James Haun Diary, June 1858

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Tuesday 1 – I and Jake is putting the shaft down. The water was 15 inches deep in the hole this morning. The hole is 11 1/2 feet deep. This evening it is 21 feet deep and much water to contend with. Mac is sluicing down by himself. Jake and Mac is gone to the Point to see a show of some kind tonight I am at home by myself. Rather lonesome.

Wednesday 2 – Jake got in before daylight, and Mac after sunrise. We were late getting to work. I and Jake sunk the shaft past most of the rotten boulders about 30 feet deep. Tonight Mac is by himself sluicing down very hard cement. We are down to bedrock and no gold from all appearances. We’ve not had time as yet to prospect the bedrock dirt.

Thursday 3 – I and Jake went up to the hole to prospect, but got no gold. I don’t know where to look for gold now. We went north and prospected some old holes but no color of gold. By noon we were out at the diggins helping Mac. In the P.M. we all set in to picking down hard cement. I did not clean up.
I’ve not enjoyed my fate very well. I am all the time thinking what shall I do to make some money. I am willing to work, but fate is against me. I’ve almost given up trying to any longer.

Friday 4 – We all three was at work in the diggins all day. We did not clean up the sluices.

Saturday 5 – We are digging down top dirt and running it through the boxes again. At noon we cleaned up.

Sunday 6 – I stayed at Quincy all day. I collected from Warren Stagg $95 and gave him up his note of $114, or rather he had a man to buy it up for him. I settled with Dr. Kate: paid him $76 in an account of $65 and $11 in cash and so we are even again. I paid A. Richards $11. There is still a balance due him. I got $87.50 on the A.C. Thompson note and Martin as security. The remainder of note goes to Sam Baloo and Fox, so I gave the note to Sam Baloo last night.

Monday 7 – I paid P.O. Hurdley $50 for Harper and Apple on a note of something over $100 and took a receipt for the same. I soon after left for the diggins by myself. I went by Alford’s mill and up the hill. The boys had just gone to work after dinner. I went to the cabin got some thing. I made two small troughs and two pick handles, then went out to help them till night.

Tuesday 8 – I made a pick handle for Jake out of dry oak then went up to the reservoir and turned all the water into the flumes. I then went to help the boys pick down that intolerable hard cement. We soon broke the points of all the picks, though we worked on till night. Jake and Mac has gone down to the Point tonight to have them fixed again. It is very warm, and has been for three days.

Wednesday 9 – Mac stayed at the Point, as there is quite a number of men going up to the blue lead today. Jake came home last night with the picks all sharpened again. I found myself on the way up to the blue lead alone, but I soon overtook two men and mules. When we got onto the ridge we were overtaken by several more. On we went, till we got to the divide between American Valley and Middle Fork of the Feather River. We stayed on the supposed lead and got two men to prospect, for gravel, and then we all three was cleaned up bedrock. In the P.M. we picked down some of that hard cement and cleaned up after supper.
I and Jake went down to the Point. We had $59 worth of dust. I paid Fox $21 for our grub bill, or rather I paid his clerk Myers. I put a letter in the express along with $125 to go to Galloway, Hite & Co at Marysville. I then came home. Jake stayed for the night.

Friday 11 – Jake came up before we got out of our bunks with beef and butter. We were digging down all day without getting gold or trying, or cleaning up.

Saturday 12 – We are still digging away in the cement. Noon came, and no one has come  after me. I went out to work again in the P.M., but concluded that I would go to the valley. So I went to the cabin again and, washed myself, put on my best goods, shouldered my rifle, and started. Before I got out of sight of the canyon trail I saw Dick and called him over. I got on the mule and soon made the valley. The boys cleaned up and got gold $53.50, with one piece weighing $23.50.

Sunday 13 – I put in my time at Quincy the best I could. There are some improvements going on: the foundation is being laid and much of the carpentry work is done and doing. I had a good mess of radishes of the ranch.

Monday 14 – I gave Dick $8. John gave him $8 last week and this week. I then got on my mule, and Duesler on his mare, and we rode up to Townley’s diggins above Alford’s mill, then on to my diggins. We found the boys at dinner so we too pitched in. That over, I had Duesler trim my hair. Then we went out to work and Duesler started home with the mule I rode. I picked up a piece of gold about 1 1/2 ounce. We cleaned up one box and got about $5 more. Jes Woodward paid me $8, the balance on account.

Tuesday 15 – We were sluicing down all day. It was cloudy all day and rained a little at night.

Wednesday 16 – It is raining a little this morning. We were late getting out to work. At noon John came over and took a bite to eat with us. He brought a letter from John B. Overton. He says he must have some money. So, John went down to the Point. I gave him $90 and he had $55, making $145 in all, which he sent to Overton at Onion Valley. We were sluicing down all day.

Thursday 17 – We finished digging down and sluicing down hard cement. We then went to cleaning up bedrock the rest of the day. Jake and Mac have gone down to the Point to get 4 picks sharpened.

Friday 18 – It rained last night and some today. We were late getting out as it was raining. We were cleaning up till noon. We then cleaned up all the boxes.
In the P.M. we had a settlement for Mac’s benefit. It over, the boys went down to the Point. I hurried on my best duds and made for the valley. I arrived at sunset. There were quite a number in attendance at the county convention.

Saturday 19 – Very cool last night. I went to the theater last night with my wife. There was a full house. I was pleased with the performance.
Quincy was full of men today. The convention nominated all Buchanan candidates for office. The Douglass men were all beaten by a coalition of Know Nothings1, old whigs 2 and black Republicans3. Another show tonight. Great dissatisfaction among the Douglass democratic ranks.

Sunday 20 – Still cool at night in the valley. The people are leaving in mass for their homes. I’ve felt quite stupid all day. I gathered my wife a large bunch of flowers last evening. I gave John Overton $56 worth of gold dust to be applied on a note of $361. In all I have paid $201 on it. I then went to bed.

Monday 21 – I feel very much like I don’t want to go over to the diggins, so, after some tome dillydallying about, I wrote a letter to C. Lindley at Marysville. I paid $.25 for the express. I then shouldered my rifle and started. I arrived at noon. Jake was at the cabin and had dinner ready. We ate and then went out to work cleaning up bedrock, and setting the sluice boxes again. Jake had cleaned out about $10 in gold dust before I got there.

Tuesday 22 – We two are all alone and in for a good day’s work cleaning up bedrock. When evening came we cleaned all the sluice boxes and got some 4 ounces of gold dust.

Wednesday 23 – We finished where we were at work, and now for a new place. We are going to set in up the ravine, at the big log that is propped up at the but with two poles. So, we commenced to pack up the sluice boxes and tools. We set two boxes and let the water in. I cleaned out a small ditch to catch all the seep water that was going to waste.

P.M. We ran through all the old tailings, then cleaned up and got about $2.
Today was my birthday, being 47 years old, older than good.

Thursday 24 – We were out at work in time. We set three boxes higher up in the bank than they were and commenced to sluice down.

P.M It rained quite a shower. We did not clean up. We quit early and had supper then went down  to the Point and sold out our dust. We had $111. I then paid Fox $18.50 for grub, Cunningham $3 for meal, and Fox $1.50 for an express matter.

Friday 25 – We were a little late in getting up some cool, to sluicing we went but set 2 more boxes we made a large hole in the ground the too last days did not clean up.

Saturday 26 – We cleaned up the cut and also the boxes. Our gold was very scarce—$3.
We concluded to knock off, which we did and got our dinner. I put things to rights and washed off, then dressed and up and went down to the Point. I took out my old cloth vest that I brought from Kentucky and burnt it to ashes with two shirts. I took my gun and made tracks for Quincy. I arrived before sunset. All’s well.
I let Jake have $20 and the $3 dust.

Sunday 27 – There was quite a frost in the valley last night. The vegetation froze some, the wheat and other grains are much injured —
The courthouse is up, and ready for the rafters. There was preaching in the courthouse by a Methodist minister. The hat was handed round, of course.

Monday 28 – Still another heavy frost froze some potato vines. I rode up to see Captain Riddle and the diggins. He has given a mortgage to the rest of the company for $585, and said nothing to me about it. I wanted them to set the mortgage aside, but they would not.

Tuesday 29 – We had another frost last night, harder than all the rest. Negro minstrels came to town, and I was too see them perform last night. I hauled on my mining duds and gun, then I rode to the Illinois Ranch then footed it the diggins. Jake had dinner ready.

P.M. We went to mining where he had set the boxes. We did not clean up.

Wednesday 30 – I was very cold this morning in my bunk with two pairs of blankets and my cotton sheet spread to keep off the dust. I got up, made a fire, and lay down again.
Jake was unwell, so much so he did not go to work all day. I went and dug all day alone. Later a man came to diggins and said he wants to work with us. We agreed. He is paying us $65, when it comes out, for the tools, grub, furniture, and water—if the diggins pay.

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James Haun Diary, January 1856

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Tuesday 1 – Clear and cold last night and today. John is about the cabin with a bad cold. I, Dave, Rains, and Shults are putting up the cabin. Rains and Shults haul the logs, and I and Dave notch and hew them down. I think it is a little romantic to be fixing up cabins as if we expected to have diggins to last here while we stay in California, or as if we wished to stay in this country.

Wednesday 2 – Clear and cold last night, but a littler warmer today. I did not put my coat on today, as I kept at work notching and hewing, and some times helping to haul logs.
John went down to the Point. He got Liz a pair of shoes priced at $2 and some other things for his ma. I took out of my trunk four towels that my wife had me to bring from home. They had not been used until New Years.

Thursday 3 – Clear and cold night and during the day—it was somewhat cooler today than yesterday. We’ve got two ridge poles for the door sawed out, and the rest of the timber hauled that we want, except the boards to cover the new cabin in.
We have a greater variety to eat since my wife has come to our cabins. We are all setting around a good fire in my cabin except Dave—he is in the other cabin. John is playing the fiddle.

Friday 4 – The weather moderated considerable. It was cloudy most of the day.
We finished putting up the ridge poles. We cut a tree and set it on  blocks and sawed it to make boards.

Saturday 5 – Rather warm and cloudy. We succeeded in splitting and putting the boards on the house. We still have the shed is to cover yet. Cloudy.

Sunday 6 – Cleared up again. We were busy most of the day. I made a shaving horse and did some other tinkering. David commenced to make himself a chair. My wife did some mending. Shults and Rains went down to the Point and reported a very interesting mock trial going on, in which a Dutch shoemaker was plaintiff. John put two legs on an old chair.
I, Dave, Liz, Shults, and Rains were riding down the hill on two slides in the morning. I read the three last chapters of Second and Corinthians.

Monday 7 – Clear and not very cold. We all five were at work on the cabin by noon. The shed between the cabins was covered and timber brought to chink the cabin.

P.M. Dave and John put down the two corners under the shed and hewing the end logs under the shed &c —

Tuesday 8 – Clouded up this morning and continued all day. John and Dave finished the floor and sawed out two windows. Shults and Rains were chinking the cracks. I was framing up the door.
In the afternoon I did nothing of consequence. The rest of the boys done the same. They went up the hill and hauled down a slide load of wood.
My wife is very much displeased with the language I use in talking to her, or at least says she is
We caught a grey squirrel today in our cabin and have him chained and in a box.
At dark it was inclined to mist or rain, but only slightly.

Wednesday 9 – Raining and snowing last night and all of today. Dave was at work at his chair. Shults and John was helping my wife and Lizzy to wash all the dirty clothes and socks that was on hand. I and Rains went down to the Point to get a cook stove and found two—one at $45 and one at $65. One was too small, the other too high priced.
I met Cooper and Sockum. Cooper wanted to sell out his interest in the Sockum ditch, as he and others had nothing to eat nor money to buy with. H. Bray went over to Illinois Ranch with them.

Thursday 10 – Snowing considerable this morning. After breakfast I and Dave started for the Sockum diggins. We caught up with Bray and Cooper at Martin’s Ranch and then went on to the diggins. H. Bray bought one of the company out at $333 and I bought Cooper out at the same, there being three shares in the ditch and one working interest owned by Gorge Taylor. All three of them came over with us. Cooper stays with us tonight.

Friday 11 – Still snowing of nights and days at intervals. The boys worked at the Pike Ditch to get the water to run down it. I and Cooper went down to the Point and closed the trade by allowing I.W. Thompson & Co. to buy out Taylor and make four interests in the ditch. They payed us $26 each, making my interest 1/4, which cost $307 instead of $333. Duesler and Brooks came home with me and stayed all night.

Saturday 12 – Snowed several inches last night and raining and snowing a little at intervals today. After Duesler and Brooks left we all went the Pike Ditch and got the water to run down. In the afternoon we shoveled out the snow near the diggins. The water still continues to run on, but weakly—rather too much snow and ice.

Sunday 13 – The sun shone out warm and pleasant nearly all day, though it was somewhat cloudy late this evening. The boys hauled one load of wood on sledges down hill to burn. I and Rains took a dull root axe, and went down to the Point and ground it. Dave and John went up the Pike Ditch and stopped a leak, then came down to the Point to assist in getting home a cook stove if we found a suitable one, but went home with out any. Rains stayed on a spree. I read the books of Philippians and Colossians.

Monday 14 – Warm and sunny most of the day. I mended up my gum boots. John and Dave went out to the diggins. Shults was rocking today.

P.M. We went up the Pike Ditch and stopped some holes and continued down to the diggins. A sluice head is running through the boxes. I shoveled the snow out of them. They have ice in them, the hoses have still got ice froze in them.

Tuesday 15 – Cloudy and rained very lightly last night. The sun shone out warm this forenoon.

P.M. It clouded up, and is somewhat cooler. I, John and Dave worked on the lower end of the ditch and let the water on the hose and thawed out the ice. After noon we did some mining. We cleaned up and got about one dollar. Rains is out.

Wednesday 16 – The sun shone today, but not as warm as I could wish. I and Dave went up the Pike Ditch stopped some holes and cleaned it out down to the diggins. John was cleaning up some bedrock in the A.M. After noon we was piping until the hose burst. We cleaned up and got gold $6.50.

Thursday 17 – Clear and cold last night. After breakfast I and Dave started for Betsey Town. We took dinner at Quincy with Duesler then went on and met Rains at O’Neal’s Ranch. He turned and went with us. I engaged a cook stove of Blood and Company at $75, then went back to Quincy when I stayed all night with Duesler.

Friday 18 – Still cold and clear last night, and warm today. After consulting about some old law business and other things we started for home, arriving about 3:00 P.M.
Rather too cold for mining.

Saturday 19 – Cold and frosty last night and not very warm today, though the sun shone out bright and clear all day. We all were putting in our time about the new cabin.

P.M. Hossulcuth brought a cook stove for us but we had to haul it up on a slide from the road. We set it up but got a hole to put through the roof for the pipe.

Sunday 20 – Cold last night. The sun shone out warm in the A.M. After breakfast we set to work and fixed up the kitchen. My wife and Liz got dinner on the stove and moved the tables and cooking tools in the kitchen.
Clouded up this P.M. I read the three first chapters of Paul’s First Epistle to Timothy.
We knocked up four old sluice boxes and got gold $4.50.

Monday 21 – Cloudy, then sun shone out. Cloudy again in the P.M. John, Dave and Bill was mining all day, but did not clean up. I was putting in a cupboard. I made the door and hung it, put on wash boards. H. Bray came up late P.M., &c. Stayed all night —

Tuesday 22 – Snowing this morning and some last night. The three boys were cleaning up bedrock till noon and got gold $58.50. I and Bray went out to the diggins in the A.M. He then went home.
I was putting up some shelves in the kitchen.
It has been raining and snowing all day and continues up to a late  bedtime.

Wednesday 23 – Snowed last night and is still at it. I was getting wood to build a fire. I saw a coyote near our cabin but he ran off.
The boys went up the Pike Ditch to stop the holes. They soon got down a pipe head and to spare. I was fixing the kitchen door.

P.M. I and Bill was mining. We did not clean up boxes, but got gold $21.50. John and Dave were mending up the Pike Ditch this P.M.

Thursday 24 – Cold and frosty last night, but cloudy this morning. It cleared up but was cold all day.
All four of us were cleaning up bedrock till noon and got gold $30.50.

P.M. Dave went up the Pike Ditch to stop a leak, and us three went to run the water in the deep cut on the left, as the right hand channel is worked out. We were the rest of the evening running  out snow and ice, and setting some boxes.
Very cold this evening.

Friday 25 – Cold and frosty last night and continues so this morning. The boys was getting wood by hauling it downhill on slides.
I took down the first table that I put up in ‘53 to eat on, and put up a water shelf in its place, and made a false bottom for a sluice box.

P.M. We went out to the diggins, mended up two sluice boxes and set them.

Saturday 26 – Still colder last night than usual. There is no water running in the ditch this morning. After the sun had warmed up the atmosphere, the boys were hauling down some wood. I and Dave went up the Pike Ditch and stopped a hole made by freezing up the ground. They let all the water run out of the ditch.

P.M. Nothing done of consequence. I and Rains cut up a cedar stump that stood partially under the entry. Frank Fox came up to invite the women down to the Point to a private party, but they did not go.

Sunday 27 – Cold last night, but the snow is a little softened from the rays of the sun. John went down to the Point got some sole leather $.50 to put on his gum boots. They had a Dewell and spree over at the Dutchman last night and this morning, I read the 9th, 10th, and 11th chapters of Paul’s Letter to the Hebrews.

Monday 28 – Cold last night but clouded up and snowed all day lightly. We all stayed in the cabins till noon. Bray and Sockum came up to see me. After dinner we three started for the Sockum diggins but stayed all night at the Illinois Ranch.

Tuesday 29 – Rained, but snowed most last night.
After an early breakfast the company started for the diggins and water ditch four miles away, and then two miles up the ditch to get a good pipe head. We then returned to Massac diggins to ascertain if the miners would pay us for the use of the water. They said they do not want to buy water, so I and Sockum went up the ditch again and let the water out so it would not run down to them. We then went down below the partnership ditch and turned their water out of our ditch into a little ditch below ours and started for home.
I ate supper, lodged and breakfasted at the Illinois Ranch. Terwilliger put the Arapahoes on two pack mules for me and Bray to ride over to Nelson, and himself rode on a horse. I got home just before night. My wife had scrubbed the floor and hung up a curtain across the cabin just in front of our bunks—all nice.

Wednesday 30 – Cloudy last night. Some little frozen snow was falling on the roof after I went to bed.
This morning it is raining, and continued all day lightly. We all went out to mining after dinner except John. Shults was helping us.
Cooper came over. I paid him off for his Sockun’s ditch and diggins, a balance of $153. Bray came over and stayed all night with us. We got gold $13.50. Still thawing.

Thursday 31 – Cloudy this morning. We were mining early. John and Bray shouldered their blankets and put out for the Sockum Diggins. Our hose tore in the A.M. I mended up, ate dinner, and we’re at it again. Late in the P.M. the hoses ripped. I set to work and sewed them up again. Did not clean up the boxes.

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James Haun Diary, September 1855

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Saturday 1 – This is one of those delightful days that is so common in this country and especially in the dry season of the year. Our work was anything but pleasant this A.M., carrying some large boxes and setting them up to wash dirt through. We got gold $22.50. After supper I and Roister went down to the Point. We were till 12 at night getting back.
Twenty-four years ago I was married to one of the best women that I’ve known. Tonight I am a-climbing over these Feather River mountains by the light of the moon, for she is at least 1 1/2 hours since rose. I still live, think, move, and feel—yes, and hope—my dear wife, we will not pass another 12 months until we shall be happy in each others embraces again. May God speed the time, for our reunion again —

Sunday 2 – Rather late getting getting up after keeping such late hours. Breakfast over, I read the 12th, 13th and 18th chapters of Revelations and now, for the want of better employment, I hunted up some cotton damask to put in the bottom of an old cradle rocker to make it answer to rock out the square box that we pan out in every night.
I, Roister and John all put to work. They finished about 4:00 P.M., so I finished my 22nd letter to my wife and will take it down to the Point this evening and mail it.
We cleaned out one of the pans. It had $32. The other we will have to quicksilver, as the gold is fine. I and Roister brought up some beef. Supper over, we washed up the dishes and baked a loaf of bread for tomorrow. All three of us is setting in my cabin, a good comfortable fire and not a word said, but John playing that some old fiddle —

Monday 3 – We got along very well with our work. One of our troubles is to keep from getting wet. We have to put on two gum coats, as they are leaky. We got gold $16.

Tuesday 4 – I dreamed of my wife last night and thought she was traveling on water and had two other little girls besides Lizzy to raise. I thought they were nieces —
We rolled two logs out of the way and have three others burning off to get out. We got gold $27.
After supper Roister and I went down to the Point. We had four political speeches and good order—something uncommon. The speaking over, we put out for home.

Wednesday 5 – Somewhat cool this morning but no frost. It was with some difficulty that we got to work, owing to the constant application and getting wet more or less everyday, but there is no other alternative.

P.M. we three went down to the Point to the election. John and Roister came up in time to work some, and got gold $10.50. I stayed the rest of the day to see if I could collect the $300 I had loaned to Isaac Jennings. He did not get the money for me. I paid tax on $1000, in the amount of $12. I feel out of sorts and quite unhappy.

Thursday 6 – I dreamed that I was in Georgetown, but nothing pleasant occurred.
As I  was out of sorts on last evening and I felt down in spirits all of today, we was late getting to work. Roister complained of rheumatism in his left shoulder. In consequence his inability I had the more to do. Well, so be it. We got gold $38.
Tonight I’ve been making a cape of my boot leg tops and putting it to my gum coat to keep my shoulders dry.

Friday 7 – We worked all together on the left side. My object in so doing was to prove it, which we did, and got gold $9. It is much deeper than the right side as we go up.

Saturday 8 – We fixed our boxes to work the right side of the channel and got $17. We rolled out three large logs that I’ve been burning into for the last weeks. I’ve been all day cleaning off brush and cutting small trees and logs. Duesler stayed all night.

Sunday 9 – Duesler started home before breakfast. After breakfast I moved some wood, raked up some chips, set a fire and threw on two of my flannel shirts. John is quick-silvering some fine gold to keep from loosing it. It netted $40.50 —
I cut down the cedar tree that stood within three feet of the  north west corner of my cabin. It lent over the cabin, but we pushed it away from the cabin. We then went up the Pike ditch and did some calking to the boxes that the water runs in. We came home to eat dinner and then went down to the Point. I paid Thompson $33.25 for grub and the smith $4, all for the company. Shaw and Rains arrived. Rains went home with us; bad news for the locals. All got beat, below and up here.
My lesson is the 1st chapter of Matthew.
I dreamed of being in bed with my wife and thought I was enjoying myself and felt pleasant twice and waked up making the third effort; but all a dream.

Monday 10 – Rains went down to the Point and we to our work. We had the penstock to move; it took us till noon.

P.M. I was cleaning up brush and cutting up logs. John and Roister got gold $8.50. Rains came up while we were at supper.

Tuesday 11 – John and Roister went to mining and I and Rains went up the Pike ditch to take out the water higher up the canyon to keep it from running through the dam. We cut the ditch longer and ran the water in without a dam. We finished in the middle of the afternoon and then went up our ditch and stopped some leaks. Night drove us in. The boys got $37.

Wednesday 12 – I dreamed of my wife having been traveling on the sea and that we were together. I thought Jane Cooper was with us and that she was in great distress, but quiet I thought. I kissed her and my wife said she was so sorry for her. I did not think Jane was married.
I and Rains went to cutting and rolling off logs. John and Roister to mining.

P.M. We rolled a log into the cut and broke the boxes all to pieces. We had to cut it in two twice to roll it it out again. While the boys was fixing things up again I went to the cabin and made one box. I’ve another on the way. We could not clean up.

Thursday 13 – I dreamed of my wife last night and thought she was taking a bath in some pond of water, swimming about with great ease. I was standing on the bank looking on.
John and Roister got gold $26 and I and Rains were cleaning up and setting heaps afire till noon.

P.M. I and Bill went up to the upper diggins to cut a pile of logs the rest of the day. After supper I wrote Jack a letter and posted the books. John has been playing on that same old fiddle.

Friday 14 – I and Rains cut and piled the timber that I, John and Dobson had cut down in March 1854. John and Roister got gold $11.50. After supper John and Rains went down to the Point and mailed a letter to Jack.

Saturday 15 – All hands went to mining. The boxes was set to work the left hand channel, as we concluded it was worth working. I managed the pipe. Roister and John raked down, and Bill went to forking out the rocks. We got gold $31.
I dreamed last night that I was the father of a little boy baby. I did not know its mother.
It commenced raining about sunset, but a light prickle after all the blowing.

Sunday 16 – I read the 12th chapter of Matthew.
After breakfast all four of us went up the the reservoir then into the tunnel that those intruders had cut. I measured it: 114 feet into the hill. It is cut through a rotten pile of boulders. We then went down and mended up the log heaps and on to the cabin.
We divided our dust and went down to the Point. John paid $4 for one pair of pants and 75 cents for washing two shirts. I got pair of half soles to bottom my gum boots for 50 cents and paid 25 cents in paper tax. We all went home to eat dinner. I had to put the half soling on my gum boots. That done, I split up two cedar logs that was cut last fall —
Cloudy all day. Commenced raining at dark very moderately.

Monday 17 – It rained quite a little shower in the fore part of the night. It has laid the dust. We’ve had 1/3 more water today then yesterday. I made some three riffles or false bottoms for the sluice boxes. In the A.M. the hose ripped. I mended it in the P.M. and went to mining with the rest.
Cloudy, thundered and rained a light sprinkle. We partially cleaned up and got gold $15. I looked to see when Lloyd’s time was up to keep the peace in. It so happened that today closes out his time. He used to say that his hands was tied; he could do nothing on that account. What next?

Tuesday 18 – Foggy this morning. We were rather late getting out to work. The sun shone out at intervals, thundered this evening and late into the night.
Our hose ripped again. We got gold $18.50 —

Wednesday 19 – Quite foggy this morning. Cold dew on the leaves. It was a pleasant day, though a little cloudy. I had the hose to mend before we could work to any advantage.

P.M. Nothing hindered us. We washed down a quantity of dirt and got gold $27. After supper I attempted to wash two hickory shirts and my towel. They look rather dark to be well done. If they will only feel a little soft to my back it is all I want, while I sleep by myself, what say you pot?

Thursday 20 – These mornings feel a little cool. It makes me feel like flinching when it comes to put myself where the water splashes all over me. We did more work today than usual and only got gold $11. Roister went down to the Point and got a fiddle string and John is playing the fiddle. I hear the geese going South.

Friday 21 – Some frost here last night. We was at work early. Somewhat cloudy in the A.M. but pleasant in the P.M. Got gold $28.

Saturday 22 – I dreamed of wife again. O, the grateful delusion—
There was quite a frost last night. I called up all hands at daylight. We worked in the deep channel and got gold $22.50.

Sunday 23 – As usual I was up soon. I took a hip bath or washing down at the box and read the 24th chapter of Matthew. I put a handle in Roister’s ax and made a pick handle. We divided our dust and set up. We took dinner, and all hands went down to the Point. No letters. I am disappointed very much. I paid 3/4 of $29.50 for 102 pounds bacon hams to Timberman, and $2.50 for a hoe to Thompson. Roister paid me $8 for water. John paid $1.50 for two pair socks.

Monday 24 – I dreamed of having good diggins.
Rains did not work today. We was at a loss to know how to work. After dinner we commenced piping, but the hose ripped. I soon mended it and we went at it again. I was the rest P.M. mending an outside pipe hose.
After supper, with the moon two hours high, I took the rifle and set in the door of the other cabin watching for the mountain cats or fishers.1 One came up to the slop hole. I shot at it but missed. I loaded and waited for another. It soon came. I made it squall, and yet it was able to get away.
We did not clean up tonight —

Tuesday 25 – I dreamed of being in company with my wife. As she was passing by I  caught her by the foot in play. It seemed that it was in Georgetown —
I called up the men and got out early. We were soon stopped by the hose ripping twice—once in the A.M. and once in the P.M. We got gold $6.50. I hope to do better tomorrow.

Wednesday 26 – I dreamed last night of being in company with my wife again. I thought that we were together in some city, and alone. She had on a dress for bed, as I thought. I asked her where she slept. She told me in some tavern, but I forgot the name of the house. I then asked her if  she could accommodate me. She told me if I would give  her all the money I could conveniently do without, that she would. I was about to swear by God and I changed to the holy Saint Patrick. I was so much vexed that I woke up immediately and did not sleep good again the last half the night —
besides, I’ve felt uncomfortable all day. The dream was in my head all the time.
We was at work early but the water has failed us so we cannot half work.

P.M. John and Roister went up the ditch to see if all was right. I went to sewing the hose. We got to piping late and did not clean up.

Thursday 27 – I slept more composed last night. I only dreamed of seeing Jas Barlow. I do not recollect at what place.
The weather was never more pleasant and dry. The water is quite gone—not enough to fill the pipe half the day with all we can save in the reservoir. Its after noon and I am sewing the hose to be ready when the water comes again.
Roister sold out to Rains for $150, so this P.M. Roister quit work and Rains took his place. We cleaned up and got gold $10. We took out while Roister was in the company $1085 at $16 per ounce.

Friday 28 – I dreamed of my wife again. I certainly will see her soon.
I called up all hands at daylight. Roister had got back. After breakfast we settled up and paid $8 for beef and tea. Our share and then weighed out in gold dust at $17.50 per ounce. $100 was loaned to Rains to pay Roister. He divided out his wearing apparel to us and bid us a final adieu. It brought tears in his eyes to leave us. I threw an old shoe after him. We then went to work with the pipe till noon.

P.S. I was sewing the hose, besides there was no water to work the pipe. We got $6.50.

Saturday 29 – We were at work as usual and washed quite a lot of dirt up to noon.

P.M. I was sewing the hose. Rains and John cleaned up $15.

Sunday 30 – The sun had risen an hour before we crawled out of our bunks. After breakfast we went to the reservoir and examined the drift that the intruders is making. We then went down to the diggins and set about mended some log heaps.
Then we went by the cabin that old Lloyd stays in. While there, he came in. I told him we owned 4/5 of it. He said it was a damned lie. He drew up his rifle to cock it as he had it when he came in, but I stuck too close to him. He then tried to get to his bed and get his knife but I got between. He gave back and got out of doors and I close alongside of him. He commenced to halloo for the Bucks and them other fellows. Two of them came to his assistance. He talked keen for a fight, so I handed my gun to Rains and pulled up my shirt to let him see that I had no weapons. He still hung on to his rifle. I took hold of the muzzle and snatched it away from him. He then struck me and I gathered him and threw him in a bunch of bushes. His thumb was soon between my ivory and my fingers in his eyes. He sung out for help, but Rains and John would not let me be taken off him till he sung out again and again. Then Rains took me off him. He went in the cabin and got his butcher knife and got to the door. By this time I had my riffle cocked and invited him out. He did not come.
So, we went home and took dinner after a while and then went down to the Point. There I saw the old cock again. He commenced to abuse me again, so, whack, I took him over the head and bled him good. I had him lying on his back across the counter when I was pulled off him. So we closed, except a few thrusts with the unruly member. Him with gauged eyes, a badly chewed thumb and a bad cut on the head, and i barely scratched.
I wrote a letter to Jack and paid the postage  $.25 and then home. After supper I read the 7th and 8th chapters of Mark. I hope God will pardon me for today’s conduct.

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James Haun Diary, August 1855

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Thursday 1 – The rats have annoyed me lately of nights. I fixed a deadfall,1 so I caught two last night. I did some sewing on the hose.

P.M. All was at work doing well, but it could not hold out so, for the hose burst—our new one at that. I was the rest of the day mending it, John and Roister was cleaning up bedrock and got gold $44.

Thursday 2 – We took out two pieces of old hose. It took me some time to fix them up and slip them over the main ones. That done I went to piping again in the left set of boxes. We got but little out of them.
John was cleaning up bedrock in the middle set and got gold $25. Streater, the tax assessor, came to our diggins late in the day and assisted me.

Friday 3 – We are taking the world easily. Remained in bed until after sunrise (what a bed!) and then cooked our own breakfast. This is what one would call a retired way of living. I’m not fond of company.
Shaw and Lawrance came to our diggins early. They wanted we should pay them off before the time. We concluded to do so, if they would knock off a liberal discount. We are to let them know on Sunday. That is a busy day is this country. We got gold $14.

Saturday 4 – I dreamed last night that I was in company with my wife and sister Mary, on horse back. I was riding old Trump. My wife said he was nearly starved to death. I know not where we were going. I thought John was riding his pony in some town. I felt that my wife did not treat me as she ought to have done. She seemed distant.
Well, we worked steady and hard all day and only got $26. We have so much moving of boxes and hose and pipe. We had a pleasant haze at noontime, but no appearance of rain.
I so often think of my wife. Will she come out this fall with Dave?

Sunday 5 – Well this is another sabbath. I’ve read the first and second chapters of Colossians, it being my place of reading. We next got down our sand bottle and emptied it into a pan. I poured in quick silver and paned out the sand and got out of the quick silver, $17. We rocked out of the square box and got $5.50, but stopped for the want of a better rocker.
Shaw came up to see if we was ready to let him off, so we all went down to the Point. I gave Roister his share of last week’s work, it being $41.75. I then collected $200 in gold dust from John Bass for the purpose of paying off Shaw, but he said he would not leave until Wednesday morning. Besides, he did not want to pay me $25 discount before it was due.
John was in the express and got two letters from his ma, the first one written to him on June 19th2, and three sheets full with a piece of poetry to me dated June 23 18553 giving an account of Moore’s4 treatment to her and Lizzie, and other things too tedious to mention, also some lines of poetry—very appropriate indeed. She gave an account of the death Alex Keene and Mrs T. White and Mrs Grant and the breaking of some of my acquaintances, and her not being not so low spirited as she was when she  wrote John’s letter, but winds up by saying that she does not want to come to California.
I gave $1 for a brush to brush down the gold in the boxes and 50 cents for the two letters.

Monday 6 – We been a little lazy of late in getting up. The sun is generally up before we get up. Breakfast is soon got and then to work. We cut down two small trees moved the logs out of the way. We washed down one of the stumps.

P.M. I did some mending on the hose. John cleaned some bedrock got gold $9.

Tuesday 7 – We was at work as usual. We built a log heap and then fixed for mining. John went to let the water on the pipe and saw it was muddy. He then went up to the reservoir and found two men at work near it. He told them not to muddy the water.

P.M. I went up there and told them that they was at work on my ground and it was no use for hem to prospect it. I had a notice on it two days previous. They quit work for the present. I told them that Shaw knew we hit the ground for more than a year. Shaw told them so. I paid Shaw $530 for the note he held against us instead of $550 due on the first of September, and borrowed $104 of John Thompson. Besides I loaned Roister $60 to pay off Lawrance, the Yankee knave.

Wednesday 8 – We went on Tuesday to the diggins for the purpose of working, but did very little in the A.M. John went to see Lawrance at the Willow Ranch to get 3/8 of $8 that Lawrance had washed out of a sand bottle, but he would not let him have it. So I went down and made him shell it out. A mean yankee —
Well, next this company said they were going to work that ground or die, so I told them I would keep them from it if I could. They accordingly went to work again. They are using our water and making it very muddy.
We cleaned out the ditch below them that leads the seep water into our hose and pipe. I took off a piece of hose as it was too long, and had to sew on a short piece. We got all ready again for tomorrow. John paid the Bucks $1 for whiskey.

Thursday 9 – We was at work in fair time and let the water on our hose and pipe, but is was not long before the muddy water was down on us from the mines between our reservoir and our seep ditch. we was compelled to quit work.
We all three went up to where they were at work. I told them that we was compelled to quit work that they muddied our water so the screen would choke up and the water run over. They swore they would work it or die. Old Lloyd was there. We started away, and he commenced to talk. I went back and told the good for nothing old murderer not to open his mouth. I told him to ask Jennings Clark what he was good for. He had been stealing money out of draw. I then told him if ever I heard a word that he said about me I would punish him for it and that I meant to make him eat his words, what he had said about me. I dared to repeat it. He was afraid to say one word even.
So, I wrote a letter to H.P. stating to him my troubles and for Jack to come up. Also, my 21st letter to my wife. All three of us went down to the Point. I mailed the letters and paid $.25, and John got a letter cost $.25 from H.P. stating that there were all well and that he was a candidate for the senate and would be elected. We got gold $27 —

Friday 10 – Up this morning before sunrise and called the rest up. We went to work, but it was not long before the muddy water came down on us.
My friends Duesler and Shaw came  up early. I threw off my rubber clothes and we three went up to the place where they were using our water. I told them again, you have stopped us from work and our hose was choked with mud this morning. They had a riffle, revolver and dirk knife each. I told them they seemed to be well armed, as to my part, I had nothing, but I said to them that I would try them for stealing—a penal offense. I got Duesler to look at the position of the water and ditches and reservoir, and so they did not muddy our water this after noon. I suppose they did not work. We got gold $17.50 —

Saturday 11 – We fixed for cleaning up bedrock and did so. Got gold $32. The men did not muddy our water but for a short time this A.M.
After supper all three of us went down to the Point, to get two picks and hatchet sharpened. I paid Thompson $80 of the $104 that I had borrowed, and joined the W.K., at the cost of $4. We then came home.

Sunday 12 – It was quite late when we breakfasted. I read the First Epistle of Paul to Timothy. I made a pick handle. I and John started up the ditch with tools and rifle. We laid out, and dug a ditch from the largest ravine to the entry of our ditch. That done, we went home and had some dinner rather late.
We next went up the Pike ditch and worked on it  until night. Then John half soled his gum boots. I cut and split some wood. I took out the ashes and got new and irons. I built a fire and lit a candle and read the Second Epistle of Paul to Timothy while they were baking bread and getting supper.
I shed many tears of grief, while thinking of our lonely condition and that of my poor wife, separated as we were. I tried to sing some old fashioned hymns but I am in a strange land, my harp is hung upon the cedars. O, weep not for me my own dearest wife. In noting this down I’ve shed tears that burned my cheeks as they pass down among the unshaven beard. For nearly two years we have been apart.

Monday 13 – I and John was taking our rest  after sunrise when all of a sudden Roister wrapped several times quite hard. We soon got ready for work and fixed for cleaning up bedrock — but it was not long before our water was made muddy by those intruders. It remained muddy till noon, and soon after we got done cleaning up. It was late before we got ready for piping but we made a start. We got gold $16.

Sunday 14 – Well, we done a great amount of work with hose and pipe to have only got $2, besides our water was made quite muddy most of the day. I was up sooner this morning than previous ones. Our notice was renewed up on the reservoir flat —

Wednesday 15 – Well, we worked over considerable ground and did not make two bits. We run the bedrock out of the ground and came to where the channel split. We quit the one on our left and followed the one on our right. We had to set out boxes anew and made a commencement.

Thursday 16 – We are at work alongside where John and old Lloyd worked this time last year, but I fear there there is not so much gold to be had as was then. At least our day’s work is quite slim, only $9 —
I dreamed of my wife the last two nights in connection with some other young woman: the first night she was with Lizzy and last night Miss Tess Connor.

Friday 17 – We have run our diggins to the top of the ground, what I would call entirely out of gold. We scrapped and cleaned about, and only got $1 by noon. So we concluded to move our tools. We set to work in the P.M. cleaning the brush off the ground claimed by Roister, down below where we first commenced on these claims. I mended a piece of hose to lengthen those we are at work with, in order to get a  head on the pipe.
I dreamed of G. Toppass. I thought he was broke and that his sisters broke him. I still think of two woman and I hope they will make their appearance soon.

Saturday 18 – We worked till noon cutting and burning brush and small logs on Roister’s claim. In the P.M. we mended up the heap and cut a small ditch to run the water onto the diggins.
It was cloudy all day and sprinkled a very little this P.M. We quit work much before sunset and all took a good wash, as we were quite black and dirty. After supper we went down to the Point. It was quite late when returned to our cabins.

Sunday 19 – Rained some this morning before daylight to cover the dust a little. We were rather late getting breakfast. I and Roister went down to the Point.
I took dinner with F.S. Fox, the present proprietor of the Thompson House, formally the cook for Thompson. After dinner I was invited in to see Mrs Fox, the mother of F.S. Fox. I talked with the old lady for more than one hour. I wore a read flannel shirt outside my pants and an old dirty cotton shirt. No cravat or socks. On first acquaintance I was treated quite cleaver indeed. I excused my self for having occupied so much of her time. Dinner $1.
I read the general Epistle of James. Cloudy. Thundered and rained a little in the P.M.

Monday 20 – We was till noon setting our boxes and penstock and leading troughs. After dinner we commenced to pipe down and wash dirt for gold again. We got $9, much more than we expected for a start. We have come to the conclusion to move lower down, as we think it will pay. We expect to do so tomorrow.

Tuesday 21 – I paid Duesler $2 for our share of the planks last Saturday night.
We accordingly moved penstock, hose, boxes, and the rest our tools downhill to where there has been a little mining. We got ready for work a short time after dinner, but it was not long until our hose burst the sewing. I was sometime in mending it. We turned on the water again and did considerable washing. We cleaned up and got gold $1 rather low down.
I dreamed of my wife last night. I thought I was in Georgetown, Kentucky.

Wednesday 22 – We concluded to run a narrow cut up, until it pays better. We let the water on, but there was not enough to do any good. John went up to the reservoir and let out some.
After dinner I applied calk to the boxes that brought in the water, known as Pike’s ditch. John and Roister got gold $5.

Thursday 23 – Again we are found at our post, ready to dig out the shining stuff, but our water is failing some, and at a time when there is none to spare. John went up to the reservoir and let out some water. At noon we stopped the water. After noon we let it out again. We have to be very careful of the water, or else we cannot get enough to work with.
Late in the morning the hose ripped. It took me the rest of the day to mend it up again. We got gold $10.

Friday 24 – I woke out of sleep this morning sometime before day. I was too warm, so I threw off the blankets and thought of my wife. Where shall I look for her? I’ve tried to fix a day, but cannot make it out. I fell to sleep again. I dreamed of her being with me, and it was not at all unpleasant. I was up at day light. Breakfast was soon over and then to work. There is more or less time taken up in fixing for work. The dirt is hard to wash. Late in the evening our hose ripped again, and the rest of my time was put in mending it. We got gold $16.50.
After supper I set in the doorway and looked at the moon and towards my native home. I felt low spirited, but again when I leave the cabins for work I’ve caught myself looking back to see if wife is not coming up the hill.

Saturday 25 – The clouds that had the appearance of rain the last 24 hours have passed off. We three—it is hardly worth while to call us, the once big mountain company—but we are at our posts from day today. We got gold $21.50.
After supper we all went down to the Point. I paid Thompson $29 for beef and grub. I paid him for a new grey shirt $1.50, and paid Mrs Duesler $1.50 for washing four hickory shirts, plus 25 cents for a letter from my wife dated the 2nd July 1855.5 Her letter gives an account of her then happy condition, compared to what it had been. I must confess that I am truly glad to hear it, but it is far from my fix. I think if I only could lay eyes on her I should then feel like myself again. I still hope the time will soon come, &c. We took down a dozen empty bottles and got one filled with whiskey in exchange, not to drink, but to put in our vinegar keg. I read the letter to John after returning home and he is now playing on the old fiddle while I am noting this down.

Saturday 25 – A man by name Frank Walker went up to the bridge that crosses Feather River above Nelson Creek and stopped off to take a wash. He made a dive and struck his head against a rock. Those present became alarmed on account of his long absence under water, and then, seeing the blood in the water, next saw him struggling. They sprang in and hauled him out. That was on Friday evening the 24th, and this evening he is dead. Root was seen gambling witness Roister.

Sunday 26
– We were late getting up, as it was late before we went to our bunks. When breakfasted, we started up the ditch and then up to the spring in the mountains. The coldest water naturally I ever drank for August. We claimed the water and surveyed the rout. We came home, took dinner, and went down to the Point. Got some beef and vegetables &c., and ground John’s ax and the hatchet. I read for my lesson the three first chapters of Revelations.

Monday 27 – We moved our penstock up the hill some to get the full length of the hose straight in a line. The hose will not be so apt to burst, and the pipe shoots harder.
Hannibal Bray came up to see us, so I left the other two at work. Noon came and we all four went and took dinner. Afterwards I did some mending on the hose and then went home with Bray. His water failed so that he can’t work. He showed me his diggins and fixtures. I got home as John arrived from work. We got gold $5; no good.

Tuesday 28 – I was up at day light. I saw a rat in the cabin. I called up John and we killed him, we put in our time at work very constant. We got $24.

Wednesday 29 – The weather is clear and delightful. You are not disagreeably warm. Is it not strange? You scarcely even hear it thunder. Our work is pretty much the same.
I did some cutting and burned of a small heap of logs and trash. We washed and  got gold $15.50—much better than I expected. After supper I left John trimming a ham that the rats had gnawed considerably, to put it on to boil.

Thursday 30 – After a hearty supper and a hard day’s work I am setting in my cabin alone and making this entry and thinking about why am I not ready to start home. Maybe it is not my pleasure, well so be it.
We were piping down till noon. We concluded to cle an up the boxes and got gold $11. We then put our boxes on poles above where they were, in order to clean up the cut and make it deeper to get more fall. We have got it near half done. We did not clean up the boxes tonight, as we will have to do it at noon tomorrow.

Friday 31 – It was quite cool this morning. The fire felt very comfortable. We cleaned up the cut, or rather, where we’ve been at work for the last two weeks. It look us all day. We got gold $29.50.
Now, today closes the last summer day in ’55. Could I have look forward 24 years ago up to this time and saw myself, setting down to a center table of my own making, and making some of my thoughts legible, while John is amusing himself playing on the old fiddle and Roister with us &c —

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James Haun Diary, May 1855

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Tuesday 1 – Henry and I went into town. On arriving we found the town in quite a-stir. The young folks were going to head quarters to fall in line to march out 2 1/2 miles to a May Day party. All went off in good style.

Dinner 50 cents.

I put in the day without doing much business. I went out to the ranch with H.P. —

Wednesday 2 – We went to town as usual. I then set to and bought all the goods that we designed to get for mining purposes, in amount, $403 to be paid by the camp. I also paid $29.25, the whole amount of expenses for going and returning, besides my private bills: 2 pair gum boots $15; 2 pair gum socks $9; 2 hickory shirts $1.25; 1 pair pants $3.50 and then paid 50 cents for dinner. Late in the P.M. I went out to H.P.’s.

Thursday 3 – The weather is quite cool indeed. I had forgotten to mention that the moon was eclipsed on the night of the first of May, Tuesday last.
I went to town in company with H.P. and his family, but did not return. I closed up my business and engaged a packer at 6 cents per lb to bring up our goods. My dinner and supper cost $1. I lodged with David in the hayloft.

Friday 4 – I went to the opposition stage office paid $7 to ride to Gibsonville. I ate breakfast at .50 cents, and off we go. Cold this morning.
Dinner at the Oregon House $1. Supper and lodging $1.50 at the Buckeye House.

Saturday 5 – Breakfast $1 and on to Gibsonville. Arrived at 11 o’clock A.M. and ate dinner, $1. Now for a tramp through the soft snow for home. Started at a quarter of 2:00 P.M. caring 25 pounds over the deep snow and arrived before sunset, at home —

Sunday 6 – Took a good sleep in my own bed. I found all well.
I met a man by the name of Judge Heath at Gibsonville on his way to my house. He is a friend of Jack and H.P.’s and he wishes to get to mining. We all went down to the Point, I to see after a letter that Henry put in the express office Wells & Co. some 20 days ago. It was mailed from Georgetown, Kentucky. It is not come to hand.
We went home, took dinner, and weighed our dust of the 2 last weeks’ work, $634, and Lawrance and company $320.80, of which we get 1/2, to be divided as the rest of our gold. All four of us loaned I.W. Thompson $1,000 for 30 days at 3 per cent per month.
I read the 7th chapter of Mark.

Monday 7 – Fine weather. Four of us went to work. John is complaining. He got himself half a gallon of milk.1
Reacher Borne came to see me in the P.M. He wants to use our tail water and I told him he could. We got gold $88.50. I paid Row and Henry $50 in law fees and $4.50 more in clerk’s fees in the Vaughn case.

Tuesday 8 – A pleasant morning. Shaw, Judge Heath and I started for Quincy, to court. It is in session on a case that lasted all day. I and Heath took dinner at Russell’s, $1 each. I paid his bills for board while we stayed at court.

P.M. all 3 went over to Betsy Town. Supper, lodging and breakfast $2.50 each.

Wednesday 9 – We all 3 went over to Black Hawk. Not one person at work there. We then returned back to town, and then to Quincy to court. My case had been called and laid over to 1:00 P.M. on account of my being away. It was then called and went in to trial. We asked a change of venue, but did not get it. We demurred but were overruled by the court. Dinner and supper each $2. Stayed all night at Russell’s; nothing for bed.

Thursday 10 – Breakfast $1 each.
We got through with the evidence last evening. My lawyer spoke this A.M. and Lloyd’s this. P.M. The Jury brought in a verdict against me for $460, damages, cash and restitution of his claims.

Dinner $1 each.

Friday 11 – Cloudy and wind blowing. Supper, lodging, breakfast, and dinner, all for $2.50 each.
It commenced raining before noon, rained quite hard. I and Heath started home at 5:00 P.M. arrived in good time through the snow that was falling quite hard.
John and the hired men got gold $125 in my absence. Our goods was delivered today from Marysville, cost 6 cents per pound, 26.60 pounds making $159.50.

Saturday 12 – Continued to snow last night. The ground was well covered this morning. I was in too bad a humor to work today. The consequence is none the rest of my company worked. I was so much out of sorts that all my worst feelings was roused to the highest pitch.
The day was unpleasant, somewhat cloudy and drizzling.

Sunday 13 – The weather is somewhat cloudy and unsettled, thunder but no rain. We all went down to the Point in the A.M. I stuck up some notices to sell P. Freer’s interest in the water ditch and came home again in company with Heath, as the rest had returned. We took dinner, though late. I then talked some with my company. We came to the concluded to go to work again. John still complains.
My lesson is the12th chapter of St. Mark.

Monday 14 – All hands to mining, Lawrance and Shults to their place, John and Roister at our old place in the Ravine with the hose and pipe. Late in the P.M. The hose ripped.
Shaw, Rains and Heath was at work near Pike cabin on Shaw’s claim.
I went down to the Point to get a man to come up and make some hose for duct number one, but did not succeed.
My friend Duesler came up to see after his claim in the P.M. He commenced making our hose. I made four sluice boxes out of new plank.
Cloudy, rain most of the P.M.

Tuesday 15 – Cloudy and a light sprinkle of rain. Quite cool this morning. I mended the hose, made three false bottoms, and made a pen stock.
John and Roister got $26 in gold in two days. The rest of our company has not made anything. Duesler is at hose making.

Wednesday 16 – This is one of those beautiful clear days that is so common in this country. All hands are prospecting and mining but me and Duesler: he is sewing on 50 yards of canvass to make hose, and I am to help him, and also to make other fixtures to set up our new pipe and hose. There has been no gold got today.

Thursday 17 – It is not necessary to say anything about the weather, as it could not be finer. Shaw and the others set up our old hose and pipe down on his and Duesler’s claim and made a commencement at piping. I and Duesler finished the new hose and expect to set it up tomorrow at our old diggins. John and Roister got gold $39. Lawrance and Shults is taking it out every day.
I thought several times today of making a guess what day this month I will see my wife here. But I could not come to any conclusion as to the day. I could not determine.
Cash paid for nails, 75 cents for company.

Friday 18 – I dreamed last night of seeing my wife. I thought she found fault of me because i did not speak to her sooner, did not know she was about. I awoke and felt disappointed to know she was not in sight or even with us to scold me–but who can stand it.
We are doing considerable work but no gold today. The wind has been blowing all day but, still and calm at night —

Saturday 19 – Raining and snowing all of today. Cold and chilly. I went down to the Point in the A.M. to attend the sale of Freer’s interest in the water ditch. Deputy Sheriff Neal sold the interest at 1 o’clock P.M. I was the purchaser, being the only bidder, at $15 for John.
I came home at dinner and went out to work. We let the water on in our new hose and pipe. It does not shoot as strong as was expected. Got gold today $2 —

Sunday 20 – The ground is covered with snow and it is snowing a little this morning, the sun peeping out at intervals. There is a robin trying to make me believe that winter is past by his constant singing, but he is a alone as it is a bad day to be out.
We had a settlement. That kept us near all day. We had $262 to divide in 4 shares after paying $159 for packing our grub from Marysville. It has been snowing very hard most of the day and bids fare to continue.

Monday 21 – Snowing all night. It is three inches deep and still snowing this morning—a winter’s day to all appearance and feeling, though we all went out to work. I, John and Rains got gold $72.50. We ripped our new hose into the bargain. Lloyd came over to our diggins from the valley, but Pike would not let him stay all night last night in his cabin. So, he went down to the Point. This morning Duesler bought his claim for $17, so I think we got clear of him for the future.
My lesson is the 5th chapter of Luke.

Tuesday 22 – Clear and cold last night and cloudy this morning. Ice froze along the leading ditches and there was snow in spots on the ground. Somewhat cloudy and sunshine at intervals. Clouded up late in the P.M. Commenced raining, continued at late bed time.

P.M. Ripped the hose again. While we were mending it, the Deputy Sheriff came with three other men and Lloyd, and levied an execution on all my interest in the diggins and water ditch and put him in possession of our diggins. But he could not get his hired man to go to work. Neither would he, Lloyd. We told him he could not get water nor work with our tools. So, he left soon after the sheriff and we to our work, got gold $1. I and Deusler was running a 3rd seam.

Wednesday 23 – Well, the ground was covered again with snow. A dreary winter-looking morning. I went down to the Point and got a bill of particulars in the case of Cline vs Freer and Vaughn and John bought the Judgement. I got with the bill $31.75. I went home again and to sewing the hose. We finished mending by 2:00 P.M. and went to piping. We got gold $1.
I dreamed last night of being quite feelingly situated with Ann E.W. —2

Thursday 24 – Cloudy and sunshine at intervals. Late in the P.M. it rained some.
I sent over to the American Valley to take an appeal of the case with Lloyd, or rather, to give bonds, which I did in the sum of $1,900. I.W. Thompson and Isaac Jennings went my security. I paid my Lawyer Henly $100 and paid $66.75 in clerk’s fees. My dinner $1.
I got a letter from my wife that has been miscarried and I suppose lost. It is dated March 9th 1855 and gives an account of her return to Georgetown and hard times and living at Pratts.3 Letter from wife $1.
I took one of our pipes over to Betsy Town and had the nozzle taken off and a smaller one of 7/8 inches put on at a cost of $4. I went home after 5:00 P.M. Got gold $8.50 —

Friday 25 – Cloudy last night but cleared up today. One of those delight full warm days that we are likely to have for sometime to come. We have all been at work, but without being rewarded in any way, except Lawrance. He is making good wages and 3/4 of 1/2 of what he makes is for me and John —

Saturday 26 – Cool last night, and some ice about the ditch near the cabin, but the sun rose clear and bright. I started Shaw over to Betsy Town to get our pipe fixed again, as it was with the old nozzle. The rest of us at work as usual. Cloudy in the P.M. with a little sprinkle of rain.
Shaw paid $1 for fixing pipe and gave $3 for another. Got gold $17. Lawrance did not work this P.M. but got drunk for the first time.

Sunday 27 – Up at daylight. Took a cold bath and read the 10th Chapter of Saint Luke. Ate breakfast and did some mending on our Hungarian riffles, and then five of us went down to the Point. I and John ground three axes, and I got two letters from my wife. The first was dated the 11th April 18554 and gives an account of the death of Mrs Beaty, and the burning of Harvey Graves’ dwelling house, the instructions of my brother Sant, and the want of love expressed in my previous letter to my wife. The second is dated April 7th5 without. Part comes from Dave, from Bracken, Kentucky, and what my wife wrote was pend on the 12th of April 1855. She states in it that she has declined coming to California for the present.
The two letters from my wife cost 50 cents I bought six pounds of nails for the company and went home. Ate dinner late P.M. I then wrote my 19th letter to my wife. Letter cost 37 cents.

Monday 28 – A pleasant day. Shaw took the letter down to the Point and mailed it. We all was mining. We got gold $42. I shall pay off Shults. He has worked 28 days this last settlement. At$75 per 26 days, his wage amounts to $80.75, and the whole amount I paid him is $181.75 to work the interest that old Lloyd was permitted to work.

Tuesday 29 – Somewhat cloudy and raining a very light sprinkle at daybreak, but a fine sunny day. I, John and Rains got gold $22. Lawrance and Roister is doing well, but Shaw, Duesler and Judge Heath has not made anything. It is more than likely that they will not all pay at the same time. We have an interest in all the company’s work. We get 3/4 of all that Shaw has an interest in.
There was a miner died of bilious colic6 on Sunday night last, that lived one mile from our cabins —

Wednesday 30 – I dreamed last night that I was in bed with my wife and I thought she rather refused to indulge in that social intercourse as man and wife. Well it is no go.
The day is fine and pleasant. I and John got gold $12. My friend Judge Heath says he is a-going to leave tomorrow.

Thursday 31 – I and John are alone at work. We got gold $53. Shaw and Rains is still prospecting, and Lawrance and Roister is fixing up to work in the ravine that Lloyd and John first worked together in, as some of it is left.
Well, we came in a little sooner than the rest. I was fixing about and swept away in front of my cabin, and John was washing some of the salt out of the butter. After supper I was mending my pants that I had lined a year ago till a late hour.

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James Haun Diary, March 1855

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Thursday 1 – Still raining, and continued more or less till noon. The sun shone out in the afternoon. We got gold $24.

Friday 2 – Cool last night, and quite foggy. The forenoon the evening was pleasant, with sunshine. We cleaned up bedrock and got gold $43. Lawrance and Shults cut a gulch to run the tailings by their diggins, that they may clean up the bedrock.

Saturday 3 – Rained in the night last and this morning. Cleared up at noon. The sun shone pleasantly this evening. We cut two small and two large trees and we went to wash the ground away where they stood. The large one broke and bounced on two boxes and spoilt them entirely. We fixed up again in the afternoon and then piped down the stumps and bark. We cleaned up and got gold $68 —

Sunday 4 – A beautiful sunny morning. We went up to the reservoir and let the water run out, running off the dirt that had stopped in it, caused by the rain.
I then went down to the Point. No mail. The vigilance committee called a meeting. They stated their object and asked to be sustained in what they have done by the miners — rather a failure. My lesson is the first chapter of Revelations.

Monday 5 – Rained last night and most of the day, but lightly. I and Shaw were at work as usual and got gold $17. John commenced at a new place by himself.
I refused to let Lloyd work in our company any more, because I had told him that I positively would not work with a drinking man if I could help it.

Tuesday 6 – Rained last night and all of today. Shaw told me early that Lloyd wanted to have a settlement. I was making a stool when he and Shaw came over. He said he wanted a divide of the money we have taken out while he was on a spree. I told him I would not be bothered with him long. He abused and threatened, so we struck at each other. Shaw caught me, and Lloyd picked up the drawing knife that was on the table at his side and made several attempts to strike me with it. I got hold of the hatchet near the door. He then laid down the drawing knife. I then went up to him said if he would go out and give me a fair fight I would treat him as a gentleman. He then went off.
Shaw, Lawrance and the wretch divided the provisions and part of the tools. I, Shaw and John went down to the Point. I got Duesler to write a bill of sale for my entire interest in all my property to John for $1,000 cash-in-hand, paid, and went home again. The wretch is claiming an interest in everything he wants.

Wednesday 7 – Rained quite hard last night and most of the day. Lloyd was moving his provisions this morning. He is still not willing to take what is his own but wants more. I went down to the Point. Nelson Creek and Feather River was both higher than I’ve seen them before. I came home in the evening. The mail came in, but no letters. I bought three newspapers, $1. Shaw and John got gold $8.50.

Thursday 8 – I, John and Shaw was mining as usual. Several men came up from the Point a-prospecting. Lloyd was down to the Point to advertise for a miners meeting. It rained some this evening. We got gold $70.

Friday 9 – Early this morning Lloyd came to Shaw’s cabin and left a written notice forbidding me from using any tools that he had an interest in until divided, like the dog on the hay.1 He won’t divide and wants us to keep from work. Rain and sunshine alternately today. We gold gold $87.

Saturday 10 – Frosty this morning, and foggy. The air is rather cool. We were at work as usual. We got gold $115. Lawrance and Shults are making wages. Lloyd said to Lawrance  that I had Shaw bribed. It made Shaw very mad.

Sunday 11 – Last night I dreamed of being with my wife, but do not recollect at what place. Though pleasantly situated, I awoke out of those pleasantries, put on my slippers, and walked out of the cabin. Clear and cold, with the ground covered in snow that had fallen in the night. Daylight was near at hand. I called up the  boys, breakfasted, greased my boots, and then down to the Point with this object in view: to stop the miners from coming up to our diggins and holding an arbitration for the benefit of Lloyd. I accomplished my goal in good style, there being but four men who came, and two of them I sent. I used all the means in my power to accomplish it. Nothing done for him as yet. Before going to bed I read the five last chapters of Revelations.

Monday 12 – I set up till midnight and was up at daybreak. The ground was covered with snow again, and it was still falling. It continued all day raining and snowing. After dinner I and Shults went down to the Point with two picks to sharpen, cost $1.50, and 20 pounds beef, $5. We got gold $27. Lloyd told Shaw that he was going to the American Valley to try me at law.

Tuesday 13 – Rained and snowed all of last night and today, but not so much in the afternoon. Shults and Lawrance went to work in the P.M.
I and John went down to the Point. We met the constable and he read his documents to me: a suit for $200 and damages for $300 to be tried on Thursday the 15th. Lloyd is the plaintiff in the lawsuit.
John bought a pair of boots, $4.
John had a fuss with G. Kline, he being drunk. Several persons kept them from fighting. Then a fellow by the name of Jim Preston pulled off his coat to give John a fight, but when he was ready I was in front of him. He soon left.

Wednesday 14 – The ground was covered with snow this morning. We finished sewing another seem in our piece of new hose. I, Shaw and John went out to the diggins, cleared away some brush, and set up our penstock again. To get a greater head of water, we concluded to try the old hose again. We brought the new one back on to the cabin at noon. Afterwards, we cut a new leading ditch to run water in the penstock higher up. We then cleared off some small trees. One fell the wrong way and broke three old sluice boxes.

Thursday 15 – I, Shaw and John was clearing off timber this forenoon. The ground was covered with snow and quite cold and frosty. The sun was shining warm and pleasant quite all day. In the after noon all five, including Shults, went down to the Point to try another lawsuit, this time with Lloyd. Before the Jury was had some of them expressed a wish the case would be put off until tomorrow. The court concurred in that wish, as there was no objection made.
I finished my letter to H.P. and mailed it, 25 cents. There is a ball to be held at the Point tonight. That is the reason the case was put off.

Friday 16 – Cold and clear last night. This morning we all went down to the Point, but a short time before court was called. A jury was had of twelve men, but some half dozen was objected to and others not so good filled their places. Shaw was examined at great length by the plaintiff’s attorney. We adjourned for dinner, $1 each. A witness stated that Lloyd offered me $200 to let him continue as he had been working, but the jury brought in a verdict against me for $300 and ordered me to restore him again in the company. So, I paid one of my lawyers $25, and John brought a judgement against Freer and Vaughn of G. Kline for $107.50 and some other costs. The judgement is $171 with costs and interest.
Lloyd was heard to say that Hawkins told him I stole gold out of the pan. I then swore out a peace warrant against Lloyd for trying to cut me with a drawing knife.
Such is my troubles today, and but few to say I am right.

These are the names of the jury: Asa Bryan, John Bass, Steve Bass, Beach, I. Cook, Smith, Collier, George Poor, Kinman, George Runnells, J.H. Smith, Larisson, Titus. Has God forsaken me? Will the Lord forgive me the wrongs I’ve done and keep me safe from mine enemy?

Saturday 17 – Cool last night and this morning. No work today. We was waiting patiently for the office. Finally, I sent Shaw and Lawrance down to see what was going on. The constable met them and served a notice on Shaw, then came on and took John with him. He asked me if I was not going down. I said not. Lawrance came up for me and said the squire was waiting for me. I then went down.
Lloyd was in custody. I swore out a peace warrant against him. I, Shaw and John all testified that he tried to strike me with a drawing knife, and that he had killed a man in Kentucky in 1843, besides the threats and insults he had made. The court bound him over to keep the peace for 6 months and give security for $250. He is certainly the most wicked and vindictive piece of humanity I ever saw, to say nothing of his ungratefulness to me.
We divided $512 into four shares, one to Shaw and 3 to John, including $50.50, the half that Lawrance made in the last month. Larn paid me $4 borrowed money. I am not considered quite so bad a man today as was spoken of yesterday.

Sunday 18 – Warm last night and cloudy this morning. We all went down to the Point this forenoon. Duesler was authorized to give Lloyd a notice that the mountain company had no more water running in their ditch than they themselves had use for. I gave Duesler $35 in fees and paid $4 for beef company
Big John Davis has got back to the Point. I stated publicly that he swore to a falsehood in November last for Vaughn. It has been said that he would attack me. He spoke to me and we shook hands.
I read this morning the 13th chapter of Matthew. Shaw paid C. Allen’s Board bill of $2.50 to our share &c —

Monday 19 – The last night was not cold, though a little frosty. Today has been quite warm and pleasant. The winged insects were trying thee old tricks again a-buzzing and billing. We all five were to work again. I, Shaw and John got gold $13. Lawance and Shults about the same, but they have not weighed it. Lloyd is trying to get a man to work with us but has not succeeded as yet. We all went down to the Point to hear the case argued for a new trial, but the judge has gone to a ball, up the creek to Madden’s.

Tuesday 20 – The night was somewhat frosty and today was one of those pleasant sunny days. The ground squirrels were out today, the first I’ve seen. We went to work betimes and Lloyd has sent a man by the name of Williams to work in his place, but I told him the company had use for all the water that was running in the company ditch, so he left soon. We got gold $40.50.

Wednesday 21 – Pleasant weather indeed. we were cleaning up bedrock.

P.M. I spliced the hose. We gold gold $67. Quit early. After supper we all went down to the Point to try for a new trial, but the squire would not grant it. So my counsel gave notice we would take an appeal.

Thursday 22 – A beautiful and pleasant morning. After a few hours of broken sleep I was up before day and called up all hands in both cabins. We ate breakfast and I prepared to leave for Marysville. I, Shaw and John went down to the Point. I gave Lewis, H. Bray and Shaw $1000 as security in my case with Lloyd. John was to weigh that sum to Shaw in dust to make the security good and safe. I then got the squire to make out the costs which was $49.50. I paid the justice and took a receipt for the same. I just then got a letter from H.P. stating that I had gained the case with Vaughn in the supreme court.2 The letter cost 5 cents. I bid John and Shaw goodbye and they started home. I ate dinner with Lewis, cost $1. With a heavy heart I gazed at the high, snow capped mountain that lay before me, and then moved steadily off to climb over its height. Before I had near reached its summit I discovered that I had lost my old butcher knife out of the scabbard while a-scuffling through the brush and snow. As I had no further use for the scabbard, I took it off and laid it in between two trees. I made Gibsonville in good time, though I mired down often in the snow. I stopped at the mountain cottage 12 miles from home.
After dark I passed a large house. It seemed free to enter. In I went and saw four Mexican woman and a lot of dirty miners dancing. After the set was out, men and woman went up to the bar and took something to drink. Next followed a stag dance. When that was out I left and went to bed. I rested but indifferently.

Friday 23 – A fine morning. I could not get a mule hire. I and two other men started for Rabbit Creek. My supper, lodging and breakfast $2.50. We arrived at Rabbit Creek at 10 A.M., ten miles over the snow and slush. There I saw Vaughn. I got a mule to ride to the Buckeye House, 12 miles, past the Lexington, New York Star, the American, and Diamond Spring houses to the Buckeye. I ate dinner before 2:00 P.M., cost $1. I stop here till morning I went to bed at a late hour, &c.

Saturday 24 – Up before day. The keepers of the Buckeye are two partners, the land lady is a grass widow,3 the other is a young man. Supper, lodging and breakfast, $2.50. Mule and stage fare, $5 to Marysville. I saw a buck negro wash his face and hands and wipe with the same towel and blow his nose on it, all so that white men who used it after he had done this…
We started stated early on mule’s back for the Oregon House, 28 miles. Took dinner $1, and then went on to Marysville. I arrived by stage by 4:00 P.M. I then walked out to H.P.’s by sunset.

Sunday 25 – I and Jack went up to Park’s Bar on the Yuba River. We were not back until after dark —

Monday 26 – I went out to the upper ranch with Jack and four others to help him finish sewing barley. Got back at dark.

Tuesday 27 – Went to town with Jack after dinner and back again.

Wednesday 28 – I went up Ouslys Bar with H.P. He had a lawsuit, and gained it. We then came home again, arriving at sunset.

Thursday 29 – I went to town with H.P. He concluded to go up with me into the mountains. We then went out to the ranch.

Friday 30 – It commenced raining early this morning quite hard, so we concluded to wait until tomorrow.

P.M. We went to town. I bought a waterproof hat and a pair of boots and gum leggings for $7.50. I received two letters from my wife mailed in Iowa, dated February 12 18554 and February 19 18555 stating that she would start home to Kentucky on the next day. Also, that she would start to California by the first of May at farthest. I then wrote my 18th letter in answer and mailed it. We went out to the ranch again to stay all night. Raining quite hard.

Saturday 31 – Raining hard this morning. H.P. would not start so we gave it up for the day, though the sun shone out at intervals in the afternoon.

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James Haun Diary, October 1854

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Sunday 1 – We stayed all day in town. Tonight there was preaching by a Methodist by the name of Willanot with Parson Bonner to assist. Squire Stark had to go in the ten pin ally to stop them from rolling while the preaching was going on as the houses were joined together —

Monday 2 – The Johns finished working on the flume. They had also worked on it on Saturday. I, Shaw and others started for the Snake Lake diggins, a distance of 4 miles from Betsey Town. My bill at Vainey was $2.
There is eight of us in the company. All went to work sinking holes, but me and old Davy. We went 5 miles after an oven and coffee pot and pan.

Tuesday 3 – Well, last night Lawrence, Shaw and I spread some of our blankets down on the frosted ferns and other vegetation. Down we lay for a snooze which we relished quite well, but for the backache near morning. We partook very heartily of our meals without table or plate. Late in the evening John came over, as he could do nothing for the want of water —

Wednesday 4 – All eight to work two holes, sinking one, and drifting in. Old Davy and I went after wheel. I told John to take my gun home, as we had no use for him nor it.
So night came on and with it rain. They took a pair of my blankets, nailed each end to poles, and made a kind of tent. We crept under, but our feet would get outside in the rain —

Thursday 5 – We are still pushing our work ahead. The weather is unsettled.

Friday 6 – Still going deeper into the mountains and no prospect yet.

Saturday 7 – Some of our company beginning to weaken. Rather gloomy.

Sunday 8 – Five of us started out early for Betsy Town. Many of the folks had not breakfasted when we arrived. I the foremost, we ran apart of the way. I took Dinner at Varner’s $1. Old Hays did not go back again.

Monday 9 – All seven of us was at our post till noon. One other concluded to leave, so we held a counsel and counted up. Up-take costs and each one’s portion came to $6.25 so we all paid up and six of us went back to work —
Still raining some today.

Tuesday 10 – The two holes had got down to water. All agreed it was no use to go further, as they could not be drained ordinarily.
So, Shaw said I must go home and buy grub for the winter and fix up for mining at home. So I drew the nails out of my blankets, rolled them up and tied on my tin cup and off I started for home. I stopped at Bradley’s and give Pat Hunley $25 for attending to my lawsuit with Vaughn. I then went to Illinois Ranch took dinner $1, and then home. Two more left when I did, and only Shaw, Lawrence and Berryhill are left.
On arriving at home John had got a letter from his ma of date August 21 1854 giving an account of Sam Shepard and young Ross getting married and the election of M. Price, G. Topp, and Bill Bradford &c.  There was one for me from my wife of August 29 18541 giving an account of T.B. White’s failure and the great drought in Kentucky and the high price of provisions. &c, &c…

Wednesday 11 – I and John went out to work. We set the boxes and shoveled in dirt till noon. I started to the Point to see about buying grub for winter. I met Lloyd at his cabin door trying to open it, he was too drunk. His nose and eyes were bruised to black from falling down, having been drunk all week.

P.M. John got gold $4. I got the price of provisions of all the trades and came home. Lloyd was in his bunk all evening. I told him we could not work together in this way. I would not work with a drunken man &c

Thursday 12 – Up before day and read some in the New York Tribune of September 5 1854 giving an account of the drought in Northern states, and fires in the woods, and great destruction of property &c. I examined your letter over again to see if you had got all the letters I wrote you.
I and the Johns went to work. We got gold $32.50. It was cloudy all day, and at dark it commenced raining, only moderately &c. It continued all night, with some snow in the morning.

Friday 13 – Continued cloudy all day with light showers occasionally. We got gold $18. I went down to the Point this morning. The folks were making great preparation for a ball. Ball tickets are $10. The dance is to come off in the gambling and drinking saloon and the supper in Luis and Roots tavern. The ladies had some idea of not attending, as there had been gambling there some time back &c, but they came and danced till 5:00 in the morning.

Saturday 14 – I was down again this morning for the purpose of getting out a warrant. I did so, and took the constable down to Rich Bar to serve it, but the man Goodshall had left this morning for Poorman’s Creek so I went home and will have to pay the cost. On my return home the Johns had got gold $13.50.
Tonight a concert is given in the ball room. A beautiful sunny day.

Sunday 15 – Cold last night but a beautiful day. I was getting wood and poles to fix a prize. I worked to cut down a tree that leans over my cabin all this forenoon.

P.M. I finished my 15th letter to my wife and mailed it, 25 cents. I paid $12.25 for the company. Bought two hickory shirts: one for John and one for myself, paid $2 for them. Shaw came home, and a man by the name of Lawrence with him, late this evening. My lesson was the first chapter of Philippians.

Monday 16 – Four of us went to work. Lawrence, working in the place of Lloyd, complains of pain in his side. I and Shaw moved our hose and pipe and fixtures down to where the Johns have been at work. We helped them some in A.M. In the P.M. we cleaned off the brush and burned it. They got gold $99.50.

Tuesday 17 – All four of us was mining. We got gold $66.
I, John, Shaw and Lawrence went down to the Point after supper. We made out a bill of provision for Olday and Tennerman to fill for us this winter. Fine weather.

Wednesday 18 – Cool nights and pleasant days. Four us at work. Lloyd does not go out to work as a hand, but does little. We got gold $56.

Thursday 19 – Frosty nights and warm days, but cloudy.

P.M. There was a portion of our winter’s grub brought up. We got gold $91, one piece that weighs 2 1/2 oz.

Friday 20 – Cloudy in the fore and after part of day. Eight more sack-loads of grub and 12 yesterday. We got gold $28.50 at bedtime. It commenced to rain, but lightly.

Saturday 21 – Did not rain last night, of consequence. I went down to the Point to pay for what grub was delivered to us amounting to $439.17. 50 cents for whiskey.
The three of us got gold $32.50. The wind is blowing softly through these tall pines. There is some indication of rain, but quite worm &c.

Sunday 22 – It commenced raining early this morning and continued all day, though Nelson Creek and Feather River rose but little. The creek and rive flumes were still standing when I left late this evening. All five of us went down to the Point this forenoon. I paid McFall 1/2 oz for work done for the company. My lesson was the Second Epistle to Timothy.

Monday 23 – Did not rain last night, and but little today. Some sunshine and warm. I went down to the Point in the A.M.

P.M. I was fixing to make leading troughs. The Johns were preparing to work at their same place. Shaw and Lawrence was cleaning off a new place to set up sluice boxes for mining near the Willow Ranch.

Tuesday 24 – Rained all last night here and snow can be seen on the high mountains all round. The Johns were sluicing off the top dirt. Shaw and Lawrence were setting up our sluice boxes near the Willow Ranch. I was hewing out some planks out of slabs to make leading troughs in the A.M.

P.M. Made two.

Wednesday 25 – Raining and snowing some this morning. The Johns and Lawrence was ground sluicing all day. I and Shaw were fixing boxes and cutting a ditch to let the water in, so as to move to our new place. I had some words with a young man this morning about a claim I told him that he should not work. I told him I could whip him. He said I had better try it. I started towards him. He drew a revolver and said I must not come too close to him, as I had hatchet.
Cloudy and drizzly all day —

Thursday 26 – Rained all last night and it was snowing and raining this A.M.
In the P.M. we went to work though it was drizzling rain. I was hewing out slabs to make boxes. The four others ground sluiced.

Friday 27 – I told the men we must set up hose and pipe. We went at it, but we did not have the hose and pipe high enough to get a good fall of water.

P.M. We put it higher. It worked very well. Later the hose busted a little. We mended it and went on again till night. It was a clear day.
An Indian told Shaw that it would rain five days; he told Shaw it would snow 4 feet deep next.

Saturday 28 – A beautiful day. After a cold, frosty morning I was making sluice boxes for Lawrence. The four others were sluicing down with the pipe and hose. The hoses busted twice today. They got gold $18 —
John did some baking tonight and I washed two hickory shirts, one pair socks, and a towel, and then washed myself and wrote this. I dreamed last night that I was in company with Elizur Jenkins and my wife. I talked with them some.

Sunday 29 – As usual I was in my bunk. Awake some time before daylight thinking over things, among the rest I had dreamed of Alvin Duvall and his wife. I thought they were living about my wife’s house and I had just got there. I thought my wife had not much to say to me.
After breakfast I had many little turns to do. One was to cut down a good sized spruce tree that stood near the South corner of my cabin and lent over it. Shaw helped me. It fell within one foot of the West corner.

P.M. I and Lawrence took three picks down to the Point. I paid $2.75 for the company to have them fixed. I gave $3 for two pounds quicksilver2 for the company, for twine 50 cents, a tin bucket $1 for the company. I then gave $1 a letter for John from my wife dated September 3 18543 giving an account of Thomason’s trial for killing his brother, and a long yarn about coming to California, and what Tom Johnson says you ought not to do, &c.
My lesson was the 9th Chapter of Hebrews.
I gave John one of the three linen towels I had left that had not been used since my wife gave them to me, &c.

Monday 30 – Cool and clear last night, and today the wind is from the North. I was fixing riffles and false bottoms. The Johns got gold $10. Shaw and Lawrence starting a new place.

Tuesday 31 – The weather is cool and clear. Last night all were in there bunks but me. I sat up late patching my pants. My left knee had worn out the lining I patched inside. I then put on a cotton patch on my top of a blue linsey patch on my right thigh and sewed up many other little holes.
I then turned in and took a short nap and dreamed I was in Georgetown in front of Pratt’s bar room and little Press West told me that my wife and his ma had gone out to Hutchcraft’s funeral. I thought that my wife knew I was in town. I woke up in the act of leaving Georgetown without seeing her. I did not like the treatment.
The Johns got gold $15.50. Shaw and Lawrence got $1.50. I was tinkering as usual. I put a cotton patch on the seat of my pants tonight. All have gone to their bunks sometime ago. I suppose I had as well close this sheet and turn in too.

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James Haun Diary, June 1854

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Thursday 1 – Cool last night and today and cloudy with all. I had to put on my coat to work in. The three of us got gold $45.50. Hawkins and I are still a fixing our hose and pipe. I was yesterday and today making Hungarian Riffles to save gold.

Friday 2 – Cool and cloudy most all day, the wind from the South. Rained some in the evening late and after dark. John and Hopkins got $48 in gold. Hawkins and Shaw was setting boxes and I was making new riffles.

Saturday 3 – Cloudy at intervals and rain and thunder this evening. The three got gold $79. I and Hawkins are still fixing. I made two more riffles and Hawkins went down to the Point after two tom irons &c.

Sunday 4 – O, the Delightful weather! Just right for man. We divided out our gold for the last 3 weeks in five shares, each $86.50 and was dividing our provisions also. Dobson came up from Rich Bar about noon and I paid him off the balance for his claim $300. He said he was very sorry for selling out. My lesson is Paul’s Letter to the Hebrews, Chapter 1.

Monday 5 – Shaw and Hopkins got gold $28 and Hawkins and John was working the hose and pipe. They did not wash or clean out the boxes. I do the fiddling: mending boxes, fixing more riffles.

Tuesday 6 – Shaw and Hawkins got gold $37 and us three got $4. I was out in the afternoon. The pipe and hose work very well. We were at work in hard cement. The day was rather cool for sunshine.

Wednesday 7 – Shaw and Hopkins got gold $42. We expect better pay as soon as we are out of this cement. The weather is cool for the time of year, but pleasant enough.

Thursday 8 – Cloudy this evening. I did not feel able to work this afternoon. We got gold $41. I am buying milk at 6 bits1 a gallon.

Friday 9 – Fine weather, the dry season has regularly set in. We got gold $68.50. I did not work. I was too weak after taking four pills last night.

Saturday 10 – Fine weather indeed. No storms. The underbrush is quite green and the pineapple cactus2. A roadside  is peeping out of the ground, quite a number of them. We got gold $67. I shall take a wash and four Barlow pills and to bed.

Sunday 11 – I wrote a letter to H.P. on business, requesting him to send me up some gum coats. We divided our gold from this last week’s work, $59.30 a share. I received a letter from Dave of date April 16 18543 by one of the partners near sunset.
I went down to the Point and mailed my letter to H.P. and came back in the dark before the moon rose. My lesson was the second Epistle of Peter, Chapter 3.
I dreamed that I was in Georgetown going up the street to hug my wife. I saw Lizzy playing with a number of other  girls. They were going around in a circle and she was to turn her back and let one of them hide and then she was to tell by seeing the rest who it was that was gone. If she failed to tell she had to try it again. But she spied me and said, why uncle. We started to go to the house, but I woke up and found myself lying in my bunk. O, what a sad disappointment to find myself in the mountains of California, thousands of miles away.

Monday 12 – Cool and cloudy and rained more or less all day. No work done by the company.

Tuesday 13 – Cloudy in the fore part of the day but fair in the evening. The four went to work and I went down to the Point after dinner and paid Roots and company $6.50 for letters, $9 for a pan and fork, $140 for 7 lb meal, and $1 for a bottle of Medicine. We got gold $76.50.

Wednesday 14 – Pleasant day. All at work. I went out and worked all day, feeling first rate. We got gold $7.50.
I was fixing and cooking. A man stood before the door with two carpet wallets and said, why day bird what brought you out here? It was John Lloyd.

Thursday 15 – The weather is all right and all are at work. We got gold $49. John Lloyd said the gold looked very nice and thought we had good diggins. My wife ought to see me making mush as I am dieting and gaining fast.

Friday 16 – Pleasant weather indeed. We were all at work, got gold $73.50. John Lloyd is a heap of company for me.

Saturday 17 – Cloudy in the A.M. and rained all P.M. though we worked till late and got gold $72 cleaning up bedrock. John Lloyd took a tramp up the ditch.

Sunday 18 – John Lloyd and I went and staked off claims, seven for me and five for John. We bought those and another two by preemption and picked out one for Lloyd. We then went up the ditch and stopped some holes. Then we came home and breakfasted.
Lloyd and John went down to the Point. Our new partners had already gone. They came back before noon and we divided the gold. First we paid the previous expenses of the company $39 and then divided the remaining $240 making $48 to each. I then paid $36 for lost time in sickness and then the other three paid me for board $41 and Hopkins paid me $32.25 for the use of water.
I broke a hoe cleaning my potatoes and went down to the Point. Gave $2.50 for a new one, $1.50 for a bottle of bitters and then came home in company with Lloyd. My Lesson was Chapter 7 of Revelations.

Monday 19 – We five went to work but made no money. Lloyd went to the Point.

Tuesday 20 – I made a proposition to the company to take in Lloyd on the same terms with Hopkins but it was refused. I then said I would not work in this company longer. So we did nothing all day but disagree. Hawkins in a mean Yankee of New York. Shaw is a gentleman of the West.

Wednesday 21 – We made a settlement with Hawkins and Hopkins. Shaw bought his claim in the water at $150, including all the provisions and tools. I paid him $500 for us four and Shaw $29. That paid his bill. We then went to work in the P.M. Shaw went down to the Point. We got no gold worth weighing. The wind blew pretty hard from the South.

Thursday 22 – Quite a frost last night, it bit some of my potato’s tops. We four all went to work and got gold $29.50. Shaw and I worked together and Lloyd and John.

Friday 23 – Fine weather. We made nothing, but the Johns made $2.50. One ought to see me making mush to eat out of kiln-dried meal.
I was well aware today that I was forty-three years old today.  I often thought of my wife today and expect she did the same of me and wondered what I was at.
I read Revelations Chapter 20, and to bed.

Saturday 24 – We got gold $19.50. We done but little owing to lost time and the brake-up with Hawkins. This Yankee won’t do.

Sunday 25 – We four have been fixing up our grub bill so as to have it easily understood. I read this first chapter of Matthew this morning.
We all went down to the Point in the P.M. I got a letter from H.P. on business. I sent for gum clothes to work in. I paid for sharpening picks and $3.75 for the company. I bought a bottle of bitters for $1.50, and a 5th of meal for 75 cents.
Dobson stabbed a man down at Rich Bar four times. The miners went down to see about it.

Monday 26 – We got an English sailor, Lilly Lane, to come and sew our hose again. They keep a-bursting. Shaw and I hewed out some slabs at the mill for sluice boxes. The Johns were digging and got gold $7.50. A considerable freeze; the leaves was stiff this morning.

Tuesday 27 – The Johns got gold $13.50. I and Shaw got our pipes and hose to work again. The bank caved in and caught my leg under the dirt but I was not hurt.

Wednesday 28 – Cool nights and warm days. We all got gold $11. The Johns got about one dollar. I dreamed last night that I was in Georgetown and that my wife put her arms around my neck and kissed me–but, O, the next moment how sad the disappointment! Sleep had left me and I lay all alone in my bunk considering my disappointment.

Thursday 29 – Fine weather. We were all at work and got gold $40. Now we sit about the cabin doors as if we were exiled. That still small voice that speaks within tells of better days I hope I may come soon.

Friday 30 – We got gold $9. All’s well. The coyotes have commenced to howl again. Our ravine is still hard cement.

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James Haun Diary, April 1854

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Saturday 1 – Pleasant morning. I put the wet towel to my throat last night again. It is somewhat better. We fixed for washing, or rather, prospecting. We got gold $6.50. We quit early and fixed for ground sluicing. Again after supper I commenced a letter to my wife.

Sunday 2 – Raining mostly all day. I finished my 10th letter to my wife after dinner and John and I went down to the Point and maid it, paid 25 cents postage to Marysville.

Monday 3 – Fine day. We three and old Goodshall went down to Rich Bar diggins of Feather River to buy a claim.

Tuesday 4 – Stayed all night at Shasta on the opposite side of the River. Our bills each for lodging and fare and liquor, $.50. A fine warm day. We crossed the river four times and paid 75 cents each. We four bought E. K. Parish’s claims and water privilege at $400, tools and cabin and provisions all included.
I dreamed last night that I was in Georgetown and that I got up to see my wife. I thought it was about Pratt’s Tavern. I asked Bet where her mistress was. She told me that she had gone upstairs. It was a place I could not go, though Bet was building a fire to get breakfast.
I, John and Parish came to my cabin this evening. Dobson and Goodshall stayed at the Point all night.

Wednesday 5 – Dobson came up soon this morning and we weigh out Parish the $400. He left for Rich Bar. Young Goodshall and his father takes an interest in those diggings. They came up to my cabin and two other friends. We all took dinner. Then six of us shouldered our packs for Rich Bar, a tramp of 4 miles, leaving John behind to take care of our house and diggings. My pack was 23 pounds bacon and a sack of salt. We soon got down. I bought his bed, four pair blankets, straw bed and sack bottom all for 1/2 oz gold and slept in it with old Goodshell alongside of me. I would have preferred my wife.

Thursday 6 – All six went to work, three to work in the diggins and two to move in a larger shanty and I to do the pottering about. We got gold today $92.

Friday 7 – I spread my bed down on the floor, and Dobson is to sleep with me.
It was quite cool last night. It is like sleeping in a sawmill, for there is one alongside and the water roaring underneath the house.
Four hands washing for gold got $62. I spread my bed again on the floor but I cant stand the hard boards.

Saturday 8 – The weather is pleasant enough. Four hands to washing for gold and got $61, and I to making some sluice boxes and new patient riffles.
Our election came off today for a new set of country officers and a new county taken from Butte and called Plumas1. I voted in the afternoon and went work.

Sunday 9 – Rained in the night last night, and snowing this morning. We had hired a young man in the place of John; we paid him $12 for 3 days work. I, John and Dobson each get $71. We are to be paid back again before the old man and his son gets their share. Dobson and two others went up to the Point on the South side of the river and I went to my cabin on the North side. Don’t tell me that Slate Mountain is easy got up from the river.
Snowing and then sunshine and now raining in the middle of the afternoon. My lesson is Saint Luke, Chapter 11. I sent John down to the Point and him Dobson and the other two young men have just come to my cabin. John has brought two letters, one from Liz dated February 5 18542 giving an account of Jim Robinson’s shooting Hines, and an explanation of that debt that is coming to Clint West from H.P. The other written by A. Duvall and your sister.3 Liz is joining Presbyterian Church.
You ought to have seen me setting to night and mending two hickory4 and two flannel shirts and darning a pairs socks, besides nailing soles on my boots, before I went to bed.

Monday 10 – Cool last night. Rainy and cool today. After John and I breakfasted I started for Rich Bar diggings 4 miles down the Feather River and 21 hundred yards down Slate Mountain to follow the path. I stopped it as well as I could. The flume that brought the water in had fell down and we fixed our sluice boxes. It was middle of afternoon before we got all     right for washing again. Three of us got gold $7.50.

Tuesday 11 – Rained last night, and raining and snowing all the fore-part and cleared off in the after-part of the day. Work a little in the P. M. and got gold $4. I made a new riffle box and riffles.

Wednesday 12 – Fine day. We got gold $18. Fat pork, bread and bad coffee to eat all this week at Rich Bar diggins.

Thursday 13 – Cold night last, but a fine day. We were most all day getting timber for drifting. We got it by going up on the side of Slate Mountain and cutting down trees. We cut off 10 feet rope, tied it to one end and dragged it down. We got gold $2.

Friday 14 – Fine weather. We were setting up timbers for drifting and cutting down bedrock to dam the diggins. We got no gold today.

Saturday 15 – Fine weather. Two were drifting in the bank, two were cutting down bedrock. We got gold at Rich Bar diggins $8. All the gold we got this week was $39.50 and up at our old place. John and two hired men four days each got gold $39. It took $24.50 to pay the men off.

Sunday 16 – After arranging our affairs at Rich Bar diggins, the five of us started up Slate Mountain for our cabin and divided our gold. Took dinner. Examined our diggins and then went down to the Point. I had the smith sharpen four picks. Paid him $3 for out two shears and paid Thompson $100 on our last fall’s provisions. Then went back to my cabin and shouldered ham of bacon and a wallet equal in weight, and then for our Rich Bar diggins in company with John and Dobson. We arrived at dusk, took a supper of beef and soup. My lesson was Saint Luke, the unjust steward —
Well I am now ready to take a little rest. John has fixed our bunk and turned in, as we will sleep together down here.

Monday 17 – Warm and hazy. The company were all present after breakfast, five in all. Old Goldshall said it was no use for all of us to work on a 30 foot claim and prospect the hill for those that had plenty of ground, as some men had dumped our 60 feet down near the river. So I told Goldshall that, if he would make me whole, I and John would with draw and I would loose my work. It was agreed to. After dinner we settled our affairs. John and I rolled up two pair of blankets each. He with a pick and handsaw and I with shovel and hatchet, we started up Slate Mountain for our cabin. We rested four times before we reached the top. This is the third time I climbed this mountain in 9 days. It was very warm this evening and the sweat rolled off us quite free, but we arrived at home in good time. John had to make some light bread before we could eat supper. I took a short nap before it was done.

Tuesday 18 – Rained a little at intervals all day. We went up the ditch to see what went on with all the water. We found the levy broke near the head of the ditch and nearly all the water running out. We was all day mending and cleaning out, and had no dinner into the bargain, but we ate a hearty supper which answered every purpose.

Wednesday 19 – Rainy last night and all of today. I mended three shovels and some other things before dinner. After, we went out to ground sluicing and got somewhat wet. We now have water enough to run a sawmill. After supper the wind was blowing and a man singing out. The men answered him from the other cabin. John has baked one loaf and another is baking. Still another to bake, and then to bed.
Snowing and raining last night and this morning and continued most of the day. We went up the ditch to turn some of the water off as it was raining and snowing so hard. I did not want the levy to brake again. We was up in time to save it. After dinner we went out to ground sluicing but the snow and rain fell too fast for us. We put out for the cabin, built a good fire, and mended up our shirts and I one sock, the other the next night.

Friday 21 – At bedtime stars were shining out all around. Some time in the night, I was up and it was snowing very fast. It continued this morning and past noon. Before it cleared off it was near 1 foot deep. We dined and went out to ground sluicing. I have darned my other sock. I am still looking for my wife out here until I get another letter, then I will know.

Saturday 22 – Cold last night and all of the day. Ice-cycles one foot long hanging to my cabin roof. We were ground sluicing in the water all day and got wet.

Sunday 23 – Cool last night, the ground all covered with snow. The sun is shining out warm and pleasant indeed. My lesson is John, Chapter 11, Lazarus raised from death.
I and John went down to the Point and spent most of the day there. Thompson told me that H. P. had sent me a keg of fresh butter and it was at the Lexington House. He also told T. that he would send me vegetables all summer.
My partner Dobson was here this evening and said had got a man by the name of Harvey to work in his place for one half. He is to  be here in the morning. I paid 50 cents for a handsaw file.

Monday 24 – Warm and pleasant in the A.M. and cloudy in the P. M. Commenced raining late in evening and is still at it yet.
It is late. John has just finished baking three loves of bread. Harvey came this morning. He did not go to work for Dobson, but went off again.
We were ground sluicing again. I sent John down to the Point to see if there was any letters for us. None.

Tuesday 25 – Snowing this morning and was at it all day with intervals of sunshine. The snow was 3 inches deep this morning and scarcely any to be seen this evening. I and John fixed the boxes to wash for gold. It took us all day. I am still looking for pat…

Wednesday 26 – Cool last night. The ground was froze considerable this morning. We went to washing for gold and got $3. The day was warm and pleasant. Late in the evening it turned somewhat cool. One ought to have seen me take up the ashes while John was panning out the gold. They had not been taken up for a month. I dreamed of getting money of old Dr. Keene and was in partnership.

Thursday 27 – Cloudy this forenoon, and clear and warm in the after part of the day. We were washing for gold.
Old bacon and ham don’t agree with me. Late bedtime and John is baking his last loaf of bread at this time, having baked two already.

Friday 28 – Cloudy and warm, with intervals of sunshine. In the evening commenced raining. We got gold, I loaned Davis $30—

Saturday 29 – Rained last night and all of today. We work hard in the rain and got gold. I loaned Davis $30.

Sunday 30 – Raining and then snowing this morning, then raining and sunshine. We had a general cleaning up. John washed two shirts for each of us and some other things for himself, and done considerable mending, besides cooking a kettle of beans and a kettle of peaches and baking three loves of bread.
After dinner I went down to the Point. No letters. I did not get to see Dobson; something is out with him.
My lesson is the 15th chapter of Acts. I dreamed Friday night that Sam and all his family had run off and that Sam had come back and was sorry for what he had done. And now for a clean shirt and then to bed, as John is doing the baking.

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James Haun Diary, July 1853

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Friday 1 – Out hunting for gold.

Saturday 2 – Moved up to Independence Bar1 and paid our board for the week each $11, $22.00.
Set up troughs to wash dirt.2

Sunday 3 – Let the water on.

Monday 4 – Worked hard all day, the four of us and made $10 in all.3

Tuesday 5 – Continued our work.

Wednesday 6 – Made $8 the two last days.

Thursday 7 – Worked hard all day and got $5 in all.

Friday 8 – We closed out today with only $25.50 the week for four of us, which was a little over one half for our board, it being $48 for the week so I paid out for John and I $11.25 and sold my pan for $1.75. After dinner I put on a clean shirt that John had washed out with soap and cold water, as he had done twice before. It was well done. We don’t iron —
We the shouldered our blankets and tools for new diggins.

Saturday 9 – We found ourselves at mouth of Nelson Creek late in the evening. I sent by the express this week to Marysville for letters, but he arrived without any for us.4

Sunday 10 – After Breakfast, felt very uneasy about our condition all day. A party of old miners went out prospecting and returned late in the evening with a favorable report. The company was made up of eight men and would not take another in. They met in private to form the rules of the company and two backed out. So I sent in a petition with two others to be admitted. They were chosen and I was left out. Late at night I went to bed but could not sleep for a time.

Monday 11 – So it was I got up early in the morning to hunt a place to dig in. I called John but he said he was too sleepy, so I left and took up a claim by sight. Came back to breakfast.
Tom Williams had just got up my petition in the company. He said he would sell out to me. So I gave him for his interest in the claim $40 in cash and a promise of $100 more if it turned out well, &c.
John is to work for Vaughn in the same claim.

Cash for whiskey $1.25.

I will here state it is universally the case that card playing is done all day of Sundays by the miners. On Monday the fourth of July there was a ball given at American Valley 7 miles north of this. Broke up in a row.

Tuesday 12 – Paid for board from Saturday evening until Tuesday, each $7, $14.00
The company then shouldered blankets, tools and provisions. We arrived on the ground about noon for the first time.
We all walked about over the ground. I then picked up a small sack of dirt and washed out, $1 to the pan. I thought to myself, I’ve found the place at last. We then went to work and built a brush tent with a few fir boughs and an old buffalo robe. Down we lay for the night.

Wednesday 13 – Up before sunrise, setting by the fire to warm, looking around at natures’ productions, the tall pines firs and Arborvitae. The first bears a crop on its top.
After surveying the rout today to bring water onto the company’s diggings, I went 1 1/2 miles to mouth Nelson Creek. I there got a letter from you5 dated 24 May6. I then went back to camp and read by pine knot light. The long-looked-for treasure. O, what a pleasure. You have not said what letters you received from me. You must give me the news of the church.

To cash for letter, $1.00

Thursday 14 – Commenced diggin the ditch to bring in water.

Friday 15 – Our work the same.

Saturday 16 – Still the same.

Sunday 17 – We all went over to mouth Nelson Creek, except John.
Dinner for myself, $1.00
I bought a pair boots, $8.00
And cotton for straw bed, $1.25

Went back to camp to sleep. John had washed one shirt for me and two for himself.

Monday 18 – I and John were levying and marking out the new ditch rout. At night, stayed on my straw bed tick.

Tuesday 19 – I and John finished levying the ditch at noon. John to digging and I to clearing away the brush. Tonight finish my bed tick.

Wednesday 20 – I went to work clearing away the track and John to digging with the rest. Tonight I put a whopping big patch on the right knee of my blue military pants out of twill cotton flour sack.

Thursday 21 – Our work the same Friday 22, Saturday 23 and Sunday 24. I and John went down to Willow Ranch and cut a lot of grass to fill our tick with butcher knives.

Monday 25, Tuesday 26, Wednesday 27 – Was cloudy all day and thundered some, but no rain fell. All sunshine.

Thursday 28, Friday 29, Saturday 30, Sunday 31 – I and John built a bedstead, under a pine tree so we can sleep off the ground. We’ve killed several large rattle snakes.

This week paid for 4 gunny bags, $1.50
To three candles. 50.
Paper tax $.50, $1.00
To one letter from W. G. Haun, $1.007

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