler did no work to day.

Friday 22 – cleaned bedrock all day and took out 6 oz. McDonnell a friend of Kylers stayed all night with us. Ned finished the hose at noon. Lem came down and took dinner with us. Nothing else today.

Saturday 23 – We stripped all day. Dave did not work today, having a lame back &c.

Sunday 24 – We laid abed until late. Dave Shults Ned and myself went up to the old digging and to the Willow Ranch and then home. We met Lem Compton as we went to the Point. Nothing new today.

Monday 25 – Cleaned bedrock all day and took out 9 oz and $13. Kyler came home just after dinner and brought a hired man with him named Davis to work in his place. Nothing more today new.

Tuesday 26 – Four hands shoveled in gravel all day and took out 5 oz and $10. We had a great many rocks to move. H. Bray came to the diggings in the forenoon. A little cloudy in the evening &c.

Wednesday 27 – Shoveled in gravel as usual and took out 11 and 1/4 oz Pa came over about noon and stayed all night. Nothing more today.

Thursday 28 – Worked as usual and took out 12 oz and $6. Pa left this morning. He got $200 of the company. Davies talks of buying Shults out.

Friday 29 – Cleaned up as usual and took out 14 1/3oz. Sterlings about moving their house, the bank being cracked. Dave, Ned and Hickman piped all night and run off a great deal of dirt.

Saturday 30 – I piped a while before breakfast and four of us piped all forenoon and took out rocks and stumps in the evening. Dave hired a man to work tonight but he disappointed us so they did not work. Old Frank fell down on the trail coming from the Point and hurt himself a little and a lot of us carried him to our workshop and laid him under it until morning. The Sterlings are moving their house today, up the hill. Dad went to Elizabethtown after breakfast.

Sunday 31 – We went to the Point after breakfast. Pa and Bill Rains came over to day on horseback with their guns. Pa got $1,000 from below. Bill Rains and Lem Keene came pretty near having a fight about playing cards. They went home late in the evening. Pa settled up with Brays and company today. The business at Massack Dave paid Thompson some company money &c &c.

July 1856

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Tuesday 1 – Wheeled off mud and dirt in the forenoon. We set our boxes again ready for washing in the evening. We cleaned up the balance of the evening. We did not clean up at night Dave. was sick in the forenoon. Dave got $5 to one pan of dirt—pretty good prospect so far.

Wednesday 2 – We cleaned bedrock in the forenoon and took out nearly 18 oz. We run clay the balance of the evening. Nothing else today.

Thursday 3 – Run off mud and top dirt in the forenoon. We all quit at noon and got ready to go to the valley to the 4th. Dave, Kyler and I started afoot and went the mountain road and got there about supper time. We went to the show &c.

Friday 4 – A very warm day we went to the celebration. The Declaration of Independence was read by Ballou and a speech from Hayden and closed with the theatrical performance which commenced at 1 o’clock, but I did not go. I then went to the Bear and Bull fight. The bull killed a couple of bears. Then came another performance after supper of Bisbeys but I did not go. I went to the Ball to look on. McNabb gave me his ticket and I danced one set.  No more.

Saturday 5 – I slept until 9 o’clock in the forenoon and got up and went to the races.  I went to a chicken fight but it was a poor thing—they would not fight. Tom Hickman came down in the evening. We walked around a little after supper. Nothing else new today.

Sunday 6 – Kyler and I went to Elizabethtown before dinner and came back on the stage. Bill drunk as usual and wanted to fight someday; Hickman got him to bed at last. Dave and Kyler rode over to Ward’s diggings. I started home after dinner, old man Phelps with me. I stopped at Pike’s cabin to see the men that were at work in our diggings. They paid me $10 the balance for the piece of ground. Nothing more today new.

Monday 7 – Old Dad and I dug out a road back of the house to get to the spring. We then worked in the diggings wheeling off clay. I found a piece of gold at the end of the big sluices weighing about $10, I suppose. Dave & Larkin came home in the evening. Nothing more today.

Tuesday 8 – Wheeled off clay and top dirt all day. Kyler came home after supper. No more.

Wednesday 9 – Commenced cleaning up today. We took out 19 oz and $5. The bank caved in before we finished cleaning up and broke 3 boxes. Nothing else today.

Thursday 10 – Jim Shults and I made us a bunk a piece in the forenoon. Kyler went to the Point to see about his hogs and got back about noon. Beel and old Charley came to the diggings in the evening. We set our boxes ready for cleaning bedrock. The warmest day we have had this summer.

Friday 11 – Run off clay and finished up to the big boxes. We put another box on the big sluices and put our bottoms in a new that were drawn by the sun out of shape. We got a little gold out of them. Larkin sewed on the hose that covered the gum.

Saturday 12 – Cleaned bedrock all day and took out nearly 19 oz. Nothing else today.

Sunday 13 – We all went to the Point in the forenoon. Ma, Lizzie and Bill Rains ca me afterwards. Also Mrs Fox. They took dinner with us and went to the diggings and panned out a few pans but did not get much. Dave and I went with them as far as the old cabins. They got some things and started home. Dave and I started for the bar. I got my bed tick and Dave some books. We saw some fellows throwing at a grouse on the road. We paid Thompson some money today.

Monday 14 – We commenced cleaning up in the morning but the water failed. Dave and Dad took some axes up to grind to get some bottoms but the water came after dinner and we went to wash, but the water would fail very often. We got about 2 oz to one pan. Did not clean up at night. Pretty cool all day and cloudy. Nothing else of interest to day.

Tuesday 15 – Commenced cleaning up but the water failed we continued cleaning bedrock and piling it up near the sluices. We got water a little while after dinner but it soon gave out. We cleaned up two boxes and got 14 oz and $9. We put coupling on the gum hose.  We got one piece of gold weighing $24. Nothing more.

Wednesday 16 – We cleaned bedrock until noon and took out 15 oz. We laid our hose ready for stripping off a piece. We commenced after dinner. Our canvass hose bursted and the coupling came off the gum. We put it on and finished stripping before night. Bray came to the diggings in the forenoon collecting road taxes. Nothing more today.

Thursday 17 – Run off clay all day and finished the piece we calculated to. Dave commenced making a circular box in the evening but did not finish it. Lem Compton came in while we were at supper. The frost had killed every thing in the valley, all of the grain. Sterling’s penstalk fell down in the evening. Nothing more today.

Friday 18 – Commenced cleaning bedrock on the brink and took out 53$. Nothing more.

Saturday 19 – Cleaned up all day and took out 5 1/2 oz. Dave, Kyler, Larkin, and myself went to the valley. We paid off Thompson in full. We got to the ranch about 10 o’clock and got supper. Nothing new today.

Sunday 20 – Stayed about Quincy all day until late in the evening and started home and stayed all night at the Willow Ranch with the Phelpses. The coyotes kept up a devil of barking all night. H. Bray and Hickman went to Massack in the evening. We stopped at Swinertend and got some pants of Kyler’s and Dave’s. Nothing more today.

Monday 21 – I went to the old cabins the first thing in the morning and put a lock on my trunk and then went to the head of the ditch and turned the water in and put up notices on the ditch and cabin. Nothing more today.

Tuesday 22 – Piped off a piece close to the bank in the morning and cleaned it up and took out 11 oz, $9.50. Fritz set his claims at $1,000 to give or take. Kyler came home after supper from Elizabethtown. Fritz and Shults had a falling out and would not work longer together.

Wednesday 23 – We set out boxes in another drift and got ready for piping. Dave and Shults went to the Point to get money to pay Fritz for his claims. Dave and Jim went to piping in the evening and we also. Our hose burst twice after dinner. Dave hired a man to work in the upper claim.

Thursday 24 – We turned our hose into Fritz’s claims and went to piping and run until noon. Dave, Lem and Shults laid by all day to work at night. Wheeled out rocks all evening and cut down a tree. Set some logs afire that were in the way. The bank caved in on our hose and we lost our hammer. Nothing else today.

Friday 25 – Four of us worked today as usual. We run out rocks and stumps all day. I went to the Point in the morning for some nails and bought a keg of syrup. The flume broke down today. Three of the company worked at night. Nothing else.

Saturday 26 – We piped in the forenoon and run out rocks in the evening. Three of the company laid by in the evening to work at night. They got drunk and waked us up in the night.

Sunday 27 – Walked around about the diggings after breakfast and up to Charlie’s drift in the hill. Dave Shults came down with Jim after dinner. I went to Chunkey’s ranch and barbered him. Dave Shuts and I went to the Point after dinner. The night hands pulled us out of bed about day light. Kyler went to Elizabethtown and back at night and brought me some cakes &c &c. Nothing more today.

Monday 28 – We all went to work as usual, some running out rocks and some moving the penstalk. Dave Shults went to work for us today. Our hose bursted above the gum late in the evening and we put in another box at the head. Lem fell from the penstalk and hurt his arm considerably.

Tuesday 29 – Piped in the forenoon but we were bothered all the time with the tailings. We put in boxes and changed them a little to another place. We run out rocks in the after noon. Gen Ward came to the diggings in the evening and Saturday awhile with us after super. We put in another box ahead. Nothing more today.

Wednesday 30 – Piped in the forenoon and run out rocks in the after. Very warm today. Part of the company laid by in the evening to work at night. Dave Shults and I went down the river to a wing dam to get some bottoms that washed out of our boxes. Nothing else of consequence today.

Thursday 31 – Run out rocks all day and stumps we piped one down about quitting time and put a blast in it. Smith and Sturgeon came to the diggings in the evening to get work but could not employ them. I went to the Point after supper and paid Sturgeon $24.50 for work done on the ranch. Lem and Smith raised our sluices today. We heard that H.P. and family were at the valley. No more today.

June 1856

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Sunday 1 – Rained off and on all day and night. I stayed at the ranch all forenoon and started home after dinner and got as far as the Illinois Ranch. I saw H. Bray, he told me were absent a hand at Massack.  I went back to Quincy before night and stayed all night. Ma and Lizzie called on Mrs Bass after supper. Nothing else worthy of notice.

Monday 2 – I hired a man by the name of Riddle. I rode a horse that Sterling had brought over to Quincy. I rode as far as the Illinois Ranch and then took it afoot home. Arrived at home about noon got in company with Butts. I found some men using our boxes and water in the ravine above the ranch. I got dinner and prospected O’Gradys ravine again but only got the color. I went to the Point and then to Rocky Bar and staid all night. I found Butts there trying to borrow money.

Tuesday 3 – I went to work with the boys in the lower claims getting ready for washing. Lem and I sluiced off some dirt and rocks I worked in Jim Shults’ place he having a sore hand and ankle. Dave Haun came home from Rabbit Creek about supper time with a new pipe it cost $30. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 4 – Moved rocks in the forenoon and put on the pipe and commenced washing. The pipe worked finely. Nothing more of consequence today.

Thursday 5 – Dave and I went up to the old cabins in the morning and got some old hose of ours to cover the gum with and to attach to the gum To make it longer. We raised out boxes about two feet to get clear of the tailings. We got ready for washing. Dave got a letter from H.P. Nothing else today.

Friday 6 – Lem and I went to raising the troughs higher that run from the reservoir to the penstalk, and caulking them. A tree fell across the big flume and cut it in two and broke it. In the evening above the Point we put a blast in a big log that lay on the bank but it did not burst it so we rolled it down the hill and set fire to it. Dave sewed some old hose on the gum we commenced piping after dinner but soon quit. Dave took the pipe to the Point got it riveted. It was coming apart at the hose. Lem and I finished putting old hose on 50 feet of ground while Dave and Kyler made a box for the lower end. Very windy and cloudy late in the evening. Dave bought a keg of butter and some nails–butter 70 lbs.

Saturday 7 – Did not pipe in the forenoon, the flume being broke above the Point. We ground our axes &c. We piped all afternoon. Kyler and I went to where old Frank worked to see if we could get some old hose to cover the gum but we did not.

Sunday 8 – Stayed about the house in the forenoon, except Jim Shults. He started for the valley. Lem, Kyler and I went to the Point after dinner. We heard Pa had got in with some cattle. Lem and I started and over took him between the saw mill and Willow Ranch. Tom Hickman was with him on Durrick’s horse. We went a little ways with them and turned back and went by the cabins and diggings. I got a boot and some little articles and took my boots to the Point to get mended. We then started for the bar and got there about super time. I read a while and we went to bed. Sam Ballou told me we were absent a hand at Massack. Nothing else today.

Monday 9 – Worked today as usual wheeling out rocks in the forenoon and piping on the after. The flume broke in the evening. Kyler and I quit work in the evening late. Kyler took a nap. I went up I got a book, gun and Dave’s coat. I loaned the gun Mc. Kyler and I commenced night work. We run all night with a good head of water. Nothing else

Tuesday 10 – We went to bed about breakfast and slept until noon. We helped Dave and Lem roll out a stump. I then wrote some in my journal we worked after supper but the water was soon out. Nothing else.

Wednesday 11 – We all got out rocks preparing for piping. Kyler rolled a rock the wheel barrow and broke one handle. We took a nap after dinner. There were five or six ladies visiting on the bar this evening. I chatted a while with Mrs Reel.
Our leading troughs broke down. Dave and Lem soon put them up again they piped a while in the evening. Nothing more.

Thursday 12 – Commenced piping today and continued all forenoon, or nearly so. Our leading trough fell down near the reservoir. Dave and Lem and a couple of Sterling’s company went to mend it. They finished it after dinner. Dave and Lem made a box and put it in ahead to get closer to the bank. Kyler and I and the man in Shults’ place carried some bottoms down in the evening. There and I took a nap after dinner to get ready for night. The water failed. A very warm day, the warmest we have had.

Friday 13 – We piped in the forenoon and rolled out rocks in the evening. We put in another box about sunset. Another warm day. I felt badly all day from taking cold. Nothing more interesting today.

Saturday 14 – I did not work in the forenoon. Dave and Lem put in a box on the forenoon. They had a pretty hard bedrock to cut. No water in the flume today, it being broken down. Kyler started for the valley this morning. Dave and I went after dinner. Very warm today. I felt sick in the forenoon but got better after walking awhile. Nothing else today.

Sunday 15 – I stayed about the house pretty nearly all forenoon. I went down to the American House and Kyler came in from Elizabethtown. Davies went up home with us and stayed awhile. Kyler left his horse for us to take the Point. We started about 3 o’clock. We came by the cabins and I got my fiddle and got to the bar about dark. Tom Hickman started for Massack but we met him coming back. He had forgotten something. Nothing else.

Monday 16 – We were all forenoon getting out the rocks. Lem and McMan away. Piped down Saturday night. We commenced piping in the evening but after we run an hour the water failed. Dave sewed up a place in the old hose that burst. We run out rocks the balance of the evening.

Tuesday 17 – Moved rocks in the forenoon and commenced piping in the evening. Our hose burst. I sewed them and we continued all day. We run off a great quantity of dirt. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 18 – Run our rocks in the forenoon. We hired another man today. We sewed some old hose on the gum after ripping them up. Kyler and I laid by part of the evening to work at night we commenced after supper but water soon failed.

Thursday 19 – Worked as usual rolling out rocks. I sewed some  on the old hose that covers the gum. Pa and Wheeler came in about noon as we were eating dinner. Kyler and I worked all night we got wet and cold.

Friday 20 – Kyler and I slept until noon.  we worked as usual after dinner I sewed a patch on some hose the new hose  Kyler and I sawed some logs and Pa cut away some brush on the bank the rest of the company run out rocks

Saturday 21 – Piped in the forenoon and run off considerable dirt. We piped some in the evening but had to quit, not having water enough. Our tailings would not run off. We put on another box after dinner. Dave and I made it in the forenoon. We run out rocks the balance of the evening. Pa and Kyler started for the valley. Nothing else today.

Sunday 22 – We went to the Point in the forenoon and stayed awhile. We came home and got something to eat and then went up to Independence Bar to see the new ladies that lately arrived. We stayed about two hours and came home. Pretty cool all day. Nothing else interesting today.

Monday 23 – We raised our boxes in the forenoon and got ready for washing. We rocked our boxes and got pretty nearly an ounce. We piped all evening and run out a great deal of dirt. Our penstalk burst in the evening. We mended it up again Kyler came home about supper. Jim Shults came home about noon. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 24 – Run out rocks in the forenoon and piped in the evening. H.P. came to the diggings in the evening from below. Dave and I made so me boxes in the forenoon. I went to the Point in the evening and got a bottle of whiskey for H.P. He stayed all night. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 25
– We dug up some dirt for H.P., a couple of pans, and got about $2 each. I went with him as far as the Willow Ranch on his way to Quincy. I came by some prospectors in the foot of the big ravine. I got our sluice box and other tools and the gum hose and put them in the cabin. I got some picks and a pair of pants and started for home. I got to the Bar about noon. Reynolds was repairing the flume near the reservoir. We piped all evening and Sterlings piping with us. The coupling of the hose came off in the evening late. We run off considerable ground for Sterling. Windy all evening and cold. No more.

Thursday 26 – Commenced setting our boxes in the morning to clean up but did not shovel in any until after dinner. We rolled some logs together about noon and set fire to them. We cleaned up and got $10. Rained and snowed about sunset but quit after supper. Timberman and Ward came to diggings on the evening, also Ebe Moorehead, Gilky and Griffin. We staked off our line between us and Sterling. The rain was very cold in the evening. The boys threw heads and tails for some pants after supper. Nothing else of interest today.

Friday 27
– Cleaned up all day and got about 2 oz.  Cold in the morning. No more.

Saturday 28 – Pretty cold in the morning. Cleaned up today and took out 3 1/2 oz.

Sunday 29 – We all went to the Point and I went to the diggings at Willow Ranch and to Pike’s cabin and saw the men that were prospecting. I sold them a piece of ground for $15–$5 in cash. I brought down my blankets, a couple of hoses, a sluice fork and pan. We all went to Independence Bat but I did not stay long. Kyler and I came to the bar and found H.P. and Pa there. We got supper and went to the Point to a show.

Monday 30 – Pa and H.P. went to the Point. H.P. started for Marysville. Pa came to the bar again and stayed until after dinner and him and Lem started for the valley. He wanted Lem to work on the ranch. We wheeled off clay. Dave went to Independence Bar and bought a wheel barrow for $10. Nothing else new today.

May 1856

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Thursday 1 – A Ball today at Fox’s. Took breakfast with Sterling, and Joe and
I started for home. We worked as usual sluicing with a large head of water. Rained, hailed and snowed all day. The bank caved very badly.

Friday 2 – Ground sluiced in the forenoon and cleaned bedrock in the after and took out $18. Nothing else today.

Saturday 3 – Cleaned bedrock in the forenoon and took out $11.50. We run off tailings in the evening. Snowed a little in the evening but none to signify.

Sunday 4 – Joe and I went to the Point in the forenoon and Bill Rains came shortly afterwards and we went to Rocky Bar and then up on the flume and saw Pa, Dave and Kyler at work on it. We came home and Bill went to Quincy. Nothing else today.

Monday  5 – Joe concluded to start below we got up early and got breakfast and started to the Point. Found no one up so early. We also went to Rocky Bar. They had just finished breakfast. We all came up to the Point together and I gave Joe 40$ and he started for Quincy and got there before dinner. Bill came from Massack with some grub &c.

Tuesday 6 – Bill and I fixed up the wagon a little and he started to Alford’s for a load of lumber and got back after dinner. We then hauled a load of rails in the meadow. Rained very hard for a little while. Fox stayed all night with us. Nothing more interesting today.

Wednesday 7 – Bill went after a load of lumber. Pa came over about noon on a mule. Him and I went to putting up a new plank fence across the field. I made a coupling pole for the wagon in the forenoon.

Thursday 8 – Bill after more lumber. Pa and I worked on the fence and nearly finished our part of it. Bill got back about night and brought some potatoes about, 500 lbs. Rained a little in evening. Jim Davies, Ben Gorman and Miss Cleveland came up last night. I played on his violin and he on the guitar while the balance danced. The day of the party at Elizabethtown. Lizzie went but the balance of us stayed  at home.

Friday 9 – Pa and I worked on the fence all day. Bill made and hauled some rails. Rained very hard about noon for a while. Nothing else today.

Saturday 10 – Pa and I worked on the fence on the forenoon and Bill helped up in the evening and we finished it. Bill set some stakes in the forenoon.

Sunday 11 – Stayed about town all forenoon I got my hair cut and shaved myself at Duesler’s shop. Bill and I started for the diggings after dinner and we met Kyler on his way to Elizabethtown. We also met Sam Ballou and Slokeham going to Quincy. We took Terwilliger’s oxen home.

Monday 12 – Bill and I went up the ditch and found it broke nearly to the bear trap. We went as far as the big flume, came back and went to work sluicing off tailings. Warm and pleasant all day.

Tuesday 13 – Bill and I set boxes and cleaned up and took out $8.50. Very poor.

Wednesday 14 – Set boxes to work a little strip of ground in the right hand ravine. We carried over the penstalk and leading troughs and hose. We burned up nearly all of our hose while we were at dinner. It caught from some brush we set afire round a ditch from the reservoir to the penstalk and let the water in to it. Bill went to Phelps’ after supper and took some clothes to have washed. Nothing else today.

Thursday 15 – We forgot the hose from the lower diggings and put them on the penstalk. Fixed up the leading troughs and got ready for washing. We commenced washing in the afternoon. Kyler came by about noon. Took dinner with us on his way to Rocky Bar. Nothing else today.

Friday 16 – We worked as usual but made nothing. Nothing else today.

Saturday 17 – We piped in the morning but got no better prospect so we quit and commenced digging out an old ditch below so as to prospect where out channel had run out. We did not finish it. We got dinner and started for Quincy. We carried over a big square tub. We got there before night. We went the mountain road. Lizzie and I took off a hen and chickens that hatched at the Barn.

Sunday 18 – We all took a walk, except Lizzie, around the ranch to look at the grain and grass. Lizzie went to Meadow Valley with Troward and got back in the evening. Duesler went to the Point and sent after a book.

Monday 19 – The day the lawsuit comes off–but there was no Judge. Rained in the evening and at night. Pa and Bill went to Hundley’s1 office after supper to be examined as witnesses. Bill got drunk as usual. Ike Jennings stayed  all night with us. I cut some potatoes to plant.

Tuesday 20 – Pa and Bill commenced plowing to plant potatoes. I cut potatoes. Lizzie and Ma helped Bill. Quite plowing at noon and Pa and I went at it and finished it. We planted one sack and quit. Ma and Lizzie finished cutting. Sherwin stayed all night with us. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 21 – Rained and snowed all evening and night. Dave came over as a witness in case. Dave, Bill and I planted potatoes all evening. Bill and I went and called on Miss Cleveland after supper we had a game of cards with her and her mother. Nothing else today of importance.

Thursday 22 – Pa’s case comes off today but it was not decided the Jury hung. Bill harrowed in the potatoes today. Cloudy at times. Nothing else today.

Friday 23 – The case was decided this morning and in favor of defendant Terwilliger but he was confined to 10 inches of water. Bill took a harrow and plow home and went after a load of lumber for Alford Bray and I started home in the forenoon and got to the cabins before dinner.

Saturday 24 – Went out to the diggings and got out gum clothes and brought the in. I then went to cleaning out the pan box and finished it in the evening and got $43 out of box and sand bottle. Dave, Kyler and another man came by a little before noon on their way to the valley. I am still alone Dave brought a letter to me from below from Joe Ficklin. Nothing more today.

Sunday 25 – I stayed about the cabin nearly all day and wrote in my journal copying it off. Pa, Dave and Kyler came by in the evening and stayed awhile. Pa was on his way below. He was riding Bill’s mare. We all went to the Point and I went to Rocky Bar. Pa and I stayed all night. Lewis is preparing to flume his ditch to McNabb’s diggings. Nothing else.

Monday 26 – Pa and I came up to the Point after breakfast. He was preparing to start to Marysville. He was waiting for John Thompson. I came up to the cabins and went to work and cleaned up some boxes and got one. I then commenced sinking a hole on the left bank of the ravine below the big pine log we propped up, but did not finish it before O’Grady came by wanting to get some water to work a ravine or for me to work with him. Pa wrote a note to me to that effect. He was drunk. I went to his camp with him. He got his blankets and we started back for the diggings. We met Jim Pike and Fell on our road. We stopped a while at the Willow Ranch and got some milk as we were going to his camp. O‘Grady went to the point after we got to the cabins. He stayed all night and got drunk &c.

Tuesday 27 – I went out and finished sinking my hole but got no color. I tried a pan in the little ravine that Shults rocked in I got about 10 cents in one piece. O’Grady came by and we came to the house and he ate breakfast and we went and prospected the ravine and got a little prospect. Sam Ballou came from Massack on his way home. May Wheeler and George Kline came by with a China woman going to the Valley. O’Grady and I went below the cabins to look at a hole he said he sunk in 1850. Nothing else new today.

Wednesday 28 – O’Grady and I commenced the ditch but only worked until noon.  He was pretty sick from his spree. We got dinner and he took his blankets to his camp on the river and gave out the idea of working his ravine. I went over and prospected it but got no prospect. I turned the water down to old ditch that runs down the little ravine near the big log. I tried a pan and got 25 cents  H. Bray and a stranger came out to where I was prospecting. They were preparing to go to Massack. The stranger was going to represent our interest. Bray went home. I came to the house with the man and he started to the diggings at Massac. I commenced a cut up to the mouth of the little ravine but did not finish it. I took Joe Ficklins’ things to the Point to send below to him. I came home in the night and stopped awhile at the saw mill with Mat Wheeler, Whitney and Howlin. Nothing ore of importance.

Thursday 29 – Worked in my cut all day. A good many large rocks in the way. O’Grady came to me in the evening to get water again for him and his partner. He was drunk as usual. Nothing else today.

Friday 30 – Still at work in the cut, did not quite finish it. Nothing else.

Saturday 31 – Finished the cut and sluiced off some in the ravine but got no prospect as yet. I started to valley in the evening and arrived at Quincy about supper time. Nothing else of interest today.

April 1856

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Tuesday 1 – Dave and I went up the Pike ditch in the morning and found where the water was running out. We worked in the diggings today. Shults came home about noon and worked with us. We did not clean up today. Snowed late in the evening and rained. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 2 – Cleaned bedrock in the forenoon and got about 2 oz, with the day before. Piped in the evening but stopped and set out boxes and cleaned up, but got but little. Sterling came up about noon to let me know it would be doubtful whether. He could let me have the money or not.

Thursday 3 – Commenced piping in the morning and continued all day. We did not clean up. Shults and I went to the Point after supper and stayed a while. I saw old McFall and had a talk with him. I tried to get some money from Ike Farris but did not succeed &c &c.

Friday  4 – I started for the ranch in the morning and got there about noon. Pa and I went down in the field to look at some ground and grain. I started home and got in company with a man at the Illinois Ranch and came the balance of the way together. Pa hired Frank Goble to work on the ranch. Cloudy today but no rain of consequence.

Saturday 5 – Dave started for the Ranch towards noon with some butter. Jim and I worked today. The hose burst twice today. We got about $22 today.

Sunday  6 – I went to the Point early in the morning and took a couple of big slugs of gold and deposited them with Thompson as security for the sum of $500 at the rate of 3 per cent per month. Came home got some butter and a pick and shovel and started for the Ranch and got there after dinner and took the money to Pa. Lizzie and I called on Miss Cleveland after supper. Rained a little in the evening. Nothing else today.

Monday 7 – Dave and I started home and got there a little before noon and found Joe Ficklin and Tim Compton there from below. They came up to get work. Joe went to the Point and got himself a gum coat to work in. Jim and I took out the hose to the diggings and set the boxes ready for work, moved some rocks so as to set the boxes. Joe, Dave and I went to the lower diggings to get a piece of hose to put on the ours above. We ripped it off and left it lying. Nothing else new today.

Tuesday 8 – Jim and I took the old hose up to the upper diggings and laid them so as to dry. We set our leading troughs and dug a ditch. Joe commenced work today with Dave in the lower diggings. We are about ready for washing.

Wednesday 9 – Jim and I laid our hose and got ready for washing. I went to the Point for a  hoe and some twine, came back and went to piping. Mrs Reel and Miss Williams came to the diggings in the evening, took her little girl to the Willow Ranch. I also sewed up a hole in the hose we broke our hoe from the bank falling in. Rained a little in the evening &c.

Thursday 10 – Cloudy today. Jim and I piped today in the upper diggings and took out $40, one piece weighing $25. One of our boxes fell and broke to pieces as we were cleaning up. Rained a little today. Dave took out pretty good wages today. Tom Eves came by and took dinner with us &c.

Friday 11 – Rained a little all day. Jim and I piped all day. Pa and Kyler came by the cabin about noon, also Duesler and Phelps. Duesler and Phelps went to the Point. Pa and Kyler went out to the Diggings Kyler stayed all night. We cleaned up a couple of boxes but got but little. Nothing else of interest today.

Saturday 12 – We found the boxes covered up in mud and some of them broken. We cleaned bedrock after getting out the boxes. We took out 5 oz and $2. Rained some today. Nothing else new today.

Sunday 13 – Pa and Jim went to the Point in the morning. I saw O’Grady today. Thompson packed over our stove to the Ranch and went to putting up the fireplace. Kyler came up after Dave and me to see about buying old Charlie’s claims on Rocky Bar. We all went down and stayed until night. We closed the trade, gave him $2,500 to be paid in six months. Rained off and on all day. Nothing else today.

Monday 14 – Joe worked with me today piping. Did not clean up our channel. Looked very much like running out. Rained nearly all day. Dave made about $11. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 15 – Joe and I piped in the forenoon and commenced cleaning bedrock in the after, but did not finish it. I went to the Willow Ranch and took a note to send to Pa. I gave it to Phelps. The bank caved in and raised one of our boxes out of its place. Our channel is about to run out. A pretty day today

Wednesday 16 – Cleaned bedrock all day and took out 7 oz and $2. Dave worked with  us. He went to the Point in the forenoon to get a pick sharpened but had to leave it. I got a note from Pa. We finished about an hour by sun and helped Dave clean up the lower boxes. Nothing else today.

Thursday 17 – A beautiful day. Joe and I dug out a couple of boxes, broken ones. We set some and laid our hose and tried our pipe over on again. We piped out some mud. Dave started for Quincy after dinner. Nothing else.

Friday 18 – Joe and I worked in the main ravine awhile in the morning but quit. Set the rocker and commenced cleaning some bedrock that was  left last year, but we soon laid aside the rocker and set a couple of boxes and finished it. We got $2.50. We carried all of the broken boxes and rocker to the house. Nothing of consequence today.

Saturday 19 – Joe and I sluiced off tailings in the main ravine in the forenoon. The old stump lid in the ravine. Joe and I started for Quincy after dinner. We met Dave this side of the Illinois Ranch coming home. Root over took us and we went together the balance of the way. We found everybody busy at the Ranch rolling up logs and burning them. We helped until night. Stayed all night.

Sunday 20 – We stayed about the house in the forenoon burning chip piles &c. We all went to the lower end of the Ranch on the evening.  Taylor came by and we all started home and got there before night. Came by Loyd’s cabin and got an oven and some pans. Nothing of interest today.

Monday 21 – Kyler, Pa and Dave started for Rocky Bar after breakfast and carried their blankets. Joe and I went to work. Cleaned up our boxes the first thing and got 6$. We set the penstalk and hose over again put on our pipe and cut a little ditch. We worked at the stump in the evening. Nothing else.

Tuesday 22 – Joe and I worked as usual. Our hoses burst and we had to work without them. We got the stump did not clean up today. Pa came by on his way to the valley. Nothing else of consequence today.

Wednesday 23 – We set our boxes and cleaned bedrock and got $19. Lem came by in his way to Rocky Bar to work on the flume in Pa’s place. We set our boxes and went to sluicing off tailings. I mended the hose in the evening and commenced piping. Clouded up in the evening &c &c.

Thursday 24 – Joe and I piped all forenoon and cleaned bedrock in the after. Took out $14. We set a couple of boxes ready for sluicing. Very cold all day and cloudy. Nothing else of consequence today.

Friday 25 – Sluiced and piped all day. I picked up $8.50 off the bedrock. Nothing else

Saturday 26 – Set our boxes and commenced cleaning up and took out about $54. Fox came by the diggings after dinner from the wedding of Miss Williams to Lacy at the Willow Ranch. They had a shivaree1 last night. Joe and I went to the Point after supper. They had a dance at Fox’s. Lizzie came from the valley today. Joe and I went home about 11 o’clock. No more today.

Sunday 27 – Cloudy in the forenoon. Dave and Lem came up after breakfast after some of their things. Joe and Lem went up the Pike ditch to turn on the water that had been stopped for 2 or 3 days. Joe and I went with them to Rocky Bar to look at the diggings. Commenced raining while we were there. Joe and I came on home. I bought a keg of molasses and some beef. We got a pick that Dave left to get sharpened. Pa and Kyler came by after supper. Nothing otherwise new today.

Monday 28 – Found it raining in the morning went out to work as usual but did not stay long. We got very cold. We commenced piping in the left hand bank but found no channel. Rained and snowed all day. Very disagreeable, and the snow covered the ground towards night. We did not clean up today. Nothing else new today.

Tuesday 29 – Snow still on the ground. Very cold and disagreeable today. We piped a little in the forenoon and ground sluiced the balance of the day. Picked up a little gold of the bedrock. Cleaned up our boxes but didn’t get much. Nothing else of consequence today.

Wednesday 30 – Worked in the rain all forenoon–and snow. We got very cold didn’t work in the afternoon. Stayed in the cabin until late in the evening and went to the Point and ground our axes and then went to Rocky Bar and stayed all night. I looked at Dover and company work a while Pa and I stayed at Sterling’s all night. Joe stayed  at Kyler’s and Dave’s cabin. Heard that Maguire was killed from a bank caving on him and hurt his partner to some extent. Rained and snowed all day Nelson Creek is up again. Nothing else new today.

March 1856

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Saturday 1 – The house caught a fire from the stove pipe up stairs but no damage done. Some fellows had a fight before day. We all started for the Point after breakfast a while and got there about noon. We stopped at Sherwin’s a while and had some fun. I took dinner at Fox’s and started home but Lizzie stayed. I started for the Point late in the evening and met Fox and Lizzie coming home. Also met Dave going to the Point in the evening to carry some letters to the office. I met Duesler going to the Point. Dave and Duesler came back and Duesler stayed all night. Bill had a fight and got whipped as usual, got his eye gouged smartly but came home after supper. Nothing else today.

Sunday 2 – Stayed about the house all forenoon. Duesler came to see if we were going to the American Ranch. We had a long talk about it. Duesler left for the Point before dinner. Dave and I sewed some on the hose after dinner. Pa came out after a while and sewed on them also. I came to the house and made me a book to keep a journal in. Some girls stopped at the cabin awhile on their way home but I was not at the house.

Monday 3 – I went to the Point after breakfast to see about some butter of Brays being brought over to Massack I took a pair of shoes back to Timberman’s that was got for Ma  I took dinner at home and started for the diggings and got there early in the evening I saw Mat Wheeler at the Point just from below John Shults was in the place of Carroll. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 4 – Beautiful day clear, and pretty. Bray, Shults and I shoveled in the boxes all day. We had a good head of water. We did not clean up. Fox had no hand to play.

Wednesday 5 – Shoveled in the boxes all forenoon and cleaned up after dinner and got but very little we then went prospecting.  We sunk a hole in a ravine above the cabin but got nothing, then commenced another in the big ravine near the cabin, but did not finish it. Fox absent a hand today.

Thursday 6 – Bray, Shults, and I went up the ravine and finished out hole but got nothing. We went up the ditch to prospect but did not sink a single hole. Bray got separated from us and we did not see him anymore until he came to the cabin. We came on home and I met a couple of men that lived on the Massack ravine and they gassed considerably about the law suit. They bought somebody’s rights and title in the Terwilliger water. They showed some bills of sale to the effect.

Friday 7 – Bray a little sick today. Terwilliger still at work. Also the Zark company. Bray, Shults and I started for home. Shults stopped at the ranch. Bray and I came in home found Pa, Dave and Bill at work. Bray took dinner with us. Pa went to the Point and I worked in his place. We took out $15. John Shults came by the diggings after dinner and went to the Point. Pa bought the American Ranch1 for $5,716. Pleasant all day.

Saturday 8 – Pa and I started for Quincy early in the morning to close the trade with  Jennings. We took dinner and supper with Mrs Jennings’ and we slept at Ward’s. Nothing more today.

Sunday 9 – We took Breakfast with Jennings and started home and got there a little after noon. Pa and Bill went to the Point to see the rest of the company, Bray, Fox &c to see about getting somebody to stay at Massack diggings to attend to the ditch.

The end of the book. First March 1856.

Widow Machre2
Widow Machree its no wonder you frown,
Och, hone! Widow Machree;
Faith it ruins your looks that same dirty black gown
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
How altered your air,
With that close cap you wear—
‘Tis destroying your hair
Which should be flowing free;
Be no longer a churl
Of its black silken curl,
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
“Widow Marchree now the summer is come,
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
When everything smiles, should a beauty look glum?
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
See the birds in pairs,
And the rabbits and hares—
Why even the bears
Now in couples agree;
And the mute little fish,
Cant speak, though they wish
Och, hone! Widow Machree;
Widow Marchree, and when winter comes in,
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
To be poking the fire all alone is a sin,
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
Why the shovel and tongs to teach
To each other belongs
And the kettle sings songs
Full of family glee,
While alone with your cup,
Like a hermit you’ll sup,
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
“And how do you know, with the comforts, I have told,
Och, hone! Widow Machree;
But you’re keeping some poor fellow all out in the cold
Och, hone! Widow Machree;
With such sins on your head,
Sure your peace would be fled,
Could you sleep in your bed,
Without thinking to see,
Some ghost or some sprite
That would wake you each night
Crying, “Och, hone! Widow Machree.”
Then take my advice, darling Widow Machree.
Och, hone! Widow Machree.
And with my advice, why I wish you’d take me,
Och, hone! Widow Machree,
You have me to desire
Then to stir up the fire;
And sure hope is no liar
In whispering to me,
That the ghost would depart
When you’d me near your heart
Och, hone! Widow Machree.

Monday 10 – I started after breakfast for Marysville. Got with a man at the Point named Tell that got his feet frozen about Christmas. He was on his way to  San Francisco. We took dinner at the American house Gibsonville. Tell got some blankets that he left on his way up. I assisted him in carrying them to Rabbit Creek. We met Jon Thompson3 and his pack train about 3 miles from Gibsonville coming to the Point for the first time this spring. They were nearly worried out in the snow. We got to the Creek a little before 3 o’clock I saw Brown and Neal. I stayed the balance of the evening in town. Tell went to Secret diggings, distant 1 1/2 miles, and came back after supper. Stayed all night at the A. Creek house. A pleasant day. No more.

Tuesday 11 – We started before day and took breakfast at the American house and dinner at the New York House. Our feet got very sore and we washed them in a branch. We stopped at a house 20 miles of Marysville kept by Abbott. Took super and stayed all night. Nothing more today. We stopped before sunset.

Wednesday 12 – We started about 2 hours before day on our road. We could hardly see the road. We took breakfast at the Peoria House about 15 miles from Marysille. We got to Marysville about 2 o’clock and we took dinner at Frank’s Restaurant. I then went to the stable and found Durrich. I got his horse and went out to H.P.’s. Found  them all well. Mrs Weston House was there. H.P. came out shortly afterwards. Nothing else today.

Thursday 13 – I went to town with H.P. in the forenoon and stayed until late in the evening. I bought a pair of fine boots for $7.25 and took my watch to a jewelers to get repaired. Kath went home with Mrs. Weston House and left little Kate down there &c &c.

Friday 14 – I started in the morning for Bourn’s Ranch. It commenced raining after I started and continued all day. I got very wet and cold. I got there about 4 o’clock. I dried myself and clothes and stayed all night but got no money. Nothing more today.

Saturday 15 – I took breakfast and went in and seen his wife and daughter and talked awhile with them and started home.  Bub promised to bring down the money within a week I got to H.P.’s after 3 o’clock. They were all away from home but Rath. They came in about supper time.

Sunday 16 – We all went up to the upper Ranch to look at the grain. I stayed about the house the balance of the day. H.P., Fox, Durrich and I started for Weston House but we met Miss America and a Mr Shepard so we turned back. They took Tea before they left &c.

Monday 17 – We all went to town to the election and stayed all day. Great excitement all day. Seen several fights during the day  Jack and Durrick stayed  all night. I came out with H.P. We forded the river today. Nothing else of consequence to day.

Tuesday 18 – I went to town again today and stayed until evening and we all came out to the ranch. I saw Dr. Reins and got some medicine from him. Nothing today unusual.

Wednesday 19 – Jack and I went to the upper Ranch to look at the grain. Came back and went to the garden while the hands were building a fence after dinner and went to town. Bill Rains came to the stable in the afternoon to get some oxen to take to American Valley. Bill and I took a walk around town. Jack came out to the Ranch and stayed all night. Kath and family went to town today visiting &c &c.

Thursday 20 – Jack and I drove up the oxen to look at them and pick out a couple yoke to take to the mountains. Mrs Buchannan and Taylor spent the day with Kath. Bill and I went to town in the evening and stayed until night and came out to the Ranch. H.P. sold a yoke of cattle to a man from Downieville. Nothing else today.

Friday 21 – Bill Rains started for home this morning with the oxen. Durrick just commencing at the stable again. I went to town again today with H.P. and Jack. Very warm today. No more.

Saturday 22 – H.P. and family started for Nevada City this morning on a visit. Jack and I drove up the colts from off the plains to work them. Jack, Joe Ficklin and I went to town in the evening they rode the colts and I Durricks horse to get him shod, his feet being sore.

Sunday 23 – Jack, Joe and I harnessed up the colts to the buggy and drove them around a little. Jack had some visitors in the evening but soon went away. We harnessed up again and drove down to the river and came back and found old Bourne at the house with no money for me. He stayed all night. Nothing else today.

Monday 24 – Jack and I went to town in the morning and worked the colts. They came pretty near running off with us. I bought a pair of pants for $8. We drove to the upper Ranch to look at the grain. H.P. got home about supper time. Cloudy and looked very much like rain. Nothing else today.

Tuesday 25 – H.P. Jack and I went to town. Worked the colts. Old Mart Edwards and I went to the trial of some Chinamen and heard their sentence for stealing. It was 15 lashes &c &c. I stayed all night at the stable with Durrick. I made preparations for starting in the morning for home. Nothing else new today.

Wednesday 26 – Started about 5 o’clock in the morning for home. We took breakfast at Zabriskyey’s and stopped at the New York House for dinner but I did not eat any. We got to Columbus House about 4 o’clock. I then took it afoot and got to the diamond spring house took supper and stayed all night. Nothing otherwise today.

Thursday 27 – I got up and started on my road and took breakfast at the American House and went on to Rabbit Creek and got somethings out of the trunk and started about 9 o’clock. I saw Brown as I was leaving town, and I met John Buckby on his way to the states I took dinner at the Mountain Cottage in Gibsonville and started on. Got to Onion Valley about 3 o’clock and got home about supper time. I stopped a while with Mrs Reel. I heard that Pa was sick at the Valley. Nothing else of interest today.

Friday 28 – I started in the morning for the valley. It rained off and on all day. Bill was hauling rails to the house we went home and got dinner and I helped him the balance of the evening. We pulled out a fellow that got stalled in the mud. He broke one of his yokes. The doctor came to see Pa in the evening.

Saturday 29 – I started in the morning for Nelson Point. I got something to eat at the cabin and started to Rocky Bar to see if I could borrow some money of Dover. I got the promise of it. Rained all day. I stopped a while in Lawrance’s cabin. I came home in the evening pretty hungry. Jim Shults started to the valley about noon. Nothing else today.

Sunday 30 – Found the snow about 6 inches deep in the morning and still snowing. Dave and I went up the big ditch to bring down the water but fount it coming and the reservoir full. We cleaned out the trash and put in cross pieces where they were broken. We got all of the water down. We then got wood the balance of the day from across the ravine. Bill Rains came over about noon and got some things & went back. He rode Bass’ mare. Nothing else today.

Monday 31 – The snow about 8 or 10 inches deep this morning. We went up the pike ditch and got the water down and laid the hose at the diggings. Shults came from the valley about noon and went to the Point after dinner and stayed all night. Dave and I cut a tree down after dinner that was in the way at the diggings. We piped all evening and cleaned up the boxes and got about $5 did not weigh it. Winnowed some today. Nothing else today of interest.