December 1856

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Monday 1 – Left after breakfast and arrived at Rabbit Creek about 11 o’clock. We took dinner and looked around town awhile. We started at half past 2 o’clock and got to the Columbus House before supper. Brooks, Chunnky and I went up to see Nate Hayes. Cloudy in the evening.

Tuesday 2 – We left the Columbus House about 5 o’clock in the morning and got breakfast at the New York Ranch, or House. I took the stage for Marysville, arrived in the evening. We got supper at a restaurant. Hickman and I walked around awhile. Brooks stopped at the St. Charles Hotel. I stayed all night at the stable.

Thursday 4 – Pa and I went out to H.P.’s. Nearly noon. Nobody about the house but Dave. H.P. and Cath came home about noon. H.P. bought a hog and weighed it. We all went up to the upper Ranch with the buggy and set fire to stubble. Nothing else new today.

Friday 5 – Pa, Dave and I went rabbit hunting and got back about one o’clock but caught no rabbit. H.P. went to town and stayed all day. The balance of us stayed  about the house all evening.

Saturday 6 – Pa, Dave and I went to Hooper’s watermelon patch. We started a couple of hoses but did not catch either of them H.P. and family went to town. Durrick came home with them.

Sunday 7 – Rained a little today. Stayed about the house all day. We started a couple of hases73 but caught none. John Rose and his love started for Marysville after dinner. Nothing else today.

Monday 8 – Went across the river after a horse for H.P. but did not get him. I went on to town. Hickman came out with me before noon. We got dinner and I went to town with him again and stayed all night. We took a bed at a hotel after being up until 12 o’clock nothing else new today.

Tuesday 9 – I got a horse to take out to H.P.’s. Dave got into town early in the morning on his way after a sowing machine. I went out to the ranch and found H.P.’s driver stalled with the wagon in the river with a load of hay. I came on and met a team going to town. He helped him out. Old Bub was at H.P.’s but soon went home. We did not get any money from him. We all went to the upper ranch to burn off stubble. We started a couple of hases but only had one race. Nothing else.

Wednesday 10 – Rained all day at a pretty good rate. I stayed about the house all day.

Thursday 11 – We went up to Turness, all of us. We run a hose about a mile on the plans but did not catch him. H.P. bought an ox for 80$. Dave and I killed a skunk in Hooper’s field. Nothing else today.

Friday 12 – I went to town on the hay wagon and stayed all day and night. Heard some good music at the Nicaragua Saloon. I slept at the stable.

Saturday 13 – Stayed in town all day. Durrick and I went to the theatre at night. It was very poor indeed.

Sunday 14 – Went out to H.P.’s and stayed all day. H.P. and I went to the upper place

Monday 15 – Rode a colt. He fell down with me and got on my leg. Nothing more.

Tuesday 16 – I rode the colt again today. We went to the upper field. We burned some straw. Rained after supper. The surveyor came in and stayed until after supper running off the line between H.P.  and Landis. Nothing else today.

Wednesday 17 – We all went to the upper field. H.P. and Kath went in the buggy. We went out on the plains to start a hare but did not succeed. I rode the colt.

Thursday 18 – Pa and I went to town with H.P. in the buggy to start home. We took dinner at Lindley’s. We stayed about town all day and slept at the stable.

Friday 19 – We started early in the morning for home in the stage. The stage got out of fix at the Oregon House but was fixed. We got to the New York House late in the evening and took mules to the Columbia House and arrived about 8 o’clock at night.

Saturday 20 – Started for Rabbit Creek in the morning on mules and got there about 12 o’clock and then took it afoot. Took dinner at Gibsonville about 2 o’clock.

Sunday 21 – Got to Onion Valley a little before dark and stayed all night &c. Started for the Point in the morning and arrived about noon. We took dinner with Sherwin and he went with us home or to Quincy. We got home after dark a little. Nothing else of interest today.

Monday 22 – Bill Rains and I hauled a load of hay from Wheelers to Judkins Mill and some lumber back. Turned warm after supper and rained in the night a little. Nothing else new today.

Tuesday 23 – Nothing of interest today. Rained today. Did not work today.

Wednesday 24 – Bill Rains and I hauled a load of hay from Wheelers to Elizabethtown. It snowed in the in the evening some. Everybody preparing for the ball at Spanish Ranch.74 The wagon broke down opposite Dueslers house in the branch and we had to unload our hay. Nothing else.

Thursday 25 – Our folks went to a ball at Spanish Ranch, being Christmas day with Sherwin and Waits. Bill and Pa stayed at home. Pretty cold at night. We built a fire in the Root house to keep the potatoes from freezing.

Friday 26 – Pretty cold today. Our folks got home after noon a little. Waits and Sherwin came up after supper and stayed awhile. No more today.

Saturday 27 – Nothing of interest today. Bill Moore and I hauled a load of wood

Sunday 28 – Nothing of interest today. Fine sleighing.

Monday 29 – Pretty cold today. A party at Elizabethtown tonight. Our folks all went and came home about 2 o’clock at night. They had a fine time.

Tuesday 30 – Nothing of interest today. Bill and I hauled some logs for Duesler to make wood out of.

Wednesday 31 – Rained and snowed nearly all day; a disagreeable day. A ball at Taplin’s tonight. Bill and I looked on awhile but did not take a hand. We made milk punch after supper and Saturday up until our folks came home. Moore got sick and vomited after going to bed. Had quite a pleasant time at the ball.

James Haun Diary, July 1855

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Sunday 1 – I was up before day and had breakfast, and Shaw and Rains was ready to start for Marysville before sunrise. We was climbing the mountain for Onion Valley at Nelson Creek about sunrise. We three made Rabbit Creek at noon, a distance of 22 miles. Dinner $1. We then got mules of the old line at $4 each to Marysville. We stopped at the Columbus House. Supper and lodging $1.50 each.

Monday 2 – At half past 4 we got in stage for Marysville. Took breakfast at New York Ranch, $1 and dinner at Peoria House $1, and were in Marysville by 3:00 P.M.
Very warm indeed—the mercury is at 105 in the shade.
I saw H.P. and we started out for the ranch. I gave a hackman $1 to haul me out to the river. All well, but thin of flesh. Jack is harvesting with 20 hands will get his grain cut this week.

Tuesday 3 – I and the Judge went to town. We stayed all day took dinner at Frank’s Restaurant, cost $1.75 for wine and H.P.’s soup and whiskey 50 cents. Late in the P.M. I and Shaw started for the ranch. Arrived at sunset.

Wednesday 4 – This is the fourth. We stayed out all day and helped to fix a force pump in H.P.s well to throw water all over his dwelling house and around it. At 3:00 P.M. I, Henry, Cath, and the children went down to the Simpsons’ and took dinner. We had roast pig and fried chicken, &c. Shaw and Jack went to town, as there was no work done. We went to H.P.’s about sunset.

Thursday 5 – All hands to work. Shaw and Jack came out betimes. After breakfast I, Shaw and Henry walked up to the field and saw the hands cutting wheat, with two reaping machines and 10 binders. Jack and Shaw went to town in the old buggy. Henry and I rode on horseback. Ferriage yesterday, 25 cents; dinner at Frank’s $1.50. I paid for Henry and myself. I  left $30 with Haun & Martin to pay the supreme clerk’s fee. I then changed off $192 in gold dust and left $150 with Henry to send to Dave, as he has written H.P. for money to come out to California again. Slept with Derrick.

Friday 6 – I and Shaw breakfasted at Frank’s Restaurant for 75 cents each. I bought a clean shirt for $2, and paid stage fare on the old line to Comptonville, $3. We each ate dinner at Key Stone, $1. Arrived in Comptonville at 4:00 P.M. We looked around at the diggins.

Saturday 7 – At 8:00 A.M., paid for tavern bill, supper, lodging, and breakfast $1.50, and whiskey 75 cents. We started on foot for Spring Valley and Shaw’s old ranch, about 6 miles. We arrived at noon got dinner, supper, lodging and breakfast, no charge.

Sunday 8 – We set out on foot for Emery’s Crossing on the Middle Yuba1 two miles down hill, and stopped some time until stage came along. Paid $2 each to Nevada City, 13 miles. Took dinner for $1 each at the Cherokee2 diggins and hotel. This is quite a mountainous country and good diggins all along to Nevada City. This place is a large mountain town and nothing to keep it up but gold dust taken out of the hills all around it. We arrived at 3:00 P.M. and hunted up the stage office where we registered our name for Marysville again, to start at 7 A.M. tomorrow. We paid $5 each for the ride, if we are fortunate enough to get it in this hilly country. It is quite warm and dusty, and has been since we left home.

Monday 9 – Paid for supper, lodging and breakfast $2.50 each. We are now ready to leave for Grass Valley and on to Rough and Ready and then to Marysville. Arrived at 3:00 P.M. Dinner at Empire Ranch $1 each. We then bought another new cotton shirt at the cost of $2 each, and then for the bath house. I took a  shower, cost 75 cents. I got $20 of the boys and let Shaw have $10 and then gave $5 each for our stage fare to Gibsonville and $1 each for a bed at the Western House.

Tuesday 10 – We was called up at half past 3 for the stage and after 4 we set out. Took breakfast at the Peoria House cost $1 each. As for dinner, they stopped at the New York but I did not eat. It has been awful warm and dusty. We arrived at the Rabbit Creek House after sunset. Supper and lodging $1.50 each. Here I lay on the best bed in California.

Wednesday 11 – Some time before day I was waked up by a drunken Frenchman that was quite noisy until daylight. Breakfast $1 each and whiskey 75 cents. At 8 A.M. the mule train came in. We soon started for Gibsonville and arrived at half past ten. We next started on foot for Onion Valley and arrived just in time for dinner, cost $1 each. We next made Nelson Creek at 1/2 past 2 P.M. We soon went up to our diggins. They were cleaning up rather soon but had 7 oz, save one dollar. We had to clean up, as John had been living in the other cabin and then my hickory shirt had to be mended which I  did. I read the 17th and 18th chapters of Acts of the Apostles &c — Lloyd has taken possession of the cabin we bought of Pike by pulling the steeple, as he had bought the 1/5 he is law-proof, that’s certain.

Thursday 12 – I had a good night’s sleep last night, and did not wake up till sunrise. I and John went to work at our same old place. We were running off tailings; did not see the color. The other boys were at work on the ditch some in the A.M. but are digging away at a large pine.

Friday 13 – I was sleeping away, the sun one hour high was called up by Shaw. I and John was cleaning away tailings, roots and stumps in the old ravine where we worked last March one year ago. No gold.
After supper I was setting at the side of the door of the other cabin after sunset. I heard something like distant thunder. The cabin shook and the boards rattled on the roof, a slight shake of the earth
Shaw and Lawrance have gone down to the Point.

Saturday 14 – We are still cleaning away the tailings. I’ve been handling rock so much my fingers is worn through to the quick. We got gold $8 and Lawrance’s company have taken out $226 in the last two weeks. I and John get the one half. Fine weather.

Sunday 15 – A beautiful morning as is so common. The season has passed for the robins to sing, and, O, shall I again hear that voice that haunts my memory by day and by night? I still hope.
Lawrance has prepared to go to Comptonvill to collect some money. We all went down to the Point and collected $200 of John Bass, and put $100 more to it and got Williamm Timberman to take it and the other $130 to H.P., making in all $530 to send to Brother Dave to come to California.
I saw Tom Eve down at the Point. He is at work down below Hitch Bar, working in the river for $3 per day and board. My lesson is the 24th chapter of Acts —

Monday 16 – I and John are piping away, and Shaw and Roister are at work in the lower diggins. A man by the name of Priske came up to see me to know if it would suit me for him to buy Shaw’s interest. I told him Shaw could not sell me a partner. He told Shaw that would suit him but Shaw would not let him buy. Late in the P.M. Westonhaver came to see me, one of H.P.s neighbors. He went down to the Point to see after his horse but did not return according to promise. No gold.

Tuesday 17 – I and John are still driving ahead. We got gold $6. John bought Shaw’s entire interest in the diggins and water ditches, tools, cabin, provisions, &c. all for $550 to be paid in six weeks. Shaw and Roister got gold $73 including yesterday’s work.

Wednesday 18 – We moved our hose and pipe down to the lower diggins. Shaw is working in Lawrance’s place. Roister is working for us. A short time before dinner we were getting ready for work, but we washed quite a hole in the ground. It clouded up and thundered once, but can’t rain. I’ve had the piles the last three days, somewhat inconvenient.
I dreamed that Jane Cooper was a widow and had two children and that she wanted me to marry her &c…

Thursday 19 – All four at work in the same place. Our hose and pipe works well. We washed down two trees, one a large tree.

P.M. it clouded up, thunder and lightning with quite a  shower of rain mixed with snow, almost hail. Did not clean up no gold —

Friday 20 – We are still looking forward, onward and upward. The truth is I begin to feel that I dislike for Shaw to leave us. There are none left as a partner. But that I was pleased heretofore. We turned another tree up today. We’ve not cleaned up. Lawrance came home this P.M. He did not get his money and I felt more like giving in than I’ve done for some time. Not well.

Saturday 21 – Well, I, John and Roister is all that is left of the great mountain company. Lawrance sold out to Roister this morning for $200 all the interests he had that was in the lower diggins.
Us three went to work. I cut off three logs and John and Roister cleaned up bedrock and then rolled the logs to one side. We got gold $47. I and John gets 3/4 and him 1/4. I paid Roister $79.25 for grub and pick sharpening for the company —

Sunday 22 – I read the 7th chapter of First Corinthians. We all went in to a general settlement and dividing of gold dust. I paid Shaw $66 that I had previously borrowed, leaving $100 more to be paid of the same sort and squared up with Lawrance. I and John gathered up two hickory shirts apiece and all five went down to the Point. Mrs. Duesler washes for 3 bits3 apiece. John gave Dr. Hill $10 for pres and medicine. Shaw gave us a bill of sale of all he owned in these diggins and we gave him a joint note due the 1st of September next for $550. I got a letter from Brother Dave dated June 10th 18554 written in Iowa and stating he wanted money to come to California again, also, my wife’s need of two or three hundred if she continues in Kentucky. We have taken out since Friday the 2nd of February 1855 $403.50 at $16 per ounce in Shaw’s John’s and my company, and in Lawrance’s company since October last $2136, and Duesler’s company took out $200 in 4 weeks, &c.

Monday 23 – Shaw and Lawrance started for the American Valley early and bid adieu to the Haun diggins. Well I felt sorry they have left us, but we three went to work in good earnest and got gold $17 without cleaning up the boxes. John stopped up the reservoir this evening for the first time. Water getting scarce. I dreamed of seeing my wife riding in a small wagon with several little Negroes. I thought she was coming to where I was, but seemed distant.

Tuesday 24 – I dreamt last night of flying. I thought I enjoyed very much. I thought I was where wife was, and a number of other persons as well. John went to bed and left the door open. I woke up cold just before day. We three was at work soon and late. We got gold $66.50. I and John eat in the other cabin with Roister but sleep in the one we built. The other cabin belongs to us also. We got gold $62.50. I commenced a letter to my wife.

Wednesday 25 – We are at work soon and late. We did not clean up boxes. Got gold $15.50. I feel lonely since the boys has left. The punishment is great.

Thursday 26 – I was up before sunrise. I built a fire in my cabin and then went over to the other and built another to cook breakfast by and called Roister. After working hard all day we got gold $66. We cleaned up bed rock and then the boxes. I finished my 20th letter to my wife. After supper John and Roister went down to the Point and mailed it, and I am all alone of the once great mountain company making these little entries. Not a voice to be heard except the screeching of a grass hopper, the wind blowing softly through the tops of the tall pines.

Friday 27 – I am at a loss to know what to note down. It is everyday alike, except some days we don’t get gold, as was the case today. While we were fixing to work the diggins Shaw and Lawrance came to us stopped a while. Did not say they wanted anything. We cut down a pine tree to keep it from falling on our hose as we have the roots to move. I think we will get the stump out tomorrow, and one by the side of it too.

Saturday 28 – We have nothing to detain us from work, except cooking. besides the enjoyment of making a good day’s work as is sometimes the case. So we shove our selves to the diggins and try and keep up the excitement. we succeeded in getting one stump out by noon and the other down. After dinner I felt more like taking rest, but that wont pay. We we cut and dug the dirt off and rolled out the large stump and cleaned up the boxes and quit. Got gold $76. John made pancakes and we had them with syrup and tea for super.

Sunday 29 – After breakfast we three went up the pike ditch and cleaned out the head of it. We next divided our gold dust. Roister’s 1/4 amounted to $65 and our 3/4 to $195 at $17.40 cents per ounce. We took three axes to grind and two picks to have sharpened, cost $1.50, and got 20 pounds potatoes for $2, and paid $1.50 for washing two shirts each for me and John.
We came home and got dinner rather late. We next went up the other ditch. It is in good order, but the water is rather scarce as the snow is all melted off the mountains. We had supper and then went to dividing our grub as there is but two of us, we with our 3/4 of it, and Roister 1/4. Yes, I paid Shaw $100 that I had borrowed of him.
My lesson is the 13th chapter of Second Corinthians.

Monday 30 – We were rather late getting out to work but hung on faithfully all day. We set up another set of boxes as the diggins require it. John was cutting a leading ditch to the main one to get in the deep water from the reservoir. Roister and I was piping in the second set of boxes and got gold $24.

Tuesday 31 – I was called up to my breakfast. The rats waked me up several times. I dreamed of wife. There is always something in my sleep that tells me it is not so. I am not with her and why am I thus tried, only to be cheated?
We were at work in the right boxes. Got gold $22. We cleaned them up and set them anew higher up, and then set up a third set of boxes on the left as the diggins are wide. We had to mend and tinker them up. That done, we quit for the day.

James Haun Diary, December 1854

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Friday 1 – Breakfast and lodging $1. Before sunrise I was on the road for Marysville, a distance of 19 miles, which which I made before noon. I paid $1.50 for whiskey I had a mule ride 6 miles I then went to Row & Haun’s office and had a consultation about my suit, in which they both said there would be no difficulty in gaining it for me in the supreme court, only I had to send back the papers and have them maid out anew on paper of a certain kind before they would be admitted in that court. I paid $1.50 for paper and $1 for the express to take it back. I then went to the stable to Derick. He did not know me for some time. I went home with H.P. Cath1 is not well, quite feeble, and little Cath has got the chills and the nerves. H.P. is not in good health either. Derick is well.
Cloudy the last two days.

Saturday 2 – H.P. and I went to town and stayed all day. I gave 25 cents for grapes to eat and got acquainted with Bob Bowen whom Dave called “little Bub,” &c. So we two went home with the judge at dark. Cloudy today.

Sunday 3 – Rained all day. Bowen asked me to loan him $1000 at 3 per cent a month, and he would make me safe by mortgage. I agreed to send it down as soon as practicable. We stayed all day at the Judge’s —

Monday 4 – Bowen started home. I and the Judge went to town and then to the post office. I got two letters, one from my wife dated October 18 18542 giving an account of old Ben Ford’s death, and the reception of a bill of exchange for $200, and her determination to remain in Kentucky for the present, and one from Lizzy of October 253, which says she wants us to come home in the spring, if we could.
I stayed in town all day. After dinner Jack came in. He did not know me at first. I went out with the Judge at dark, &c —

Tuesday 5 – Jack came out before breakfast. I and the judge went to town, he on the hunt of beef cattle, and I to get two gum coats, white $16; and two pair of gum overalls, $6; one cover to a hat, $1; two red flannel shirts, $3.50; four pair socks, $2; one pair gum boots, $7; five fiddle strings; and a pair of tweezers, $1.25. I left Row $30 to pay the entrance fee of suit to the clerk of the supreme court, and 25 cents for grapes. I slept in the stable was quite sick all night.

Wednesday 6 – Paid $10 to ride up to the Columbus House in the stage. Cold and foggy at Marysville. Dinner $1 at the Oregon House. We got to the Columbus at 8 o’clock P.M. I took supper, $1, and went to bed, $.50, and took breakfast, $1.

Thursday 7 – I gave $6 to ride a mule to Gibsonville and got my dinner there, $1, at 2:00 P.M. I then had to foot it two miles home which I did arriving a little after dark, carrying quite a pack. I spent 50 cents for whiskey at the Point.

Friday 8 – We all went to work including Cook, a hired man. We cleaned off tailing and top dirt, but did not clean up our boxes. All well. Weather clear and cool. The moon has just rose above the hills, and the men have turned into their bunks. I will soon follow.

Saturday 9 – Quite cool of nights and mornings, so much so that our water in the ditch is nearly blocked up with ice till noon when the sun melts the ice some. Shaw, John, I, and Cook, a young man that we hire, were striping today, though we got gold  $2.50. Lloyd and Lawrence continued striping.

Sunday 10 – Cool and clear. We divided our dust from the last two weeks, getting $111.50 per share, after paying $23 for the company for hired help to John Bull. My lost time amounted to $28. For two pairs of gum gloves I paid $3.50. I wrote a letter to H.P. and sent him a check for $1,500 by F.H. Everett & Co. Express to be loaned at 3 per cent a month. I bought an ax and handle, paid $3, whiskey 50 cents &c. My lesson is the 10th Chapter of Matthew —

Monday 11 – All six of us were at work on the ditch, covering it to keep it from being filled up with snow and breaking the levy, as was done last year. John is 20 years old today, and John Lloyd 50.

Tuesday 12 – The nights are quite cold, so much so that the water is frozen considerably in the ditch. Where it is covered it does not freeze.

Wednesday 13 – Still putting brush over the ditch. Six men have been at work on the ditch for four days each. The nights cold and days warm. The yellow jackets are flying about at noon. The wind does not blow the least bit, only its clouding up for rain or snow.

Thursday 14 – We finished covering the ditch with brush. Delightful sunshine, very pleasant to work.

Friday 15 – I and Lawrence was cleaning rocks out the ditch till noon. The other four was setting up the boxes and hose and cutting down some small trees and brush off the diggins. After dinner four of us got gold $44. The sun shines warm and pleasant. I paid 25 cents for paper tax —

Saturday 16 – I, Shaw, Lloyd, and Levi Lawrence gathered up six picks, and each one of them gathered their gum boots, and I took John’s, so that we had four pairs in all, and we went over to Betsey Town. He had the boots half soled with leather, cost $2.50, and the picks steeled and sharpened.
I met a woman in company with a man dressed in men’s clothes and riding straddle. She is quite common stock. Another woman has left her husband, one of the proprietors of U.S. Hotel in Betsy Town, and gone with her lover. This took place some three weeks ago.
My dinner and supper $2, plus lodging.
(Two men worked one day each on the ditch, 2 others one  half day each.)

Sunday 17 – After breakfast, $1, we started for home and arrived at 1 o’clock. We took dinner and went down to the Point. The county clerk had made out the papers again on the right kind of paper for my suit with Vaughn. I sent them by Everett’s Express to Marysville, to Row and Haun. &c. Cost 50 cents. My lesson is Matthew, Chapter 21.

Monday 18 – Four of us went to work at our diggins. The water soon ran out where Levi and Lloyd were at work, on account of the reservoir being at their chocked up by the cold, and no rain or snow to raise the break. The nights are cold and the water freezes. The days are dry and pleasant. We had to stop work till noon. We then had water till night and made $28. Levi and Lloyd do not weigh their gold till the close of the week, &c.

Tuesday 19 – We was ready for work betimes as usual, but there was no water to work with.
Shaw, Lloyd and Lawrence went up the ditch to the bear trap and took out what is called a “cat.”4 His front is grey and the hind part of his body grows gradually black. His long bushy tail, his legs and feet, his head, eyes and ears resemble those of a bear. They lassoed him in the trap and choked him till quite dead. Then they tied him before he came to again. We got some coarse wire and made a chain.
I paid off Cook for 12 days work $24. I went down to the Point with him. I returned at noon. After dinner I and John cut and split some wood, as none of the company worked in the diggins.

Wednesday 20 – After breakfast I, John, Lloyd, Shaw, and Lawrence and two other men who are prospecting near our cabins all concluded to go down to Rich Bar and cross over Feather River and up Winters Creek. We tied up some bread and meat in a handkerchief to eat. We went right over Slate Mountain. It was very difficult to get down, I had to hold on to the rocks and bushes. We went up Winters Creek and arrived at the place where crystallized quarts has been got. I picked up a piece and took it to my cabin. We spent the day in climbing over the mountains and ravines.
Lloyd went up the river to the Point and got a letter for himself and one for John dated October 25 18545 from his ma. She said a great deal about our coming home in the Spring, and about a conversation she had with Littiss. There was also a letter for me from my wife dated November 13 18546, giving an account of her unhappy situation in being separated from us. She wants us to come home in the spring any how.
Well, we have not worked any today on account of the water being froze up. The nights are cold but the days is so delightful.

Thursday 21 – Cold nights and pleasant days. The first thing we done was to plague our pet until he broke the chain and none of us could catch him again. He is free again, except a collar around his neck and some little chain to it.
We did nothing at mining. I and John was getting wood. We cut up the tree that lay just behind our cabin and split some of it, &c., &c.

Friday 22 – Last night a man came up after Shaw, telling him to go down to his ranch. Accordingly this morning he started. Hannibal Bray came up according to appointment. Two others and myself took a tramp over the mountains but made no new discoveries. I was at home by 2:00 P.M. I ate dinner and split wood until night.

Saturday 23 – I, John Lloyd and Lawrence was all at work. We had plenty of water. John and I got gold $7.50. Lloyd and C. did not weigh. It was somewhat cloudy today.

Sunday 24 – Warm and cloudy, with wind blowing from the South. I split some wood that lay near my door and piled it up in anticipation of rain and snow. I finished my 16th letter to my wife and went down to the Point and mailed it (25 cents) and got a letter (50 cents) from H.P. acknowledging the receipt of a check for $1,500. I got John a hickory shirt for $1, and then got drink and went home. I gave $3.50 for whiskey.
I did wrong. I own up, and ask for forgiveness.

Monday 25 – Christmas morning. Up before day and built up a fire. I would like to catch my wife again in a Christmas gift. A little two far off. Cloudy, and wind blowing from the South. My lesson is the 8th Chapter of Mark. All four of us went to work. I and John got gold $57.50. It rained some in the forenoon. In the afternoon it was somewhat cloudy with sunshine at intervals, and all clear by bedtime.

Tuesday 26 – Cold last night. Charles Allen, one of Shaw’s friends came to my cabin after dark. I hired him to work for Shaw while he is gone. So, we three got gold $21. It snowed a little in the evening and after dark the ground is a little white.

Wednesday 27 – Cloudy last night, but no snow fell of consequence. It is somewhat cloudy today, but quite cool. We three got gold $10.50.

Thursday 28 – So cold last night that the water in the ditch froze up entirely. I, John and Charles were clearing off the ground of brush and small trees, and burning some heaps that we made last winter. Lawrence and Lloyd was at the same in the morning. They went up to the trap before dinner and found another cat in it. After dinner John went up to get it out, but choked it to death. Its of no account —

Friday 29 – Cold. The water is still froze up in the ditch. I and John were getting wood today —

Saturday 30 – Last night it was cold, but its warm today and somewhat cloudy. We finished off cutting and splitting wood, done up in good style. We went out and mended up our log heaps. John washed three shirts, a towel, and pair of socks for me, and some for himself. He had cleaned the table and furniture before, so we are in good shape for the New Year. After supper I washed myself, and then a pair of socks, and then went to bed. Lawrence and Charles went over to the American Valley after his blankets and other fixtures. They got back a little after dark.

Sunday 31 – Warm and cloudy. Snow commenced before day. Sometime after breakfast I, John and Lawrance went up the ditch to look after the water. It was making its way down slowly. While we were up there it commenced raining and left off snowing. After returning we took diner and supper at the same time. Lloyd went down to the Point and has not returned. It continued to rain all day and late at night there was thunder. My lesson is the first chapter of St. Luke. I read four chapters and did some mending to my old duds, &c.