James Haun Diary, October 1855

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Monday 1 – We was out to the diggins in good time, but there was very little water. We concluded mining was up with us until rain comes. We went back to the house and took a shovel apiece and one pick and cleaned out in part the Pike ditch near the diggins. A tree had fallen a cross the ditch and the water all ran out. We closed it up again and went down to the diggins. After dinner we went to piping but the hose soon tore and by the time I got it mended the water had run down. We then cleaned up and got $3.50.

Tuesday 2 – We went to work very leisurely, knowing we could not have water to work with after noon. About 10 A.M. Duesler came to our diggins with two other strangers. I called him to me. The other two soon left, going to dinner. He told me his business: it was to borrow money to buy a house at Rabbit Creek.

P.M. We did nothing but clean up and got $14.50. Supper over, we went down to the Point and learned that Lloyd had left yesterday morning for Sacramento to see after his lawsuit. I suppose it is the best thing he can do to leave here and never come back.

Wednesday 3 – The weather is quite warm and has been for some days. We are not in much of a hurry to get to work as the water gives out after half a day’s work. We do but little and get small pay. Got gold $3. We worked all together in the right hand channel. As we go up we shall quit.

Thursday 4 – We started shortly after sunup for the American Valley. I shot a squirrel and farther on I shot at a deer. I got within 150 steps and did not scare the animal. I reloaded as John was trying to get near enough to shoot it, but off it went. I went over to collect money that I had loaned but both the parties was not at home. I reported Buck to the prosecuting attorney for gambling. We took dinner at Ward’s, $3 for all, and went home.

Friday 5 – Breakfast over we all three went down to the Point. No mail. I soon got through my business and went home again. Bill and I went out to the diggins to set our sluice boxes in the left channel as we go up. While we were at it John Bass came over from the valley to see me about the money he owes me and said could not pay it before the 16th instant. He left and we finished fixing our sluice boxes and went to dinner.

P.M. John and Bill let on the water. We all put in for the rest of the day. About closing time Jack stood on the bank of the ravine singing out. We dropped all and went up to him. We whooped and yelled no little. He said he left all well and their business in good fix. We went to the cabins took tea. Jack, somewhat wearied, soon fell off to sleep.

Saturday 6 – We breakfasted and then all hands went to work. Jack was fixed up in the best suit of gum boots and coat we had to spare. We cleaned up at noon and had gold $33. After dinner we all went up Feather River to look at some diggins. We returned home. I shot two grey squirrels on my way home.

Sunday 7 – Breakfast over, we fixed up our gun and took a round in the woods up by the diggins to renew a notice. I killed two grey squirrels and Jack two ground squirrels. We expect to breakfast quite hearty off those little animals in the morning.
After dinner all went down to the Point and then on to the Columbia Flat to show Jack the diggins. The sun had set when we arrived at home.
My lesson is the first chapter of Saint Luke.
I’ve patched my gum coat. The boys have all turned in their bunks and asleep —

Monday 8 – All four of us went to the work this forenoon.

P.M. I and Jack started over Feather River to see H. Bray but met him before we got down to the river. We talked a while about buying 1/4 of him. He wanted $1,500. Jack thinks it won’t suit at them licks.
We killed four squirrels. I.C. Lewis brought us a few very fine potatoes. Bill and John was at work in the diggins, but did not clean up.
Cloudy all day—looks very much like rain, but cleared up in the night.

Tuesday 9 – Clear and pleasant all day. Bill started early for the American Valley. Us three went to work. The hose ripped soon after the water was let on. I tied it up till noon.

P.M. I the hose them and then went to piping down. I continued till late. The water giving out we did not clean up.
Bill has not returned — I let him have 1 1/2 oz gold dust amounting to $26.25.
My back has been so lame that I applied a pitch plaster.

Wednesday 10 – We three was at work as usual. John had gone to shut off the water for dinner. A rock was rolled down. I looked up. There stood two ladies and two gentleman. Mrs Fox and Mrs Edwards, and Edwards and McGuire. We all soon put out for the cabins. Seated, I showed then my wife’s likeness, then some fine gold specimens, which I gave them according to fancy. They appeared pleased. I felt kind towards them and I managed to kiss them both. Dinner was got ready by John. I invited them over to the other cabin. They were seated and we waited on them. They did not tarry long after dinner. They being the first ladies that has ever visited my diggins, I thanked them very kindly and invited them to call again soon.1
We cleaned up and got $6.50 and went down to the Point. I paid Lewis $24 for 300 pounds of potatoes he brought us today. Root made a party, we left them dancing. Bill came home with us tonight from the Point.

Thursday 11 – The weather is dry, pleasant and warm. I could wish it otherwise, for we can do but little work on account of the scarcity of water. We took out today $12.50. A ball was given by I. Root last night at the Point.

Friday 12 – We attempt to work every day, but to very little good. We were all at it till noon. After I and Jack went down to the Point. We stayed till night. Bill and John went up the ditch and came back and to work. Didn’t clean up.

Saturday 13 – Cloudy all day, but pleasant, and was so yesterday. I think it is fixing for rain.
We were at work the most of the day to the best advantage the water would allow, owing to its scarcity. We cleaned up and got $17.

Sunday 14 – I dreamed last night of being at Captain Hurst’s residence, when he was living. I thought my wife and her sister Jane and some little boys and girls were going with us three over to Jas Nutters, all walking. When we arrived I thought he had torn his house to pieces, but the roof was up, yet he said he was a-going to build a finer one.
I was up at daylight. I put on a clean hickory shirt of my own washing and read the 9th chapter of Luke.
Breakfast over, all four went to hunt some good looking diggins. We returned at noon and took dinner. I, John and Bill went down to the Point. Jack stayed at the cabins. I got a letter from Martha Lloyd dated August 18th 18552 desiring to know if Mr. Lloyd was dead, and for me to write to her immediately.
I bought a ball of cotton twine and all, $1, for I and John; 2 pounds coffee; 2 small cabbage heads, $1 for the company; and a large sledge hammer, $4.50, for the company. After supper I wrote Martha Lloyd a letter about her Johnny —

Monday 15 – We were in no great hurry to get out to work this morning. We set our sluice boxes anew, as the tailings was about to cover them up at the lower end, to run the dirt off in the fork of the two channels. We got ready by noon.

P.M. Jack went down to the Point to get a mule ride over to the American Valley. We three went to work. The water soon gave out. We got gold $4. Jack mailed the letter to Martha Lloyd. Tonight John and Bill have gone down to the Point. I’m all alone.

Tuesday 16 – The weather is so dry and there’s not enough water to half work. It makes the time pass off heavy indeed, and no letter from my wife for more then six weeks. I have to content myself with hoping for better times hereafter—but what is it? Or why is it I do not get a letter from my wife? Well I do not know.
We done what we could at mining, and that was little and less. Of gold only $2.50.
I.C. Lewis came early to see me at the diggins to borrow $500 to buy ground, but it was out of my power to accommodate.

Wednesday 17 – It is quite warm and pleasant for the season, and I suppose will continue so until it rains. We worked a little at mining, and the amount of gold is still less—only $1.50 today. We have struck a bad streak.
This afternoon we put a piece of timber across the other cabin on the top logs and traces to hold up the rafters in case of a heavy fall of snow—

Thursday 18 – Still very pleasant. Somewhat hazy with clouds moving to the South, not likely to rain unless they change right about.
I was getting ready to work when Tom Jennings and Duesler came to the diggins to see about getting money to borrow. I told them my terms and Tom said he must have it before they left. Lewis came, and before he left Jack came from the Illinois Ranch. After dinner I and Jack went down to the Point. No letters. Bill and John got gold $.50.

Friday 19 – We went out to the diggins rather leisurely and did some little work. We cleaned up at noon for  the purpose of changing our boxes again, and got gold $3.
Frank Fox came up to the diggins and took dinner with us.

P.M. we set our penstock farther up the hill and are ready to get to work in the morning.

Saturday 20 – Again at work, but the water is very scarce.

P.M. We tried it again, but for a short time. We cleaned and got gold $16.50.

Sunday 21 – We are in the habit of taking what is called leisure, as we have nothing to see to in the shape of stock. I took a warm bath last night. I read the 17th chapter of Saint Luke, then mended my socks, and then mended Johns socks. We all stayed about the cabins.
James Shults came up. I finished my 23rd letter to my wife. After dinner we all five went down to the Point, and I mailed the letter. Judge Ward was anxious to borrow $1,000 of me, money’s out. I paid the smith $1.50 for sharpening two picks for the company —

Monday 22 – After early breakfast I and Jack went over the river to Bray’s diggins. I waited some time for him to return home. I asked him to loan me $500. He said he loaned it all out the Saturday before, so I had to go back home and dig it out. I took dust enough to make $910 at $17.50 per ounce and sold it to John Thompson. He let me have the $1,090 that I had on interest with him to secure him as security in the suit with old Lloyd.
I took dinner with Fox, no charge. I and Duesler started for the American Valley, he riding and I walking with $2,000 in my pockets. As we got opposite our cabins we met Tom Jennings. He turned and went back with us. We arrived at his house some time before night. We ate and slept with them while at Quincy. I saw the noted personage Jim Beckworth, a mulatto.

Tuesday 23 – Breakfast over, we went to business and by noon the arrangements was all understood. We all took dinner. We got P.O. Hundley esquire to draw up the mortgage for $3,340 on the American Ranch bearing interest at the rate of 3 per cent per month to be paid quarterly. I sold the Bass, not to Bradley, as he was the man the money was going to, principal and interest $641. He discounted 4 per cent per month; 2 1/4 months on $1000 amount sto $90. I then had $269 to raise in 10 days to finish the loan of $3340 to I and Tom Jennings. It is now understood that I am a favorite among the ladies, my red flannel shirt outside my pants.

Wednesday 24
– After breakfast Isaac Jennings hauled Duesler and me to the Illinois Ranch in a two horse wagon a distance of 4 miles. Jack was there. We three started for the Taylor diggins, all deserted except some buck Indians. We could get the color every pan. We then started for the Socum diggins across the mountains. We found ourselves on the brink of the American Valley. Duesler being crippled he put for the Illinois Ranch, but Jack and I turned about and went 2 miles in the forest and found the place. We got a pan of dirt and carried it back to the valley 2 1/2 miles and did not so much as get the color, it being dark, and 1 1/2 miles to the Illinois Ranch, and nothing to eat since breakfast. It is owned by Thompson and cop.

Thursday 25 – Supper, breakfast and lodging $2. This is all the money that I’ve had to pay since I left home. We waited till 10 o’clock. I and Jack started on foot for home and Duesler waited for the pack train and overtook us on a mule. We arrived in time for dinner. John had got a letter from Dave and my wife on the same sheet dated September 4th 18553 giving an account of their preparation to start for California and saying they will be here by the last of October 1855.

P.M. I sharpened a crosscut saw. That done, Bill and John went to sawing wood. I and Jack went down to the Point. I made an arrangement with Thompson to get the $26. All  right. The boys has not made no gold this week.
‘Tis midnight and none of us have gone to bed. O, the thought of once more seeing my wife soon has driven sleep from my eyes!

Friday 26 – We were in a quandary to know what was best to do but I prevailed on Bill and John to work  the diggins as long as the water would last, so they brought in $59.50, one piece weighing 3 ounces and 9 drams. I and Jack went to ripping up the old hose and pulling out the threads.

P.M. I continued to work on the hose and the rest went up to the reservoir flat to prospect, while the weather is dry.

Saturday 27 – I and Jack was at work on the hose. John and Bill was out at the diggins, Joe Greeny stopped and took dinner with us. I told him that Thompson would pay him and Bradley the $269 that I owed them.

P.M. I was still sewing on the hose. The rest were prospecting.

Sunday 28 – Last night the rats gnawed a hole through the floor and annoyed me a little. I was up early. I read the 4th chapter of John and straitened the planks of the floor and put in a strip. Breakfast over, we moved out the provisions and tore down the bunks, and cleaned out the trash for the purpose of extending the floor. We shaved down some of the logs to put on washboards. We ate roast potatoes for dinner.

Monday 29 – John and Bill was mining before noon and after a-prospecting. I went to sewing the hose all day and Jack to putting in new bunks. I continued sewing till midnight —

Tuesday 30 – John and Bill was prospecting all the day. They sunk one hole down to the bedrock, but no good. I was sewing all day except when I and Jack went down to the Point to see what grub could be had. The price is very high. I sewed till midnight. Jack put up two more bunks today. Thompson paid off Bradley and Greeny on Saturday last, $269 for me, according to prove it.

Wednesday 31 – Quite a frost last night. The ice was froze in the tubs outside the cabin. Clear, no prospect of rain. Cloudy some yesterday. I finished the second seam and commenced the third, sewing the hose. The boys were sawing off logs to make wood. Bill split up several logs this evening.

James Haun Diary, December 1854

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Friday 1 – Breakfast and lodging $1. Before sunrise I was on the road for Marysville, a distance of 19 miles, which which I made before noon. I paid $1.50 for whiskey I had a mule ride 6 miles I then went to Row & Haun’s office and had a consultation about my suit, in which they both said there would be no difficulty in gaining it for me in the supreme court, only I had to send back the papers and have them maid out anew on paper of a certain kind before they would be admitted in that court. I paid $1.50 for paper and $1 for the express to take it back. I then went to the stable to Derick. He did not know me for some time. I went home with H.P. Cath1 is not well, quite feeble, and little Cath has got the chills and the nerves. H.P. is not in good health either. Derick is well.
Cloudy the last two days.

Saturday 2 – H.P. and I went to town and stayed all day. I gave 25 cents for grapes to eat and got acquainted with Bob Bowen whom Dave called “little Bub,” &c. So we two went home with the judge at dark. Cloudy today.

Sunday 3 – Rained all day. Bowen asked me to loan him $1000 at 3 per cent a month, and he would make me safe by mortgage. I agreed to send it down as soon as practicable. We stayed all day at the Judge’s —

Monday 4 – Bowen started home. I and the Judge went to town and then to the post office. I got two letters, one from my wife dated October 18 18542 giving an account of old Ben Ford’s death, and the reception of a bill of exchange for $200, and her determination to remain in Kentucky for the present, and one from Lizzy of October 253, which says she wants us to come home in the spring, if we could.
I stayed in town all day. After dinner Jack came in. He did not know me at first. I went out with the Judge at dark, &c —

Tuesday 5 – Jack came out before breakfast. I and the judge went to town, he on the hunt of beef cattle, and I to get two gum coats, white $16; and two pair of gum overalls, $6; one cover to a hat, $1; two red flannel shirts, $3.50; four pair socks, $2; one pair gum boots, $7; five fiddle strings; and a pair of tweezers, $1.25. I left Row $30 to pay the entrance fee of suit to the clerk of the supreme court, and 25 cents for grapes. I slept in the stable was quite sick all night.

Wednesday 6 – Paid $10 to ride up to the Columbus House in the stage. Cold and foggy at Marysville. Dinner $1 at the Oregon House. We got to the Columbus at 8 o’clock P.M. I took supper, $1, and went to bed, $.50, and took breakfast, $1.

Thursday 7 – I gave $6 to ride a mule to Gibsonville and got my dinner there, $1, at 2:00 P.M. I then had to foot it two miles home which I did arriving a little after dark, carrying quite a pack. I spent 50 cents for whiskey at the Point.

Friday 8 – We all went to work including Cook, a hired man. We cleaned off tailing and top dirt, but did not clean up our boxes. All well. Weather clear and cool. The moon has just rose above the hills, and the men have turned into their bunks. I will soon follow.

Saturday 9 – Quite cool of nights and mornings, so much so that our water in the ditch is nearly blocked up with ice till noon when the sun melts the ice some. Shaw, John, I, and Cook, a young man that we hire, were striping today, though we got gold  $2.50. Lloyd and Lawrence continued striping.

Sunday 10 – Cool and clear. We divided our dust from the last two weeks, getting $111.50 per share, after paying $23 for the company for hired help to John Bull. My lost time amounted to $28. For two pairs of gum gloves I paid $3.50. I wrote a letter to H.P. and sent him a check for $1,500 by F.H. Everett & Co. Express to be loaned at 3 per cent a month. I bought an ax and handle, paid $3, whiskey 50 cents &c. My lesson is the 10th Chapter of Matthew —

Monday 11 – All six of us were at work on the ditch, covering it to keep it from being filled up with snow and breaking the levy, as was done last year. John is 20 years old today, and John Lloyd 50.

Tuesday 12 – The nights are quite cold, so much so that the water is frozen considerably in the ditch. Where it is covered it does not freeze.

Wednesday 13 – Still putting brush over the ditch. Six men have been at work on the ditch for four days each. The nights cold and days warm. The yellow jackets are flying about at noon. The wind does not blow the least bit, only its clouding up for rain or snow.

Thursday 14 – We finished covering the ditch with brush. Delightful sunshine, very pleasant to work.

Friday 15 – I and Lawrence was cleaning rocks out the ditch till noon. The other four was setting up the boxes and hose and cutting down some small trees and brush off the diggins. After dinner four of us got gold $44. The sun shines warm and pleasant. I paid 25 cents for paper tax —

Saturday 16 – I, Shaw, Lloyd, and Levi Lawrence gathered up six picks, and each one of them gathered their gum boots, and I took John’s, so that we had four pairs in all, and we went over to Betsey Town. He had the boots half soled with leather, cost $2.50, and the picks steeled and sharpened.
I met a woman in company with a man dressed in men’s clothes and riding straddle. She is quite common stock. Another woman has left her husband, one of the proprietors of U.S. Hotel in Betsy Town, and gone with her lover. This took place some three weeks ago.
My dinner and supper $2, plus lodging.
(Two men worked one day each on the ditch, 2 others one  half day each.)

Sunday 17 – After breakfast, $1, we started for home and arrived at 1 o’clock. We took dinner and went down to the Point. The county clerk had made out the papers again on the right kind of paper for my suit with Vaughn. I sent them by Everett’s Express to Marysville, to Row and Haun. &c. Cost 50 cents. My lesson is Matthew, Chapter 21.

Monday 18 – Four of us went to work at our diggins. The water soon ran out where Levi and Lloyd were at work, on account of the reservoir being at their chocked up by the cold, and no rain or snow to raise the break. The nights are cold and the water freezes. The days are dry and pleasant. We had to stop work till noon. We then had water till night and made $28. Levi and Lloyd do not weigh their gold till the close of the week, &c.

Tuesday 19 – We was ready for work betimes as usual, but there was no water to work with.
Shaw, Lloyd and Lawrence went up the ditch to the bear trap and took out what is called a “cat.”4 His front is grey and the hind part of his body grows gradually black. His long bushy tail, his legs and feet, his head, eyes and ears resemble those of a bear. They lassoed him in the trap and choked him till quite dead. Then they tied him before he came to again. We got some coarse wire and made a chain.
I paid off Cook for 12 days work $24. I went down to the Point with him. I returned at noon. After dinner I and John cut and split some wood, as none of the company worked in the diggins.

Wednesday 20 – After breakfast I, John, Lloyd, Shaw, and Lawrence and two other men who are prospecting near our cabins all concluded to go down to Rich Bar and cross over Feather River and up Winters Creek. We tied up some bread and meat in a handkerchief to eat. We went right over Slate Mountain. It was very difficult to get down, I had to hold on to the rocks and bushes. We went up Winters Creek and arrived at the place where crystallized quarts has been got. I picked up a piece and took it to my cabin. We spent the day in climbing over the mountains and ravines.
Lloyd went up the river to the Point and got a letter for himself and one for John dated October 25 18545 from his ma. She said a great deal about our coming home in the Spring, and about a conversation she had with Littiss. There was also a letter for me from my wife dated November 13 18546, giving an account of her unhappy situation in being separated from us. She wants us to come home in the spring any how.
Well, we have not worked any today on account of the water being froze up. The nights are cold but the days is so delightful.

Thursday 21 – Cold nights and pleasant days. The first thing we done was to plague our pet until he broke the chain and none of us could catch him again. He is free again, except a collar around his neck and some little chain to it.
We did nothing at mining. I and John was getting wood. We cut up the tree that lay just behind our cabin and split some of it, &c., &c.

Friday 22 – Last night a man came up after Shaw, telling him to go down to his ranch. Accordingly this morning he started. Hannibal Bray came up according to appointment. Two others and myself took a tramp over the mountains but made no new discoveries. I was at home by 2:00 P.M. I ate dinner and split wood until night.

Saturday 23 – I, John Lloyd and Lawrence was all at work. We had plenty of water. John and I got gold $7.50. Lloyd and C. did not weigh. It was somewhat cloudy today.

Sunday 24 – Warm and cloudy, with wind blowing from the South. I split some wood that lay near my door and piled it up in anticipation of rain and snow. I finished my 16th letter to my wife and went down to the Point and mailed it (25 cents) and got a letter (50 cents) from H.P. acknowledging the receipt of a check for $1,500. I got John a hickory shirt for $1, and then got drink and went home. I gave $3.50 for whiskey.
I did wrong. I own up, and ask for forgiveness.

Monday 25 – Christmas morning. Up before day and built up a fire. I would like to catch my wife again in a Christmas gift. A little two far off. Cloudy, and wind blowing from the South. My lesson is the 8th Chapter of Mark. All four of us went to work. I and John got gold $57.50. It rained some in the forenoon. In the afternoon it was somewhat cloudy with sunshine at intervals, and all clear by bedtime.

Tuesday 26 – Cold last night. Charles Allen, one of Shaw’s friends came to my cabin after dark. I hired him to work for Shaw while he is gone. So, we three got gold $21. It snowed a little in the evening and after dark the ground is a little white.

Wednesday 27 – Cloudy last night, but no snow fell of consequence. It is somewhat cloudy today, but quite cool. We three got gold $10.50.

Thursday 28 – So cold last night that the water in the ditch froze up entirely. I, John and Charles were clearing off the ground of brush and small trees, and burning some heaps that we made last winter. Lawrence and Lloyd was at the same in the morning. They went up to the trap before dinner and found another cat in it. After dinner John went up to get it out, but choked it to death. Its of no account —

Friday 29 – Cold. The water is still froze up in the ditch. I and John were getting wood today —

Saturday 30 – Last night it was cold, but its warm today and somewhat cloudy. We finished off cutting and splitting wood, done up in good style. We went out and mended up our log heaps. John washed three shirts, a towel, and pair of socks for me, and some for himself. He had cleaned the table and furniture before, so we are in good shape for the New Year. After supper I washed myself, and then a pair of socks, and then went to bed. Lawrence and Charles went over to the American Valley after his blankets and other fixtures. They got back a little after dark.

Sunday 31 – Warm and cloudy. Snow commenced before day. Sometime after breakfast I, John and Lawrance went up the ditch to look after the water. It was making its way down slowly. While we were up there it commenced raining and left off snowing. After returning we took diner and supper at the same time. Lloyd went down to the Point and has not returned. It continued to rain all day and late at night there was thunder. My lesson is the first chapter of St. Luke. I read four chapters and did some mending to my old duds, &c.

James Haun Diary, July 1854

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Saturday 1 – Me and Shaw, we got gold $38.50. We seem to be getting along peaceable and quiet.

Sunday 2 – Lloyd, Shaw and I went down to the Point and had three picks sharpened, cost $2.75. I paid Thompson $75 and sent $42 to H.P. for five gum coats and 3 pair boots by Snell & Co. For the company I paid freight on sauce $2; one bottle bitters $1; meal 75 cents; paper 50 cents; nails 75 cents. I was offered $2000 for my diggins. After supper I read the Chapter 13 of Matthew.

Monday 3 – Shaw and I got gold $14.50. The Johns are fixing to try a new place below, in the same ravine we are at work in. Dr. Vaughn had an attachment and summons served on me today. Shaw is gone down to the Point to let Hawkins know whether he will sell out to him or not.

Tuesday 4 – John and went down to the Point. I settled with Dr. Vaughn for his medical bill $15 and Vaughn then paid John $20 for five days work. I wrote a letter to H.P.. Paid $1 for twine to sew our hose with and then followed the ladies and The Russian army with brass music up to Independence Bar to a celebration and Ball. I saw my old claim and the place where I laid on the ground. Quite a large crowd of men and some 25 Ladies. Shaw, John and I left before they commenced dancing and got home by sunset. I paid 25 cents for a letter and 75 cents  for liquor.

Wednesday 5 – We went to work and got gold $16.50. After supper Shaw and I went down to the Point. They had a dance at Lewis and Roots. This is the 5th or 6th night in succession, and tomorrow and night following at the American Valley. That is the way they go on out here. I did not get a letter. I saw quite a number of the fair sex this 4th.

Thursday 6
– We got gold $11. The Johns has not made any for some days.

Friday 7 – We made nothing, but the Johns got $2. Linch stayed with us all day and night. He is a broken-down miner of 49 from Kentucky.

Saturday 8 – We got gold $9.50. The Deputy Sheriff attacked my diggins and stopped me from work. I and the Johns went down to the Point and had the case tried before six jurymen. As the squire would not let me have time to get counseled the jury gave a verdict against me. I have five days to take an appeal. I spent $1.75 for liquor.

Sunday 9 – Early this morning I and John started for the and American Valley up to Sister Betsy’s. I saw John Case the lawyer and made an arrangement to take an appeal to the county court. I then went in to hear a Methodist preacher the first of any kind since I’d been in the county and that too in my patched shirt and holes in my pants no coat on rest or hand kerchief of any kind and my old gum slippers and mining hat and my butcher knife at my side. But every chap threw in his 50 cents when the hat came around. There was four ladies.
My present his text is Exodus, (keep the sabbath holy). I read the 20th chapter of Matthew. After service was over I and John started  for Bradley’s Ranch. We took dinner and started for home. $2 for Dinner and 50 cents for preaching.
We arrived at home in good time. John Lloyd had been down to the Point and got a letter to John from my wife dated May 26 18541, giving an account of  Tom Johnson’s return to Georgetown.

Monday 10 – I went over to Onion Valley to serve a process on the squire for an appeal, and to give bond and pay the $80 cost. Dinner and whiskey cost $1.25 and I paid $1.25 for a camp kettle. Got no gold.

Tuesday 11 – The Johns got gold $23.50 and Shaw $20.50. I was making some new sluice boxes, as the bottoms of the old ones is quite worn out, having been in use all most one year. I intend that the three I make now shall last me as long as I mine here. I’ve put false bottoms in them, as they were out put in others.

Wednesday 12 – The boys got gold $16. I was at work making boxes.

P.M. I went down to the Point to get some nails and grind my plain. I then helped Shaw to set up a new sluice box. John has been playing the fiddle tonight while his bread is baking.

Thursday 13 – We did not clean up for gold. I, John and Shaw have got colds and Lloyd has a sore finger. The weather is fine

Friday 14 – Lloyd did not work today on account of his finger. We got gold $11.50.

Saturday 15 – I have the piles so that I could not work, and Lloyd can’t work on account of his finger. John and Shaw got gold $39.

Sunday 16 – Lloyd has a very sore finger, with a fellow, and I am not able to go to work. John washed some shirts for us and I wrote my 12th letter to my wife.2 My lesson is Chapter 6 of Mark.

Monday 17 – I and Lloyd went down to the Point. I got 5 pounds meal, 75 cents, and mailed a letter to my wife, 25 cents. John and Shaw got gold $4.

Tuesday 18 – I mended two shirts and a pair of breeches for myself and a shirt for John. Lloyd has got a bad finger. John and Shaw got gold $19. Floyd and I are on the sick list.

Wednesday 19 – I cut out a lining for my new pants and sewed it in, almost. Lloyd and I went up the ditch and let in quite all the water. There is 3 men at work just below the dam. They said I must leave them a sluice head of water. The boys got no gold today.

Thursday 20 – I finished my pants this morning and Lloyd and I walked out to where the boys is at work the other side. We found a rattle snake with four rattles and a button ,the first I’ve seen this summer.

P.M. I went down to the Point and paid Doosley $5 for attention to my lawsuit and $18 to Lane for mending the hose. Shaw and John got gold $33.

Friday 21 – Shaw, Lloyd and I went up the ditch. Some men at work below the dam. They turned the water through the dam and out of the ditch to work the ravine and said they would do it again. Shaw and John got gold $32.50.

Saturday 22 – I went down to the Point and got a letter for Lloyd from his wife. I was told the bank caved in on a man by the name of Douglass and two others yesterday, but the other two got out and he was drowned in the mud. Shaw and John got gold $38…

Sunday 23 – We all four took a stroll in the woods and up a ravine towards the American Valley. We saw the greatest quantity of honeydew on the leaves, quite as large as if it had been dripping out of the comb, and just as sweet. I tasted a number of them. My lesson Chapter 11 of Mark.

Monday 24 – I went to work today. John had to work by himself. We got gold $9. I and Shaw went to the Point and hired a man to work in Lloyd’s place until his finger gets well.

Tuesday 25 – We got gold $24.50. John had the man hired in Lloyd’s place to help him.

Wednesday 26 – The weather is quite warm and was somewhat cloudy. The misquotes and flies are some troublesome. We got gold $18.

Thursday 27 – I and Shaw was cleaning up bedrock all day and got gold $55. John and his man got $5. After supper Shaw and I went down to the Point. There I saw Green McHatton, an old 49er from Illinois. He says he knows your father’s sister in Illinois by name of Ms. Clark and her four grown children and said that she favored the old captain very much. While in the gambling room my friend Snow struck Abbot on the head twice with a revolver, hurt him badly.

Friday 28 – We were cleaning the bedrock that we had worked over the last five weeks. We got gold $29 and we are not done going over it the second time. John and his man gold gold $17.

Saturday 29 – I and Shaw got gold $12.50 more by noon. We were cleaning up the bedrock.

P.M. We were setting boxes to wash again on Monday. John and his man got no gold today. After supper I and Shaw went down to the Point to hear the news. The first house we stopped in was the billiard saloon. A woman was dealing Lansquenet to at least 10 men. Half-a-dozen gamblers went through with an Indian song and dance, turning somersaults. We next came to the Abbot House. They were playing cards there. At the Thompson House nothing was doing but trade. Then at Fagan’s Saloon there was a woman to draw custom and card playing and a few songs and somersaults and making love to the lady, as they call it. I tired and went home.

Sunday 30
– One of the Sterlings came up to see our fixtures to catch gold. He said it was the best he had seen. We had a settlement, the first since Hawkins left. We had $195 to divide.

P.M. we went down to the Point. I saw two woman, one in each house, dealing Lansquenet. Lots of men to bet at their bank. My lesson was Chapter 8 of St. Luke.

Monday 31 – Shaw and I got gold $19. John Cook, the man that works for Lloyd, got no gold today. Lloyd’s finger is getting well fast. I bathe every night.