February 19 1854 – promissory note

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This copy of a promissory note and accompanying notes from Alvin Duval, a Georgetown attorney, appear to relate to a much-debated inheritance, also alluded to in Martha Haun’s letter of April 11 18551.

“$183. One day after this date I promise to pay to C. West on order one hundred and eighty three dollars, for a value of $200. Georgetown February 19th 1845.

(signed) H.P. Haun”

The above is a copy of the note from H.P. Haun to C. West filed in the Scott circuit court. I brought suit on this note in October 1845 to July to the payment of it. H.P. Haun is interested in the estate of his sister Elizabeth, who had died in September 1845. Mr Haun returned from Iowa and paid the debt, and at the May town 1846 the suit was dismissed.

The note which J.H. Haun took with him to California appeared by his receipt to West is for one hundred and eight dollars executed August 15th 1843 to John Applegate and by now signed over to said West. It will be seen at once that the two notes are not the same as Henry supposes, but different in amount, date and pass on to whom payable. January 30th 1854.

A. Duvall

Metadata: Sender’s location: Georgetown, KY

November 29 1853 – Martha Haun to James Haun

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In this lengthy letter Martha Haun relates the Georgetown news, including a visit from a long absent friend, and discusses her feelings for her niece, who has been staying with her.

Georgetown
November the 29th 18531

My own Sweet Husband,

I have just sent a letter to the office yesterday morning for John although I have no news to write you—yet I feel like talking to you and feel like encouraging of you to persevere. You know what and how I feel about you as well as I can tell you, for you well know my strong and ardent attachment for you, and at the same time you know my pride and ambition— Sometimes my affection and desire to be with you almost over comes my better judgement—

You need not fear any thing on my account. I am getting along well and with credit to myself, though I miss you—none on this earth knows but myself how much—yet let me say to you never become discouraged but persevere and hope on and I know you will succeed. What is two or three years, if in that time you can come home with means to situate yourself as you would wish?

There was a man this morning in passing my door asked me when I had heard from you— he told me to say to you that a friend of yours had told me to write to you and tell you not to think of coming back until you got plenty. He says you do not think he is your friend and told me not to say who it was, but he says God knows he would like to see you come back with plenty—He has never spoke to me nor any of the members of the church since he left it, until this morning. He asked about you and we then got into a chat. He says he has noticed me and seen how melancholy I looked at times and felt like telling me to be cheerful and to write to you to stay. Yes, he says, he had better stay three years there to have all the troubles and hardships and then come back without making anything– The man was Jeffry Shepard.

I am a woman—but you must be a man now in this separation. A woman’s feelings will sometimes over come her judgement, but you must not be so. Let your judgement prevail. Oh, how I would dislike for you to come back as poor as you left–and on the other hand how proud I would be for you to come with plenty. So give it a fair trial and do not become discouraged too soon. Oh, it would be the happiest and the proudest day of my life to see you and John get back with money enough to place you where you deserve to be. Then do not, my love, be discouraged nor give way to gloomy forebodings. I know your energy. I know your industry. Keep in good spirits, hope on, hope ever, and know that I suffer as much you, and more in mind than you do, for you have our darling boy with you to cheer and comfort you and to feel an interest for.

I have no one, no, nothing on this earth with me to love. I take an interest in poor little Liz because I look upon her as in a poor situation, for her farther will never do much for her nor any of his children. He is sick now at Mr Moore’s. I have not seen him since he has been sick, nor do I know what is the matter with him. One thing I do know: he will never do much for anyone. The feeling I have for Liz is not like the love I bear my own dear child, and yet for all this I am willing to bear our separation yet longer for your sake and his, that we may all live the happier when we do get together by having plenty to do a little as we please.

Then, let me encourage you not to give up the ship as long as there is any hope—you must know that I have as much to do as I well can do to attend to and manage a helpless and expensive family of Negroes. They are all woman and children but Sam. But I can get along, and now that I have got to keeping house I can do so much better. If I had gone to keeping house last Spring it I could have saved something by it, for Bet could not feed herself and children, let alone paying house rent and clothing for themselves. Sam said he never worked so hard in his life as he did. She worked hard but always was the poorest manager in the world. I can make her make as much as she made by herself and it takes no more now to feed all of us than it did them without me Sam declares it does not take near as much, nor do I believe it does, for I manage it now myself.

The people that has Kit is very much pleased with her. They say they never had a better negro nor would wish a better one. I come so near selling her when I had to take her from Pris White that it has scared her up to do better. I told her I would positively sell her if I had any more trouble with her. I had to keep her at home about three months before I could hire her out, but Pris has had two Negroes since she had Kit and now has none. They both ran away. There is no negro will stay there. She is a mean-principled woman. I expect, from what I hear, that Kit is in the family way again. Mr Moore sees her occasionally at Harriet’s and he said the last time he saw her she looked very fat like there might be something of that sort the matter.

I wrote to you in my last that Sam Thompson had moved to town. I have never got any money out of him yet. He told me the other day he would pay me in a few days but I doubt it. I have not been able to collect any money since you left. Bat is trying to do something with Green. He thinks he will get something. Dr Hall says he has paid you and has your receipt I told him to bring in his receipt but he always says he forgets it. He knows he lies about it. I intend to sue him if he does not show it. I have seen some of the meanness of man about money matters, and God knows if I had been a man and learnt this in early life they never would have got much off me. I showed Clint West his account and he said it was all right and said that you and him had some dealings and if I would give the account to Bat he would settle with him. I did so and Bat says he made you even on some of your old gambling scores. I thought of suing him and making him prove it. I consulted with some about it and they said it would only put me to cost, for he would not pay any of his debts and he was law proof, though everyone said I could get a judgement. Tell me if I must sue him or not. I feel very much like I want to expose him. Had it not been the fear of giving something for nothing I would have sued him long ago. I do not know yet but I will. Tell me in your next what you think of it.

Now my darling husband, farewell for this time. Write to me on the receipt of this and write everything. I am always anxious to get a letter and fear almost to open it for fear of bad news. I cry for four or five days always after getting a letter on account of the hard way you have to live– but if you can only keep  well you need not care for looks or any thing of that sort so you do not actually suffer. When I think of my poor child having to cook his own victuals and wash and mend his own clothes and yourself too, oh God, how I wish I could do it for you and how it makes my very heart ache. I cannot help it, let me try as I may, and I think of everything to make it as light as possible. I know there is plenty of men that has had it to do. My old father has slept on the naked ground many a night, and had to cook and wash for his self and often little or nothing to cook. Little did I think when I used to hear him tell of it that my poor child would ever have it to do so… but if you and him can live through it and accomplish your designs it will never hurt you and you will not regret it. You will have it to think and talk of in your old days.

Now goodbye sweetest. If I could only kiss them precious lips, that chin, forehead and cheeks. I think if I could see you I would not be willing to get out of your arms for a month. Then for my sake take care of your health and never forget your devoted wife,

M. Haun

Metadata: Sender’s location: Georgetown, KY | Recipient’s location: Nelson Creek, CA

July 1858

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Thursday 1 – Jake is still unwell. I went to work by myself till noon. In the P.M. John Vigris and I put ourselves through and cleaned up. Not much gold. This is not a good place.

Friday 2 – All three pitched in and we moved up into Lloyd’s ravine. We set two boxes, turned in the water, and set in. Later we cleaned up, but no gold. The gold has left these parts. I don’t know where to try my luck again. It wont do.

Saturday 3 – Jake is not well, so I and John went out to clean up the bedrock. When it was time for a late dinner we had finished and got some gold. Jake had dinner ready. It over, I prepared to go over to the valley, and Jake down to the Point, and John was to stay till we got back. I gave Jake all the dust to pay off the accounts. John went a  short distance with me. We got home in good time.

Sunday 4 – I put in my time as most men do in Quincy, going from one drinking house to another.

Monday 5 – Today there has been a celebration for the fourth with a military parade and speeches to suit the occasion, and a dance tonight, given by Maston, in the courthouse.

Tuesday 6 – The races commenced today: five entered. Stinson’s Woodpecker won the purse.

Wednesday 7 – The same horse won the race today. I was not out on the hack today, but was yesterday.

Thursday 8 – Five horses started today. Wheeler’s pride mare won the  race. I and my wife was out today.

Friday 9 – I am not able to say at this time what was done, or what I did–but I’m sure nothing of importance. Times are going much worse with me all the time.

Saturday 10 – I’ve had Smith sued and attached on the 6 instant if I made a mistake not, the time is waring a way very heavily, as money is very scarce with me and debts pressing.

Sunday 11 – Nothing to do but to saunter around all day and witness all sorts of drunkards.

Monday 12 – The district judge is on the bench, sexton I mean. I was summoned as a juror to attend tomorrow at 9:00 A.M.

Tuesday 13 – I hired Joe Gass to help cut wheat. We commenced today. I am still a juror, but no case was tried by jurymen.

Wednesday 14 – I have previously sent by Asheim $100 to John Overton at Onion Valley. I’m still a juryman, but no case was tried by jurymen.

Thursday 15 – No change for the better. Still juryman, and discharged today without trying a single case.

Friday 16 – I am waiting to see if something won’t turn up to favor me. I can’t pay what I owe. The way I am progressing, who can help it?

Saturday 17 – Nothing encouraging is to be seen for me. I will have to sell out before a great while.

Sunday 18 – Some of the citizens, and I among the rest, went to hear preaching in the courthouse. This is the second time since I’ve been in California that the hat was handed round and I pitched in a quarter, giving to the poor and lending to the Lord.

Sunday 25 – This week has passed off, how I can’t tell. My wife had a dance on the night of the 20th, so the week passed off up to Saturday the 24th, when all the ladies and gentlemen had a picnic up at Bates’ mill. All passed off well. Lloyd was shot twice in one leg this week by Dover at Nelson Point.

Monday 26 – The case against Smith was tried before Hogan to quash the attachment, but before this another was heard, and our decision was delayed until the morning.

Tuesday 27 – The judge decided against me and the attachment. So, I started for the diggins once more. I arrived at the cabin but no one was there. I took some hard bread, butter and molasses for dinner and wet down to the Point and then down to Rocky Bar to see Kyler.

Wednesday 28 – I had a hard sleep of it last night. After breakfast I and Kyler went down the river to see some ground but pronounced it not good for money and left.

Thursday 29 – I stayed to see Kyler burst his last rock on Rocky Bar, which he did in good style. Then, we went up to the Point. John came over on business with me, to know if he must sell the Mountain Comp’s ditch. I am too far, or too slow. It was Friday.

Friday 30 – We both took dinner at Fox’s, cost us $3. We then went up to the diggins, and Jake also, to gather up the tools. That done, I and John started for valley.

Saturday 31 – John Thompson came to ask John if he could get the ditch. A trade was conditionally made. He is to be back on Monday next.

James Haun Diary, October 1857

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Thursday 1 – I started in company with Lem and Rains for Marysville. We stopped a short time at Nelson Point. I got of Thompson $816.25, a part of a loan of J.V. Overton. We then took dinner at Gibsonville and fed the horses, $1.50, and then on to Rabbit Creek. I settled with Dr. Brewster; all even. Then we put up at the Buckeye for the night.

Friday 2 – We paid our bills for horse and man, $3 cash for supper and lodging. We stopped at Wood’s to eat breakfast and fed the horses, $1.50, then to Stanfield Ranch for dinner and to refresh the horses, $.25, and then I stopped at brother Jack’s a little after dark. All were from home.

Saturday 3 – Jack came in last night. His wife is at San Francisco for her health. We went down town. I bought 2 pounds grapes, $.50, and had a tube put in my pistol, $1. I was to see Captain Nye and family and Pauline. I went over to H.P.’s late in the P.M. with him and others.

Sunday 4 – H.P. and family is not well. Colonel Thompkins came out with Jack. We were hunting hairs in the P.M.

Monday 5 – Henry, Derick and I went to town. I wrote a letter to R.C. Bourne. I got a letter from Hogan Barnett and Miss Dogit on the first instant. They were married.
I went over to Henry’s. Dinner $.50.

Tuesday 6 – Rained last night and today. We made doors to the blacksmith shop.

Wednesday 7 – We came to town. I bought a pair of boots for $4.50 and a check shirt $1, a vest $1, dinner $.50, grapes $.33. We all went over to Henry’s.

Thursday 8 – Henry, Jack and I went to town. Grapes $.25. Henry sewed Murray. I and Jack were  his security for costs.
Rained last night. I am staying with Jack tonight. It is sundown. Jack is writing letters and I am making entries. I got a letter from R.C. Bourne this P.M. He says he has no money but will let me have some stock.

Friday 9 – I went to Harry’s stayed all night. Nothing new.

Saturday 10 – I started early for the Mountains. I arrived at 1:00 P.M. at R.C. Bourne’s. I put up for the day and ate dinner. All well.

Sunday 11 – Bub started out on the hunt for money and returned in the morning with $300. I continued the rest of the day with him.

Monday 12 – This day week I paid Lem $65 for a cow he left on my ranch and $15 for Carter. Also on Wednesday the 7th I paid A. Mengers $700 on a note of $1,000. The balance due on Mengers’ principal and interest is $338, for which I gave a new note. I left Bub’s for the valley and arrived in the P.M. at Henry’s. We had cold dinner.

Tuesday 13 – I laid about Henry’s in the A.M. I went out hunting hairs in the P.M. and caught a rabbit. H.P.’s stable roof was on fire and burnt some ten square feet, but was put out.

Wednesday 14 – I came to town in company with Henry and had dinner, $1.25. Jack went over to Henry’s with us. I bought a pair specs, cost $1.50.

Thursday 15 – Henry and family are sick with chills and ague. Jack started to Sacramento too. We took a pair of large bay horses to sell, and then on to San Francisco after his wife. I and Derick went to town.
I paid $.50 for whiskey, $.50 for dinner yesterday. I sent $100 to my wife, cost $1, and wrote a letter, cost $.25.

Friday 16 – I came to town with Derrick. I got a letter from Bub. He says he has not got any money but will get it before he stops. I left his note and mortgage with C. Lindly to collect. I bought a cylinder and tube, $1, and paid $.75 for whiskey. I stayed in town went to see the negro minstrels, then paid $1 for a bed at the Western House, room 16. I did not sleep much on account of the mosquitoes.

Saturday 17 – Breakfast $.75. I paid for whiskey and caps $.50. I put in my time at at nothing. Later I went out with Derrick to Henry’s—

Sunday 18 – We all were laying around most of the day. Late in the P.M. I went on the slew and got some wild grapes.

Monday 19 – I caught my horse and went to town with Henry and Derick. I made out a bill of groceries for Galloway Hite and to fill beer, one bit1. I took a bit of supper, $.50. I then rode out to Jack’s to stay all night.

Tuesday 20 – After an early breakfast at Brother Jack’s I started for home. I took dinner at Sawmill Cottage and fed my horse, cost $1. I then made Columbus House where I put up for the night.

Wednesday 21 – After breakfast I paid my bill, $4. I stopped at Gibsonville and took dinner and fed horse, but he refused to eat, cost $1.50. Then on to Onion Valley. I stopped about one hour, took two drinks of whiskey, then on to Nelson Creek. I stayed till after sunset, then in company with Snyder, we put for the American Valley. My horse had got quite stiff. I got in the valley, and had to walk and drive him. I arrived about 11:00 in the night. I took some oysters and went to bed. All is well.

Thursday 22 – I did nothing all day. John, Dick and Stinson were digging potatoes. The cow I bought of Lem had a calf on Sunday night last, the 18th.

Friday 23 – The boys digging potatoes. After killing the white sow weighing 174 pounds I paid $.50 for salt to salt with.

P.M. I and John was a-sorting potatoes.

Saturday 24 – John and Stinson hauled a load of hay to Dr. Brewster, then then plowed up all the blue potatoes and finished them. I was sorting all day. We put 32 boxes weighing _____ pounds in the lower hole, and 38 in the middle weight _____ pounds, and 23 in the upper weight pounds. I let Stinson have $10.

Sunday 25 – My horse has been quite lame and stiff from founder or something else. He is getting better. The day has passed off as usual, in sin and iniquity in the town.

Monday 26 – John and Dick were baling hay. I went up to Long Valley to see some cattle with Burkholder. We returned after dark.

Tuesday 27 – We all three were digging potatoes. I paid Blood & Co. $110 on a note, all I owe them, and I don’t expect ever to owe them again. I received $125 worth of groceries, freight on the same was $40. Paid.

Wednesday 28 – We loaded on a ton of baled hay. John and Dick started for the Mountain House. I made a pen to keep the calf in.

Thursday 29 – Carter came home again and was fixing to make kraut. He fixed the wagon bed. I was digging potatoes and a-sorting. John and Dick has not got home yet, 9 o’clock at night.

Friday 30 – I pulled up some cabbage this forenoon. John and Dick got home this A.M. all right. John gave me $55 and paid all expenses. I then gave Harberson $50 for Dan Cate on account. We all pulled up cabbage.

Saturday 31 – John hauled some wood and cabbages and Dick to help him. I and Carter making kraut.

James Haun Diary, September 1856

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Monday 1 – I’ve been married 25 years today, and are here in the American Valley at Quincy. The democrats have had a convention and nominated their country candidates. Some are drunk and fighting. Rains fell out with me because I told him he must not take a candle in the barn.

Tuesday 2 – A trial was held against Betts for keeping a gambling house in Quincy. I was one of the 12 jurymen that found a bill against him. I paid Dr. Cate $200.

Wednesday 3 – I’ve done nothing this week. Rains is drunk and don’t come about until late. Betts sued out a habeas corpus and was set at liberty by Judge Ward.

Thursday 4 – I and Lizzy went over to Rocky Bar and took dinner. I paid John Ritchey $500 borrowed money and interest from the 7th of April last. He is still due $10. We came home and some very suspicious persons stayed in town last night but left early this morning.

Friday 5 – I’ve been arrogating some.

P.M. Rains made acknowledgements for his bad conduct. I accepted. My wagon was found last week. I had a pick sharpened.

Saturday 6 – Cold and frosty last night. The potato tops froze again. I paid Haydon $200 on the last payment on the ranch. $200 more still due on the 8th. I, Rains and wife cleaned and finished up the hen house. Ben Firman paid me $21 for ranching last night, so we are even. John came over this evening.

Sunday 7 – Nothing of note occurred during the day.

Monday 8 – I, John and Brookey went over to Rocky Bar and stopped some time up at our old diggins.

Tuesday 9 – I stayed all day and worked in the diggins, took out $92.

Wednesday 10 – Brooky and Kyler went over to the American Valley. Rains and I were watering cabbage and potatoes.

Thursday 11 – I and Rains were at work on the east end of the barn putting up planks on the gable end.

Friday 12 – This is the same today.

Saturday 13 – We finished, and did some work on the west end. The plank still need straightening, &c.

Sunday 14 – It is very unlike any other day. Fiddling, drinking and gambling all goes well here. The black Republicans have had their meeting and nominated their county candidates on Thursday last.

Monday 15 – At work on the west end of the barn. We still keep arrogating.

Tuesday 16 – Our work is the same today.

Wednesday 17 – The same as before —

Thursday 18 – My wife, Lizzie and three other ladies went over to Rocky Bar and came back to Illinois Ranch. They took tea and then came home by moonlight. There was dancing at the courthouse.

Friday 19 – Rains was sick on Wednesday last and did no work that day. I finished this end of the barn. Rains went to Alford’s and got eight pieces of scanting to assist in making doors.

Saturday 20 – Rains went to Alford’s after some 20 foot plank and other stuff — I went to making doors in the P.M. We succeeded in making one pair and I received a letter from H.P by E.T. Hogan on Friday last—all’s well1—and one from Dr. Barlow last night stating that our Negroes were all well and that Nelson’s leg would soon be so that he could walk on it again.2 Letters cost $.25.

Sunday 21 – My wife was somewhat unwell on Friday night last, but is well to all appearances. I wrote a letter to H.P., cost $.25. I paid $.25 for paper. Two trains of immigrants and 350 head of stock passed through on their way down to Sacramento Valley.

P.M. Liz took a walk out without leave to meet Ward. All is not right. Done to run off to marry.

Monday 22 – I followed a train to see Phelps up Spanish Creek. Did not succeed. I and Myers are his securities for $500 in a case to the Supreme Court.

Tuesday 23 – I was all day helping Maston make hinges for the barn doors. Dave came over yesterday to hear Governor Foot make a Fillmore speech and returned this morning.

Wednesday 24 – After many strong entreaties by my wife and I we succeeded in getting Liz to renounce T. Ward and write him a note to that effect.
I was engaged in hanging the barn doors at the west end of the barn.

Thursday 25 – I received $215 in costs paid by me in the with Freer and Vaughn. by an attachment against Freer. I also paid Haydon $100 on the last note for the ranch and made doors for the east end of the barn.

Friday 26 – I and Rains were putting up the doors to the east end of the barn and paid Blood & Co. $95 on account. He is without doubt a hard done. I made a small door in a large one.

Saturday 27 – There has been a theater the past two nights. My wife and Liz went with Haydon. At the close, my wife prevented Bradberry from holding a conversation with Liz. In consequence the Ward family was insulted. Mrs. John Ward said in the store that I should apologize for my wife’s conduct or he, Ward, would shoot me.
John came over this morning. I paid $.75 for hinges and screws and hung the small door.

Sunday 28 – I, John and Rains went up to town but were not molested.
P.M. John started for Nelson shortly afterwards. I received a note from Bradberry, saying that no lady would insult a gentleman at such a place, and that he had concluded to take no notice of the conduct, &c. I showed it to Hogan and Deusler, and they advised me to pay no attention to it. We are in hell on earth. We have done everything we can to prevent her from marrying him.

Monday 29 – I was at work planking the North side of the barn below the sill. Bill worked at watering cabbage.

Tuesday 30 – I finished what I was at the day before and feel very much out of humor on account of our domestic troubles, &c. Dave came over, but is not at all pleasant. I sent for him as I heard he was going below.

James Haun Diary, August 1856

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Friday 1 – All hands lounging about. An evening of rest in the barn.

Saturday 2 – We are not doing much. Rains is on a bust. Henry hitched up his team and 14 took a ride by Judkins’ mill to Betsy Town and home again. John and Dave came over, as Hickman went after them with horses.

Sunday 3 – Most of the family took a ride up as far as they could go with a stage towards Nelson Creek, took dinner in the woods, and came back the same day. I was quite unwell and  sent Hickman to Dr. Cate to get some medicine, which I took. Rains is still drunk.

Monday 4 – I feel somewhat better. Lindley left for Hopkins Creek. The District Judge came to hold court and two lawyers with him. We commenced to thresh out wheat with Daniel Cates’ machine.

Tuesday 5 – Lindley came home this A.M. and after noon we got done with the wheat, as there is but little. Two sacks flour, $12.50. Rains is still on a bust. Opened court.

Wednesday 6 – Henry, John, my wife, Cath and Mrs. Lindley all went on horseback to Nelson Creek to see the mines. We came back before dark. I sent my wheat to mill this A.M. After, we were hauling in our oats and wheat straw.

Thursday 7 – We finished our hay straw by noon. I collected $5 of Brewster for ranching mules and paid Garland $5.50 for barley and help. Got $1.50 of H.P. I was watering potatoes and cabbage a while.

P.M. Hauled three loads of frost bit wheat for Willmans and am to haul the rest as soon as we can. All have gone to a dance at Betsy Town but Lindley and his wife and I. Dave and John is gone too. Smith has worked 3 days —

Friday 8 – I finished hauling Willmans wheat this P.M. at $25 the load.

Saturday 9 – I hauled in Jennings’ wheat at $30 stacked in the lot near the barn. Dave and John came over on yesterday as witnesses in the case I have in court.

Sunday 10 – H.P. and family, Mrs. Lindley, and three children, Mrs. Buchannon, her child and servant all started for Marysville. Rains drove with two yoke of oxen to pull the stage up the hill near Eagle Gulch. Dave went along to help.

Monday 11 – In due time the Rush and Terwilliger suit for the water was called. The court was nearly all day getting through with the plaintiff’s witnesses. Smith worked five days more last week and Hickman was done with work on Saturday last.

Tuesday 12 – We closed our evidence and offered a plea in bar of a former trial. Cox was allowed to bring in evidence to rebut that was manufactured at the Illinois Ranch last night. A verdict was brought in against us for the water, and  $1 damages, and each party to pay his cost — his own cost.

Wednesday 13 – In time, the suits for the recovery of damages on the in junction bonds was called. The two of them was joined  together, but of different dates. The jury brought in a verdict against us for $300 and costs. I borrowed 100 pounds flour of Judge Ward last week on Monday last. I had 1500 new pounds flour brought home. C. Lindley has helped us in law all he can.

Thursday 14 – I collected $8.50 ranch fees. Dave, John, and Hickman went over to Rocky Bar. Quite a number of gamblers in town.

Friday 15 – I, Bray, Lindley, the Judge, and others went over to Nelson Creek and on their way home I went down to Rocky Bar. Most of the hands were cleaning up since yesterday at noon. I helped.

Saturday 16 – We were all cleaning up till noon among the old drifts, except Dave. In all we cleaned up the boxes and got $65, of which I got $54.50. I and Kyler came over to the valley. I paid $1 to Thompson for hay for Duesler’s pony and paid $3 for help on the barn.

Sunday 17 – Racing most of the day yesterday on the Ray Ranch in the American Valley. Quite a number of gamblers in town—rather a bad sign in these robbing times.
There was preaching in town today by a merchant and abolitionist. Rains bought me a pair of shoes and socks.

Monday 18 – Watering potatoes. There is some talk of compromise with Terwilliger in our lawsuits.

Tuesday 19 – I, Bray, Fox, and Smith, went up to the Massack diggins and up the ditch, and then to Yates’ where we took dinner. I, Bray and Fox then went to Nelson Point. I went down to Rocky Bar and stayed all Night.

Wednesday 20 – Lem Compton has quit work. I, Dave and Tom was piping down. The rest went to cleaning up, and got gold $80. Rains came over this A.M.

Thursday 21 – Breakfast over, I and Shults went up to the Point. Kyler quit work yesterday and Shults is sick this morning. I and Rains went up to the old cabins then down to Willow Ranch. Old Lloyd came in. He did not take exception to anything I said to him. We walked around in the diggins and then went back to the cabins. Then I saddled Niggar and put out for the valley.

Friday 22 – I, Rains and Smith were watering the potatoes till noon. The water then gave out. In the P.M. we worked on the barn.

Saturday 23 – Still watering the potatoes. Bray and Fox came over to settle with Terwilliger  and the Sheriff and the clerk. Each one of us three had to pay $218.13 a piece, besides our own witnesses, etc. Terwilliger gave a bill of sale of all his claims up at Massack, together with his lawsuits and we are to pay him $1,200 in 5 months. So the difficulties closed.
I collected $15 of John Ward.
The jumping match1 came off at Betsy Town. G. Farrier got beat.
I sold my entire interest in the A.C. Thompson Ditch and Massack diggins to Smith for $675, all to be paid by 18th of February 1857. Possession given.

Sunday 24 – Lem came over on yesterday and left today. Smith started for Massack. I and Rains were watering potatoes till noon. We had a mess of roasting corn for dinner. I collected $1 for ranching.
The Know Nothings nominated their candidates for county offices on yesterday evening.
I wrote a letter to H.P. cost $.25.

Monday 25 – I received a letter from H.P. dated the 15th instant and one from Dr. Barloe of Georgetown, Kentucky giving an account of Bet having been sick and Nelson having his right leg broke below the knee only 5 days previous to 12th of July. He says he is doing well as could be expected.
I and Rains were watering potatoes.

Tuesday 26 – Cold and frosty last night. It killed some of the potato tops. We are still watering. My wife, Liz and Rains and a number of other ladies and gents went to a lake in the mountains between the American and Indian valleys. They came back just at dark. Davy the cook came this evening.

Wednesday 27 – Cold and frosty last night. Rains was somewhat drunk and up all night. I went over to Rocky Bar and stayed all night. We took out 11 1/4 ounces among the drifts.

Thursday 28 – Cold and frosty again. Soon after breakfast I and Dave went up to the Point and weighed out $450.75. I got $200, and put off for home. I paid Haden that sum for a note that was due on the ranch.
I and Rains made a long ladder. I paid Thompson $.50 for hay for my horse all night and owe $.50 more. Some gamblers have been arrested and will be tried on Tuesday next. My wife and Liz has gone to sit up with the corpse of Mrs. Ray.

Friday 29 – Mrs. Ray was buried this P.M. We are at work on the barn a little and arrogating.

Saturday 30 – Much excitement prevails in town respecting the gamblers. I was at work a little on the barn.

Sunday 31 – I and Rains started for the Point at daybreak. We took our guns and went over on the mountain road to see if we could not find a deer to shot at, but none to be seen. I went down to Rocky Bar.

P.M. At the Point I got a letter from H.P. stating he had sent $1,000 by Morly and Hawkins express. Freight on the same was $7.50. Rains was in a fuss with Lem Keene at the Point. We went home to the valley.

James Haun Diary, May 1856

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Thursday 1 – Some ice froze this morning, but it commenced storming. Snow and rain at intervals in the A.M.
Several ladies came over from the American Valley to the ball at Fox’s. Among them were my wife and Liz.
We bought the cook stove from Ed Bass at $40. It took four of us to carry it down to our new cabin. After supper we all went up to the Point to the ball. I stayed all night and slept with my wife—what a time I did sleep!
I gave Frank Goble $5. No work done in our diggins in the last two days on account of rain it has not been safe to drift.

Friday 2 – Snowed some last night, and snowing at intervals today. We all moved into our new cabin today. The inside is lined with canvass. The bunks were finished today, bolts and latches made of wood were put on the doors, and the boys are all gone to bed. I am alone, sitting by the stove making this entry.
I was up at the Point this P.M. and helped my wife off for the valley with the rest of the crowd that was over at the ball.

Saturday 3 – Cold and frosty last night. I, Dave, Kyler, and Len went up to the Point to help Sherwin on the flume. We went up to the mill, but no Sherwin. We went down to his house and found him asleep. I got him up and we all went to work the rest  of the day.

Sunday 4 – Cold and frosty last night. Us four went to work on the flume for Sherwin. Rains, John and Joe came up the flume to see me to get directions for the ranch. John and Joe got gold __$ this week.

Monday 5 – Cold and frosty last night again. I slept with Shults—rather crowded but the best I can do at present. Us four went to work for Sherwin today. Its getting along quite slow. There is a lack of tools, so we have to wait on each other. I’ve been patching up some work that was done the week before last. I am in hope there will be no more of that sort.
John and Joe came down to Rocky Bar early. Joe on his way to Marysville and John off to the American Ranch, so the old mountain diggins is deserted at last, I hope only for a short time.
Quite warm this P.M. for the first time.

Tuesday 6 – Nights are not so cold. Days are getting warm. The four of us are at work on the flume, besides three other men.

P.M. Sherwin came over from the valley and brought me a letter from H.P. dated April 26th.1 Clouded up and rained a very little. Sherwin helped us on the flume and says that 5 or 6 hands is enough for tomorrow.

Wednesday 7 – I left the boys at work on the flume. I went up to the Point and mailed a letter to H.P., cost 25 cents. I gave 25 cents for four boxes of matches. A. Morehead gave me a pair of pantaloons. Shults sent Liz a dress pattern, and Morehead loaned me a mule to ride over to the ranch. I arrived in time to dine with my wife. In the P.M. I and John worked at building a plank fence.

Thursday 8 – Bill went up to the mill after lumber to finish making a plank fence. He got 511 pounds of potatoes of Havland. It was late before he returned.
I and John was making a fence. It rained some this P.M., with thunder and lightning.

Friday 9 – Foggy this morning. I and John were working at the fence. We finished our part this afternoon. It rained quite a shower about noon. Bill made a load of stakes and hauled them. After dinner, he set stakes till night.

Saturday 10 – A storm started early last night—thunder and lightning with a heavy shower of rain and hail. I and John were putting up fence this A.M. In the P.M. all three of us worked at the plank fence and made a finish of it about dark. I received $2 for ranching.

Sunday 11 – The weather is quite warm and pleasant. In the P.M. John and Bill started for the diggins and drove Terwilliger’s yoke of cattle home that we had borrowed, or hired. Soon after they started, Kyler came over from Rocky Bar and then Sam Baloo. He came over for the purpose of having our Sockum Ditch surveyed.

Monday 12 – No frosts of nights, but warm days. Baloo and three other men went and surveyed the ditch. I was starting my new plank fence.

P.M. I was assisting our lawyer to answer a complaint in law. Later Bob Elliott turned in one yoke to be ranched at $4 per month a-head. My wife and Liz went to a concert this evening.
I paid Cross $.50 for smithing.

Tuesday 13 – I was staking plank fence and putting strips on it.

P.M. I and Duesler went to Chapman’s to see a cow, but did not like it. I paid Willman & Co. $60 on account for store goods.

Wednesday 14 – Cold and frosty last night. I was engaged today in making square wash tubs. Bradberry turned a mule on the ranch today. Kyler stopped with us tonight on his way to Rocky Bar.

Thursday 15 – Warm and pleasant again. I and my wife were making a garden.

P.M. I paid Frank Goble $8.50, making in all $48.50 for 21 days work. I collected $40 for ranching 21 head of sheep – Rayes’.

Friday 16 – I planted some melon seed and made two dressing tables to put up stairs. I collected $1 for mule ranching and $3 for the hire of a yoke of oxen yesterday. I paid $4 for a hand saw and made a sliding gate to open into the  pasture, and planted six beach kernels on the west side chicken lot.

Saturday 17 – Days are quite warm. I made wheels and put them on two gates.

P.M. paid $1.75 for coffee. Made handles to a plough all to finishing. I and Myres went Phillips’ security for $500 in a suit-at-law to the supreme court. John and Bill came over this evening.

Sunday 18 – I collected for ranching stock, of Bass $6, of Barnett $2.50, of Willman, on horse $1.50, on sheep $2.25. I also paid Willman $42.75 balance on account in the store, in all $102.75.
I, Bill, John, and my wife took a walk down on the ranch; we returned about noon. Liz went up to Meadow Valley in company with Tro Ward2 and returned.

Monday 19 – Cloudy this morning and rained a considerable shower in the P.M. I finished my plow handles. Bill hauled a load of planks for Garland and Robertson. One of the bands came off the wheel and Crofts put it on again, cost $2, I gave Hundley $25 to pay witness fees and paid Harlan $31 for potatoes. I received $5 of of Garland for hauling and let Bill have $1.

Tuesday 20 – Cool and cloudy. I and Bill commenced to lay out the garden in three foot rows, and to plant potatoes and other things. But Bill quit and went up town and got drunk. After dinner I and John finished laying out. Judge Searls came to hold court.

Wednesday 21 – Cold and rainy. Court was opened. Our case was called and set for tomorrow. Dave came over about noon.

P.M. Snowed considerably. John, Dave and Bill planted the last lot of potatoes. Still snowing and continued into the night.

Thursday 22 – Cold, snowy and unpleasant this morning. Our case was called and went in to trial. 12  jurymen were seated and sworn in. Most of the day was spent taking evidence. The case submitted about 9:00 P.M. and a verdict rendered at 4:00 in the morning.

Friday 23 – The defendant, Terwilliger, is to have 10 inches of water3 out of the disputed creek when it is there, and none when that amount is not there. Also, the disputed ditch, and the interveners are to pay cost of the intervention and get nothing, and we are to have the rest of the water in the creek at all times. When there is not 10 inches in the creek, we are to have the remainder. We are to pay the cost of the suit, except what the interveners have to pay. So may it be.
Cloudy and rainy at intervals. I gave $5 to buy butter. John and Bray went over to Nelson Creek this morning.
Rains hauled home Judkins and company’s plow and harrow, and got them 175 pounds of screenings for chickens and then went to Alford’s and hauled a load of lumber to Betsy Town for Alford. Rains bought a bald sorrel mare and is to pay $135 in 6 weeks —

Saturday 24 – Cloudy and unpleasant. Rains planted some corn, turnip seed, beet, and parsnip seeds. I and Balloo was getting up our costs and trying to ascertain what rights are left us in the suit, &c, &c
Dave and Kyler came over about noon and have gone to Betsy Town. I collected $26 for ranching, and $4.50 from Dickson. Jim Shults came over and stayed all night.

Sunday 25 – Cloudy and rainy, Balloo came over from Nelson Creek and stayed. Terwilliger was gassing about the lawsuit, what he was going to do with us for damages, &c.

P.M. I, Dave and Kyler started for Rocky Bar. I was riding the Rains’ bald pony. We went by my old cabins to see John. He was all alone. He gave me $57.50 in dust—what had been got the week before by him and Rains, and what he had washed out of the square box. We all went down to the Point. I gave Frank Fox $50 and told him to get more and go over to Quincy and pay the cost of the suit. We all went down to Rocky Bar.

Monday 26 – An early breakfast. I and John started for the Point. Dave and Kyler was to take the dimensions of J.C. Lewis’ flume and water ditch, as he is going to improve it. I paid John Thompson $13 for Joe Ficklin and $2.50 stable fee for the bald pony. After 9 o’clock, I and Thompson started for Marysville. There was considerable snow on the way to Grass Valley. There we took dinner and fed the ponies, cost $1.50. We set out again and stopped at Woods’.

Tuesday 27 – After breakfast I paid my bill, $4. We set out for the city. We arrived in town at 1:00 P.M. I was very much fatigued and sore. I lay about the stable on the hay all evening. I took supper at the cost of 50 cents and stayed with Derick all night —

Wednesday 28 – I feel much better. I breakfasted, $.50, and got the pony shod all round, $4, and got me a gold pan cost, $3, and got some oranges, $.75.
I saddled up the pony and went out to H.P.‘s ranch. I paid ferriage $.50. I took dinner with Cath and children. Jack came from the upper ranch. He’d done cutting hay up there and started the machine on the lower ranch and we then started for town and met H.P. I turned back with him. He says there is considerable excitement at San Francisco occasioned by the vigilance committee and the hanging of Casey and Cora.4

Thursday 29 – At half past nine I started for R.C. Bowne. I arrived at 1:00, took dinner, and told Bub my business. We put in most of the evening walking over his ranch. I borrowed $5 of H.P. and $1 of Derrick.

Friday 30 – The weather is cool and pleasant. After breakfast, Bourne started for the mountain mines to get money and I for Marysville. I arrived at H.P. at half past 12 noon, a distance of 25 miles.

Saturday 31 – At about 10:00 A.M. I and Ficklin went a-fishing at Jas Simpson’s lake. We very soon left off. I went in a-bathing and then to town $.50. Later I rode out with H.P. to the ranch.

James Haun Diary, February 1856

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Friday 1 – Clear and frosty. The snow was frozen hard enough to bear last night. We were at our posts in time and was most of the forenoon getting out frozen dirt.

P.M. We took out a stump and put through a quantity of dirt and rocks. We cleaned up got gold $12.

Saturday 2 – Cold and frosty last night and this forenoon, so much so that we could not work. The water would freeze on our hats and on the handles of the tools when not used constantly. We all quit before noon.
Fox came over to buy a fourth in our ditches and diggins. John came home just at dark and says the miners over at Massack diggins has been using our water again, but were stopped by Sockum and company.

Sunday 3 – Snowing a very little this morning, but the sun shone out warm most of the day. Bray came by and took dinner. Soon after John and him started over to Massac diggins with their packs.
I took an ax down to the Point and ground it some. Bill and Shults had ground two others and a hatchet…
I sold $28 worth of dust and paid Ritchey $7.25. I borrowed money and paid for 4 pounds mails, $1, and sharpening two picks, $1.50, and paid Frank Fox $7.50.

Shults got a letter for Dave from H.P. dated January 26th 1856, giving an account of the lawsuit between me and Lloyd being decided in my favor by the supreme court of California. I jumped and howled again and again until I was hoarse.
After supper I read the 3rd, 4th and 5th chapters of the General Epistle of Peter.

Monday 4 – Snowed last night and this morning, and continued cloudy without snowing all day. We were at mining and got gold $7. Dave went over to Quincy and returned this evening. I did some mending on the hose today.

Tuesday 5 – Very cold last night, so much so that we cannot work. I and Rains concluded to go over to Sockum Diggins. We took dinner at their cabin on some cold scraps and dry bread. We then went up the ditch to where our partners was at work cutting a new ditch. We all six went back 2 miles to the cabin. I stayed all night and I slept with John.

Wednesday 6 – Still very cold last night. The sun shone out out all day but not very warm. We engaged the water in our ditch to some miners at $4 per day. I turned the water into the disputed ditch. They did not agree among themselves so they did not use it. I and Rains went up the ditch to its head and stopped a leak. Returning, we took a cold dinner and I helped John to dig a ditch as Bray and John Shults dug out troughs to the flume 160 feet across a creek. Sockum is gone to get a bill of sale to the disputed part of the ditch. Did not get home.

Thursday 7 – Cold last night. John, Bray and Shults started to their work and I and Rains started for Quincy. There, I met with Sockum. I did some business and started for home, arrived about sunset.

Friday 8 – Not so cold last night and today. I was mending up some old shovels. We had just set down to dinner, and Sockum came in and ate with us. That over, we went down to the Point. I received a remit from the supreme court against John Lloyd, and a letter from H.P. relative to the suit. I gave Dave $1.50 and 1/2 cent on Tuesday last.

Saturday 9 – Clouded up last night and snowed a little this morning. Later it cleared up and grew warm.
I mended two shovels.

P.M. We were mining and got gold $5.50. The hose ripped, or we should have done more.
John came home in time for supper. Shults did not help us.

Sunday 10 – Cold last night, but warm and pleasant today. John and Rains started early for Rabbit Creek to get some dressing for my wife and Lizzy. I and Lizzy went down to the Point and took diner with the Foxes. My wife and Dave stayed at home.
I read the second Epistle General of Peter for my lesson. I gave John and Rains money for expenses.

Monday 11 – Cold last night, and warm and pleasant today.
I and Dave went over to the American Valley. I, Bray, Fox and Sockum sued old Terwilliger for a water ditch and laid an injunction. The attorneys are Hogan and Hundley.1
I, Fox and Sockum went up to our cabin, arrived after dark. Dave, Bray and Parker was there —
Clerks fees in the amount of $13.50 were paid by Fox.

Tuesday 12 – Not so cold last night. The snow melted very much today. All six of us went up and hauled the troughs on the ground to put up the flume for the new part of the ditch.
After dinner I, Dave and Fox and Sockum started for home, and Sockum for the Illinois Ranch. He was somewhat behind when we three got to the old Terwilliger’s diggins. He stopped us by asking what it was that we wanted to have a lawsuit about, and said we had acted damned rascally in turning the water out of our own ditch. This he repeated a second time.
I stepped up to him and said I was one of the company and he must not say so. He repeated it again. I told him he was a liar. He struck me with a shovel. His son and Larison tried to do the same, Dave fought the old man. I ran Larison with a dirk knife and was trying to stab the old man and Fox caught me. Dave was on him, and whipped him badly. The fuss over, we started again for home.
We met the sheriff in 1/4 mile. He went and served the papers on old Terwilliger. We met John on the hill above Martin’s. He turned round and went home again with us.

Wednesday 13 – Nights are not so cold and the days are warm enough to melt the snow considerably. After breakfast John and Bill started for Massack diggins. I, Dave and Shults went to mining. The hose ripped a little in several places. We mended the holes.

P.M. Got gold $9. My wrist is quite sore from the blow I knocked off, that Terwilliger made.

Thursday 14 – Today is the warmest. I was to see Lewis and his family at his house. Bray came over yesterday and went back today. I did not see him. The hose ripped in the P.M. and I mended it.
Before dark John and Rains came home. They say all is quiet over at Massack, except preparing for the lawsuit. Old Bray has bought out Sockum and is quite thick with old Terwilliger &c—

Sunday 17 – Warm and cloudy all day. We went out the diggins and set the sluice boxes in a new place where we prospected the claim, and I mended the hose some and laid it for pipeing. After dinner John and Bill started for Massack diggins. I and Shults went down to the Point. I got tobacco for my wife, $1. Sold gold dust $41 and read two to three chapters of the General Epistle of John.

Monday 18 – Froze last night, but warm today. I went over to Quincy on business. I got out an execution against Lloyd cost $9. I paid the Sheriff $14.90 for services against Terwilliger and stayed all night with Duesler, slept in his shop.

Tuesday 19 – Cold and frosty last night, and warm today.
After breakfast I went to see Mrs. Jennings and Tom. We had a long chat. He wants to sell the American Ranch to me. I took dinner with them and soon after I started home and arrived before dark. All well. Dave and Shults got gold $17.

Wednesday 20 – Raining and snowing last night and today. I went down to Lewis and got Sargent McNabb to go down to the Point. He got the bond of Lloyd and Roots. Roots said he would settle it, without any more law. I sent the bond over to Quincy by F. Fox. I went home. After dinner, I Dave, and Bill Rains, went out to mining and got gold $10.

Thursday 21 – Cold last night. Cloudy and snowing some most of the day. We did not work today. John came home about noon. Bray and Parker also left Massack diggins to see the rest of the company. Lewis came over for half a dozen gunny sacks.

Friday 22 – Cold last night, still snowing a little occasionally. The sun shines out at intervals.
We are dressed up for the ball at Elizabeth Town. My wife, Liz, Bill and I are waiting for the Nelson Point ladies and gentlemen. After dinner we all set out. I, Bill and Firman is on Walker and Foot’s train. We stopped at Quincy and then rode in a wagon to Betsey Town at early candlelight and continued dancing till 4:00 in morning.

Saturday 23 – Clear and frosty. I was up at sunrise and breakfasted, cost $2 for I and my wife.
Near noon we arrived at Quincy. We took dinner with Mrs. Jennings. After sunset I took a short nap and then went to the dance that was all ready in operation at the court room. It broke up at 11:00 P.M. and then to bed.

Sunday 24 – Clear and frosty. Took breakfast with Duesler. Called on Hundley, then on Judge Wards family. Had an introduction to Mrs. Vaughn. About noon we all started for home. I had to walk all alone.
My lesson is the 10th chapter of Revelations.

Monday 25 – Clear and pleasant. The snow is melting off fast.
John went over to Massack. I, Dave and Shults were mining and got gold $13.50. The hose ripped. We mended up and piped all P.M. Rains is not at home; don’t know where he is.
I gave John $12.50 to pay Coffin for the ditch that is in dispute with Terwillegar.

Tuesday 26 – Quite cold this morning with wind from the North. We were late in getting out to work. We had to set  our boxes again in the deep cut and did not get ready for washing till noon.

P.M. I had some sewing to do on the hose. We washed a quantity of dirt and got gold $11.50. Bill got home late this evening. The day has been rather cold.

Wednesday 27 – Still very cold. We did not mine till the P.M. We got gold $9.50. The hose burst before night.

Thursday 28 – Very cold. We did not go to the diggins.
I and Dave mended two garden hoes. I then made five pick handles. Fox came up in the P.M. to get us all to go down to the Point to a dance. We refused to go, but him and Frank came back with mules for them to ride, so we all fixed up, except Dave, and went down. We danced till 2:00 in the morning.

Friday 29 – Cold as usual with wind from North. We stopped and breakfasted with Fox. I paid $1.50 for a pair of shoes for my wife. I came home about noon. Soon after John and Carroll came over from Massack and left Bray there. Wife came home on a mule. John fixed up and went to the dance to come off at Independence Bar tonight. Liz, Rains and Shults have all gone. I gave John $5 and Dave $10.

James Haun Diary, November 1855

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Thursday 1 – The nights are quite cool, I’ve continued severing on the hose of nights till a late hour all this week. John and Jack were sawing up  logs for wood. Bill went down to the Point last night in a hurry after a few things and hasn’t returned yet. Drunk we suppose. I am still sewing.

Friday 2 – Quite cool and windy. The clouds a little North of East, directly opposite the way for rain. John and Jack did some sawing for wood. I am working at the hose. Bill came home drunk soon this morning, stayed a while and went back again to the Point.

Saturday 3 – Still cold. Icicles froze about the spring last night, one foot in length. I am at work on the  hose. John and Jack went up to the bear traps and got timber for two malls. I made them split some logs late in the evening.

Sunday 4 – I indulged in a morning lounge in my bunk. The sun had risen before I got up. While breakfast was preparing, I was minding my dirty shirts. After eating I prepared to wash three shirts and two pair socks. Before I had finished, two strangers came and hindered me some time. Dinner was had and I dried one of the shirts to put on. All three of us went down to the Point. No news for me. Bill came from Rabbit Creek and went home with us sober.
After supper I read the 20th and 21st chapters of Saint John.
I gave $1 for a bottle of gin

Monday 5
– Not so cold of nights and warm days again. The boys did some sawing and splitting and I was at work on the hose. Thompson sent us up a lot of provisions.

Tuesday 6 – Pleasant weather indeed. It is rain we want. The boys did some splitting of wood and I almost finished sewing the hose tonight.

Wednesday 7 – After a late breakfast (we stayed up till a late hour last night) we of course did not get up soon. At all events we found ourselves going up the ditch to put more cross timbers to keep up the covering out of the ditch. It has had the appearance of rain all day, a few drops fell at dark.

Thursday 8 – Before I got up I found to my great gratification that it was raining, as the drops on the roof of my cabin was quite audible. However we all went out to the diggins to work as the rain was quite light.

P.M. Jack went down to the Point and brought me up a letter dated September 20th 18551 from D.H. Smith giving an account of the death of B.W. Finnell. Also a form for a release of security for me in the clerk’s office of Scott County, Kentucky as guardian for my son. He wishes John to sign and return the same to D.H. Smith.

Friday 9 – Cold and frosty this morning and a clear sunny day. We were at mining, but not able to do much as the water is still weak, the rain being quite light. We dug out a large cedar stump.

P.M. We cleaned up and got gold $4. Very light for the work. After dark the wind blew and before we went to bed it was snowing.

Saturday 10 – The ground was covered with snow and kept at it lightly all day. Cold and unpleasant. In the A.M. we reset our boxes. In the P.M. we done all the washing we could and got gold $9.

Sunday 11 – The ground was again white with snow. I built a good fire and went down to the ditch and washed, standing with my bare feet on the snow. It froze. I then read the 12th and 13th chapters of the Acts.
We put in our time till noon splitting wood. In the P.M. John quick-silvered the contents of a sand bottle and got gold $13. I and Jack went down to the Point.
Cloudy all day.

Monday 12 – The snow was falling fast this morning. About ten o’clock the sun shone out. We went to work then, there being plenty of water as it had rained considerable in the night —
My friend Duesler came over from the American Valley and told me that Lloyd was over there trying to get out a warrant against me for an assault and battery on him. Duesler took dinner with us. We did not clean.

Tuesday 13 – The sun had risen before I left my bunk. It was snowing gently and continued all day. It being warm, the snow melted away. We got to mining.
I cut half a dozen buttons off my old pants that I brought from Georgetown and threw them on the fire—gone.

Wednesday 14 – Last night was quite cold. Ice is hanging to the eves of the cabin. I was awoke form being cold. The clouds is passing from North East to South West, denoting fair weather — About noon we went out to mining. The sun shone, but it was not warm. We did not clean up the boxes, as we supposed there was no gold worth the trouble.

Thursday 15 – Cold frosty this morning. Breakfast over, I and Jack went down to the Point. While there constable Ritchey from the American Valley came with a warrant for me to appear forthwith before Squire Starkes2 for committing an assault and battery to be tried at Betsy Town. I told the officer that I could not go over until tomorrow. He went home with me and stayed all night. Bill and John was getting wood all day.

Friday 16 – After an early breakfast us four and the officer started for Betsey Town. The day was a little hazy but the sun shone out warm. We stopped at Quincy. I consulted a lawyer, Haydon, and he went over to make the best out of the case. We asked the court for a change of venue, but it was not granted. A jury of 12 men was had. Lloyd and four other witnesses stated that I had struck him over the head with a cane I usually carried. The jury found me guilty of the charge and court adjourned to set on tomorrow at 10:00 A.M. I was left in the hands of the constable in the same room where I once—and the only time in California—bowed in submission to God in a congregation and preaching by a Methodist. I was fined $150 as a rival or disturber of the peace, &c.

Saturday 17 – I went to bed quite late last night, as sleep was gone. I lay cold and sleepless for a long time, but was awake at cock crowing again and got up a little after daylight. We breakfasted. I walked out with I.B. Taylor to see his diggins and returned. The court was soon in session, and fined me $150 all told. Taylor loaned me $50. I paid the fine, paid our tavern bill for all four $10, and started for home. We got across Spanish Creek that runs through the valley. We stopped to watch a horse race and saw two. The sun was getting low when we again started for home on foot. We arrived some time in the night, took supper and went to bed —

Sunday 18 – Up at day light and read the 3rd and 4th chapters of Romans.
The morning is cool and frosty but cloudy.
I.C. Lewis sent us up 600 pounds of potatoes. We all went down to the Point.

Monday 19 – I and Jack went down to the Point and prepared to go down to Marysville. We had to wait for Thompson’s train. We took dinner with Mrs. Fox. Later we mounted the horses and drove 58 head of horses and mules up the hill in company with Thompson and Read and two Mexicans. We got to Onion Valley after sunset. The wind blew quite hard and it was very cold. We traveled on to Grass Valley, 19 miles more over the snow and ice and stopped for the night.

Monday 26 – Breakfast over, Bub paid me $150, all the money he had to spare. I and Jack started for home. We went by Tucker Flat diggins where we stopped and took dinner with  Mr Doroty. I gave two of his daughters three small specimens, and we then went by the Sand Hill diggins. We stopped a while by there and, at dark, we fed our horses at Mr. Bridger’s and got our suppers, and then  rode home by 10 at night.

Tuesday 27 – I helped the boys sack two loads of wheat. It rained some this forenoon. The wagons loaded and gone to town, I helped Jack and Derick to build a shed to keep their wheat dry after it was sacked.

P.M. We sacked more wheat out of the granary.

Wednesday 28 – The weather had the appearance of rain, but merely drizzled. We sacked wheat and sent it to town.

Thursday 29 – We were still sacking wheat. Joe Ficklin came home from town and said that the steamer Golden Age3 had arrived at San Francisco. The news had come by telegraph.

Friday 30 – The teams hauled two loads each to town today. H.P. and his wife and children came home early from town, as they had gone in the day before. They brought a paper out that had the names of a Mr. and Mrs. Haun and child.
So I and Jack got in the carriage after supper and went to town. It was very dark. We had got to the stable and Jack was getting a lantern when the Boat whistled down at Feather River Bridge. Down we went and just as I got near the ladies’ cabin, who should I see but my wife coming out following Dave and Lizzy. We kissed each other and went out to the carriage, all five, and started for H.P.’s. Arrived safe in good time.

James Haun Diary, May 1855

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Tuesday 1 – Henry and I went into town. On arriving we found the town in quite a-stir. The young folks were going to head quarters to fall in line to march out 2 1/2 miles to a May Day party. All went off in good style.

Dinner 50 cents.

I put in the day without doing much business. I went out to the ranch with H.P. —

Wednesday 2 – We went to town as usual. I then set to and bought all the goods that we designed to get for mining purposes, in amount, $403 to be paid by the camp. I also paid $29.25, the whole amount of expenses for going and returning, besides my private bills: 2 pair gum boots $15; 2 pair gum socks $9; 2 hickory shirts $1.25; 1 pair pants $3.50 and then paid 50 cents for dinner. Late in the P.M. I went out to H.P.’s.

Thursday 3 – The weather is quite cool indeed. I had forgotten to mention that the moon was eclipsed on the night of the first of May, Tuesday last.
I went to town in company with H.P. and his family, but did not return. I closed up my business and engaged a packer at 6 cents per lb to bring up our goods. My dinner and supper cost $1. I lodged with David in the hayloft.

Friday 4 – I went to the opposition stage office paid $7 to ride to Gibsonville. I ate breakfast at .50 cents, and off we go. Cold this morning.
Dinner at the Oregon House $1. Supper and lodging $1.50 at the Buckeye House.

Saturday 5 – Breakfast $1 and on to Gibsonville. Arrived at 11 o’clock A.M. and ate dinner, $1. Now for a tramp through the soft snow for home. Started at a quarter of 2:00 P.M. caring 25 pounds over the deep snow and arrived before sunset, at home —

Sunday 6 – Took a good sleep in my own bed. I found all well.
I met a man by the name of Judge Heath at Gibsonville on his way to my house. He is a friend of Jack and H.P.’s and he wishes to get to mining. We all went down to the Point, I to see after a letter that Henry put in the express office Wells & Co. some 20 days ago. It was mailed from Georgetown, Kentucky. It is not come to hand.
We went home, took dinner, and weighed our dust of the 2 last weeks’ work, $634, and Lawrance and company $320.80, of which we get 1/2, to be divided as the rest of our gold. All four of us loaned I.W. Thompson $1,000 for 30 days at 3 per cent per month.
I read the 7th chapter of Mark.

Monday 7 – Fine weather. Four of us went to work. John is complaining. He got himself half a gallon of milk.1
Reacher Borne came to see me in the P.M. He wants to use our tail water and I told him he could. We got gold $88.50. I paid Row and Henry $50 in law fees and $4.50 more in clerk’s fees in the Vaughn case.

Tuesday 8 – A pleasant morning. Shaw, Judge Heath and I started for Quincy, to court. It is in session on a case that lasted all day. I and Heath took dinner at Russell’s, $1 each. I paid his bills for board while we stayed at court.

P.M. all 3 went over to Betsy Town. Supper, lodging and breakfast $2.50 each.

Wednesday 9 – We all 3 went over to Black Hawk. Not one person at work there. We then returned back to town, and then to Quincy to court. My case had been called and laid over to 1:00 P.M. on account of my being away. It was then called and went in to trial. We asked a change of venue, but did not get it. We demurred but were overruled by the court. Dinner and supper each $2. Stayed all night at Russell’s; nothing for bed.

Thursday 10 – Breakfast $1 each.
We got through with the evidence last evening. My lawyer spoke this A.M. and Lloyd’s this. P.M. The Jury brought in a verdict against me for $460, damages, cash and restitution of his claims.

Dinner $1 each.

Friday 11 – Cloudy and wind blowing. Supper, lodging, breakfast, and dinner, all for $2.50 each.
It commenced raining before noon, rained quite hard. I and Heath started home at 5:00 P.M. arrived in good time through the snow that was falling quite hard.
John and the hired men got gold $125 in my absence. Our goods was delivered today from Marysville, cost 6 cents per pound, 26.60 pounds making $159.50.

Saturday 12 – Continued to snow last night. The ground was well covered this morning. I was in too bad a humor to work today. The consequence is none the rest of my company worked. I was so much out of sorts that all my worst feelings was roused to the highest pitch.
The day was unpleasant, somewhat cloudy and drizzling.

Sunday 13 – The weather is somewhat cloudy and unsettled, thunder but no rain. We all went down to the Point in the A.M. I stuck up some notices to sell P. Freer’s interest in the water ditch and came home again in company with Heath, as the rest had returned. We took dinner, though late. I then talked some with my company. We came to the concluded to go to work again. John still complains.
My lesson is the12th chapter of St. Mark.

Monday 14 – All hands to mining, Lawrance and Shults to their place, John and Roister at our old place in the Ravine with the hose and pipe. Late in the P.M. The hose ripped.
Shaw, Rains and Heath was at work near Pike cabin on Shaw’s claim.
I went down to the Point to get a man to come up and make some hose for duct number one, but did not succeed.
My friend Duesler came up to see after his claim in the P.M. He commenced making our hose. I made four sluice boxes out of new plank.
Cloudy, rain most of the P.M.

Tuesday 15 – Cloudy and a light sprinkle of rain. Quite cool this morning. I mended the hose, made three false bottoms, and made a pen stock.
John and Roister got $26 in gold in two days. The rest of our company has not made anything. Duesler is at hose making.

Wednesday 16 – This is one of those beautiful clear days that is so common in this country. All hands are prospecting and mining but me and Duesler: he is sewing on 50 yards of canvass to make hose, and I am to help him, and also to make other fixtures to set up our new pipe and hose. There has been no gold got today.

Thursday 17 – It is not necessary to say anything about the weather, as it could not be finer. Shaw and the others set up our old hose and pipe down on his and Duesler’s claim and made a commencement at piping. I and Duesler finished the new hose and expect to set it up tomorrow at our old diggins. John and Roister got gold $39. Lawrance and Shults is taking it out every day.
I thought several times today of making a guess what day this month I will see my wife here. But I could not come to any conclusion as to the day. I could not determine.
Cash paid for nails, 75 cents for company.

Friday 18 – I dreamed last night of seeing my wife. I thought she found fault of me because i did not speak to her sooner, did not know she was about. I awoke and felt disappointed to know she was not in sight or even with us to scold me–but who can stand it.
We are doing considerable work but no gold today. The wind has been blowing all day but, still and calm at night —

Saturday 19 – Raining and snowing all of today. Cold and chilly. I went down to the Point in the A.M. to attend the sale of Freer’s interest in the water ditch. Deputy Sheriff Neal sold the interest at 1 o’clock P.M. I was the purchaser, being the only bidder, at $15 for John.
I came home at dinner and went out to work. We let the water on in our new hose and pipe. It does not shoot as strong as was expected. Got gold today $2 —

Sunday 20 – The ground is covered with snow and it is snowing a little this morning, the sun peeping out at intervals. There is a robin trying to make me believe that winter is past by his constant singing, but he is a alone as it is a bad day to be out.
We had a settlement. That kept us near all day. We had $262 to divide in 4 shares after paying $159 for packing our grub from Marysville. It has been snowing very hard most of the day and bids fare to continue.

Monday 21 – Snowing all night. It is three inches deep and still snowing this morning—a winter’s day to all appearance and feeling, though we all went out to work. I, John and Rains got gold $72.50. We ripped our new hose into the bargain. Lloyd came over to our diggins from the valley, but Pike would not let him stay all night last night in his cabin. So, he went down to the Point. This morning Duesler bought his claim for $17, so I think we got clear of him for the future.
My lesson is the 5th chapter of Luke.

Tuesday 22 – Clear and cold last night and cloudy this morning. Ice froze along the leading ditches and there was snow in spots on the ground. Somewhat cloudy and sunshine at intervals. Clouded up late in the P.M. Commenced raining, continued at late bed time.

P.M. Ripped the hose again. While we were mending it, the Deputy Sheriff came with three other men and Lloyd, and levied an execution on all my interest in the diggins and water ditch and put him in possession of our diggins. But he could not get his hired man to go to work. Neither would he, Lloyd. We told him he could not get water nor work with our tools. So, he left soon after the sheriff and we to our work, got gold $1. I and Deusler was running a 3rd seam.

Wednesday 23 – Well, the ground was covered again with snow. A dreary winter-looking morning. I went down to the Point and got a bill of particulars in the case of Cline vs Freer and Vaughn and John bought the Judgement. I got with the bill $31.75. I went home again and to sewing the hose. We finished mending by 2:00 P.M. and went to piping. We got gold $1.
I dreamed last night of being quite feelingly situated with Ann E.W. —2

Thursday 24 – Cloudy and sunshine at intervals. Late in the P.M. it rained some.
I sent over to the American Valley to take an appeal of the case with Lloyd, or rather, to give bonds, which I did in the sum of $1,900. I.W. Thompson and Isaac Jennings went my security. I paid my Lawyer Henly $100 and paid $66.75 in clerk’s fees. My dinner $1.
I got a letter from my wife that has been miscarried and I suppose lost. It is dated March 9th 1855 and gives an account of her return to Georgetown and hard times and living at Pratts.3 Letter from wife $1.
I took one of our pipes over to Betsy Town and had the nozzle taken off and a smaller one of 7/8 inches put on at a cost of $4. I went home after 5:00 P.M. Got gold $8.50 —

Friday 25 – Cloudy last night but cleared up today. One of those delight full warm days that we are likely to have for sometime to come. We have all been at work, but without being rewarded in any way, except Lawrance. He is making good wages and 3/4 of 1/2 of what he makes is for me and John —

Saturday 26 – Cool last night, and some ice about the ditch near the cabin, but the sun rose clear and bright. I started Shaw over to Betsy Town to get our pipe fixed again, as it was with the old nozzle. The rest of us at work as usual. Cloudy in the P.M. with a little sprinkle of rain.
Shaw paid $1 for fixing pipe and gave $3 for another. Got gold $17. Lawrance did not work this P.M. but got drunk for the first time.

Sunday 27 – Up at daylight. Took a cold bath and read the 10th Chapter of Saint Luke. Ate breakfast and did some mending on our Hungarian riffles, and then five of us went down to the Point. I and John ground three axes, and I got two letters from my wife. The first was dated the 11th April 18554 and gives an account of the death of Mrs Beaty, and the burning of Harvey Graves’ dwelling house, the instructions of my brother Sant, and the want of love expressed in my previous letter to my wife. The second is dated April 7th5 without. Part comes from Dave, from Bracken, Kentucky, and what my wife wrote was pend on the 12th of April 1855. She states in it that she has declined coming to California for the present.
The two letters from my wife cost 50 cents I bought six pounds of nails for the company and went home. Ate dinner late P.M. I then wrote my 19th letter to my wife. Letter cost 37 cents.

Monday 28 – A pleasant day. Shaw took the letter down to the Point and mailed it. We all was mining. We got gold $42. I shall pay off Shults. He has worked 28 days this last settlement. At$75 per 26 days, his wage amounts to $80.75, and the whole amount I paid him is $181.75 to work the interest that old Lloyd was permitted to work.

Tuesday 29 – Somewhat cloudy and raining a very light sprinkle at daybreak, but a fine sunny day. I, John and Rains got gold $22. Lawrance and Roister is doing well, but Shaw, Duesler and Judge Heath has not made anything. It is more than likely that they will not all pay at the same time. We have an interest in all the company’s work. We get 3/4 of all that Shaw has an interest in.
There was a miner died of bilious colic6 on Sunday night last, that lived one mile from our cabins —

Wednesday 30 – I dreamed last night that I was in bed with my wife and I thought she rather refused to indulge in that social intercourse as man and wife. Well it is no go.
The day is fine and pleasant. I and John got gold $12. My friend Judge Heath says he is a-going to leave tomorrow.

Thursday 31 – I and John are alone at work. We got gold $53. Shaw and Rains is still prospecting, and Lawrance and Roister is fixing up to work in the ravine that Lloyd and John first worked together in, as some of it is left.
Well, we came in a little sooner than the rest. I was fixing about and swept away in front of my cabin, and John was washing some of the salt out of the butter. After supper I was mending my pants that I had lined a year ago till a late hour.