James Haun Diary, August 1856

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Friday 1 – All hands lounging about. An evening of rest in the barn.

Saturday 2 – We are not doing much. Rains is on a bust. Henry hitched up his team and 14 took a ride by Judkins’ mill to Betsy Town and home again. John and Dave came over, as Hickman went after them with horses.

Sunday 3 – Most of the family took a ride up as far as they could go with a stage towards Nelson Creek, took dinner in the woods, and came back the same day. I was quite unwell and  sent Hickman to Dr. Cate to get some medicine, which I took. Rains is still drunk.

Monday 4 – I feel somewhat better. Lindley left for Hopkins Creek. The District Judge came to hold court and two lawyers with him. We commenced to thresh out wheat with Daniel Cates’ machine.

Tuesday 5 – Lindley came home this A.M. and after noon we got done with the wheat, as there is but little. Two sacks flour, $12.50. Rains is still on a bust. Opened court.

Wednesday 6 – Henry, John, my wife, Cath and Mrs. Lindley all went on horseback to Nelson Creek to see the mines. We came back before dark. I sent my wheat to mill this A.M. After, we were hauling in our oats and wheat straw.

Thursday 7 – We finished our hay straw by noon. I collected $5 of Brewster for ranching mules and paid Garland $5.50 for barley and help. Got $1.50 of H.P. I was watering potatoes and cabbage a while.

P.M. Hauled three loads of frost bit wheat for Willmans and am to haul the rest as soon as we can. All have gone to a dance at Betsy Town but Lindley and his wife and I. Dave and John is gone too. Smith has worked 3 days —

Friday 8 – I finished hauling Willmans wheat this P.M. at $25 the load.

Saturday 9 – I hauled in Jennings’ wheat at $30 stacked in the lot near the barn. Dave and John came over on yesterday as witnesses in the case I have in court.

Sunday 10 – H.P. and family, Mrs. Lindley, and three children, Mrs. Buchannon, her child and servant all started for Marysville. Rains drove with two yoke of oxen to pull the stage up the hill near Eagle Gulch. Dave went along to help.

Monday 11 – In due time the Rush and Terwilliger suit for the water was called. The court was nearly all day getting through with the plaintiff’s witnesses. Smith worked five days more last week and Hickman was done with work on Saturday last.

Tuesday 12 – We closed our evidence and offered a plea in bar of a former trial. Cox was allowed to bring in evidence to rebut that was manufactured at the Illinois Ranch last night. A verdict was brought in against us for the water, and  $1 damages, and each party to pay his cost — his own cost.

Wednesday 13 – In time, the suits for the recovery of damages on the in junction bonds was called. The two of them was joined  together, but of different dates. The jury brought in a verdict against us for $300 and costs. I borrowed 100 pounds flour of Judge Ward last week on Monday last. I had 1500 new pounds flour brought home. C. Lindley has helped us in law all he can.

Thursday 14 – I collected $8.50 ranch fees. Dave, John, and Hickman went over to Rocky Bar. Quite a number of gamblers in town.

Friday 15 – I, Bray, Lindley, the Judge, and others went over to Nelson Creek and on their way home I went down to Rocky Bar. Most of the hands were cleaning up since yesterday at noon. I helped.

Saturday 16 – We were all cleaning up till noon among the old drifts, except Dave. In all we cleaned up the boxes and got $65, of which I got $54.50. I and Kyler came over to the valley. I paid $1 to Thompson for hay for Duesler’s pony and paid $3 for help on the barn.

Sunday 17 – Racing most of the day yesterday on the Ray Ranch in the American Valley. Quite a number of gamblers in town—rather a bad sign in these robbing times.
There was preaching in town today by a merchant and abolitionist. Rains bought me a pair of shoes and socks.

Monday 18 – Watering potatoes. There is some talk of compromise with Terwilliger in our lawsuits.

Tuesday 19 – I, Bray, Fox, and Smith, went up to the Massack diggins and up the ditch, and then to Yates’ where we took dinner. I, Bray and Fox then went to Nelson Point. I went down to Rocky Bar and stayed all Night.

Wednesday 20 – Lem Compton has quit work. I, Dave and Tom was piping down. The rest went to cleaning up, and got gold $80. Rains came over this A.M.

Thursday 21 – Breakfast over, I and Shults went up to the Point. Kyler quit work yesterday and Shults is sick this morning. I and Rains went up to the old cabins then down to Willow Ranch. Old Lloyd came in. He did not take exception to anything I said to him. We walked around in the diggins and then went back to the cabins. Then I saddled Niggar and put out for the valley.

Friday 22 – I, Rains and Smith were watering the potatoes till noon. The water then gave out. In the P.M. we worked on the barn.

Saturday 23 – Still watering the potatoes. Bray and Fox came over to settle with Terwilliger  and the Sheriff and the clerk. Each one of us three had to pay $218.13 a piece, besides our own witnesses, etc. Terwilliger gave a bill of sale of all his claims up at Massack, together with his lawsuits and we are to pay him $1,200 in 5 months. So the difficulties closed.
I collected $15 of John Ward.
The jumping match1 came off at Betsy Town. G. Farrier got beat.
I sold my entire interest in the A.C. Thompson Ditch and Massack diggins to Smith for $675, all to be paid by 18th of February 1857. Possession given.

Sunday 24 – Lem came over on yesterday and left today. Smith started for Massack. I and Rains were watering potatoes till noon. We had a mess of roasting corn for dinner. I collected $1 for ranching.
The Know Nothings nominated their candidates for county offices on yesterday evening.
I wrote a letter to H.P. cost $.25.

Monday 25 – I received a letter from H.P. dated the 15th instant and one from Dr. Barloe of Georgetown, Kentucky giving an account of Bet having been sick and Nelson having his right leg broke below the knee only 5 days previous to 12th of July. He says he is doing well as could be expected.
I and Rains were watering potatoes.

Tuesday 26 – Cold and frosty last night. It killed some of the potato tops. We are still watering. My wife, Liz and Rains and a number of other ladies and gents went to a lake in the mountains between the American and Indian valleys. They came back just at dark. Davy the cook came this evening.

Wednesday 27 – Cold and frosty last night. Rains was somewhat drunk and up all night. I went over to Rocky Bar and stayed all night. We took out 11 1/4 ounces among the drifts.

Thursday 28 – Cold and frosty again. Soon after breakfast I and Dave went up to the Point and weighed out $450.75. I got $200, and put off for home. I paid Haden that sum for a note that was due on the ranch.
I and Rains made a long ladder. I paid Thompson $.50 for hay for my horse all night and owe $.50 more. Some gamblers have been arrested and will be tried on Tuesday next. My wife and Liz has gone to sit up with the corpse of Mrs. Ray.

Friday 29 – Mrs. Ray was buried this P.M. We are at work on the barn a little and arrogating.

Saturday 30 – Much excitement prevails in town respecting the gamblers. I was at work a little on the barn.

Sunday 31 – I and Rains started for the Point at daybreak. We took our guns and went over on the mountain road to see if we could not find a deer to shot at, but none to be seen. I went down to Rocky Bar.

P.M. At the Point I got a letter from H.P. stating he had sent $1,000 by Morly and Hawkins express. Freight on the same was $7.50. Rains was in a fuss with Lem Keene at the Point. We went home to the valley.

James Haun Diary, December 1855

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Saturday 1 – A cool morning. We fixed up the last load of wheat that filled the engagement of 1,000 bushels. We then took a rabbit hunt and caught two. H.P. went to town and sent to San Francisco after the trunks that had been freighted across the isthmus.

Sunday 2 – A cool morning. I, Dave and Henry had several chases with dogs and hares early. Bow and Rose came and spent the day. Cath had a good dinner. Alls well.

Monday 3 – I and Derick started for Bob Bourne’s 24 miles away.  We arrived at 2:00 P.M. and stayed all night.

Tuesday 4 – Cloudy, has rained a very little. Bob paid me $100, all he could do. We started home again. We went by Tucker Flat and saw the Miss Daugherty. We got home after sunset. H.P. has been sick the last two days.

Wednesday 5 – Raining. I , Jack, Dave, Derick, and two hired men went up to the upper ranch and moved a house out of the field near the roadside. It rained off and on all day.

Thursday 6 – Its raining still. I and Jack went to town to see after getting up in the mountains again, and came to the conclusion to go into town again in the morning. Whiskey $.75, medicine for John $3. Went to H.P.’s at 4:00 P.M.

Friday 7 – Raining, and foul weather. The mountains are covered with snow— looks rather gloomy with snow at a distance. Dave, Liz, my wife, and me got ready and H.P. took us to town in the A.M.
We stopped at the Western House. Paid $1.50 drayage1 to move three trunks from the boat to Western House.Dave paid $.50 in freight on three trunks to Marysville. I sent $103 to H. Rankin, $283 to John Pratt and $60 to San Francisco. Also borrowed money of S.S. Burkley and others, and exchanged $11.50.

Gum coat and boots for Dave, $14
Two gum coats, $15
Boots for my wife and Liz, $7
Stage fare to Rabbit Creek, $40
Freight on three covered trunks to Rabbit Creek $30
Tavern bill $10
Tobacco $.50
Fiddle string $.75

Saturday 8 – Partially clear last night and cloudy this morning. We set out for the mountains. We took breakfast at Peoria House, $4, and then the stage stopped at the Oregon House at noon. We did not dine.

P.M. Raining a little. We got to the New York House. The stage stopped here and will up no farther. There is considerable snow here.

Sunday 9 – Rained all night here. The saddle train and about a dozen passengers started for Rabbit Creek early. We had to lie over on account of the ladies’ saddles.
9 o’clock A.M. The sun is shining out bright and warm and continued so till noon.

Monday 10 – Cloudy this morning. We had breakfast early. Out board here was $20 for all four. We mounted our mules, putting one of the trunks on a mule and leaving the other three behind, and started for Rabbit Creek. We got along very well. It commenced raining about noon and then snowed the rest of the day. We made Rabbit Creek just before dark, all wet and cold.

Tuesday 11 – Cleared off in the night and was frosty in the morning. The snow here is 3 1/2 feet deep and is settled down almost enough to bare a man. The sun shone out bright and warm all day. We all stopped for the day.

Wednesday 12 – Quite clear, with wind from the North. At 10 o’clock I and Dave started for Gibsonville, leaving my wife and Lizzy at the Rabbit Creek House to board at the rate of $14 apiece per week.2
We arrived on foot at Gibsonville at 1:00 P.M. The sun shone warm and pleasant all day.

Thursday 13 – Cloudy this morning. We had made a pair of snow shoes apiece and, after paying our bill for three meals and lodging each, $6, at the Mountain Cottage, we started for Nelson Point. We got about one mile and had to return. I forgot my revolver, besides we could not keep our snow shoes on. We again started after 10 A.M.  and with much difficulty and tying we got out shoes to stay on. By this time the snow had begun to fall and the wind to blow.
We got to Onion Valley after noon, waited 1 1/2 hours for dinner $2. It was still snowing a little. We tied on our shoes and again started out, the wind blowing a perfect gale. The snow was drifting and light. We arrived at the Point after sunset, quite fatigued and the skin rubbed off our feet in several places, but we went on home.

Friday 14 – I found all well. John and  Rains and James Shults is boarding with us. The snow is about one foot deep here after setting. The boys have not been able to do any work in the diggins since I’ve been gone on account of water.
The sun has shone out most of the day, but looks rather stormy. We made a road between the cabins and to the ditch to get water. The boys hauled up some wood. I tool a warm bath last night and slept fine.

Saturday 15 – Commenced snowing early last night. This morning the new snow was six inches deep. It continued snowing and misting all day. We don’t so much as think of going to work and eat twice a day.

Sunday 16 – Rains and Shults did not come home last night, but Shults came early this morning and says Bill is drunk. I read six of the last chapters of Paul’s Letter to the Romans. After breakfast I, Dave and John set to work and made four pairs of snowshoes out of  hoops and flour sacks, intending to go after my wife and Lizzy as soon as the weather is favorable.

Monday 17 – Cloudy and misty all day. We fixed up our snowshoes. In the after noon I, John and Dave went up the ditch to see after the water. It is making its way down 1/2 mile from the reservoir. Our snowshoes is very imperfect from trial made.

Tuesday 18 – Up two hours before daylight and breakfast over, waiting for day. Cloudy. John started for Quincy to get the clerk’s certificate of release for I. T. Pratt and D. H. Smith, freeing them from continuing my security any longer as guardian for my son John, as he is now of age. The sun shone out all day. I was fixing snow shoes. John got home about sunset with the certificates from the clerk and judge.

Wednesday 19 – Clouded up last night, with the wind blowing from the South. Its raining and snowing a little today.
I and Rains went up the Pike Ditch to see what had become of the water. The levy was broken in many places, the water running out. We mended it up. There is almost enough water for the pipe head.
We did intend to go over to Rabbit Creek after my wife and Liz today, if the weather would have permitted. It is now bedtime and raining considerably.
John paid $2 for the clerk’s certificate of release, and $8 to Duesler.

Thursday 20 – Breakfast is over and consultation has been had. I, John and Dave put on our snowshoes and carried a pair for my wife and a pair for Liz. Also a pair of my best pants for my wife to put on. We took dinner at Gibsonville, $3 for us three, and then on to Rabbit Creek about sunset.
The day was cloudy at intervals.
I received a letter3 from my wife on the road written the day before, stating that she wanted us to come after her.

Friday 21 – It commenced snowing early last night and kept it up all day.
We went to a dance last night. I gave Dave $1.50.

Saturday 22 – It snowed all of last night but cleared up this morning. I mailed three letters for $.75. One of them was to D.H. Smith containing a release deed from John as my security as guardian for John. I paid the bill at Rabbit Creek House for 90 meals $62, then filled a carpet sack, flour sack and basket. Off we started on foot—I, John, Dave, my wife, Liz, and a man by named Smith, wading through the snow. My wife gave out at the Mountain Spring House.

Sunday 23 – Clear, cold and frosty last night. I, my wife and Liz tried to sleep together. It was too cold and the bed was so very hard we slept but little.
After breakfast was over we dug up a sledge out of the snow. I went and got a young fir tree and made half soles for the runners. Then I tied on our luggage and put my  wife on. I paid the landlord $10 and off we started—four of us to pull and Liz to get along the best she could. As soon as we got in the woods the snow crust broke through. So, Dave went on to Gibsonville after our snowshoes and met us 1 1/2 miles from Gibsonville. We arrived at noon, took dinner, $6, and soon after started for the Onion Valley. But got to the foot of the hill and returned again to the Mountain Cottage.

Monday 24 – Clear and very cold last night and all of today. After 10 A.M. we paid our bill $12. We set out again with some three men to help us and got half way up the hill, but the wind blew from the North East so cold we was afraid to risk the top, for fear of freezing my wife and Liz. We turned about again and went back to the Mountain Cottage and put up for the day. I and John went out and got some timber to make a new sledge. We succeeded in getting it partially made.

Tuesday 25 – Christmas morning and cold yet, but moderated somewhat and cloudy. We set to and finished our sledge and harnessed up. We paid our bill, $16, and off we started. We had gone 1/2 mile when 13 men overtook us to help us over the mountain. We hauled them mostly up to it top. Some four returned and the rest went on to Onion Valley. We put up for the night. The men took an hour to eat dinner and then returned to Gibsonville. It was snowing.

Wednesday 26 – Snowed all night and at this place the wind blew a heavy gale with the snow falling fast. After a late breakfast we hitched up. We paid our bill, gave those that helped us the day before $18 and asked their aid to draw our sledge load through the snow a part of the way. Seven men turned out. When we had gotten over the hardest places three turned back and the other four went on with us to Nelson Point. We arrived all in good order and on time. We put up at the Thompson House. It’s snowing still.

Thursday 27
– Rained last night and rained and snowed all of today. So, after dinner, I, my wife and Liz started for our cabins. It was as much as my wife could do to walk home. Dave and John went home yesterday evening and found Shultz and Rains drinking and gambling at the Point. I paid my bill at the Point. John, his ma and Liz got supper.
On last Monday the 24th several men had their feet frosted considerably passing between Onion Valley and Gibsonville.

Friday 28 – I was up before daylight as I got cold in the bunk I was sleeping in. I was not in my old cabin—we had concluded to stop in the other cabin. Liz and John got breakfast. That over, I concluded to move back into my own cabin. I took down the old bunks and put up two double ones, one above the other. I and my wife take the under, and Liz the upper one.
Clear and cold last night and all of today. The women has been cleaning up today.

Saturday 29 – Clear and cold last night and all of today.
I was fixing up my old cabin—chinking the cracks on the inside with rags and taking down some old shelves. John, Dave and Rains cut a set of cabin logs by noon to make a store and cook house. Dave broke my ax cutting today.

Sunday 30 – Cold and clear. We all put in our time rather poorly. The cold weather, the lack of comforts for females all tend to make our time drag, heavily on, and it is entirely too cold to do anything at mining.
I read the last two chapters of Fist Corinthians. I wrote a letter to H.P. The days and nights are very cold, and our water ditches are frozen dry.

Monday 31 – Still cold and clear. John went down to the Point yesterday and got a crosscut saw. Today we sawed blocks and laid the foundation of a new cabin. I had two sledges to mend, as they bear up the log and our selves. The team, my wife and Liz were washing our duds and doing the cooking.

James Haun Diary, December 1854

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Friday 1 – Breakfast and lodging $1. Before sunrise I was on the road for Marysville, a distance of 19 miles, which which I made before noon. I paid $1.50 for whiskey I had a mule ride 6 miles I then went to Row & Haun’s office and had a consultation about my suit, in which they both said there would be no difficulty in gaining it for me in the supreme court, only I had to send back the papers and have them maid out anew on paper of a certain kind before they would be admitted in that court. I paid $1.50 for paper and $1 for the express to take it back. I then went to the stable to Derick. He did not know me for some time. I went home with H.P. Cath1 is not well, quite feeble, and little Cath has got the chills and the nerves. H.P. is not in good health either. Derick is well.
Cloudy the last two days.

Saturday 2 – H.P. and I went to town and stayed all day. I gave 25 cents for grapes to eat and got acquainted with Bob Bowen whom Dave called “little Bub,” &c. So we two went home with the judge at dark. Cloudy today.

Sunday 3 – Rained all day. Bowen asked me to loan him $1000 at 3 per cent a month, and he would make me safe by mortgage. I agreed to send it down as soon as practicable. We stayed all day at the Judge’s —

Monday 4 – Bowen started home. I and the Judge went to town and then to the post office. I got two letters, one from my wife dated October 18 18542 giving an account of old Ben Ford’s death, and the reception of a bill of exchange for $200, and her determination to remain in Kentucky for the present, and one from Lizzy of October 253, which says she wants us to come home in the spring, if we could.
I stayed in town all day. After dinner Jack came in. He did not know me at first. I went out with the Judge at dark, &c —

Tuesday 5 – Jack came out before breakfast. I and the judge went to town, he on the hunt of beef cattle, and I to get two gum coats, white $16; and two pair of gum overalls, $6; one cover to a hat, $1; two red flannel shirts, $3.50; four pair socks, $2; one pair gum boots, $7; five fiddle strings; and a pair of tweezers, $1.25. I left Row $30 to pay the entrance fee of suit to the clerk of the supreme court, and 25 cents for grapes. I slept in the stable was quite sick all night.

Wednesday 6 – Paid $10 to ride up to the Columbus House in the stage. Cold and foggy at Marysville. Dinner $1 at the Oregon House. We got to the Columbus at 8 o’clock P.M. I took supper, $1, and went to bed, $.50, and took breakfast, $1.

Thursday 7 – I gave $6 to ride a mule to Gibsonville and got my dinner there, $1, at 2:00 P.M. I then had to foot it two miles home which I did arriving a little after dark, carrying quite a pack. I spent 50 cents for whiskey at the Point.

Friday 8 – We all went to work including Cook, a hired man. We cleaned off tailing and top dirt, but did not clean up our boxes. All well. Weather clear and cool. The moon has just rose above the hills, and the men have turned into their bunks. I will soon follow.

Saturday 9 – Quite cool of nights and mornings, so much so that our water in the ditch is nearly blocked up with ice till noon when the sun melts the ice some. Shaw, John, I, and Cook, a young man that we hire, were striping today, though we got gold  $2.50. Lloyd and Lawrence continued striping.

Sunday 10 – Cool and clear. We divided our dust from the last two weeks, getting $111.50 per share, after paying $23 for the company for hired help to John Bull. My lost time amounted to $28. For two pairs of gum gloves I paid $3.50. I wrote a letter to H.P. and sent him a check for $1,500 by F.H. Everett & Co. Express to be loaned at 3 per cent a month. I bought an ax and handle, paid $3, whiskey 50 cents &c. My lesson is the 10th Chapter of Matthew —

Monday 11 – All six of us were at work on the ditch, covering it to keep it from being filled up with snow and breaking the levy, as was done last year. John is 20 years old today, and John Lloyd 50.

Tuesday 12 – The nights are quite cold, so much so that the water is frozen considerably in the ditch. Where it is covered it does not freeze.

Wednesday 13 – Still putting brush over the ditch. Six men have been at work on the ditch for four days each. The nights cold and days warm. The yellow jackets are flying about at noon. The wind does not blow the least bit, only its clouding up for rain or snow.

Thursday 14 – We finished covering the ditch with brush. Delightful sunshine, very pleasant to work.

Friday 15 – I and Lawrence was cleaning rocks out the ditch till noon. The other four was setting up the boxes and hose and cutting down some small trees and brush off the diggins. After dinner four of us got gold $44. The sun shines warm and pleasant. I paid 25 cents for paper tax —

Saturday 16 – I, Shaw, Lloyd, and Levi Lawrence gathered up six picks, and each one of them gathered their gum boots, and I took John’s, so that we had four pairs in all, and we went over to Betsey Town. He had the boots half soled with leather, cost $2.50, and the picks steeled and sharpened.
I met a woman in company with a man dressed in men’s clothes and riding straddle. She is quite common stock. Another woman has left her husband, one of the proprietors of U.S. Hotel in Betsy Town, and gone with her lover. This took place some three weeks ago.
My dinner and supper $2, plus lodging.
(Two men worked one day each on the ditch, 2 others one  half day each.)

Sunday 17 – After breakfast, $1, we started for home and arrived at 1 o’clock. We took dinner and went down to the Point. The county clerk had made out the papers again on the right kind of paper for my suit with Vaughn. I sent them by Everett’s Express to Marysville, to Row and Haun. &c. Cost 50 cents. My lesson is Matthew, Chapter 21.

Monday 18 – Four of us went to work at our diggins. The water soon ran out where Levi and Lloyd were at work, on account of the reservoir being at their chocked up by the cold, and no rain or snow to raise the break. The nights are cold and the water freezes. The days are dry and pleasant. We had to stop work till noon. We then had water till night and made $28. Levi and Lloyd do not weigh their gold till the close of the week, &c.

Tuesday 19 – We was ready for work betimes as usual, but there was no water to work with.
Shaw, Lloyd and Lawrence went up the ditch to the bear trap and took out what is called a “cat.”4 His front is grey and the hind part of his body grows gradually black. His long bushy tail, his legs and feet, his head, eyes and ears resemble those of a bear. They lassoed him in the trap and choked him till quite dead. Then they tied him before he came to again. We got some coarse wire and made a chain.
I paid off Cook for 12 days work $24. I went down to the Point with him. I returned at noon. After dinner I and John cut and split some wood, as none of the company worked in the diggins.

Wednesday 20 – After breakfast I, John, Lloyd, Shaw, and Lawrence and two other men who are prospecting near our cabins all concluded to go down to Rich Bar and cross over Feather River and up Winters Creek. We tied up some bread and meat in a handkerchief to eat. We went right over Slate Mountain. It was very difficult to get down, I had to hold on to the rocks and bushes. We went up Winters Creek and arrived at the place where crystallized quarts has been got. I picked up a piece and took it to my cabin. We spent the day in climbing over the mountains and ravines.
Lloyd went up the river to the Point and got a letter for himself and one for John dated October 25 18545 from his ma. She said a great deal about our coming home in the Spring, and about a conversation she had with Littiss. There was also a letter for me from my wife dated November 13 18546, giving an account of her unhappy situation in being separated from us. She wants us to come home in the spring any how.
Well, we have not worked any today on account of the water being froze up. The nights are cold but the days is so delightful.

Thursday 21 – Cold nights and pleasant days. The first thing we done was to plague our pet until he broke the chain and none of us could catch him again. He is free again, except a collar around his neck and some little chain to it.
We did nothing at mining. I and John was getting wood. We cut up the tree that lay just behind our cabin and split some of it, &c., &c.

Friday 22 – Last night a man came up after Shaw, telling him to go down to his ranch. Accordingly this morning he started. Hannibal Bray came up according to appointment. Two others and myself took a tramp over the mountains but made no new discoveries. I was at home by 2:00 P.M. I ate dinner and split wood until night.

Saturday 23 – I, John Lloyd and Lawrence was all at work. We had plenty of water. John and I got gold $7.50. Lloyd and C. did not weigh. It was somewhat cloudy today.

Sunday 24 – Warm and cloudy, with wind blowing from the South. I split some wood that lay near my door and piled it up in anticipation of rain and snow. I finished my 16th letter to my wife and went down to the Point and mailed it (25 cents) and got a letter (50 cents) from H.P. acknowledging the receipt of a check for $1,500. I got John a hickory shirt for $1, and then got drink and went home. I gave $3.50 for whiskey.
I did wrong. I own up, and ask for forgiveness.

Monday 25 – Christmas morning. Up before day and built up a fire. I would like to catch my wife again in a Christmas gift. A little two far off. Cloudy, and wind blowing from the South. My lesson is the 8th Chapter of Mark. All four of us went to work. I and John got gold $57.50. It rained some in the forenoon. In the afternoon it was somewhat cloudy with sunshine at intervals, and all clear by bedtime.

Tuesday 26 – Cold last night. Charles Allen, one of Shaw’s friends came to my cabin after dark. I hired him to work for Shaw while he is gone. So, we three got gold $21. It snowed a little in the evening and after dark the ground is a little white.

Wednesday 27 – Cloudy last night, but no snow fell of consequence. It is somewhat cloudy today, but quite cool. We three got gold $10.50.

Thursday 28 – So cold last night that the water in the ditch froze up entirely. I, John and Charles were clearing off the ground of brush and small trees, and burning some heaps that we made last winter. Lawrence and Lloyd was at the same in the morning. They went up to the trap before dinner and found another cat in it. After dinner John went up to get it out, but choked it to death. Its of no account —

Friday 29 – Cold. The water is still froze up in the ditch. I and John were getting wood today —

Saturday 30 – Last night it was cold, but its warm today and somewhat cloudy. We finished off cutting and splitting wood, done up in good style. We went out and mended up our log heaps. John washed three shirts, a towel, and pair of socks for me, and some for himself. He had cleaned the table and furniture before, so we are in good shape for the New Year. After supper I washed myself, and then a pair of socks, and then went to bed. Lawrence and Charles went over to the American Valley after his blankets and other fixtures. They got back a little after dark.

Sunday 31 – Warm and cloudy. Snow commenced before day. Sometime after breakfast I, John and Lawrance went up the ditch to look after the water. It was making its way down slowly. While we were up there it commenced raining and left off snowing. After returning we took diner and supper at the same time. Lloyd went down to the Point and has not returned. It continued to rain all day and late at night there was thunder. My lesson is the first chapter of St. Luke. I read four chapters and did some mending to my old duds, &c.